Chapter [Sarga] 52

Introduction

As per instructions of Rama, Guha gets a boat ready. Sumantra requests Rama to take him as a personal attendant to the forest, but Rama declines his offer and after reasoning with him, sends him back to Ayodhya. Rama and Lakshmana matted their hair with the latex of a banyan tree procured by Guha. On reaching the middle of the stream, Sita offers prayers to Mother Ganga (the deity presiding over the stream) and after crossing the river, all the three halt for the night at the foot of a tree.


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prabh˜t˜y˜m tu þarvary˜m p®thu v®kÿ˜ mah˜ yaþ˜× |
uv˜ca r˜ma× saumitrim lakÿmaõam þubha lakÿaõam || 2-52-1

1. sharvaryaam= night; prabhataayaamtu= having given way to dawn; raamaH= Rama; pR^ithuvakshhaaH=the man with a broad chest; mahaayashaaH= (and) the illustrious; uvaacha= said; lakshhmaNam= to Lakshmana; soumitrim= the son of Sumitra; shubhalakshhaNam= endowed with auspicious signs.

That night having given way to dawn, the illustrious Rama with a broad chest spoke (as follows) to Lakshmana, the son of Sumitra and who was endowed with auspicious signs :

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bh˜skara udaya k˜lo ayam gat˜ bhagavatŸ niþ˜ |
asau suk®ÿõo vihaga× kokila× t˜ta k¨jati || 2-52-2

2. taata= “Oh, dear brother. ayam= This; bhaaskarodaya kaalaH= is the hour of sunrise. bhagavatii= The auspicious; nishaa = night; gataa= has departed. vihagaH= That bird; sukR^ishhNaH= of dark plumage; asou kokilaH= the cuckoo; kuujati= is singing”.

“Oh, dear brother! This is the hour of sunrise. The auspicious night has departed. That bird of dark plumage, the cuckoo, is singing.”

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barhiõ˜n˜m ca nirghoÿa× þr¨yate nadat˜m vane |
tar˜ma j˜hnavŸm saumya þŸghrag˜m s˜garam gam˜m || 2-52-3

3. nirghoshhaH= the cries; barhiNaanaam= of peacocks; nadataam= resounding; vane= in the forest; shruuyate= are being heard. soumya= Oh, good brother! taraama= (let us) cross; shiighragaam= the swift-flowing; jaahnaviim**= Ganga river; saagaram gamaam= that gushes to the sea.”

“Oh, good brother! Hear the cries of peacocks resounding in the forest. Let us cross the swift-flowing Ganga River that gushes to the sea.”

--***-The river Ganga, when brought down from heaven by the austerities of Emperor Bhagiratha, followed the latter to the subterranean regions in order to consecrate the remains of his great grand uncles. In its course, it inundated the sacrificial ground of king Jahnu, who in his anger, drank up its waters. But the gods and sages and particularly Bhagiratha appeased his anger and he consented to release the waters through his ears. The river is thereafter regarded as his daughter.

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vijñ˜ya r˜masya vaca× saumitrir mitra nandana× |
guham ˜mantrya s¨tam ca so atiÿ÷had bhr˜tur agrata× || 2-52-4

4. saH soumitriH= that Lakshmana; mitranandanaH= who makes his friends happy; viG^yaaya= having understood; vachaH= the words; raamasya= of Rama; aamantrya= called; guham= Guha; suutamcha= and Sumantra; atishhTat= and stood; agrataH= in front; bhraatuH= of his brother.

Lakshmana, the delight of his friends, having understood the words of Rama, called Guha as well as Sumantra and stood in front of his brother.

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sa tu r˜masya vacanam niþamya pratig®hya ca |
sthapatist¨rõam˜huya saciv˜nidamabravŸt || 2-52-5

5. nishamya= hearing; vachanam= the words; raamasya= of Rama; saH sthapatiH= that Guha; tuurNam= quickly; pratigR^ihyacha= received them; aahuuya= invited; sachivaan= his ministers; abraviit= and spoke; idam= these words:

Hearing the command of Rama, Guha quickly received it, invited his ministers and spoke to them as follows:

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asya v˜hanasamyukt˜m karõagr˜havatŸm þubh˜m |
suprat˜r˜m d®ýh˜m tŸrkhe þŸgram n˜vamup˜hara || 2-52-6

6. asya= for the sake of Rama; shiighram= quickly; upaahara= bring; tiirthe= to the landing place; naavam= a boat; vaahana samyuktaam= accompanied by a boatman; karNagraahavatiim= and having a helmsman in it; shubhaam=beautiful; suprataaraam= which can easily ferry across; dR^iDhaam= and solidly constructed.

“Let a beautiful boat that is solidly constructed, sails well and a helmsman in it, be brought to the bank to carry this hero across!”

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tam niþamya sam˜deþam guh˜m˜tyagaõo mah˜n |
upohya rucir˜m n˜vam guh˜ya pratyavedayat || 2-52-7

7. nishamya= hearing; tam= that; samaadesham= command; mahaan guhaamaatya gaNaH= the chief minister of Guha; upohya= brought; ruchiraam= a charming; naavam= boat; pratyavedayat=( and) reported the matter; guhaaya= to Guha.

Hearing that command, the chief minister of King Guha brought a charming boat to the bank and reported the matter to Guha.

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tata× sapr˜ñjalirbh¨tv˜ guho r˜ghavamabravŸt |
upasthiteyam naurdeva bh¨ya× kim karav˜õi te || 2-52-8

8. tataH= then; guhaH=Guha; bhuutvaa= became; praaNjaliH= one with folded hands; abraviit=and spoke; raaghavam= to Rama: devaH= “Oh, Lord! ; iyam= This; nouH= boat; upasthitaa= has arrived; kim= what; bhuuyaH= more; karavaaNi= can I do; te= for you”

Then, Guha with folded hands spoke to Rama as follows: “Oh, Lord! Here, the boat has arrived. What more can I do for you?”

