Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Sumantra narrates the ghastly fate of Ayodhya, both its animate and inanimate beings. Dasaratha laments and soon falls unconscious.
mama tu aþv˜ niv®ttasya na pr˜vartanta vartmani |
uÿõam aþru vimuncanta× r˜me samprasthite vanam || 2-59-1
1.raame= Rama; samprasthite= having departed; vanam= to the forest; nivR^ittasya= the returning; ashvaaH tu= horses, however; mama= of mine; pramuNcantaH shedding; uSNam= warm; ashru= tears; na praavartanta= did not proceed; vartmani= on the way.
“Rama having departed to the forest, horses on the return path however, shedding warm tears, did not proceed further on the way.”
ubh˜bhy˜m r˜ja putr˜bhy˜m atha k®tv˜ aham jñalim |
prasthita× ratham ˜sth˜ya tat duhkham api dh˜rayan || 2-59-2
2. atha= thereafter; aham= I; kR^itvaa= offering (salutation); aJNjalim= with joined palms; ubhaabhyaam= to both; raaja putraabhyaam= the princes; dhaarayan= keeping back; tat= that; duHkham api= grief; aasthaaya= ascended; ratham= the chariot; prasthitaH= and moved on.
“I, on my part, offering salutation with joined palms to both the princes and keeping back from that grief, ascended the chariot and moved on.”
guh˜ iva s˜rdham tatra eva sthita× asmi divas˜n bah¨n |
˜þay˜ yadi m˜m r˜ma× puna× þabd˜payed iti || 2-59-3
3. aashayaa= with the hope; iti= that; shabdaapayed dyadi= I shall be called; punaH= again; raamaH- (by) Rama; sthitaH asmi= I stayed; tatraiva= there only; guhena saartham= along with Guha; bahuun= for many (three); divasaan= days.
“With the hope that I shall be called again by Rama, I stayed there along with Guha for three days.”
viÿaye te mah˜ r˜ja m˜ma vyasana karþit˜× |
api v®kÿ˜× pariml˜na× sapuÿpa ankura korak˜× || 2-59-4
4. mahaaraaja= Oh, emperor; vR^iSaaH api= even trees; te viSaye= in your domain; parimlaanaH= have withered; sa puSpa ankura korakaaH= without flowers, sprouts and buds; raama vyasana karshitaaH= having emaciated due to Rama’s separation.
“Oh, emperor! Even trees in your domain have withered, without giving flowers sprouts and buds, having emaciated due to Rama’s separation.”
upataptodak˜ nadya× palval˜ni sar˜msi ca |
pariÿkupal˜þ˜ni van˜nyupavan˜ni ca || 2-59-5
5. nadyaH= rivers; palvalaani= pools; saraamsi ca= lakes; upataptodakaaH= were with lot water; vanaani= groves; upavanaani cha= and gardens; pariSkupalaashaani= were with their leaves, parched up.
“Rivers, pools and lakes were with hot water. Groves and gardens were with their leaves, parched up.”
na ca sarpanti sattv˜ni vy˜l˜ na prasaranti ca |
r˜ma þoka abhibh¨tam tan niÿk¨jam abhavad vanam || 2-59-6
6. sattvaani= Living beings; na ca sarpanti= are not moving; vyaalaaH ca= wild animals too; na prasaranti= are not roaming around; tat vanam= that forest; abhavad= became; niSkuujam= silent; raama shoka abhibhuutam= predominated by grief towards Rama
“Living beings are not moving. Wild animals too are not roaming around. That forest became silent, predominated by grief towards Rama.”
lŸna puÿkara patr˜× ca nara indra kaluÿa udak˜× |
samtapta padm˜× padminyo lŸna mŸna vihamgam˜× || 2-59-7
7. narendram= Oh, emperor; padminyaH= lotus-lakes (were); liina puSkara patraaH ca= with lotus-leaves hiding under water; having pressed themselves closely together; kaluSa udakaaH= with muddy waters; samtapta padmaaH= with parched lotus-flowers; liina miina vihamgamaaH= and in which fish and water-fowls having disappeared.
