Chapter [Sarga] 64

Introduction

King Dasaratha continued to narrate to Kausalya how he went to the aged parents of the deceased sage and informed about the death of their son and its cause, how he escorted them to their son to the river where he was lying dead, how embracing the boy they wept and offered libations of water to his spirit, how invested with an ethereal body, the spirit ascended to heaven while consoling the aged couple and finally how, having cursed the king that he too would die of agony caused by the separation from his son, the aged couple gave up their lives. Having thus narrated the story of his getting the curse long back and loudly weeping, king Dasaratha dies of grief.


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vxmitpm! tu mh;eRStSy ra"v>,
ivlpe v xmaRTma kaEsLyam! pun rvIt!. 2641

1. dharmaatmaa= The high-souled; raaghavaH= Dasaratha; vilapanneva= while lamenting; apratiruupam=about the unworthy; vadham= killing; tasya maharshheH= of that sage; punaH= again; abraviit= spoke; kausalyaam= to Kausalya (as follows):

The high souled Dasaratha, while lamenting about the unworthy killing of that sage, spoke further to Kausalya as follows:

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tt! A}anan! mht! papm! kTva sMkilt #iNy>,
@k> tu AicNtym! bu(a kwm! nu suktm! -vet!. 2642

2. kR^itvaa=having done; aG^yaanaat= invadvertantly; tat= that; mahat= great; paapam= sin; aham= I; samkulendriyaH= having my senses confounded; achintyam= thought; ekastu= alone; buddhyaa= with my intellect; kathamnu= how; sukrutam bhavet= best can be done.

Having done that great sin inadvertently, having my senses confounded and I being alone, I thought of using my reason of what best can be done.

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tt> tm! "qm! Aady pU[Rm! prm vair[a,
Aamm! tm! Ahm! aPy ywa AaOyat pwm! gt>. 2643

3. tataH= Thereafter; aadaaya= taking; paramavaariNaa= best water; puurNam= fully; tam= in that, ghaTam= pitcher; praapya= obtaining; yathaakhyaata patham=the path as made known; aham= I; gatah= went; tam aashramam= to that hermitage.

Taking the best water fully in that pitcher, I went to that hermitage by the path as directed by the young sage.

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t Ahm! bRlav! ANxaE v&av! Apir[aykaE,
ApZym! tSy iptraE lUn p]av! #v ijaE. 2644
tn! inimai-r AasInaE kwai-r ApirmaE,
tam! Aazam! mt! kte hInav! %dasInav! Anawvt!. 2645

4, 5.tatra= There; aham= I; apashyam=saw; tasya=his, tarou=parents; durbhaou=who were frail; andhou= blind;vR^iddhou= aged; apariNaayakou= without a guide; dvijou iva= like birds; luuna pakshhou= whose wings were cut off; kathaabhiH= narrating (words) tannimiHaabhiH= targeting about him; aasinou= sitting; aparishramou= without any occupation; anaathavat= Having no protector; udaasiinou= and being immobile; hiinou= losing; taam aashaam= hope of their son; matkR^ite= because of me.

There I saw the frail, blind and aged parents of the young sage. They were without a guide to support them, as birds whose wings were cut-off. Without any other occupation, they were narrating words only about their son. Having no protector and being immobile they lost the hope of their son, because of me.

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zaekaephtic -ysMStcetn>,
tampdm! gTva -Uy> zaekmhm! gt>. 2646

6. shokopahata chittaH= with my mind afflicted with grief; bhaya santraptachetanaH= worried in mind about the impending peril; aham gataH= I got; bhuuyaH= further; shokam= grief; gatvaa= after reaching; tat= that; aashramapadam= hermitage.

With my mind afflicted by grief and worried about the impending peril, I fell a prey to further grief after reaching the hermitage.

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pd zBdm! tu me uTva muinr vaKym! A-a;t,
ikm! icrayis me pu panIym! i]m! Aany. 2647

7. shrutvaa= hearing; me padashabdam=the sound of my foot steps; muni= the sage; abhaashhat= spoke; vaakyam= (the following) words:Oh,son! Kim= why; chiraayasi= are you late? aanaya= bring; me= me; paaniiyam=the water; kshhipram= quickly.

Hearing the sound of my foot-steps, that sage spoke as follows: O, son! Why are you late? Give me the water soon.

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yn! inimm! #dm! tat sille Iiftm! Tvya,
%Tki{Qta te mata #ym! ivz i]m! Aamm!. 2648

8. taata=my dear son! Yannimittam= for what reason; kriiDitam= played; idam= in this manner; salile= in water; tvayaa= by you; iyam=this; te maataa= your mother; utkanThitaa= is regretted; pravisha= enter; aashramam= the hermitage; kshhipram= soon.

My dear son! Your mother is regretting why you are playing in water in this manner. Enter the hermitage quickly.

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yd VylIkm! ktm! pu maa te yid va mya,
n tn! mnis ktRVym! Tvya tat tpiSvna. 2649

9. putra= O, son! taata= O dear! yat= If any; vyaLiikam= disagreeable thing; kR^itam= has been done; te= by your; maatraa= mother; yadivaa= or; mayaa= by me; tat= it; na kartavyam= ought not have been kept; manasi= in mind; tvayaa= by you.

O, son! My dear! If any disagreeable thing has been done by your mother, or me, you, as a sage ought not have kept it in your mind.

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Tvm! gits! tu AgtInam! c c]us! Tvm! hIn c]u;am!,
smasa> Tviy a[a> ikiMcn! naE n Ai--a;se. 26410

10. agatiinaam=we being helpless; tvam=you; gatih= are our refuge; achakshhushhaam=we having without sight; tvam=you; chakshhuHhi=are indeed our eyes; praaNaaH= our lives; samaasaktaaH=are encircled; tvayi= in you; kim= why; tvam naabhibhaashhate= not talking; naH= with us?

