Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
In this chapter Valmiki narrates various rituals undertaken by Rama the crown prince, along with his wife Seetha, on the eve of his anointment ceremony. The festivities in Ayodhya, the happiness of the people with King Dasaratha's decision to anoint Rama are also described here. Also, people from different directions arrive in Ayodhya to be there on the grand occasion.
gate purohite r˜ma× sn˜to niyatam˜nasa× |
saha patny˜ viþ˜l˜kÿy˜ n˜r˜yaõamup˜gamat || 2-6-1
1. purohite=(After) the family priest; gate= left; raamaH= Rama; snaataH= took bath; upaagamat= (and) meditated; naaraayaNam= on Narayana; niyatamaanasaH= with undistracted mind; saha= along with; vishaalaakshyaa= the wide eyed; patnyaa= wife (Seetha).
After Vasistha left, Rama took bath and meditated on Lord Narayana with undistracted mind along with his wide-eyed wife, Seetha.
prag®hya þiras˜ p˜traÕ haviÿo vidhivattad˜ |
mahate daivat˜y˜jyaÕ juh˜va jvalit˜nale || 2-6-2
2. tadaa= then; pragR^ihya= taking; paatram= vessel; havisho= of clarified butter; sirasaa= on head; vidhivat= as per ordinance of the scriptures; juhova=(Rama) offered; mahate daivataaya= to the great lord Vishnu; aajyam= the clarified butter; jvalitaanale= (by dropping it ) into blazing fire.
Taking the vessel with clarified butter on his head as per scriptures, he offered to Lord Vishnu the clarified butter, by dropping it into the blazing fire.
þeÿaÕ ca haviÿastasya pr˜þy˜þ˜sy˜tmana× priyam |
dhy˜yann˜r˜yaõaÕ devaÕ sv˜stŸrõe kuþasaÕstare || 2-6-3
v˜gyata× saha vaidehy˜ bh¨tv˜ niyatam˜nasa× |
þrŸmaty˜yatane viÿõo× þiþye naravar˜tmaja× || 2-6-4
3, 4. naravaraatmajaH= The prince Rama; aashaasya= desiring; aatmanaH= his own; priyam= good; praashya cha= ate; sesham= remainder; tasya havishaH= of that clarified butter; dhyaayan= meditating; devam= on Lord; naaraayaNam= Narayana; bhuutvaa= becoming; vaagyataH= one of restrained speech; niyatamaanasaH= with regulated mind; sishye= slept; vaidehyaa saH= along with Seetha; svaastiirNe= on properly laid; kusha saMstare= bed of Kusa grass; shriimati aayatane= in a splendid temple; vishhNoH= of Lord Vishnu.
Rama ate the remainder of clarified butter after finishing the sacrifice, which he performed for his own good, silently meditated on Lord Narayana with controlled mind and slept along with Seetha on a properly laid bed of Kusa grass in a splendid temple of Lord Vishnu. *
* The learned commentators point out that the deity referred to here is no other than Lord Ranganatha, who had been worshipped by a long line of rulers of Ayodhya as their chosen deity in a separate shrine built within the precincts of the royal palace. We are told at length in the Patala Khanda of Padma Purana how Rama so kindly handed over the image to Vibhishana; through whom it reached Srirangam (near Tiruchirapally) in South India; where it exists even to this day and is held in the highest reverence by the Vaishnavas and other devotees all over India.
ekay˜m˜vaþiÿ÷˜y˜Õ r˜try˜Õ prativibudhya sa× |
alañk˜ravidhiÕ k®tsnaÕ k˜ray˜m˜sa veþmana× || 2-6-5
5. saH= He; prativibudhya= woke up; ekayaama avashishhTaayaam= with three hours of night yet remaining; kaarayaamaasa= (and) made done; kR^itsnam= entire; alankaaravidhim= required decoration; veshmanaH= of the house .
Rama woke up three hours before dawn and caused to complete the entire decoration of the house.
tatra þ®õvan sukh˜ v˜ca× s¨tam˜gadhavandin˜m |
p¨rv˜Õ sandhy˜mup˜sŸno jaj˜pa yatam˜nasa× || 2-6-6
6. tatra= there; sR^iNvan= listening to; sukhaaH= gladdening; vaachaH= verses; suutamaagadha vandinaam= of professional reciters like Suta; Maagadha and Vandi; upaasiinaH= worshipping; puurvaam sandhyaam= the early sunrise(on Gayatri); jajaapa= meditated ; yata maanasaH= with undistracted mind.
Listening to the pleasing verses of professional reciters, he worshipped the early sunrise and meditated on Gayatri* with an undistracted mind.