“Oh, emperor! Lotus-lakes were with lotus-leaves hiding under water pressing themselves closely together, with muddy waters, with parched lotus-flowers and in which fish and water fowls have completely disappeared.”
jalaj˜ni ca puÿp˜õi m˜ly˜ni sthalaj˜ni ca |
na adya bh˜nti alpa gandhŸni phal˜ni ca yath˜ puram || 2-59-8
8. jalajaani= water-born; puSpaaNi= flowers; maalyaani= flowers; sthalajaani= living on dry land; adya= now; alpa gandhiini= giving very little fragrance; phalaani ca= and fruits; na bhaanti= do not have luscious look; yathaa puram= as before.
“Water-born flowers and flowers living on dry lands now give very little fragrance and fruits do not have a luscious look as before.”
atrody˜n˜ni þ¨ny˜ni pralŸnavihag˜ni ca |
na c˜bhir˜m˜n˜r˜m˜n paþy˜mi manujarÿabha || 2-59-9
9. manujarSabha= Oh, best of men; udyaanaani= the gardens; atra= here; shuunyaani= are empty of men; praliina vihagaani ca= and the birds have vanished; na pashyaami= I am not seeing; aaraamaan= the gardens; abhiraaman= as charming.
“Oh, best of men! The gardens here are empty of men and the birds have vanished. I am not seeing the gardens as charming (as before).”
praviþantam ayodhy˜m m˜m na kaþcit abhinandati |
nar˜ r˜mam apaþyanta× nihþvasanti muhur muhu× || 2-59-10
10. na kashchit= nobody; abhinandati= greeted me; pravishantam= entering; ayodhyaayaam= into Ayodhya City; apashyantaH= having not seen; raamam= Rama; naraaH= the people; nishvasanti= are breathing; muhur muhuH= again and again.
“Nobody greeted me, entering into Ayodhya City. Having not seen Rama, the people are breathing their sigh of lamentation again and again.”
deva r˜jaratham d®ÿ÷v˜ vin˜ r˜mamih˜gatam |
du×kh˜daþrumukha× sarvo r˜jam˜rgagato jana× || 2-59-11
11. deva= Oh emperor; dR^iSTvaa= seeing; raajaratham= the royal chariot; aagatam= coming; iha= here; ninaa raamam= without Rama; sarvaH= all; janaH= the people; raajamarga gataH= going along the royal high-way; ashrumukhaH= are having their faces filled with tears; duHkhaat= by grief.
“Oh, emperor! Seeing the royal chariot returning here without Rama, all the people along the royal high-way are shedding tears with grief.”
harmyai× vim˜nai× pr˜s˜dai× avekÿya ratham ˜gatam |
h˜h˜ k˜ra k®t˜ n˜ryo r˜ma adarþana karþit˜× || 2-59-12
12. aavekSya= seeing; ratham= the chariot; aagatam= coming; naaryaH= women; harmyaiH= from mansions; vimaanaiH= seven-storied buildings; praasaadaiH= and royal palaces; haahaakarakR^itaH= are crying ‘ha ha!’; raamadarshanakarshitaaH= being troubled by non-appearance of Rama.”
“Seeing the returned chariot, women from mansions, seven-storied buildings and royal palaces are crying ‘ha ha!’, being troubled by the non-appearance of Rama.”
˜yatai× vimalai× netrai× aþru vega pariplutai× |
anyonyam abhivŸkÿante vyaktam ˜rtatar˜× striya× || 2-59-13
13. striyaH= women; aartataraaH= being more sorrowful; abhiviikSante= are looking at; anyonyam= each other; avyaktam= indistinctly; aayataiH= with their long; vimalaiH= bright; netraiH= eyes; ashru vega pariplutaiH= overwhelmed with a flood of tears.
“Women, being more sorrowful, are looking at each other indistinctly with their long bright eyes overwhelmed with a flood of tears.”
na amitr˜õ˜m na mitr˜õ˜m ud˜sŸna janasya ca |
aham ˜rtatay˜ kamcit viþeÿam na upalakÿaye || 2-59-14
14. aham= I; na upalakSaye= do not see; kimchit= any; visheSam= distinction; aartatayaa= in their agony; amitraaNaam= in non-friends; mitraaNaam= friends; udaasiina janasya= and neutral people.