We being helpless, you are our refuge. We being blind, you are our eyes. Our lives are encircled around you. Why are you not talking with us?

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muinm! AVyya vaca tm! Ahm! smanya,
hIn VyNjnya ey -It> -ItEv Auvm!. 26411

11. prekshhya= seeing; tam munim = that ascetic; bhiitachitta iva= with a fearful mind; abruvam vaachaa=I spoke in a tone; avyaktayaa= indistinct; sajjamaanayaa= leaving some consonants.

As though fearful in mind to behold the ascetic, I spoke to him in a tone which was indistinct inarticulate and without some consonants?"

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mns> kmR ceai-r Ai-sMSt_y vag! blm!,
Aacc]e tu Ahm! tSmE pu Vysnjm! -ym!. 26412

12. abhisamstabhya= having strengthened; vaagbalam= firmness in my speech; karmaH= and act by deliberate efforts; aachachakshhe= I told; tasmai= him; bhayam= of the fear(that awaited him); putravyasanajam= of his sons death.

Having strengthened the firmness in my speech and having abandoned fear in my mind by deliberate efforts, I told him of the alarm that awaited him of his sons death.

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]iyae Ahm! dzrwae n Ahm! pu> mhaTmn>,
sn Avmtm! hom! #dm! am! Sv kmRjm!. 26413

13. aham=I; kshhatriyaH= am a warrior; dasharathaH= named Dasaratha; aham=I; na mahatmanaH= am not your high souled; putraH= son; idam= this; duHkham= calamity; svakarmajam= created by my own act; sajjanaavamatam= despised by noble men; praaptam= befell (upon me).

I am Dasaratha, belonging to warrior- class. I am not your high-souled son. This calamity created by my own act, despised by noble men, befell upon me.

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-gvM> c AphSt> Ahm! sryU tIrm! Aagt>,
ij"aMsu> a pdm! ikiMcn! inpane va Aagtm! gjm!. 26414

14. bhagavan=O, venerable sage! ChaapahastaH= wearing a bow in hand; aham= I; aagataH= came; sarayuu tiiram=to the bank of Sarayu River; jighaamsuH= with an intent to kill ; gajamcha= an elephant; aagatam= arrived to; nipaane= a ford(for drinking water); kamchit= or any; shvaapadam= wild animal.

O, venerable sage! Wearing a bow in hand, I came to the bank of Sarayu River with an intent to kill an elephant arrived to a ford (for drinking water) or any other wild animal.

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tt> ut> mya zBdae jle kM-Sy pUyRt>,
ipae Aym! #it mTva ih ba[en Ai-ht> mya. 26415

15. tataH=then; mayaa= by me; shrutaH= was heard; shabdaH= the sound; kumbhasya= of a pitcher; puuryataH=being filled; jale= with water; matvaa= thinking; ayam= it; dvipaH iti= as an elephant; ayam= it; abhihataH=was killed; mayaa= by me; baaNena= with an arrow.

Then by me was heard the sound of a pitcher being filled with water. Guessing it as an elephant, I killed it with an arrow.

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gTva n*a> tt> tIrm! ApZym! #;u[a id,
ivini-Rm! gt a[m! zyanm! -uiv tapsm!. 26416

16. tataH= Thereafter; gatvaa= I reached; tiiram= the bank; nadyaaH= of the river; apashyam= and saw; taapasam= an ascetic; shayaanam= lying; gatapraaNam= dead; bhuvi= on the ground; vinirbhinnam= pierced; ishhuNaa= by an arrow; hR^idi= into his heart.

Thereafter, reaching the bank of the river there, I saw an ascetic lying dead on the ground, with the arrow pierced into his heart."

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-gvn! zBdm! Aaly mya gj ij"aMsuna,
ivs&> AM-is narac> ten te inht> sut>. 26417

17. bhagavan=O,honorable sage!gaja jigaamsunaa= with a desire to kill an elephant; aalakshhya= by targeting; shabdam,= the sound; naaraachaH= an iron arrow; visR^ishhTaH= was released; ambasi= into water; mayaa= by me; tataH= therafter; te= your; sutaH= son; nihataH= was killed

O, honorable sage! With a desire to kill an elephant by targeting the sound, I released an iron arrow, and thus your son was killed (hit)

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ttStSyEv vcnapeTy pirtPyt>,
s mya shsa b[ %ϯtae mmRtStda. 26418

18. tataH=thereafter; upetya=approached; mayaa= by me; tadaa= then; vachanaat=according to the word; tasyaiva=by him; paritapyataH= who was suffering from pain; saH baaNaH=that arrow; uddhR^itaH=was taken out; sahasaa= soon; marmataH= from his vital part.

Approaching as per his request, closer to him who was suffering from pain, I took out the arrow soon from his vital part.

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s c %ϯten ba[en t @v SvgRm! AaiSwt>,
-gvNtav! %-aE zaec! ANxav! #it ivlPy c. 26419

19. saH cha= he also; shochan=mourning; bhavantou=about both of you; pitarou=the parents; vilapyacha= lamenting; andhou iti=that both of you were blind; tatraiva= there itself; asthitaH= he attained; svargam= heaven; tena baaNena= by that arrow; uddhR^itena= taken out.

Soon after taking out the arrow, he worried about both of you the parents, lamenting that you were blind and there itself he attained Heaven

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A}anat! -vt> pu> shsa Ai-ht> mya,
ze;m! @vm! gte yt! Syat! tt! sIdtu me muin>. 26420

20. ajJNaanaat= unknowingly; sahasaa= and unexpectedly; bhavataH putraH= your son; nihataH= was killed; mayaa= by me; evamgata= while it happened like this; muniH= let the sage; prasiidatu= ask me (to do) tat= that; yat= which; sheshhamsyaat= that is left.

