Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
After hearing harsh words from Kausalya, king Dasaratha loses consciousness and restores it after a long time. Afterwards, Kausalya repents for her mistake of speaking such crude words and consoles the king with her reconciliatory words. Overcome by grief, Dasaratha fell into the grip, Dasaratha fell into the grip of slumber as the night prevailed.
evam tu kruddhayaa raajaa raama maatraa sashokayaa |
shraavitaH paruSam vaakyam cintayaam aasa duhkhitaH || 2-62-1
1. paruSam= (when) harsh; vaakyam= words; kruddhayaa= with anger; evam= in this manner; sashokayaa= (by) the grief-stricken; raama maatraa= Kausalya, Rama’s mother; shravitaH= were heard; raajaa= king Dasaratha; duhkhitaH= felt depressed; chintayaamaasa= and thought upon them.
When harsh words with anger in this manner by the grief-stricken Kausalya, Rama’s mother were heard, king Dasaratha felt depressed and reflected upon them.
cintayitvaa sa ca nR^ipo mumoha vyaakulendriyaH |
atha diirgheNa kaalena samjJNaamaapa paratapaH || 2-62-2
2. saH= that; nR^ipaH= king; cintyitvaa= (thus) thought over; vyaakulendriyaH= perplexed in mind; mumoha= and lost his consciousness; atha= thereafter; paramtapaH= that king who scorches the enemies; aapa= regained; samj~aam= his; consciousness; diirgheNa= after a long; kaalena= time.
The king fell brooding thus perplexed as he was in his mind and lost his consciousness. Thereafter, that king who torments the enemies regained his consciousness after a long time.
sa samjJNaaamupalabyaiva diirghamuSNam ca niHsasan |
kausalyaam paarshvato dR^iSTvaa tatashcintaamupaagamat || 2-62-3
3. upalabhyaiva= after obtaining; samJNaam= consciousness; saH= he; nihshvasan= breathing his sigh; diirgham= long; uSNam ca= and hot; dR^iSTvaa= and seeing; kausalyaam= Kausalya; paarshvataH= by his side; upaagamat= got; chintaam= to worry; tataH= consequently.
After restoring his consciousness he, breathing a long and hot sigh and seeing Kausalya by his side, began to worry again.
tasya cintayamaanasya pratyabhaat karma duSkR^itam |
yad anena kR^itam puurvam aj~naanaat shabda vedhinaa || 2-62-4
4. cintayamaanasya= as he brooded over; duSkR^itam= the sinful; karma= deed; yat= that; kR^itam= was done; anena= by him; aJNaanaat= out of ignorance; puurvam= long ago; shabda vidhinaa= by shooting with an arrow an unseen object, the sound of which is only heard; pratyabhaat= was recalled in his mind.
As he thus brooded over, he recalled in his mind, a sinful deed that was done by him out of ignorance long ago, by shooting with an arrow an unseen object, the sound of which was only heard.
amanaaH tena shokena raama shokena ca prabhuH |
dvaabhyaamapi mahaaraajaH shokaabyaamabhitapyato || 2-62-5
5. prabhuH= the mighty; mahaaraajaH= emperor; tena shokena= by that agony; amanaaH= and low spirited; raama shokena= by the agony for Rama; anvatapyata= felt tormented; advabhyaam= by duel; shokaabhyaam api= grief.
The mighty emperor felt distressed through agony caused by that sinful dead and as also through agony caused by separation from Rama and was tormented by the dual grief.
dahyamaanaH tu shokaabhyaam kausalyaam aaha bhuu patiH |
vepamaano.aJNjalim kR^itvaa prasaadartamavaaN^mukhaH || 2-62-6
6. saH bhuupatiH= that king; dahyamaanaH= afflicted; shokaabhyaam= by the miseries; vepamaanaH= bent his head down; avaan^mukhaH= joined; baddhvaa= joined; aNjalim= his palms together in salutation; prasaadaartham= desirous of getting her grace; aaha= spoke; kausalyaam= to Kausalya.
That king, tormented by the afflictions, was trembling, bent his head down, joined his palms in salutation, desirous of getting her grace and spoke to Kausalya as follows:
prasaadaye tvaam kausalye racitaH ayam mayaa anjaliH |
vatsalaa ca aanR^ishamsaa ca tvam hi nityam pareSv api || 2-62-7
7. Kausalyaa= O Kausalya; tvaam prasaadaye= I seek your grace; ayam= this; anjaliH= joining of palms; rachiteH= is set out; mayaa= by me; tvam= you; nityam= are always; vatshalaa= affectionate; pareSvapi= and even towards others; anR^ishamsaaca hi= and even indeed king.