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tav˜marasutaprakhya tartum s˜garag˜m nadŸm |
nauriyam puruÿavy˜gra t˜m tvam˜roha suvrata || 2-52-9

9. purushha vyaaghra=Oh, tiger among men! amarasuta prakhya= Oh, Rama resembling a son of divinity! iyam= This; nouH= is the boat; tava=for you; tartum= to cross; nadiim= the river; saagaragaam= which flows into the sea. suvrata= Oh, virtuous one! tvam= You; aaroha= ascend; taam= it.

“Oh, tiger among men! Oh, Rama resembling a son of divinity! Here is the boat for you to cross the river, which flows into the sea. Oh, virtuous one! (Pray) get into it.”

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athov˜ca mah˜tej˜ r˜mo guhamidam vaca× |
k®tak˜mo'smi bhavat˜ þŸghram˜ropyat˜miti || 2-52-10

10. atha= then; raamaH=Rama; mahaa tejaaH= with great splendor; uvaacha= spoke; idam= these; vachaH= words; guham=to Guha; iti= thus; asmi= “I became; kR^ita kaamaH= one whose desire has been accomplished; bhavataa= by you. aaropyataam= Let us embark shiighram= with speed”.

Then, Rama with great splendor, spoke to Guha as follows: “My desire has been accomplished by you. Let us embark with all speed.”

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tata× kal˜p˜n samnahya khaýgau baddhv˜ ca dhanvinau |
jagmatur yena tau gang˜m sŸtay˜ saha r˜ghavau || 2-52-11

11. tataH= then; tou raaghavou= both Rama and Lakshmana; siitayaasaha= along with Sita;samnahya=having put on; kalaapaan= quivers with arrows; baddhvaa= having fastened; khaDgoucha = the swords too; dhanvinou= and holding their bows; jagmatuH= went; yena= in which way; gaN^gaam= Ganga is situated.

Having equipped themselves with a quiver each with arrows, fastening their swords and armed with their bows, Rama and Lakshmana, with Sita, proceeded towards the river of Ganga.

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r˜mam eva tu dharmajñam upagamya vinŸtavat |
kim aham karav˜õi iti s¨ta× pr˜njalir abravŸt || 2-52-12

12. suutaH= Sumantra; praaN^jaliH= joining his palms; viniitavat= in humility; upagamya= approached; raamameva tu= only Rama; dharmaG^yam= who knew what is right; abraviit= and spoke; iti= thus: kim= :What aham= I; karavaaNi= shall do?”

Sumantra joining his palms in humility, approached Rama who knew what is right and said, “What shall I do?”

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tato'bravŸdd˜þarathi× sumantram |
sp®þan kareõottamadakÿiõena |
sumantra þŸghram punareva y˜hi |
r˜jña× sak˜þe bhavac˜pramatta× || 2-52-13

13. daasharathiH= Rama; tataH= then; spR^ishan= touching; sumantram= Sumantra; uttama dakshhiNena= with his auspicious right; kareNa= hand; abraviit= (and) said: sumantra= “Oh, Sumantra! yaahi punareva= Return; shiighram= quickly; raaG^yaH= to king’s; sakaashe= presence; bhava= (and) be; apramattaHcha= attentive.”

Touching Sumantra with his auspicious right hand, Rama then said: “Oh, Sumantra! Return quickly to the king’s presence and be attentive in serving him.”

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nivartasva iti uv˜ca enam et˜vadd hi k®tam mama |
ratham vih˜ya padbhy˜m tu gamiÿy˜mi mah˜vanam || 2-52-14

14. etaavat= “this much service; kR^itamhi= has been done indeed; mama= to me. nivartasya=Return. gamishhyaami= I shall go; padbhyaam=on foot; mahaavanam= to the great forest; vihaaya= abandoning; ratham= the chariot. uvaacha= (he) spoke;iti=thus.

“Go now, that your service to me has been completed. Abandoning the chariot, I shall go on foot to the mighty forest,” Rama said.

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˜tm˜nam tu abhyanujñ˜tam avekÿya ˜rta× sa s˜rathi× |
sumantra× puruÿa vy˜ghram aikÿv˜kam idam abravŸt || 2-52-15

15. aavekshhya= seeing; aatmaanam= himself; abhyanuG^yaatam= dismissed; saH sumantraH= that Sumantra; saarathiH= was distressed; abraviit= and spoke; idam= these words; aikshhvaakam= to Rama; purushavyaaghram= the tiger among men.

Finding himself dismissed, Sumantra the charioteer was distressed and spoke to Rama, the tiger among men, as follows:

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na atikr˜ntam idam loke puruÿeõa iha kenacit |
tava sabhr˜t® bh˜ryasya v˜sa× pr˜k®tavad vane || 2-52-16

16. vaasaH= dwelling; vane= in the forest; praakR^itavat= like a common man; tava= (has come) to you; sa bhraatR^I bhaaryasya= with your brother and your consort. idam= This; naatikraantam= has never been set aside; kenachit purushheNa= by any man; iha loke= in the world.

“None in the world has had to suffer such a fate as yourself; that you should have to dwell in the forest with your brother and your consort as if you were an ordinary man!”

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na manye brahma carye asti svadhŸte v˜ phala udaya× |
m˜rdava ˜rjavayo× v˜ api tv˜m ced vyasanam ˜gatam || 2-52-17

17. manye= I think; naasti= there is no; phalodayaH= reward; brahmacharye= in leading a life of religious student; svadhiite vaa= or in studying scriptures; maardavaarjavayorvaapi= or even in cultivating tenderness and strait forwardness; vyasanam chet= (when) adversity; aagatam= has come; tvaam= to you.”

“I think that there is no reward in leading a life of religious student or in studying religious scriptures or even in cultivating tenderness and straight forwardness, when adversity has come to you.”