“I do not see any distinction in their agony, whether they are non-friends, friends or neutral people.”
aprah®ÿ÷a manuÿy˜ ca dŸna n˜ga turamgam˜ |
˜rta svara pariml˜n˜ vinihþvasita nihsvan˜ || 2-59-15
nir˜nand˜ mah˜ r˜ja r˜ma pravr˜jana ˜tul˜ |
kausaly˜ putra hŸn˜ iv˜yodhy˜ pratibh˜ti m˜ m˜ || 2-59-16
15-16. mahaaraja= Oh, emperor; ayodhyaa= the city of Ayodhya; aprahR^iSTa manuSyaa cha= with joyless people; diina naaga turamgamaa= with elephants and horses looking miserable; aarta svara parimlaanaa= with sighing exhaustion to cries of pain; vinihshvasita nihsvanaa= filled with sounds of moaning; niraanandaa= cheerless; raama pravraajana aatulaa= anguish due to Rama’s exile; pratibhaati= as Kausalya; putra hiinaa= without her son.
“Oh, emperor! The city of Ayodhya with its joy-less people, with its elephants and horses looking miserable, with sighing exhaustion due to cries of pain, filled with sounds of moaning, cheerless and feeling anguish due to Rama’s exile, appears to me, like Queen Kausalya without her son.”
s¨tasya vacanam þrutv˜ v˜c˜ parama dŸnay˜ |
b˜ÿpa upahatay˜ r˜j˜ tam s¨tam idam abravŸt || 2-59-17
17. raajaa= the king; shrutvaa= hearing; suutasya= Sumantra’s; vachanam= words; abraviit= spoke; idam= this; tam suutam= to that charioteer; vaacaa= in a voice; baaSpa upahatayaa= choked with tears; parama diinayaa= and very much woeful.
Hearing Sumantra’s words, the king in a voice choked with tears and very much woeful, spoke to that charioteer as follows:
kaikeyy˜ viniyuktena p˜pa abhijana bh˜vay˜ |
may˜ na mantra kuþalai× v®ddhai× saha samarthitam || 2-59-18
18. viniyuktena= enjoined; kaikeyyaa= by Kaikeyi; paapa abhijana bhaavayaa= with sinful birth and intention, na samarthitam= it was not deliberated; mayaa= by me; mantra kushalaiH= with people experienced in counsel; vR^iddhaiH saha= and with elders.
“Enjoined by Kaikeyi with her sinful birth and intention, I could not deliberate with people experienced in counsel or with elders beforehand.”
na suh®dbhir na ca am˜tyai× mantrayitv˜ na naigamai× |
may˜ ayam artha× sammoh˜t strŸ hetoh sahas˜ k®ta× || 2-59-19
19. ayam= this; arthaH= act; kR^itaH= has been done; mayaa= by me; sahasaa= in haste; sammohaat= due to infatuation; strii hetoH= for the sake of a woman; na mantrayitvaa= without consulting; suhR^idbhiH= with friends; na mantrayitvaa= nor by consulting; amaatyaiH= with ministers; naigamaiH ca= or with interpreters of sacred texts.
“This act has been done by me in haste due to infatuation for the sake of a woman, without consulting with friends or ministers or with interpreters of sacred texts."
bhavitavyatay˜ n¨nam idam v˜ vyasanam mahat |
kulasya asya vin˜þ˜ya pr˜ptam s¨ta yad®ccay˜ || 2-59-20
20. suuta= Oh, Sumantra; idam= this; mahat= great; vyasanam= calamity; nuunam= surely; praaptam= has come; bhavitavyatayaa= as an inevitable consequence; vaa= r; vinaashaaya= for the ruin; asya= of this; kulasya= race; yadR^icchayaa= or accidentally.
“Oh, Sumantra! This great calamity, surely, has come as an inevitable consequence or for the ruin of this race or accidentally.”
s¨ta yady asti te kimcin may˜ api suk®tam k®tam |
tvam pr˜paya ˜þu m˜m r˜mam pr˜õ˜× samtvarayanti m˜m || 2-59-21
21. suuta= Oh, Sumantra; asti yadi= If at all; kimchit= any; sukR^itam= favour; kR^itam= has been done; te= to you; mayaa= by me; tvam= you; praapaya= lead; maam= me; aashu= fast; raamam= to Rama; praaNaaH= (my) vital spirits; samtvarayanti= are hastening; maam= me.