“O, Kausalya! I seek your grace. This joining of palms is set out by me. You are always affectionate even towards others and even indeed kind.”
bhartaa tu khalu naariiNaam guNavaan nirguNo api vaa |
dharmam vimR^ishamaanaanaam pratyakSam devi daivatam || 2-62-8
8. devi= O, queen; naariNaam= for women; vimR^ishamaanaanaam= reflecting; dharmam= on righteousness; bhartaa= the husband; guNavaan= either virtuous; nirguNo.apivaa= or worthless; pratyakSam= is visible; daivatam khalu= god indeed.
“O, queen! For women reflecting on righteousness, a husband whether he is virtuous or worthless, is a visible god indeed.”
saa tvam dharma paraa nityam dR^iSTa loka para avara |
na arhase vipriyam vaktum duhkhitaa api suduhkhitam || 2-62-9
9. saa tvam= you as such; nityam dharmaparaa= who is ever intent on virtue; dR^iSTa loka paraavaraa= who has understood good and evil fortunes in the world; duHkhita.api= even if grief-stricken; naarhasi= ought not; vaktum= to speak; vipriyam= unpleasant words; suduHkhitam= to me, who is too much in distress.
“You as such, who is ever intent on virtue, who has understood good and evil fortunes in the world, even if grief-stricken, ought not to have spoken unpleasant words to me, who is too much in distress.”
tat vaakyam karuNam raaj~naH shrutvaa diinasya bhaaSitam |
kausalyaa vyasR^ijad baaSpam praNaalii iva nava udakam || 2-62-10
10. shrutvaa= hearing; tatvaakyam= those words; karuNam= which were miserable; bhaaSitam= spoken; diinasya= by the depressed; rajaJNaH= king; kausalyaa= Kausalya; vyasR^ijat= shed; baaSpam= tears; navodakam iva= like new rain water; praNaalii= from a channel.
Hearing those miserable words spoken by the distressed king, Kausalya shed tears, akin to new rain water flowing from channel.
sa muudrhni baddhvaa rudatii raaj~naH padmam iva anjalim |
sambhramaat abraviit trastaa tvaramaaNa akSaram vacaH || 2-62-11
11. baddhvaa= capturing; muurdhni= on her own head; raajaJNaH= the king’s; aNjalim= palms joined; padmamiva= in the form of a lotus; saa= Kausalya; trastaa= was scared; abraviit= and spoke; rudatii= weeping; tvaramaaNaakSaram= in hurriedly; lettered vachaH= words; sambhramaat= in eagerness.
Capturing on her own head, the king’s palms joined in the form of a lotus, Kausalya was scared and spoke weeping in hurriedly lettered words in eagerness.
prasiida shirasaa yaace bhuumau nitatitaa asmi te |
yaacitaa asmi hataa deva hantavyaa aham na hi tvayaa || 2-62-12
12. deva= O, king; yaa ca= I appeal; te= to you; shirasaa= with bowed head; nivataa asmi= I lie prostrate; bhuumau= on the floor; hataa asmi= I am ruined; aham= I; kSantavyaahi= an not indeed to be forgiven; tvayaa= by you.
“O, king! I appeal to you with my bowed head. I lie prostrate on the floor. I am ruined. I am not to be forgiven indeed by you.”
na eSaa hi saa strii bhavati shlaaghaniiyena dhiimataa |
ubhayoH lokayoH viira patyaa yaa samprasaadyate || 2-62-13
13. viira= O valiant man; yaa= which woman; samprasaadyate= being propitiated; patyaa= by her husband; shlaaghaniiyena= who is worthy of praise; dhiimataa= and possing good disposition; saa eSaa= such of this; strii= woman; na bhavati hi= is ill- becoming; ubhayoH= in both; lokayoH= the worlds.
“O, Valiant man! In both the worlds, it is ill-becoming of a woman, being propitiated by her husband, who is praise worthy and possessing good disposition.”
jaanaami dharmam dharmaj~na tvaam jaane satyavaadinam |
putra shoka aartayaa tat tu mayaa kim api bhaaSitam || 2-62-14
14. dharmaJNa= O, king who knows righteousness; jaanaami= I understand; dharmam= righteousness; jaane= I know; tvaam= you; satya vaadinam= to be speaking truly; tu= but; tat= that; kim api= something; unseemly; bhaaSitam= was spoken; mayaa= by me; putrashokaartayaa= while afflicted of grief for my son.