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saha r˜ghava vaidehy˜ bhr˜tr˜ caiva vane vasan |
tvam gatim pr˜psyase vŸra trŸml lok˜ms tu jayann iva || 2-52-18

18. viira= “Oh, heroic; raaghava= Rama! vasan= Residing; vane= in the forest; vaidehyaa saha= along with Sita; bhraatraachaiva= and your brother; tvam= you; praapsyase= will obtain; gatim= the same position; jayanniva= as one who has conquered; triin= the three; lokaan= worlds”

“Oh, heroic Rama! Living in the forest along with Sita and your brother, you will obtain the same position as one who has conquered the three worlds.”

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vayam khalu hat˜ r˜ma ye tay˜ api upavancit˜× |
kaikeyy˜ vaþam eÿy˜ma× p˜p˜y˜ duhkha bh˜gina× || 2-52-19

19. raama= “Oh, Rama! vayam= We; hataaH khalu= are actually ruined; yena= because; upavaNchitaaH= disappointed in our hopes; tvayaapi= by you too; eshhyaamaH= we shall fall; vasham= under the sway; kaikeyyaaH= of Kaikeyi; paapaayaaH= of sinful nature; duHkha bhaaginaH = and reap suffering”.

“Oh, Rama! We are actually ruined, in that, disappointed in our hopes by you too, we shall fall under the sway of Kaikeyi the sinful woman and reap the suffering.”

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iti bruvann ˜tma samam sumantra× s˜rathis tad˜ |
d®ÿ÷v˜ dura gatam r˜mam duhkha ˜rta× rurude ciram || 2-52-20

20. tadaa= then; sumantraH= Sumantra; saarathiH= the charioteer; iti= thus; bruvan= speaking; rurude=wept; chiram= long; duhkhaartaaH= stricken with grief; dR^ishhTvaa= seeing; raamam= Rama; aatmasamam= equal to his soul; duuragatam= gone to a distance.

Sumantra the charioteer thus speaking, wept for a long time, stricken with grief, seeing Rama, equal to his soul, departing to a distance.

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tata× tu vigate b˜ÿpe s¨tam sp®ÿ÷a udakam þucim |
r˜ma× tu madhuram v˜kyam puna× punar uv˜ca tam || 2-52-21

21. tataH= thereafter; raamastu= Rama; punaH punuH= again and again; uvaacha= spoke; vaakyam(these) words; madhuram= which were sweet; tam suutam= to that charioteer; baashhpe= (whose) tears; vigate= had gone away; spR^ishhTodokam= who had sipped some water; shuchim= and got purified.

Then, Rama again and again spoke these sweet words as follows to that charioteer, whose tears got dried up and who had sipped some water and got himself purified:

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ikÿv˜k¨õ˜m tvay˜ tulyam suh®dam na upalakÿaye |
yath˜ daþaratho r˜j˜ m˜m na þocet tath˜ kuru || 2-52-22

22. nopalakshhaye= “I do not see; suhrudam= a friend; tulyam= equal; tvayaa= to you; ikshhvaakuuNaam= for the kings of Ikshvaku dynasty. kuru=Act; tathaa= in such a way; yathaa= as; raajaa= king; dasharathaH= Dasaratha; na shochet= may not lament; maam= about me.”

“I do not see any one who is as great a friend of the Ikshvakus as you are. (Pray) act in such a way that king Dasaratha may not lament about me”

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þoka upahata cet˜× ca v®ddha× ca jagatŸ pati× |
k˜ma bh˜ra avasanna× ca tasm˜t etat bravŸmi te || 2-52-23

23. jagatiipatiH= the king; shokopahata chetaashcha= his mind afflicted with grief; vR^iddhashcha= is aged as well. Kaamabhaaraavasannashcha=(He is) pressed down by a burden of passion. tasmaat=for that reason; braviimi= I tell; etat= this; te= to you.

“The king, his mind afflicted with grief, is aged as well. He is pressed down by a burden of passion. Hence, I tell you this.”

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yad yad ˜jñ˜payet kimcit sa mah˜tm˜ mahŸ pati× |
kaikeyy˜× priya k˜ma artham k˜ryam tat avik˜nkÿay˜ || 2-52-24

24. yadyat= what so ever; kimchit= some act; saH= that; mahaatmaa= high-soled; mahiipatiH= emperor; aaG^yaapayet= may enjoin; priya kaamaartham= with intent to oblige the desire; kaikeyyaaH= of Kaikeyi; tat= that; kaaryam= is to be done; avikaaNkshhayaa= un hesitatingly.”

“What so ever act that high-soled emperor may enjoin you to do, with intent to oblige the desire of Kaikeyi, it is to be done unhesitatingly.”

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etat artham hi r˜jy˜ni praþ˜sati nara Ÿþvar˜× |
yad eÿ˜m sarva k®tyeÿu mano na pratihanyate || 2-52-25

25. nareshvaraaH = “the kings; prashaasatihi= indeed rule; raajyaaani= the states; etadartham= with this end in view; manaH= that their will; yat na pratihanyate= may not be frustrated; sarva kR^ityeshhu= in all their undertakings.”

“The kings indeed rule the states with this end in view that their will may not be frustrated in any undertaking.”

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yadyath˜ sa mah˜ r˜jo na alŸkam adhigaccati |
na ca t˜myati duhkhena sumantra kuru tat tath˜ || 2-52-26

26. sumantra= “ Oh, Sumantra! kuru= Carry out; tathaa= in such a way; tat= that; saH mahaaraajaH= the said emperor; yathaa= in which way; yat= whatever; na adhigachchhati= may not find it; aLiikam= as anything unpleasing; na cha taamyati= nor gets distressed; duHkhena= by grief.”

“Oh, Sumantra! Carry out everything in such a way that the said emperor neither finds it unpleasing nor gets tormented by grief.”

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ad®ÿ÷a duhkham r˜j˜nam v®ddham ˜ryam jita indriyam |
br¨y˜× tvam abhiv˜dya eva mama hetor idam vaca× || 2-52-27

27. abhivaadyaiva= “only after doing respectful salutation; raajaanaaam= to the king; vR^iddham= who is old; aaryam= (and) venerable; adR^ishhTa duHkham= who has never known suffering; jiteN^driyam= and who has subdued his senses; tvam= you; bruuyaaH= tell; idam= these; vachaH= words; mama hetoH= on my behalf.”