* Gayatri is an ancient meter of twenty-four syllables as a triplet of eight syllables each (Rigveda iii-62-10: - tat savitur varenyam bhargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yo nah prachodayat) addressed to Savitri or the Sun as generator. Gayatri personified is considered as the mother of the first three classes viz. priestly class, warrior - class and the trader-class in their capacity of twice born.
tuÿ÷˜va praõataþcaiva þiras˜ madhus¨danam |
vimalakÿaumasaÕvŸto v˜cay˜m˜sa ca dvij˜n || 2-6-7
7. tushhTaava= (He) praised; madhusuudhanam= Lord Vishnu; praNataH= by bowing; shirasaa= the head; vimalakshouma samviitaH= by wearing pure silk clothes; vaachayaamaasa= got valedictory text recited by; dvijaan= Brahmans.
He praised Lord Vishnu by bowing his head before Him. By wearing pure silk clothes, he got valedictory text recited by Brahmans.
teÿ˜Õ puõy˜haghoÿo'dha gambhŸramadhurastad˜ |
ayodhy˜Õ p¨ray˜m˜sa t¨ryaghoÿ˜nun˜dita× || 2-6-8
8. atha= thereafter; teshaam= their; gambhiira madhura= deep and sweet; puNyaaha ghoshhaH= valedictory sound; tuuryaghoshaanunaaditaH= united with sound of musical instruments; puurayaamaasa= filled; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; tadaa= then.
Their deep and sweet chorus of the valedictory, united with the accompanying musical instruments, then filled the city of Ayodhya.
k®topav˜saÕ tu tad˜ vaidehy˜ saha r˜ghavam |
ayodhy˜nilaya× þrutv˜ sarva× pramudito jana× || 2-6-9
9. tadaa= then; sarvaH= all; ayodhyaanilayaH janaH= the people residing in Ayodhya; pramuditaH= were delighted; shrutvaa= after hearing about; kR^itopavaasam= the fast done by; raaghavam= Rama; vaidehyaa saha= along with Seetha.
All the people residing in Ayodhya were delighted when they heard that Rama and Seetha had observed fast for the ensuing anointment ceremony.
tata× paurajana× sarva× þrutv˜ r˜m˜bhiÿecanam |
prabh˜t˜Õ rajanŸÕ d®ÿ÷v˜ cakre þobhayituÕ purŸm || 2-6-10
10. tataH= thereafter; sarvaH= all; paurajanaH= the citizens; chakre= made; shobhayitum= decoration; puriim= to the town; shrutvaa= after hearing; raama abhishhechanam= about anointment ceremony of Rama; dR^ishhTvaa= after seeing; rajaniim= the night; prabhaataam= becoming dawn.
All the citizens decorated the town for coronation function of Rama, soon before sunrise.
sit˜bhraþikhar˜bheÿu devat˜yataneÿu ca |
catuÿpadheÿu radhy˜su caityeÿva÷÷˜la keÿu ca || 2-6-11
n˜n˜paõyasam®ddheÿu vaõij˜m˜paõeÿu ca |
ku÷umbin˜Õ sam®ddheÿu þrŸmatsu bhavaneÿu ca || 2-6-12
sabh˜su caiva sarv˜su v®kÿeÿv˜lakÿiteeþu ca |
dhvaj˜× samucchrit˜þcitr˜× pat˜k˜þc˜bhavaÕstad˜ || 2-6-13
11, 12, 13. dhvajaaH= banners and; chitraaH= colorful; pataakaaH cha= flags; samuchchhritaaH= were hoisted; tadaa= then; devataayataneshhu= in temples; sitaabhra shikharaabheshhu= which looked shiningly like the lining of a cloud; chatushhpatheshhu= at road junctions; rathyaasu= in streets; chaityeshhu= on big trees situated in temple-compounds; aTTaalakeshhu cha= from watching towers in city gates; aapaNeshhu cha= on shops; vaNijaam= of merchants; naanaapaNya samR^iddheshhu= with a lot of saleable goods; bhavaneshhu cha= on buldings of; samR^iddheshhu shriimatsu= very rich; kuTumbinaam= family-persons; sarvaasu= on all; sabhaasu= assembly halls; aalakshiteshhu= on all-visible; vR^iksheshhu= trees.
Banners and colorful flags were hoisted on temples, which looked brilliantly like the silver lining of cloud, at road junctions, in streets, on big trees situated in temple compounds, from watching towers at city gates, on shops of wealthy merchants, on buildings of rich family persons, on all assembly halls and all visible trees.
na÷anartakasaðgh˜n˜Õ g˜yak˜n˜Õ ca g˜yat˜m |
mana×karõasukh˜ v˜ca× þuþruvuþca tatastata× || 2-6-14
14. tatastataH= from there and there; vaachaH= voices; manaH karNasukhaaH= pleasing to the minds and ears; shushruvuH= were heard; naTa nartaka saMghaanaam= from groups of actors and dancers; gaayakaanaam cha= and of singers; gaayataam= singing.