“O, valiant man! In both the worlds, it of a woman, being propitiated by her husband, who is praise worthy and possessing good disposition.”
shoko naashayate dhairyam shoko naashayate shrutam |
shoko naashayate sarvam na asti shoka samaH ripuH || 2-62-15
15. shokaH= grief; naashayate= ruins; dairyam= courage; shokaH= grief; naashayate= ruins; shrutam= sacred learning; shokaH= all; naasti= there is not; ripuH= enemy; shokasamaH= like grief.
“Grief ruins courage. Grief ruins sacred learning, grief ruins all. There is no enemy like grief.”
shakyam aapatitaH soDhum praharaH ripu hastataH |
soDhum aapatitaH shokaH susuukSmaH api na shakyate || 2-62-16
16. prahaaraH= A hitting; aapatitaH= that; descended; ripuhastataH= from the hands of an enemy; shakyaH= is possible to be; soDhum= tolerated; shokaH= the grief; su suukSmo.api= even if so small; aapatitaH= suddenly; na shakyate= is not possible to; soDhum= tolerated.
“A hitting that descended from the hands of an enemy is possible to be tolerated. But, the grief suddenly descended, even if so small, is not possible to be tolerated.”
darmajJNaaH shrutimanto.api chinnadharmaarthasamshayaaH |
yatayo viira muhyanti shokasammuuDhacetasaH || 2-62-17
17. viira= O, valiant man; yatayaH.api= even ascetis; dharmaJNaaH= who know righteousness; shrutimantaH= who have learnt sacred texts; chinna dharmaartha samshayaaH= who have retn asunder doubts relating to religious merit and wealth; muhyanti= go astray; shoka sammuuDha cetasaH= having their minds infatuated with grief.
“O, valiant man! Even ascetics, who know righteousness, who have learnt sacred texts and who have rent asunder doubts relating to religious merit and wealth, go astray having their minds infatuated with grief.”
vana vaasaaya raamasya panca raatraH adya gaNyate |
yaH shoka hata harSaayaaH panca varSa upamaH mama || 2-62-18
18. gaNyate= it is counted; adya= today; paNcaraatraH= as five days; raamasya= since Rama; vanavaasaaya= has gone to exile; yaH= which; mama= for me; shoka hata harSayaaH= whose happiness is mined by grief; paNcavarSopamaH= equal to five years.
“Today it is counted as five days since Rama has gone to exile. It is equal to five years for me, since grief has ruined my happiness.”
tam hi cintayamaanaayaaH shoko ayam hR^idi vardhate |
adiinaam iva vegena samudra salilam mahat || 2-62-19
19. cintayamaanaayaaH= while I think; tam= of Rama; ayam= this; shokaH= grief; hR^idi= in my heart; vardhate= is growing; mahat samudra salilamiva= like water in the great ocean; (increasing); vegena= with the streaming fast; nadiinaam= of rivers.
“While I think of Rama, this grief in my heart is increasing, like water in a great ocean increases with the fast streaming of rivers.
evam hi kathayantyaaH tu kausalyaayaaH shubham vacaH |
manda rashmir abhuut suryo rajanii ca abhyavartata || 2-62-20
20. kausalyaaH= Kausalya; kathayantyaaH= while telling; shubhamhi= indeed auspicious; vacaH= words; evam= in this way; suuryaH= the sun; abhuut= became; manda rashmiH= feeble= rayed; abhyavartata= turned towards; rajaniica= night too.
While Kausalya was telling auspicious words indeed as aforesaid the sun became feeble and turned towards night too.
tatha prahlaaditaH vaakyaiH devyaa kausalyayaa nR^ipaH |
shokena ca samaakraantaH nidraayaa vasham eyivaan || 2-62-21
21. nR^ipaH= the king; tathaa= thus; prasaaditaH= cheered up; devyaa= by the queen; kausalyayaa= Kausalya; eyivaan= got; vasham= subjected; nidraayaaH= to sleep; samaakraantaH ca= after having been overcome; shokena= be grief.
The king, thus cheered up by the queen Kausalya, got subjected to slumber, after having been overcome by grief.
ityaarSe shriimadraamaayaNe aadikaavye ayodhyaakaaNDe dviSaSTitamaH sargaH
Thus completes 62nd Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© June 2003, K. M. K. Murthy