“Only after performing respectful salutation to the old and venerable king, who has never known suffering and who has subdued his senses, you tell these words to him on my behalf.”

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na eva aham anuþoc˜mi lakÿmaõo na ca maithilŸ |
ayodhy˜y˜× cyut˜× ca iti vane vatsy˜maha iti v˜ (maheti)|| 2-52-28

28. naiva= “Indeed neither; aham= I; na= nor; lakshmaNaH maithiliicha= Lakshmana and Sita; anushochaami= grieve; chyutaashcheti= for having moved; ayodhyaayaaH= from Ayodhya; vatsyaamaheticha= or that we are going to dwell; vane= in a forest.”

“Indeed neither I nor Lakshmana and Sita grieve for having moved from Ayodhya or that we are going to dwell in a forest.”

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catur daþasu varÿeÿu niv®tteÿu puna× puna× |
lakÿmaõam m˜m ca sŸt˜m ca drakÿyasi kÿipram ˜gat˜n || 2-52-29

29. nivR^itteshhu= after completing; chaturdashasu= fourteen; varshheshhu= years; drakshhyasi= you will see; punaH punaH= once again; lakshhmaNam= Lakshmana; maam cha= myself; siitaam cha= and Sita too; aagataan= returned; kshhipram= quickly.”

“After completing fourteen years, you will once more see Lakshmana, myself and Sita too returned apace from the forest.”

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evam uktv˜ tu r˜j˜nam m˜taram ca sumantra me |
any˜× ca devŸ× sahit˜× kaikeyŸm ca puna× puna× || 2-52-30
˜rogyam br¨hi kausaly˜m atha p˜da abhivandanam |
sŸt˜y˜ mama ca ˜ryasya vacan˜l lakÿmaõasya ca || 2-52-31

30,31. sumantra= “Oh, Sumantra! evam= this is; uktvaa= what should you say; raajaanam= to the king; me mataram cha= and my mother; sahitaaH= all; anyaaH= other; deviishcha= queens; kaikeyiim cha= and Kaikeyi. bruuhi=tell; kousalyaam= Kousalya; aarogyam= (about my)health; punaH punaH= again and again; atha= and thereafter; paadaabhivandanam= salutations at her feet; siitaayaaH= (on behalf of) Sita; mama cha= as well as myself; vachanaat= the words; lakshhmaNasyacha= of Lakshmana; aaryasya= the faithful man.”

“Oh,Sumantra! This is what you should say to the king, my mother, all other queens and Kaikeyi. Tell Kausalya again and again that I am keeping good health. Thereafter, convey salutations at her feet on behalf of Sita as well as myself and Lakshmana the faithful man.”

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br¨y˜× ca hi mah˜ r˜jam bharatam kÿipram ˜naya |
˜gata× ca api bharata× sth˜pyo n®pa mate pade || 2-52-32

32. bruuyaaH= “Tell (our salutations); mahaarajaamcha= to the emperor also. anaya= Bring; bharatam= Bharata; kshhipram= quickly. aagashchaapi= after his arrival; bharataH= Bharata; sthaapya= may be installed; pade= in the position; nR^ipa mate=as desired by the king.”

“Tell our salutations to the emperor too. Bring Bharata quickly. After his arrival, Bharata may be installed in the position, as desired by the king.”

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bharatam ca pariÿvajya yauvar˜jye abhiÿicya ca |
asmat samt˜pajam duhkham na tv˜m abhibhaviÿyati || 2-52-33

33. parishhvajya= “when you embraced; bharatam= Bharata; abhishhichya cha= and installed him; youva raajye= in the office of the Prince Regent; duHkham= the agony;asmatsamtaapajam= caused by the remorse felt by you on our account; na abhibhavishhyati= will not overpower; tvaam= you.”

“When you embrace Bharata and install him in the office of the Prince Regent, the agony caused by the repentance felt by you on our account will not overpower you.”

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bharata× ca api vaktavyo yath˜ r˜jani vartase |
tath˜ m˜t®ÿu varteth˜× sarv˜sv eva aviþeÿata× || 2-52-34

34. bharatasyaapi= “Bharata also; vaktavyaH= is to be told (thus): vartethaaH= “Treat; avisheshhataH= without distinction; sarvaasveva= all; maatR^ishhu= your mothers; tathaa= with the same regard; yathaa= as; vartase= (you) behave; raajani= towards the king.”

“Bharata too is to be told thus: “Treat without distinction all your mothers with the same regard as you behave towards the king.”

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yath˜ ca tava kaikeyŸ sumitr˜ ca aviþeÿata× |
tathaiva devŸ kausaly˜ mama m˜t˜ viþeÿata× || 2-52-35

35. yathaacha= as is; kaikeyii= Kaikeyi; tava= to you; tathaiva= so let it be; sumitraacha= for Sumitra; visheshhataH= more so; devii= (and) the divine kausalyaa= Kausalya; mama maataa= my mother; visheshhataH= in particular”

“As is your affection for Kaikeyi, so let it be for Sumitra and also the divine Kausalya, my mother”

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t˜tasya priyak˜mena yauvar˜jyamapekÿat˜ |
lokayorubhayo× þakyam tvay˜ yatsukhamedhitum || 2-52-36

36. apekshhataH= “(If you) accept; youva raajam= the princely kingdom; priya kaamana= with an intent to please; taatasya= our father; shakyam= it will be possible; tvayaa= for you; edhitum= to enhance; sukham= happiness; yat= whatever; ubhayoH= in both; lokayaaH= the worlds.”

“If you accept the princely kingdom with an intent to please our father, it will be possible for you to enhance happiness in both the worlds (in this world and the next).”