Unknowingly and unexpectedly your son was killed by me. It has happened like that. Let the honorable sage command me what to do in this matter."

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s tt! uTva vc> rm! inhsn! zaek kizRt>,
nazkImayasmktuRm! -gvan&i;>. 26421

21. shrutvaa= hearing; tat= that; kruuram=cruel; vachaH= news; uktam= uttered; mayaa= by me; aghashamsinaa= confessing my sin;bhagavaan= the venerable; saH R^ishhiH= that sage; naashakat= could not; akartum= resist; tiivram= severe; aayaasam= anger.

Hearing that cruel news pronounced by me, confessing my sin, that venerable sage could not resist his severe anger.

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sba:ppU[Rvdnae in>sn! zaekkizRt>,
mam! %vac mha teja> kt ANjilm! %piSwtm!. 26422

22. saH= he; mahaatejaaH; with your splendor; baashhpa puurna vadanaH=with face filled with tears; nishshvasan= sighing; shokakarshitaH= hurt with sorrow; uvaacha=spoke; maam=to me; upasthitam= who came near; kR^itaaNjalim=with joined palms.

That sage with great splendor, whose face was filled with tears and troubled by sorrow, spoke with a sigh to me who came near him with joined palms

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y*! @tt! Azu-m! kmR n Sm me kwye> Svym!,
)len! mUxaR Sm te rajn! s*> zt shxa. 26423

23. raajan=O ,king!; tvam no kathayeH yadi= If you have not told; me= me; etat= about this; ashubham= shameful; karma= deed; svayam= yourself; te= your; muurdhaa= head; phaletsma= would have burst; shatasahasradhaa= into a hundred thousand pieces; sadyaH= immediately.

If you have not told me about this shameful deed yourself, O. king, your head would have burst instantly into a hundred thousand pieces."

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]iye[ vxae rajn! vanSwe ivze;t>,
}an pUvRm! kt> Swanac! Cyavyed Aip vi[m!. 26424

24. vadhaaH= a killing; kR^itah= done; kshhatiriye Na=by a warrior; JNaana puurvam= premeditatedly; visheshhataH= in particular; vaanaprasthe= (killing done) to a hermit; chyaavayet= would expel; vajriNam api= even Indra; sthaanaat= from his post.

A killing brought about by a warrior premeditatedly and in particular to a hermit, would expel even Indra from his post.

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sxa tu )leNmUxaR munaE tpis itit,
}anais&jt> zm! taze cairi[. 26425

25. muurdhaa=the head; visR^ijataH= of a dispatcher;shatram= of a weapon; G^yaanaat= with a knowledge of the matter. Munou= on a sage; tishhThati= eshtablished; tapsi= in austerity; taadR^ishe= or in such; brahmachaariNi= an unmarried student practicing sacred study; phalet=gets bursts; saptadhaa= into seven pieces.

The head of a dispatcher of a weapon with a knowledge of the matter on a sage established in austerity or such an unmarried student practicing sacred study, gets burst into seven pieces.

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A}anaΉ ih ktm! ySmat! #dm! ten @v jIvis,
Aip ih A* klm! nSyat! ra"va[am! kt> -van!. 26426

26. yasmaat= for what reason; idam= this act; kR^itam hi= has been done; aG^yaanaat= un knowingly; tenaiva= for that reason; jiivasi= you are alive; kutaH= where; bhavaan= are you? Adya= today; kulamapi= even the race; ikshhvaakuuNaam= of Ikshvakus; na syaat hi= would have been no more indeed.

You are still surviving because you have done it unknowingly. Not even you, but today the whole of Ikshvaaku dynasty would have been no more, if it is not the case.

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ny naE n&p tm! dezm! #it mam! c A_y-a;t,
A* tm! um! #av> pum! pim dzRnm!. 26427
ixre[ Avist ANgm! kI[R Aijn vassm!,
zyanm! -uiv inhsM}m! xmR raj vzm! gtm!. 26428

27, 28. abhyabhaashhatacha= He spoke; maam= to me; iti=thus; nR^ipa= O,king! Adya= Now; ichchhaavaH= we want; drashhTum= to see; paschima darshanam= as our last look; putram= our son; avasiktaaNgam= whose body is wet; rudhireNa= with blood; prakiirNaajinavaasasam= with his garments of deer skin scattered from him; shayaanam= lying down; bhuvi= on the ground; nissamG^yam= unconscious; gatam= who was subjected; dharmaraajavasham= to the dominion of Yama (god of death); naya= to that place.

He spoke to me thus: O, king! Now we want to see, as our last look, our son whose body is drenched in blood, with his garment of deer-skin scattered from him, lying unconscious on the ground and who is subjected to the dominion of Yama(god of death) . Take both of us to that place.

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Aw Ahm! @k> tm! dezm! nITva taE -&z hiotaE,
ASpzRym! Ahm! pum! tm! muinm! sh -ayRya. 26429

29. atha=thereafter; niitvaa= taking; tou= both of them; bhR^ishaduHkhitou= who were weeping profusely; tam desham= to that place; ekaH= solitarily; tam munim= that sage; bhaaryayaascha= along with his wife; asparshayam= to touch; tam putram= that son.

Thereafter, taking both of them, who were weeping profusely, to that place, I for one made that sage and his wife to touch their son.

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taE pum! AaTmn> Sp&va tm! Aasa* tpiSvnaE,
inpettu> zrIre ASy ipta c ASy #dm! AvIt!. 26430

30. aasaadya= approaching; aatmanaH= their; putram= son; tam= that, tapasvinou= miserable; tou= couple; spR^ishhTvaa= touched; nipetataH= and fell; asya=on his; shariire= body; asya= his; pitaacha= father; abraviit= spoke; idam= these words.

Approaching their son, that miserable couple touched their sons body and fell on it . Then, his father spoke as follows.