Oh, sumantra! If at all I have done any favour to you, lead me fast to Rama. My vital spirits are hastening me.”
yad yad y˜ api mama eva ˜jñ˜ nivartayatu r˜ghavam |
na þakÿy˜mi vin˜ r˜ma muh¨rtam api jŸvitum || 2-59-22
22. yadyat aaj~naa= if there is the same unlimited authority; mama= of mine; yaa api= even now; raaghavam nivartayatu= let Rama be brought back; na shakSyaami= I cannot; jiivitum= survive; raamam vinaa= without Rama; muhuurtam api= even for a moment.
“If there is the same unlimited authority of mine even now, let Rama be brought back to Ayodhya. I cannot survive without Rama even for a moment.”
athav˜ api mah˜ b˜hur gata× d¨ram bhaviÿyati |
m˜m eva ratham ˜ropya þŸghram r˜m˜ya darþaya || 2-59-23
23. athavaa= or perhaps; mahaa baahuH= Rama the mighty armed; gataH bhaviSyati= might have gone; duuram= along way; aaropya maam eva= make me to ascend; ratham= the chariot; shiighram= quickly; darshaya= and show (me); raamaaya= to Rama.
“Or perhaps Rama the mighty-armed might have gone a long way. Make me to ascend the chariot and quickly show me to Rama.”
v®tta damÿ÷ra× mah˜ iÿv˜sa× kva asau lakÿmaõa p¨rvaja× |
yadi jŸv˜mi s˜dhv enam paþyeyam saha sŸtay˜ || 2-59-24
24. kva= where is; asau= that; lakSmaNa puurvajaH= Rama; vR^itta damSTro= having round teeth; mahaa iSvaasaH= and wearing a large bow? Pashyeyam yadi= If I can see; enam= him; saadhu= well; siitayaa saha= with Seetha; jiivaami= I can survive.
“Where is that Rama having pearl-like teeth and wearing a large bow? If only I can see him well with Seetha, I can survive.”
lohita akÿam mah˜ b˜hum ˜mukta maõi kuõýalam |
r˜mam yadi na paþy˜mi gamiÿy˜mi yama kÿayam || 2-59-25
25. na pashyeyam yadi= if I cannot see; raamam= Rama; lohita akSam= having red eyes; mahaa baahum= mighty arms; aamukta maNi kuNDalam=with ear-rings made of gems; gamiSyaami= I shall proceed; yam kSayam= to the world of death.
“If I cannot see Rama having red eyes, mighty arms and with ear-rings made of gems, I shall proceed to the world of Death.”
ata× nu kim duhkhataram yo aham ikÿv˜ku nandanam |
im˜m avasth˜m ˜panno na iha paþy˜mi r˜ghavam || 2-59-26
26. kim nu= what is; duhkhataram= more distressing; ataH= than; saH aham= that I; aapannaH= who has got into; imaam= this; avasthaam= condition; na pashyaami= am not seeing; raaghavam= Rama; ikSvaaku kula nandanam= who is a delight to Ikshvaku dynasty; iha= here?
“What is more distressing to me after getting into this condition, in not seeing here, Rama who is a delight to Ikshvaku dynasty?”
h˜ r˜ma r˜ma anuja h˜ h˜ vaidehi tapasvinŸ |
na m˜m j˜nŸta duhkhena mriyam˜õam an˜thavat || 2-59-27
27. haa raama= Oh, Rama; haa raamaanuja= Oh, younger brother of Rama; tapasvinii= unfortunate; haa vaidehi= Oh, Seetha; na jaaniita= you do not know; maam= me; mriyamaaNam= as dying; duHkena= with grief; anaathavat= like one abandoned.
“Oh, Rama! Oh, Younger Brother of Rama! Oh, unfortunate Seetha! You do not know that I am dying with grief, like one abandoned.”