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nivartyam˜no r˜meõa sumantra× þoka karþita× |
tat sarvam vacanam þrutv˜ sneh˜t k˜kutstham abravŸt || 2-52-37

37. sumantraH= Sumantra; nivartyamaanaH= who was being sent back; raameNa= by Rama; shoka karshhitaH= agonized with grief; shrutvaa=heard; sarvam= the whole; tat= of that; vachanam= discourse; snehaat= affectionately; abraviit= spoke; kaakutstham= to Rama (as follows):

Sumantra, who was being sent back by Rama, was agonized with grief after hearing the whole of that discourse and affectionately spoke to Rama as follows:

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yad aham na upac˜reõa br¨y˜m sneh˜t aviklava× |
bhaktim˜n iti tat t˜vad v˜kyam tvam kÿantum arhasi || 2-52-38

38. yat vaakyam= which mode of expression; aham=I; bruuyaam= am speaking; snehaat= friendship; aviklabaH= fearlessly; nopachaareNa= and without courtesy; tat= that; tvaam= you; arhasitaavat= are justified; kshhantum= to forgive; bhaktimaan iti= (considering me) as a devotee.”

“If I spoke to you fearlessly in a friendly tone without following courteousness, you ought to forgive my mode of expression, considering me as your devotee”

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katham hi tvad vihŸno aham pratiy˜sy˜mi t˜m purŸm |
tava t˜ta viyogena putra þoka ˜kul˜m iva || 2-52-39

39. katham hi= “How indeed; aham pratiyaasyaami= can I return; tvadvihiinaH= without you ; taam= to that; puriim= city; tava viyogena taavat= which through separation from you; putra shokaakulaamiva= has been reduced to the state of a mother stricken with grief due to separation from her son."

“How indeed can I return without you to that city, which through separation from you, has been reduced to the state of a mother stricken with grief due to separation from her son”

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sar˜mam api t˜van me ratham d®ÿ÷v˜ tad˜ jana× |
vin˜ r˜mam ratham d®ÿ÷v˜ vidŸryeta api s˜ purŸ || 2-52-40

40. tadaa= “at that time; dR^ishhTvaa= by seeing; me ratham= my chariot; saraamapi= even with Rama in it; janaH= the people; taavat= (were lamenting) so much. DR^ishhTvaa= by seeing (now); ratham= the chariot; vinaa raamam= without Rama; saa purii= that city; videryetaapi= will even be broken apart.”

“By seeing my chariot on that day even with Rama in it, the people were lamenting so much. Now, if they see the chariot without Rama the city of Ayodhya will even be broken asunder.”

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dainyam hi nagarŸ gacced d®ÿ÷v˜ þ¨nyam imam ratham |
s¨ta avaþeÿam svam sainyam hata vŸram iva ˜have || 2-52-41

41. nagarii= “the city; gachchhet hi= will go through; dainyam= a miserable condition; sainyam iva= like an army; hata viiram= in which its commander has been killed; aahave= in a battle; svam= and seeing his chariot; suutavasheshham= remaining with charioteer alone; dR^ishhtvaa= by beholding; imam= this; ratham= chariot; shuunyam= empty.”

“The city will be plunged in misery, like an army in which its commander is lost in a combat with the charioteer alone surviving, on seeing this chariot without you.”

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d¨re api nivasantam tv˜m m˜nasena agrata× sthitam |
cintayantyo adya n¨nam tv˜m nir˜h˜r˜× k®t˜× praj˜× || 2-52-42

42. chintayantyaH= “thinking; tvaam= of you; sthitam= established; agrataH= foremost; maanasena= in their minds; nivasantam api= though residing; duure= at a far away place; prajaaH= the people; adya= today; kR^itaaH= were made; niraahaaraaH= without food. nuunam= It is certain.”

“Thinking of you, who though residing far away are established foremost in their minds, the people of Ayodhya must have been deprived of their food today.”

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d®ÿ÷aÕ taddhi tvay˜ r˜ma y˜d®þam tvatprav˜sane |
praj˜n˜m samkulam v®ttam tvacchokakl˜ntacetas˜m || 2-52-43

43. raama= “Oh, Rama! samkulam= Perplexity; yaadR^sham= of what kind; tat= that; vR^ittam= behavior;dR^ishhTam hi= was witnessed indeed; tvayaa= by you; tvatpravaasane= on the occasion of your exile; prajaanaam= among the people(of Ayodhya); tvacchoka klaanta chetasaam= whose minds were depressed through grief on your account.”

“The great perplexity that ensued, on the occasion of your exile, among the people (of Ayodhya), whose minds were depressed through grief on your account, was witnessed by you indeed, Oh, Rama!”

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˜rta n˜do hi ya× paurai× mukta× tat viprav˜sane |
rathastham m˜m niþ˜mya eva kuryu× þata guõam tata× || 2-52-44

44. yaH= “which; aartanaadaH= cry of distress; pouraiH=the citizens; muktaH=raised; tvadvipravaasane= at the time of your banishment; tataH=to that; shataguNam= hundred-fold; kuryuH= will be made; nishaamyaiva= soon after seeing; maam= me; saratham= with (an empty) chariot.”

“The cry of distress raised by the citizens (of Ayodhya) will be increased a hundred-fold, when they see me with an empty chariot.”

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aham kim ca api vakÿy˜mi devŸm tava suta× may˜ |
nŸta× asau m˜tula kulam samt˜pam m˜ k®th˜iti || 2-52-45

45. aham vakshhyaami kimchaapi= “what shall I say further? Deviim = To Kausalya; iti= that; asou= this; sutaaH= your son; niitaH= has been taken; mayaa= by me; maatula kulam= to the house of his maternal uncle; maa kR^ithaaH= do not; santaapam= grieve.”

“Further, shall I say to the queen Kausalya as follows: - ‘Your son, Rama has been taken by me to the house of his maternal uncle, do not grieve’.”

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asatyam api na eva aham br¨y˜m vacanam Ÿd®þam |
katham apriyam eva aham br¨y˜m satyam idam vaca× || 2-52-46

46. aham= ‘I; naiva bruuyaam= cannot tell; iidR^isham= such; vachanamapi= words too; asatyam= which are untrue. Katham= How; aham= can I; bruuyam= tell; idam vachaH= whish are true; apriyam= (but) unkind?”