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n Nv! Ahm! te iy> pu matrm! pZy xaimRk,
ikm! nu n AailNgse pu sukmar vcae vd. 26431

31. vatsa= my dear boy! Adya= Now; naabhivaadayase= you are not offering salutation; maa= to me; na cha abhibhaashhase= nor do you talk; maam= to me; tvam kimnu sheshhe=why are you sleeping; bhuumou= on the floor? kimasi= are you; kupitaH= angry?.

My dear boy! You are not offering salutation to me, nor do you talk to me. Why are you sleeping on the floor? Are you angry?

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n Tvhm! te iy> pu matrm! pSy xaimRk,
ikm! nu nailse pu sukmar vcae vd. 26432

32. dhaarmika= O, righteous; putra= son!aham= I; priyaH= am beloved; te= to you; natu= otherwise;pasya= see; maataram=your mother; kimnu= why are you; naaliNgase= not embracing; putra= my son? vada= utter;vachaH=some words; sukumaara= O, delicate youth!

O, righteous son! I am beloved to you. Otherwise, see your mother. Why are you not embracing, my son? Utter some words, O delicate youth!

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kSy va Apr rae Ahm! ae:yaim dym! gmm!,
AxIyanSy mxurm! zam! va ANyd ivze;t>. 26433

33. kasyaavaa=whose; hR^idayangamam= heart touching; madhuram= and sweet voice; adhiiyaanasya= reciting;shaastram= a sacred scripture; anyadvaa= or any other text; visheshhtaH= in particular; apararaatre=at the end of night; aham= I; shroshhyaami= shall hear?."

Whose sweet and heart touching voice, reciting one sacred text or the other in particular at the end of the night, shall I hear from now?

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kae mam! sMXyam! %paSy @v aTva t t Azn>,
a"iy:yit %pasIn> pu zaek -y AidRtm!. 26434

34. putra=O son!; kaH= who; snaatva= after taking bath; upaasyaiva= after worshipping;sandhyaam= the goddess of dawn; hutahutaa shanaH= and offering oblations in fire; upasiinaH= sitting beside me; shlaaghayishhyati= and talking confidently; maam= looking at me; shoka bhayaarthidam= as I was afflicted with grief and fear?

O, son! Who after taking bath, worshipping the goddess of dawn, and offering oblations in fire, will be sitting beside me and talking confidently looking at me, as I was afflicted with grief and fear?

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kNd mUl )lm! Tva kae mam! iym! #v Aitiwm!,
-aejiy:yit AkmR{ym! Ahm! Anaykm!. 26435

35. kaH= who; bhojayishhyati= will feed; maam= me; atithimiva= like a guest; priyam= who is beloved; kandamuulaphalam= roots and fruits; akarmaNyam= while I am without any work; apragraham= without fetching anything; anaayakam= without having any guide making me to walk.

Who will feed me, like a beloved guest is fed, with roots and fruits while I am sitting without any work, without fetching anything and without having any guide making me to walk?

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#mam! ANxam! c v&am! c matrm! te tpiSvnIm!,
kwm! pu -ir:yaim kp[am! pu gixRnIm!. 26436

36. vatsa= O, delicate youth!; katham= how; bharishhyaami= can I support; imaam= this; te maataram= your mother; andhaam= who is blind; vR^iddhaam= aged; tapasviniim= in a pitiable condition; kR^ipaaNaam= a poor woman; putragardhiniim= longing for her son?

O, delicate youth! How can I support your mother, who is blind, aged and a poor woman in a pitiable condition, longing for her son?

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it ma ma gm> pu ymSy sdnm! it,
ae mya sh gNta Ais jnNya c smeixt>. 26437

37. putraa =O, son! TishhTha= come to a halt! maa maa gamaH= do not go; sadanamprati= towards the house; yamasya= of Yama; gantaasi= you can go; shvaH= tomorrow; samedhitaH= along with; mayaa= me; jananyaa sahacha= and with your mother.

O, son! Come to a halt. Do not go to Yamas abode. You can proceed tomorrow with me and with your mother.

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%-av! Aip c zaek AataRv! AnawaE kp[aE vne,
i]m! @v gim:yav> Tvya hInaE ym ]ym!. 26438

38. ubhaavapicha= both of us; hiinou=bereft; tvayaa= of you; bhokaartou= and afflicted with grief; anaathou= without any protector; vane= in the forest; kR^ipaNou= and poor; gamishhyaavaH= will go; yamakshhayam= to the abode of Yama.

Bereft of you, afflicted with grief, without any protection in the forest and poor, both of us also will come soon along with you to Yamas abode.

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tt> vEvSvtm! va tm! vyaim -artIm!,
]mtam! xmR rajae me ib-&yat! iptrav! Aym!. 26439

39. tataH= Thereafter; dR^ishhTvaa= seeing; vaivasvatam= Yama; pravakshhyaami= I shall tell; bhaaratiim= these words; tam= to him; dharmaraaja= O, Yama! Kshhamataam= excuse; me=me; ayam= let him; bibhR^iyaat= nourish; pitaram= his parents.

Thereafter, seeing Yama, I shall tell these words to him. O, Yama! Excuse me. Let this boy nourish his parents.

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datumhRit xmaRTma laekpalae mhayza>,
$;Sy mma]Yya mekam-ydi][am!. 26440

40. lokapaalaH= Yama, the guardian of the world; mahaayashaaH= the most glorious; dharmaatmaa= high-souled; arhati= is worthy; datum= to give; mama= me; indR^ishasya= in this condition; ekaam= this solitary; akshhayaam= imperishable; abhaya dakshhiNaam= reward in the form of fearless-ness.

The most glorious and high souled Yama, the guardian of the world will be obliged to give this solitary imperishable boon in the form of fearlessness to me, who is in such a condition.