From different sides, actors were showing their talents, dancers were performing dance. Singers were singing and sweet voices were heard, pleasing the minds and ears.
r˜m˜bhiÿekayukt˜þca kath˜þcakrurmitho jan˜× |
r˜m˜bhiÿeke samprapte catvareÿu g®heÿu ca || 2-6-15
15. raamaabhishheke= (with) Rama's anointment ceremony; sampraapte= approaching; janaaH= people; chakruH= made; mithaH= mutual; kathaaH= conversations; raamaabhishhekayuktaaH= about Rama's anointment ceremony; chatvareshhu= in road junctions; gR^iheshhu cha= and in houses.
With Rama's anointment ceremony approaching, people were engaged in mutual conversations in their houses and at road junctions, about the ceremony.
b˜l˜ api krŸýam˜n˜ g® hadv˜reÿu saðghaþa× |
r˜m˜bhiÿavasaÕyukt˜þcakrurevaÕ mitha× kath˜× || 2-6-16
16. evam= thus; baalaaH api= even children; kreeDamaanaaH= playing; saMghashaH= in groups; gR^ihadvaareshhu= before gateways of houses; chakruH= made; kathaaH= narrations; raamaabhishhava saMyuktaaH= concerning Rama's anointment ceremony; mithaH= mutually.
Even children playing together before gateways of houses were telling each other, narratives of Rama's anointment ceremony.
k®tapuÿpopah˜raþca dh¨pagandh˜dhiv˜sita× |
r˜jam˜rga× k®ta× þrŸm˜n paurai r˜m˜bhiÿecane || 2-6-17
17. pauraiH= citizens; kR^itaH= made; raajamaargaH= king's road; shriimaan= splendid; kR^ita pushhpopahaarashcha= by making a sprinkle of flowers; dhuupagandhaadhivaasitaH= and by making it good smelling from incense and perfumes; raamaabhishhechane= on the occasion of Rama's anointment ceremony.
The citizens made king's road splendid, by sprinkling flowers on it and by making it good smelling with burning of incense and perfumes, on the occasion of Rama's anointment ceremony.
prak˜þakaraõ˜rdhaÕ ca niþ˜gamanaþañkay˜ |
dŸpav®kÿ˜Õ stath˜cakru ranurthyasu sarvaþa× || 2-6-18
18. tathaa= and; anu= after (such decoration); nishaagamana shankayaa= on doubt of arrival of night; chakruH= (they) arranged; deepavR^ikshaan= lamps in the shape of trees; sarvaH rathyaasu= in all the streets; prakaashakaraNaartham= for the purpose of illumination.
On a doubt of approach of night on completion of the ceremony, they arranged lamps in the shape of trees to illuminate all the streets.
alaðk˜raÕ purastyavaÕ k®tv˜ tatpurav˜sina× |
˜k˜ðkÿam˜õ˜ r˜masya yauvar˜jy˜bhiÿecanam || 2-6-19
sametya saðghaþa× sarve catvareÿu sabh˜su ca |
kathayanto mithastatra praþaþaÕsurjan˜dhipam || 2-6-20
19, 20. sarve= all; tat puravaasinaH= the residents of that city; evam= thus; kR^itvaa= having made; alaN^kaaraM= decoration; purasya= of the city; aakaaN^kshamaaNaaH= desiring; raamasya= Rama's; yauvaraajyaabhishhechanam= anointment as prince; sanghashaH= gathered; sametya= together; chatvareshhu= in road junctions; sabhaasucha= and in assembly halls; mithaH= mutually; kathayantaH= talking about it; tatra= there; prashashamsuH= praised; janaadhipam= king Dasaratha.
All the citizens residing in Ayodhya, having thus decorated the city desiring Rama's coronation, gathered together in groups at road junctions and in assembly halls, mutually talking about this matter there and praising king Dasaratha.
ahoo mah˜tm˜ r˜j˜yamikÿv˜kukulanandana× |
jñ˜tv˜ yo v®ddha m˜tm˜naÕ r˜maÕ r˜jye'bhiÿekÿyati || 2-6-21
21. aho= O!; yaH= which king; jJNaatvaa= having known; aatmaanaam= himself; vR^iddham= as aged; abhishhekshyati= is going to anoint; raamam= Rama; raajye= for kingdom; ayam= (such) this; raajaa= king Dasaratha; ikshvaaku kulanandanaH= who delights Ikshvaaku dynasty; mahaatmaa= has a great mind.