“I cannot tell such words too which are untrue. How can I tell, ‘I abandoned your son in the forest’, which words are true but unkind?”

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mama t˜van niyogasth˜× tvad bandhu jana v˜hina× |
katham ratham tvay˜ hŸnam pravakÿyanti haya uttam˜× || 2-52-47

47. katham= “how; hayottamaaH= the excellent horses; niyogasthaaH=obedient; mama= to me; tvad bandhu jana vaahinaH= which carried yourselves and your relatives(Sita and Lakshmana); pravakshhyanti= will draw; ratham= the chariot; hiinam= bereft; tvayaa= of you?”

“How will the excellent horses obedient to me, which carried yourself, Sita and Lakshmana, draw the chariot bereft of you?”

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tanna þakÿy˜myaham gantumayodhy˜m tvad®te'nagha |
vanav˜s˜nuy˜n˜ya m˜manujñ˜tumarhasi || 2-52-48

48. anagha= “Oh, the faultless Rama! tat= for that reason, aham=I, na shakshhyaami=can not; gantum= go; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya. arhasi = You are obliged; anuG^yaatum= to permit; maam= me; vanavaasaanuyaanaaya= to accompany you to the forest.”

“Oh, the faultless Rama! For this reason, I cannot go back to Ayodhya. (Pray) permit me to accompany you to the forest.”

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yadi me y˜cam˜nasya ty˜gam eva kariÿyasi |
saratho agnim pravekÿy˜mi tyakta m˜traiha tvay˜ || 2-52-49

49. karishhyasi yadi= “If you do; me= my; tyaagameva= abandonment; yaachamaanasya= (even though I) solicit;tyaktamaatraH=soon after I am forsaken; pravekshhyaami= I shall enter; agnim= a fire; sarathaH= along with chariot; iha= here.”

“If you leave me even though I solicit you to take me with you, I shall enter a fire with chariot and all, here itself the moment I am forsaken by you”

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bhaviÿyanti vane y˜ni tapo vighna kar˜õi te |
rathena pratib˜dhiÿye t˜ni sattv˜ni r˜ghava || 2-52-50

50. raaghava= Oh, Rama! yaani= which animals; vane= in the forest; bhavishhyanti= become; tapovighnakaraaNi= creators of obstacles to austerities; pratibaadhishhye= I shall ward off; taani sattvaani= those animals; rathena= by the chariot.”

“Oh, Rama! With the help of the chariot, I shall ward off those animals in the forest, which create obstacles to your austerities.”

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tat k®tena may˜ pr˜ptam ratha cary˜ k®tam sukham |
˜þamse tvat k®tena aham vana v˜sa k®tam sukham || 2-52-51

51. sukham= “the pleasure; rathacharyaakR^itam= of driving your chariot; avaaptam= has been obtained; mayaa= by me. TvatkRi^tena= It is through you; aham= I; aashamse= seek; sukham=the happiness; vanavaasakRi^tam= that comes in dwelling in a forest."

“The pleasure of driving your chariot has been obtained by me because of you and it is through you that I seek the happiness that comes in dwelling in a forest.”

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prasŸda icc˜mi te araõye bhavitum pratyanantara× |
prŸty˜ abhihitam icc˜mi bhava me patyanantara× || 2-52-52

52. prasiida= “Be graceful. Ichchhaami= I desire; bhavitum= to become; pratyanantaraH= close associate; araNye= in the forest. ichchhaami= I wish(to hear); priityaa= (your) loving; abhihitam= assent; bhava= Be; me= my; pratyanantaraH= close associate!"

“Be graceful. I desire to become your close associate in the forest. I wish to hear your loving assent with the words ‘be my close associate!"

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ime c˜pi hay˜ vŸra yadi te vanav˜sina× |
paricary˜m kariÿyanti pr˜psyanti param˜m gatim || 2-52-53

53. viira= “Oh, hero! Ime hayashchaapi karishhyanti yadi= If these horses too can do; paricharyaam= service; te= to you; praapsyanti= they can attain; paramaam= a supreme; gatim= abode”

“Oh, hero! If these horses too can render service to you, they can attain a supreme abode.”

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tava þuþr¨ÿaõam m¨rdhn˜ kariÿy˜mi vane vasan |
ayodhy˜m deva lokam v˜ sarvath˜ prajah˜my aham || 2-52-54

54. aham= “I; prajahaami= am leaving; ayodhyaami= Ayodhya; devalokamvaa = or even a celestial world (heaven); sarvathaa= by all means. vasam = Dwelling; vane= in the forest; muurdhanaa= with my head bent low; karishhyaami= I shall render; tava= your; shushruushhaNam= service.”

-“By all means, I am leaving for good, Ayodhya or even heaven. Dwelling in the forest, with my head bent low, I shall render service to you.”

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na hi þaky˜ praveÿ÷um s˜ may˜ ayodhy˜ tvay˜ vin˜ |
r˜ja dh˜nŸ mah˜ indrasya yath˜ duÿk®ta karmaõ˜ || 2-52-55

55. saa ayodhyaa= That Ayodhya; na hi shakyaa= cannot be; praveshhTum= entered; mayaa= by me; tvayaa vinaa= without you; raajadhaanii yathaa= as Amaravati the capital; mahendrasya= of Devendra; dushhkR^ita karmaNaa= by a doer of wicked deeds.”

“As a doer of wicked deeds cannot enter Amaravati, the capital of Devendra, so also I cannot enter Ayodhya without you.”

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vana v˜se kÿayam pr˜pte mama eÿa hi mano ratha× |
yad anena rathena eva tv˜m vaheyam purŸm puna× || 2-52-56

56. eshhaH hi= “This is indeed; mama= my; manorathaH= desire; yat= that; praapte= after reaching; kshhayam= the end; vanavaase= of dwelling in the forest; vaheyam= I may take; tvaam= you; punaH= again; anena rathenaiva= in this very chariot; puriim= to the city (of Ayodhya).”