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Apapae Ais ywa pu inht> pap kmR[a,
ten sTyen g Aazu ye laeka> z yaeixnam!. 26441

41. putra= O,son!; nihataH= you were killed; paapakarmaNaa= by this criminal; yathaa= how; asi= you were; apaapaH= without a sin; tena satyena= by that truth; gachchha= obtain; ashu= soon; ye= which; lokaaH= realms; astra yodhinaam= obtained by those who die fighting with weapons.

O, son! This criminal killed you. As it is true that you were sinless, you will soon obtain the realms as reached by those who die fighting with weapons.

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yaiNt zUra gitm! yam! c sMame:v! AinvitRn>,
hta> tu Ai-muoa> pu gitm! tam! prmam! j. 26442

42. putra= O, son! vraja= Move on.; taam= to such; paramaam= a highest; gatim= state; yaam= which; gatim= state; yaanti= is obtained; shuraaH= by the warriors; samgraameshhu= in battles; anivartinaH= who do not return; hataastu= which being killed; abhimukhaaH= from the direction facing their enemies.

O, son! Move on to that which is the highest state, which is obtained by the warriors, who do not return even while being killed, from the direction facing their enemies in battles.

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yam! gitm! sgr> zEByae idlIpae jnmejy>,
n;ae xuNxumar> c aa> tam! g puk. 26443

43. gachchha= Obtain; taam= that; gatim=destiny; yaam= which; praaptaaH= was obtained by; sagaraH= Sagara; shaibyaH= Saibya; diliipaH= Dilipa; janamejayaH= Jenamejeya; nahushhhaH= Nahusha; dundumaarashcha= and Dundumara.

Obtain the destiny which was obtained by Sagara, Saibya, Dilipa, Janamejeya, Nahusha and Dundumara.

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ya git> svR saxUnam! SvaXyayat! pts> c ya,
-UimdSy Aaiht Ae> ck pI tSy c. 26444
gae sh dat&\[am! ya ya gu-&tam! Aip,
deh Nyas ktam! ya c tam! gitm! g puk. 26445

44, 45. putraka=O,son! gachchha= get to; taam gatim= that destiny; yaa= which; gatiH= state is obtained; sarvasaadhuunaam= by all the sages; yaa= which; gatiH= state is obtained; svaadhyaayaat= by the study of scriptures; yaa= which is obtained; tapasaacha= by austerity; bhuumidasya= by those who gift land; ahitaagneH= by him who has maintained sacred fire; ekapatniivratasyaacha= who has taken a vow of marrying a single wife; yaa= which is obtained; gosahasrapradaa tri^iNaam= who gifts a thousand cows; yaa= which is obtained; gurubhR^itaamapi=by those who are owed to the service of their preceptor; yaa=:which is obtained; dehanyaasakR^itaam=by those who have abandoned their body(by journeying to Himalayas or drowning themselves in water or leaping into the flames)

O, son! Obtain that destiny, which is obtained by all the sages, by those who studied scriptures, by an act of austerity, by a gift of the land, by him who has maintained sacred fire, who has taken a vow of marrying a single wife, who gifts a thousand cows, who are owed to the service of the preceptor and that which is obtained by those who have abandoned their body (by journeying to Himalayan Mountains, or drowning themselves in water or leaping into the flames)

Verse Locator

n ih tu AiSmn! kle jat> git Akzlam! gitm!,
s tu yaSyit yen Tvm! inhtae mm baNxv>. 26446

46. jaataH= the one born; asmin= in this; kule= race; na gachchhati hi= will not obtain; akushalaam= an unsafe; gatim = destiny; tu= but; yena= by whom; tvam= you; mama= my; baandhavaH= kinsman; nihataH= was killed; saH= he; yaasyati= will obtain; (that unsafe destiny.)

The one born in the race of sages will not obtain an unsafe destiny. The person, who killed you, my son, will obtain that bad destiny.

Verse Locator

@vm! s kp[m! t pyRdevyt Askt!,
tt> ASmE ktuRm! %dkm! v&> sh -ayRya. 26447

47. evam=thus; saH= that sage; paryadevayata=wept; asakR^it= repeatedly; tatra= there; kR^ipaNam= pitiably; tataH= then; asya= of him; bhaaryayaa saha= along with his wife; pravR^ittaH=started; udakam kartum= doing ceremony of offering water to his demised son.

Thus, that sage repeatedly wept there pitiably. Then he, along with his wife, started doing the ceremony of offering water to his demised son.

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s tu idVyen pe[ muin pu> Sv kmRi->,
SvgRmaXyaht! iO;m! ze[ sh omRivt!. 26448

48. saH dharmavit=that pious; muniputrastu= son of the sage on his part; adhyaaruuhat= ascended; kshhipram= soon; svargam= the Heaven; divyena= with wonderful; ruupeNa= form; shakreNa saha= along with Indra(the king of celestials); svakarmabhiH= by his own pious acts.

The pious son of the sage on his part, soon ascended the Heaven, wearing a wonderful form along with Indra (the king of celestials) as a result of his own pious acts.

Verse Locator

Aab-a;e c v&aE taE sh ze[ taps>,
AaaSy c mutRm! tu iptraE vaKym! AvIt!. 26449

49. saH taapasaH=that sage; saha shakreNa= who was together with Indra; aabhabhaashheecha= talked; tou= with those; vR^iddhou= aged parents; aashvaasya= consoling; pitarou= the parents; muhuurtam= for a while; abraviit= (he) spoke; vaakyam= these words:-

That son of the sage who was together with Indra, talked to his parents. Consoling his parents for a while, he spoke the following words.

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Swanm! AiSm mht! a> -vtaeh pircar[at!,
-vNtav! Aip c i]m! mm mUlm! %pE:yt>. 26450

50. praaptaH asmi= I obtained; mahat= the supreme; sthaanam= position; parichaaraNaat= because of my service; bhavatoH= to both of you; bhavatou apicha= you will also; upaishhyataH= obtain; kshhipram= soon; mama=my; muulam= vicinity.