"O! This king Dasaratha, who delights Ikshvaaku dynasty, having known himself that he became aged, is going to anoint Rama for the kingdom. What a great man he is!"
sarve'pyanug®hŸt˜× sma yanno r˜mo mahŸpati× |
cir˜ya bhavit˜ gopt˜ d®ÿ÷alokapar˜vara× || 2-6-22
22. yat= because; raamaH= Rama; dR^ishhTa loka paraavaraH= has seen the totality of the world ; mahiipatiH= he as king; bhavitaa= is going to become; goptaa= protector; naH= to us; chiraaya= for a long period; sarve api= all of us; anugR^ihiitaaH sma= have become gifted people.
"Rama; who has seen the totality of the world is going to become our protector for long. We have all been blessed by king Dasaratha."
˜nuddhataman˜ vidv˜n dharm˜tm˜ bhr˜t®vatsala× |
yadh˜ ca bhr˜t®ÿu snigdhastath˜sm˜svapi r˜ghava× || 2-6-23
23. raamaH= Rama; aanuddhata manaaH= who has no arrogance in his mind; vidvaan= learned man; dharmaatmaa= righteous man; bhraatR^ivatsalaH= who has love towards brothers; yathaa= so; snigdhaH= compassionate person; tathaa= as; asmaasvapi= also to us.
"Rama is modest, knowledgeable and righteous. He is as compassionate to us as to his brothers."
ciraÕ jŸvatu dharm˜tm˜ r˜j˜ daþaratho'nagha× |
yatpras˜den˜bhiÿiktaÕ r˜maÕ drakÿy˜mahe vayam || 2-6-24
24. yatprasaadena= by whose blessing; drakshyaamahe= we are seeing; raamam= Rama; abhishhiktam= being anointed; dasharathaH raajaa= such king Dasaratha; dharmaatmaa= who is righteous; anaghaH= who is faultless; jeevatu= let him live; chiram= for long period.
"Let the faultless and righteous king Dasaratha live long! Due to his blessings, we are going to see Rama as being anointed for the kingdom."
evaÕvidhaÕ kathayat˜Õ paur˜õ˜Õ þuþruvustad˜ |
digbhyo'pi þrutav®tt˜nt˜× pr˜pt˜j˜napad˜ nar˜× || 2-6-25
25. jaanapadaaH= villagers; praaptaa= who came; digbhyaH api= from different directions also; shR^ita vR^ittaantaaH= after hearing the news; tadaa= then; shushruvuH= listened to; pauraaNaam= citizens; evam vidham= thus; kathayataam= narrating.
The villagers, who came from different directions after hearing the news of coronation ceremony of Rama, listened to the narration of the citizens of Ayodhya.
te tu digbhya× purŸÕ pr˜pt˜ draÿ÷uÕ r˜m˜bhiÿecanam |
r˜masya p¨ray˜m˜su× purŸÕ j˜napad˜ jan˜× || 2-6-26
26. raamasya= Rama's; puriim= city of Ayodhya; puurayaamasuH= was filled with; te= those; janaaH= people; jaanapadaaH= residing in villages; praaptaaH= who came; digbhyaH= from various directions; puram= to the city; drashhTum= to see; raamaabhishhechanam= Rama's anointment ceremony.
The city of Ayodhya was filled with villagers who came from different directions to see the anointment ceremony of Rama.
janaughai stairvisarpadbhi× þuþruve tatra nisvana× |
parvas¨dŸrõavegasya s˜garasyeva nisvana× || 2-6-27
27. nisvanaH= The noise; shushruve= was heard; taiH janaughaiH= by groups of those people; visarpadbhiH= while moving; tatra= there; nisvanaH iva= as the roaring ; udiirNa vegasya saagarasya= of an impetuous ocean; parvasu= on full moon days.
The noise in the city was heard by the groups of those people, while moving here and there, as the roaring of an impetuous ocean on full moon days.
tatastadindrakÿayasannibhaÕ puraÕ |
did®kÿubhirj˜napadai rup˜gatai× |
samantata× sasvanam˜kulaÕ babhau |
samudray˜dobhi riv˜rõavodakam || 2-6-28
28. tat= that; puram= city of Ayodhya; indrakshaya sannibham= equal to the residence of Indra (Amaravati);tataH=then; aakulam= disturbed; sasvanam= with sound; samantataH= all over; jaanapadaiH= by villagers; upaagataiH= who came; didR^ikshubhiH= with desire to see; babhau= shone; aarNavodakam= like ocean water; samudrayaadobhiH= filled with sea-animals.
That city of Ayodhya equal to the residence of the celestial god Indra, disturbed with the sound being made all over by the villagers who came with the desire to see the ceremony, shone like a roaring ocean filled with sea animals.
|| ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhyak˜nýe ÿaÿ÷ha× sarga× ||
Thus completes 6th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© 1999, K. M. K. Murthy[Revised: May 05]