“This is indeed my desire that after reaching the end of your exile, I may take you back to the city of Ayodhya in this very chariot.”

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catur daþa hi varÿ˜õi sahitasya tvay˜ vane |
kÿaõa bh¨t˜ni y˜syanti þataþa× tu tata× anyath˜ || 2-52-57

57. sahitasya= “Me, along with; tvayaa= you; vane= in the forest; chaturdasha varshhaaNi= fourteen years; yaasyanti= will slip away; kshhaNa bhuutaani= momentarily. Anyathaa= Otherwise; ataH= than this; shata samkhyaani= will multiply hundred-fold.”

“So long as I am with you together in the forest, fourteen years will slip away momentarily. Otherwise than this, they will multiply a hundred- fold.”

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bh®tya vatsala tiÿ÷hantam bhart® putra gate pathi |
bhaktam bh®tyam sthitam sthity˜m tvam na m˜m h˜tum arhasi || 2-52-58

58. bhR^itya vatsale= “Oh, prince, who cherish your dependents! tvam= You; naarhasi= ought not; haatum= abandon; maam= me; bhaktam= your devoted; bhR^ityam= servant; tishhThantam= established; pathi= in the path; bhartR^iputra gate= followed by the son of his master; sthitam= (and) keeping; sthityaam= within bounds”

“Oh, prince, who are so fond of your dependents! You ought not abandon me, your devoted servant, established in the path followed by the son of his master and (always)keeping within bounds.”

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evam bahu vidham dŸnam y˜cam˜nam puna× puna× |
r˜ma× bh®tya anukampŸ tu sumantram idam abravŸt || 2-52-59

59. raamah= Rama; bhR^ityaanukampii= who was compassionate towards his dependents; abraviit= spoke; idam= these words; sumantram= to Sumantra; diinam= who was miserably; yaachamaanam= entreating; punaH punaH= again and again; bahuvidham= in many modes.

Rama, who was compassionate towards his dependents, spoke as follows to Sumantra, who was miserably entreating him again and again in many modes.

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j˜n˜mi param˜m bhaktim mayi te bhart® vatsala |
þ®õu ca api yad artham tv˜m preÿay˜mi purŸm ita× || 2-52-60

60. bhartR^ivatsala= “Oh, charioteer, so fond of your master! jaanaami= I knew; te= your; paramaam= excellent; bhaktam= devotion; mayi= to me. ShR^iNuchaapi= Hear; yadartham= wherefore; preshhayaami= I send; tvaam= you; itaH= from here; puriim= to the city.”

“Oh, charioteer so fond of your master! I know your excellent devotion to me. Hear wherefore I send you from here to the city of Ayodhya.”

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nagarŸm tv˜m gatam d®ÿ÷v˜ jananŸ me yavŸyasŸ |
kaikeyŸ pratyayam gacced iti r˜ma× vanam gata× || 2-52-61

61. dR^ishhTvaa= “seeing; tvaam= you; gatam= going; nagariim= to the city; kaikeyii= Kaikeyi; me= my; yaviiyasii=younger;jananii= mother; gachchhet= will get; pratyayam= the proof; iti= that; raamaH= Rama; gataH= went; vanam= to the forest.”

“Seeing you, returning to Ayodhya, Kaikeyi, my younger mother will get the proof that Rama has gone to the forest.”

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parituÿ÷˜ hi s˜ devi vana v˜sam gate mayi |
r˜j˜nam na atiþanketa mithy˜ v˜dŸ iti dh˜rmikam || 2-52-62

62. paritushhTaa= “having strongly satisfied; mayi= about me; gate= having gone; vanavaasam= to dwell in the forest; saa devii= that queen; (Kaikeyi); naatishaNketa= will not suspect strongly; raajaanaam= about the king; dhaarmikam= who is virtuous; mithyaavaadiiti= as one who speaks untruth”

“Having completely satisfied, about me having gone to forest, Kaikeyi will leave her strong suspicion that the virtuous king may be a person who speaks untruth.”

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eÿa me prathama× kalpo yad amb˜ me yavŸyasŸ |
bharata ˜rakÿitam sphŸtam putra r˜jyam av˜pnuy˜t || 2-52-63

63. eshhaH= “this is; prathamaH= the first; kalpaH= rule to be observed before any other rule; me= for me; yat= that; me= my; yaviiyasii=younger; ambaa= mother; avaapnuyaat=should get; spiitam= the extensive; putra raajyam= kingdom of her son; bharataa rakshhitam= protected by Bharata”

“This is my first priority that my younger mother should get the extensive kingdom, protected by Bharata and thus ruled by her own son.”

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mama priya artham r˜jña× ca saratha× tvam purŸm vraja |
samdiÿ÷a× ca asi y˜ anarth˜ms t˜ms t˜n br¨y˜× tath˜ tath˜ || 2-52-64

64. priyaartham= “for the pleasure; mama= of me; raaG^yashcha= and of the king; tvam= you; sarathaH= along with the chariot; vraja= go; puriim= to the city (of Ayodhya); yaan= which; arthaan= matters; asi= you are; sandishhTaH= told; bruuyaaH= inform; taan taan= those and those matters; tathaa tathaa= in that manner.”

“For my pleasure and pleasure of the king, you go along with the chariot to Ayodhya and inform all the matters that you have been asked to tell each in the way you have been asked to do.”

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iti uktv˜ vacanam s¨tam s˜ntvayitv˜ puna× puna× |
guham vacanam aklŸbam r˜ma× hetumad abravŸt || 2-52-65

65. uktvaa= having spoken; vachanam= the words;iti= thus; suutam= in the chariot; akliibaH= the courageous; raamaH= Rama; saantvayitvaa= consoled(him); punaH punaH= again and again; abraviit= spoke(the following); hetumat= reasoned; vachanam= words; guham=to Guha.