I obtained the supreme state because of my service to both of you. You will also obtain soon my vicinity.

Verse Locator

@vm! %va tu idVyen ivmanen vpu:mta,
Aaraeh idvm! i]m! muin pu> ijt #iNy>. 26451

51. muniputraH= the son of the sage; jitendriyaH= whose senses were subdued; uktvaa= spoke; evam= thus; vimaanena= by an aero plane;divyena= which was wonderful; vapushhmataa= having a beautiful form; kshhipram= quickly; aaruruha= ascended; divam= heaven.

The son of the sage, whose senses were subdued, thus spoke and by a wonderful aero plane with beautiful form, quickly reached Heaven.

Verse Locator

s kTva tu %dkm! tU[Rm! taps> sh -ayRya,
mam! %vac mha teja> kt ANjilm! %piSwtm!. 26452

52. saH taapasaH= that ascetic; mahaatejaaH= with great splendor; bhaaryayaa saha= along with his wife; tuurNam= soon; udakam kR^itvaa= performred the ceremony offering water to his dead son; uvaacha= and spoke; maam=to me; upasthitam = who was standing near him; kR^itaaNjalim= with folded hands.

That ascetic with great splendor along with his wife soon performed the ceremony offering water to his dead son and spoke to me, who was standing near him with folded hands.

Verse Locator

A* @v jih mam! rajn! mr[e n AiSt me Vywa,
yt! zre[ @k pum! mam! Tvm! Aka;IRr Apukm!. 26453

53. raajan= O,king! Tvam= you; yat= for which reason; akaarshhii= have made; maam= me; ekaputram=who had only one son; aputram = without a son; shareNa= by an arrow; jahi= kill; maam= me; adyaiva= now itself; naasti= there is no; vyathaa= fear; maraNe= about death; me= to me.

O, king! You have made me, without a son, by killing my one and the only one son, by an arrow. You kill me also now. I am not frightened about death.

Verse Locator

Tvya tu yd Aiv}anan! inht> me sut> zuic>,
ten Tvam! Ai-zPSyaim suhom! Aitda[m!. 26454

54. yat= for which reason; me=my; shuchiH= was killed; tvayaa= by you; aviG^yaanaat= through ignorance; tena= for that reason; abhishapsyaami= I shall curse; suduHkham= most painful; atidaaruNam=and very cruel; tvam= (on) you.

"Since you have killed my holy son through ignorance, I shall pronounce a most painful and very cruel curse on you.

Verse Locator

pu Vysnjm! hom! yd @tn! mm saMtm!,
@vm! Tvm! pu zaeken rajn! kalm! kir:yis. 26455

55. yat:=which;etat=this;duHkham=agony; putravyasanam=caused by the loss of my son;saampratam=at present; raajan= O, king; tvam= you; kaalam karishhyati= will die; putrashokena= by the loss of your son

O, king! Even as I am suffering from agony now because of the loss of my son, in the same manner; you will also die due to agony caused by the loss of your son.

Verse Locator

A}anau htae ySmat! ]iye[ Tvya muin>,
tSmavam! naivzTyazu hTya nraixp. 26456

56. naraadhipa= O, king! Yasmaat= from; which cause; muniH= the sage; hataH= was killed; tvayaa= by you; kshhatriyeNa= the warrior; aG^yaanaat= by ignorance; tasmaat= from that; brahmahatyaa= the sin of killing a Brahmin; na avishati= will not take possession; aashu= quickly; tvaam= of you.

O, king! Since the sage was killed by you, belonging to the warrior class, through ignorance, the son of killing a Brahmin will not take possession of you.

Verse Locator

TvamPyetazae -av> i]mev gim:yit,
jIivtaNtkrae "aerae datarimv di][a. 26457

57. bhaavaH= a feeing; etatR^ishaH= similar to this; jiivitaantakaraH= which makes life extinct; ghoraH= and awful; kshhiprameva= will indeed quickly; gamishhyati= come; tvampi= to you too; daataaram iva= as a merit accrues to a donor; dakshhiNaa=of a donation to the priest.

A feeling similar to this, which makes the life awful and extinct, will indeed quickly come to you, even as a merit accrues to the donor of a donation to the priest.

Verse Locator

@vm! zapm! miy NySy ivlPy k[m! b,
ictamaraePy dehm! tiNmwunm! SvgRm_yyat!. 26458

58. nyasya= pronouncing; shhaapam= the curse; evam = thus; tat= that; mithunam= couple; bahuvilapya= wept many times; karuNam= pitiably; aaropya= placed; deham= their body; chitaam= on the funeral pile; abhyaat= and proceeded; svargam= to heaven.

Pronouncing the curse thus on me, that couple wept many times pitiably, placed their body on the funeral pile and proceeded to heaven.

Verse Locator

tdetiNtyanen Sm\tm! papm! mya Svym!,
tda baLyaTktm! deiv zBdveXynuki;R[a. 26459

59. devi= O, Kausalya! Tat= such; etat=of this; paapam= sin; kR^itam=committed; baalyaat= through ignorance; svayam= myself; tadaa= then; shabdavedhyanukashhaNaa= by invoking an arrow and hitting an invisible object the sound of which was only heard; smR^itam= is remembered by me; chintayaanena=on reflection.

O, Kausalya! The sin I myself committed through ignorance on that day, by invoking an arrow and hitting an invisible object the sound of which was heard, I remember it now on reflection over it.

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tSyaym! kmR[ae deiv ivpak> smupiSwt>,
ApWyE> sh sM-ue Vyaixrrse ywa. 26460

60. devi= O, Queen! VyaathiH yathaa= as a disease (comes); sambhukte sati= after eating; annarase= a nutriment; apathyaiH saha= mixed with forbidden things; ayam vipaakaH= this result; samupasthitaH= came; tasya karmaNaH=of that (sinful) act.