sa tena r˜j˜ du×khena bh®þamarpitacetana× |
avag˜ýha× suduÿp˜ram þokas˜gamabravŸt || 2-59-28
28. saH raajaa= that Dasaratha; arpitachetasaH= his mind despaired; bhR^iSam= very much; duHkena= with grief; avagaaDhaH= plunged; shoka saagaram= in an ocean of sorrow; suduSpaaram= which is very difficult to be crossed; abraviit= spoke (as follows)
King Dasaratha, his mind very much despaired with grief and plunged in an ocean of sorrow, very difficult to be crossed, spoke (as follows)
r˜maþokamah˜bhoga× sŸt˜virahap˜raga× |
þvasitormimah˜varto b˜ÿpaphenajal˜vila× || 2-59-29
b˜huvikÿepamŸnaugho vikranditamah˜svana× |
prakŸrõakeþaþaiv˜la× kaikeyŸbaýab˜mukha× || 2-59-30
mam˜þruvegaprabhava× kubj˜v˜kyamah˜graha× |
varavelo n®þams˜y˜ r˜mapravr˜jan˜yata× || 2-59-31
yasmin bata nimagno'ham kausalye r˜ghavam vin˜ |
dustara× jŸvat˜ devi may˜ ayam þoka s˜gara× || 2-59-32
33-36. deevii= Oh, queen; kausalye= Kausalya; yasmin= In which; aham= I; nimagnaH= am plunged; asau= in this; shoka saagaraH= ocean of grief; raamashokamahaabhogaH= its area of sorrow is for Rama; siitaavirahapaaragaH= its shore is Seetha’s separation; shvasitormimahaavartaH= its waves and huge whirl-pools are sighs of anguish; baaSpaphenajalaavilaH= It is agitated with water and foam as tears; baahuvikshhepamiinaughaH= throwing away of arms is the swarm of fishes; vikranditamahaasvanaH= its great sounds are cries of lamentation; prakiirNakeshashaivaalaH= the scattered hair is its duck-weed. kaikeyiibaDabaamukhaH= Kaikeyi is its submarine fire; mamaashruvegaprabhavaH= which is the cause for the rust in my tears; kubjaavaakyamahaagrahaH= the words of the hump-backed are its huge crocodiles; varavelaH= with shores as boons; nR^ishamsaayaaH= of the cruel Kaikeyi; raamapravraajanaayataH= its long stretch is due to sending of Rama to a far way place; dustaraH= It cannot be crossed jiivitaa= alive; mayaa= by me; raaghavam vinaa= without Rama.
“Oh, Queen Kausalya! I am plunged in this ocean of grief. Its area of sorrow is for Rama. its other shore is Seetha’s separation. Its waves and huge whirlpools are sighs of anguish. It is agitated with water and foam as tears. Throwing away of arms is the swarm of fishes. Its great sounds are cries of lamentation. The scattered hari is its duck-week. Kaikeyi is its submarine fire. Which is the cause for the rush in my tears. The words of the hum-backed are its huge crocodiles. Its shores are the boons asked by the cruel Kaikeyi. Its long stretch is due to sending of Rama to far away place. I cannot cross this ocean alive, without Rama. What a pity!”
aþobhanam yo aham iha adya r˜ghavam |
did®kÿam˜õo na labhe salakÿmaõam
iti iva r˜j˜ vilapan mah˜ yah˜þa×
pap˜ta t¨rõam þayane sa m¨rcita× || 2-59-33
33. saH raajaa= that king; mahaayashaaH= of great renown; vilapan= lamenting; itiiva= in the manner; yaH aham= which I; didR^ikSamaaNaH= want to see; adya= now; raaghavam= Rama; salakSmaNam= along with Lakshmana; na labhe= (I am) not able to obtain; iha= here; ashobhanam= It is very bad; muurchitaH= became unconscious; tuurNam= soon; papaata= and fell; shayane= on his couch.
“Though I want to see Rama and Lakshmana now, I am not able to see them here. It is very bad.” – thus lamenting, the king of great renown soon became unconscious and fell down on his couch.
iti vilapati p˜rthive pranaÿ÷e |
karuõataram dviguõam ca r˜ma heto× |
vacanam anuniþamya tasya devŸ |
bhayam agamat punar eva r˜ma m˜t˜ || 2-59-34
34. anunishamya= hearing; tasya= his; vachanam= words; vilapati= lamenting; dviguNam ca= as much as twice; karuNataram= more pitiably; raama hetoH= for Rama; paarthive= and the king; pranaSTe= having fallen unconscious; devii= Kausalya; agamat= got; bhayam= fear; punareva= once again.
Hearing his words lamenting as much as twice more pitiably for Rama and the king having fallen unconscious, Kausalya was alarmed once again.
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe ekonaÿaÿ÷itama×
Thus completes 59th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© May 2003, K. M. K. Murthy