O, Kausalya! As a disease comes sometime after eating a nutriment mixed with forbidden things, this present occurrence came as a result of the sinful act by me long ago.

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tSman! mam! Aagtm! -e tSy %darSy tt! vc>,
yd Ahm! pu zaeken sMTyyaMy! A* jIivtm!. 26461

61. bhadre= my dear lady! Tat vachaH= that word; tasya= of that sage; udaarasya= who was noble; aham yat samtyakshhyaami= that I shall give up; jiivitam= my life; putrashokena= due to grief for the loss of my son; aagatam= has come ( true); mama= to me; adya= now.

O, my dear lady! Those words of that noble sage, saying that I shall give up my life due to grief for the loss of my son, have come true to me now.

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c]u_yaRm! Tvam! n pZyaim kaEsLye saxu maMS)z,
#Tyuva s dMStae -ayaRmah c -Uimp>. 26462

62. kausalye= O, Kausalya! na pashyaami= I am not able to see; tvaam= you; chakshhubhyaam= with my eyes.spR^isha= touch; maam= me; saadhu= well; iti=thus; uktvaa= spoke; bhuumipaH= king Dasaratha; trasto= terribly; rudan= weeping; ahacha =and again said; bhaaryaam= to his wife:

O, Kausalya! I am not able to see you with my eyes. Touch me well Thus speaking, King Dasaratha, terribly weeping said to his wife as follows:

Verse Locator

@tNme szm! deiv yNmya ra"ve ktm!,
szm! tu tSyEv ydnen ktm! miy. 26463

63. devi= O, queen!; yat= that which; kR^itam= was done; mayaa= by me; raaghave= in respect of Rama; na sadR^isham= was not befitting of me; yat= That which; kR^itam= was done; anena= by Rama; mayi= in my case; tattu= that then; sadR^isham= was befitting; tasyaiva= to him only.

O, queen! The wrong that was done by me in respect of Rama was not befitting of me. But the good that was done by Rama in my case was worthy only of him.

Verse Locator

v&Rmip k> pum! Tyjeтiv ivc][>,
k aJymanae va nasUyeiTptrm! sut>. 26464

64. kaH= which; vichakshhaNaH= wise man; bhuvi= in this world; tyajet= can abandon; putram= his son; durvR^ittamapi= even if, of a bad conduct? KaH= which; sutaH= son; pravraajyamano api= even if he is sent to exile; naasuuyet= cannot become angry; pitaram= with his father?

Which wise man on this earth can abandon his son, even if he is of a bad conduct? Which son, even if he is sent to an exile, cannot become angry with his father?

Verse Locator

yid mam! sMSp&zed ram> skd* l-et va,
ym]ymnuaa yiNt n ih manva>. 26465

65. raamaH= can Rama; adya= now; samspR^ishet= touch; maam= me; sakR^it=forthwith? labhetavaa=or can approach me ? maanavaaH= Men; anupraaptaaH= who attained; yamakshhayam= the world of Yama; na drakshhyanti hi= cannot indeed see their kith and kin.

Can Rama now touch me or approach me forth with? Men who attained the world of Yama (god of death) cannot even see their kith and kin.

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c]u;a Tvam! n pZyaim Sm&itr mm ivluPyte,
ta vEvSvtSy @te kaEsLye TvryiNt mam!. 26466

66. kausalye= O, Kausalya! na pashyaami= I am not able to see; tvaam= you; chakshhushhaa= with my eyes; mama= My; smR^itiH= memory; vilupyate= is fading away; ete duutaaH= these messengers; vai vasvatasya= of Yama; tvarayanti= are hastening; maam= me.

O, Kausalya! I am not able to see you with my eyes. My memory- power is fading away. Messengers of Yama (god of death) are hastening me to come.

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At> tu ikm! hotrm! yd Ahm! jIivt ]ye,
n ih pZyaim xmR}m! ramm! sTy praKymm!. 26467

67. kimnu= what are be; duHkhataram= more sorrowful; ataH= than= aham na pashyaami hi itiyat= that thus I am not able to see, raamam= Rama; dharmajJNam= who knows righteousness; satyaparaakramam= who is a truly brave man; jiivitakehhaya= at the time of my death?

What can be more sorrowful than the fact I am not able to see Rama, who knows righteousness and who is a truly brave man, at the time of my death?

Verse Locator

tSyadzRnj> zaek> sutSyaitkmR[>,
%ae;yit me a[aNvair Staekimvatv>. 26468

68. shokaH= the grief; adarshanajaH= arising out of non-appearance;tasya sutasya= of that son; apratikramaNaH= who performs unparalleled actions.; uchchhshhoyati= is drying up; prapaaNan= my lives; aatapaH iva= as sun shine(dries up)stokam vaari =a water drop.

The grief arising out of non-appearance of that son, who performs unparalleled actions, is parching up my life, as sun- shine dries up a water drop

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n te mnu:ya deva> te ye ca zu- k{flm!,
muom! yiNt ramSy v;eR pNc dze pun>. 26469

69. ye=who; punaH=will again; drakshhyanti=see; paNchadashevarshhe= in the fifteenth year; chaaru=the lovely; mukham= face; raamasya= of Rama; subhakuNdalam= with hand some ear-rings; te= they; na manushhyaa= are not humans; devaaH= but celestials.

They are not humans but celestials, who will be able to see again in the fifteenth year, the beautiful face of Rama, wearing his handsome ear-rings.

Verse Locator

p p $][m! suu sudM+m! ca naiskm!,
xNya yiNt ramSy tara Aixp in-m! muom!. 26470

70. dhanyaaH= the fortunate; drakshhyanti= can see; mukham= the face; raamasya= of Rama; padmapatrekshhaNam= with its eyes resembling lotus leaves, subhruH= with its beautiful eye brows, sudamshhTram= with its comely row of teeth; chaarunaasikam= charming nose; taaraadhipanibham= looking like a moon.

The fortunate can see the face of Rama, looking like a moon, with its eyes resembling lotus leaves, with beautiful eye brows, with a comely row of teeth and a charming nose.

Verse Locator

szm! zardSy #Ndaeh )Sy kmlSy c,
sugiNx mm nawSy xNya yiNt tn! muom!. 26471

71. dhanyaaH= fortunate (are they); yaH= who; drakshhyanti= can see; mukham= the face; raamasya= of Rama; sadR^isham=resembling; shaaradasya= the autumnal; indoH= moon; sugandhi= sweat-smelling; phullasya kamalasya cha= and also resembling a full- blown lotus.

Fortunate are they, who can see the sweat smelling face of Rama, resembling the autumnal moon and also a full- blown lotus.

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inv& vn vasm! tm! AyaeXyam! punr Aagtm!,
yiNt suionae ramm! zum! magR gtm! ywa. 26472

72. sukhinaH= happy ones; drakshhyanti= can see; raamam= Rama; nivR^itta vanavaasam= having finished his exile; aagatam= and come; punaH= back; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; shukram yathaa= like the planet Venus; maarga gatam = coming from a journey.

Happy ones can see Rama, who having finished his exile, will come to Ayodhya like the planet Venus coming from a journey.

Verse Locator

kaEsLye ic maehen dym! sIdtIv me,
vedye n c smuan! zBdSpzRrsanhm!. 26473

73. kausalye= O, Kausalya! me hR^idayam= my heart; siidatiiva= is sinking down; chittamohena= by delution of mind; aham= I, na chavadaye= am not able to grasp; samyuktaam= related; shabdasparsha rasaam= the sound touch and the smell.

O, Kausalya! My heart is sinking down by delusion of mind. I am not able to grasp the related sound, touch and the smell.

Verse Locator

icnazaip*Nte svaR{yeveiNyai[ me,
i][ehSy dIpSy sMsa rZmyae ywa. 26474

74. sarvaaNyeva= all of; me= my; indriyaaNi= senses; vipadyante= are scared away; chitta naashaat= due to mental break down; rashmayaH yathaa= like rays of light; diipasya= of a lamp; kshhiiNa snehasya= whose oil is exhausted; samsaktaaH= starts stammering.

All of my senses are getting scared away due to mental break down, as rays of light of a lamp whose oil is exhausted, starts splattering.

Verse Locator

Aym! AaTm -v> zaekae mam! Anawm! Acetnm!,
sMsadyit vegen ywa klm! ndI ry>. 26475

75. ayam=this; shokaH= grief; aatmabhaveH= which is caused by my own self;samsaadayati= is collapsing; maam= me; anaatham= who am helpless; achetanam= and invisible; kuulam yathaa= like a river bank(being collapsed ); vegena= by the floods; nadiirayaH=of a river stream.

This grief caused by my own self is collapsing me, who am helpless and insensible, like a river bank being collapsed by the floods of a river stream.

Verse Locator

ha ra"v mha bahae ha mm Aayas nazn,
ha ipt&iy me naw ha* Kvais gt> sut. 26476

76. kva=where; gataH asi=have you gone? Mahaabaaho= O,mighty armed! Haa raaghava= O, Rama! Mama aayasenaashana= O, annihilator of my grief! Haa= Alas!; haa pitR^ipriya= O, darling of your father! Me naatha= O,my protector!; haa suta= O, my son!

O, mighty armed! O, Rama! O, annihilator of my grief! Alas! O, darling of your father! O, my protector! O, my son! Where have you gone?

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ha kaEsLye niz:yaim ha suime tpiSvin,
ha n&zMse mmaime kEkeiy klpaMsin. 26477

77. haa kauslye= O, Kausalya! haa sumitre= O,Sumitra! Tapasvini= the miserable! Haa= alas; Kaikeyi= Kaikeyi! O, Kaikeyi! NR^ishamse= cruel one! Amitro= my enemy! Kulapaamsani= the disgrace of my family! Nashishhyaami= I am dying!

O, Kausalya! O, Sumitra, the miserable! Alas! O, Kaikeyi, the cruel one! My enemy! The disgrace of my family! I am going to die.

Verse Locator

#it ramSy matu suimaya sixaE,
raja dzrw> zaecn! jIivt ANtm! %pagmt!. 26478

78. iti= in this manner; raajaa= the king; dasharathaH= Dasaratha;iti= thus; sochan= weeping; upaagamat= reached jiivitaantam= the end of his life; sannidhou= in the presence; raamasya maatasya= of Rama`s mother; sumitraayaaHcha= and Sumitra.

In this manner, King Dasaratha weeping as aforesaid, reached the end of his life in the presence of Kausalya and Sumitra.

Verse Locator

ywa tu dInm! kwyn! nr Aixp>,
iySy puSy ivvasn Aatur>,
gte AxR rae -&z ho pIift>,
tda jhaE a[m! %dar dzRn>. 26479

79. naraadhipaH= king Dasaratha; udaara darshanaH= of noble appearance; kathayan=thus speaking; diinam= miserable and distressed ; putrasya vivaasanaaturaH= for sending his son to exile; gate artharaatre= by the time the mid-night passed; yadaa= when; bhR^ishaduHkha piiDitaH= stricken with extreme grief; jahou= abandoned; praaNam= his life; tadaa= then.

King Dasaratha of noble appearance, thus speaking, who was already miserable and distressed for sending his son to exile, felt afflicted with extreme grief by the time the mid- night passed and forthwith abandoned his life.

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye AyaeXyaka{fe ctu>;itm> sgR

Thus completes 64th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 64

 

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Sarga 64 in English Prose

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August 2003, K. M. K. Murthy