Having spoken thus to the charioteer, the courageous Rama consoled him again and again. Then, he spoke the following reasoned words to Guha:

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ned˜nŸm guha yogyo'yam vaso me sajane vane |
avaþyam hy˜þrame v˜sah kartavyastadgato vidhi× || 2-52-66

66. guha= “Oh, Guha! ayam= this; vaasaH= stay; vane= in the forest; sajane= inhabited with people. na yogyaH= is not proper; me= for me. vaasaH= The stay; avashyam= should be certainly; aashrame= in a hermitage. VidhiH= Let the action; tadgataH= directed towards that; kartavyaH= be done.”

“Oh, Guha! This stay in the inhabited woods is not proper for me. My stay should definitely be in a hermitage. Let an action diverted towards that aim be taken”

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so'ham g®hŸtv˜ niyamam tapasvijanabh¨ÿaõam |
hitak˜ma× piturbh¨ya× sŸt˜y˜ lakÿmaõasya ca || 2-52-67
ja÷˜× k®tv˜ gamiÿy˜mi nyagrodha kÿŸram ˜naya |

67. saH aham= “I as such; hita kaamaH= wishing well of; pituH= my farther; bhunyaH= and; siitaayaaH= of Sita; lakshhmaNasyacha= and of Lakshmana; gR^ihiitvaa=having taken up; niyamam= the restraint; tapsvi janabhuushhaNam= to be adorned by ascetics; gamishhyaami= and proceed further; kR^itvaa=wearing; jaTaaH= matted hair. aanaya=(please) bring; nyagrodha kshhiiram= the milk-like exudation (latex) of a banyan tree.”

“I as such, wishing well of my father, Sita as well as Lakshmana and having taken up a discipline to be followed by ascetics, want to proceed further, wearing matted hair. Please bring the latex of a banyan tree.”

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tat kÿŸram r˜ja putr˜ya guha× kÿipram up˜harat || 2-52-68
lakÿmaõasya ˜tmana× caiva r˜ma× tena akaroj ja÷˜× |

68. guhaH=Guha;kshhipram= immediately; upaaharat= brought; tat= that; kshhiiram= milk-like exudation (latex); raaja putraaya= to the prince. Tena= with that; raamaH= Rama; aakarot= made; jaTaaH= matted hair; aatmanashchaiva= to himself; lakshhmaNasya= and to Lakshmana.

Guha immediately brought that latex to the prince. With that, Rama made matted hair to himself and to Lakshmana.

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dŸrghab˜hurnaravy˜ghro ja÷ilatva madh˜rayat || 2-52-69
tau tad˜ cŸra vasanau ja÷˜ maõýala dh˜riõau |
aþobhet˜m ®ÿi samau bhr˜tarau r˜ma rakÿmaõau || 2-52-70

69,70. diirgha baahuH= That long armed; nara vyaaghraH= tiger among men, Rama; aadhaarayat= wore; jaTilatvam= the matting; tadaa= Then; raama lakshhmaNav= Rama and Lakshmana; bhraatarov= the brothers; chiira vasanou= clad in the bark of trees; jaTaa maNdala dhaariNau= and wearing a rounded mass of matted locks (on their hair); ashobhetaam= looked bright; R^shhisamou= like ascetic sages.

Rama, tiger among men who possessed long arms wore the distinguished mark of an ascetic (in the shape of matted hair) . Then, Rama and Lakshmana the brothers clad in the bark of trees and wearing a round mass of matted locks (on their head) looked bright like two ascetic sages.

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tata× vaikh˜nasam m˜rgam ˜sthita× saha lakÿmaõa× |
vratam ˜diÿ÷av˜n r˜ma× sah˜yam guham abravŸt || 2-52-71

71. tataH= then; aasthitaH= Having adopted; maargam= the way; vaikhaanasam= of a hermit (temporarily); saha lakshhmaNa= along with Lakshmana; raamaH= Rama; aadishhTavaan= accepted; vratam= the vow (of an ascetic); abraviit= and spoke; guham= to Guha; sakhaayam= his friend (as follows):

Having adopted the way of a hermit (temporarily) along with Lakshmana, Rama then accepted the vow of an ascetic life and spoke to Guha, his friend as follows:

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apramatta× bale koþe durge jana pade tath˜ |
bhaveth˜ guha r˜jyam hi dur˜rakÿatamam matam || 2-52-72

72. guha=”Oh, Guha! Bhavethaa= Remain; apramattaH= vigilant; bale= in the case of an army; koshe= the treasury; durge= the fortress; tathaa= and; janapade= the people. Matam hi= It is said; raajyam= that a kingdom; duraa rakshhatamam= is the most difficult one to protect.”

“Oh, Guha! Remain vigilant in defense, finance, internal security and public relations, for a kingdom is the most difficult one to be protected!”

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tata× tam samanujñ˜ya guham ikÿv˜ku nandana× |
jag˜ma t¨rõam avyagra× sabh˜rya× saha lakÿmaõa× || 2-52-73

73. tataH= then; ikshhvaaku nandanaH = Rama, who was a delight to Ikshvaku dynasty; samanuG^yaaya= bade farewell; tam guham= to Guha; jagaama= and departed; tuurNam= quickly; avyagraH= remaining undistracted; sabhaaryaH= along with his consort; sahalakshhmaNaH= together with Lakshmana.

Then Rama, who was a delight to Ikshvaku dynasty, bade farewell to Guha and departed quickly, remaining undistracted, along with his consort and together with Lakshmana.

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sa tu d®ÿ÷v˜ nadŸ tŸre n˜vam ikÿv˜ku nandana× |
titŸrÿu× þŸghrag˜m gang˜m idam lakÿmaõam abravŸt || 2-52-74

74. dR^ishhTvaa= seeing; naavam= the boat; nadiitiire= on the bank of the river; saH ikshhvaakunandanaH= that Rama; titirshhuH= desirous of crossing; shiighragaam= the swift-flowing; gaNgaam= Ganga; abraviit= spoke; idam= these words; lakshmaNam= to Lakshmana: -

Seeing the boat on the bank of the river and keen to cross the swift- flowing Ganga, Rama spoke to Lakshmana as follows: -

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˜roha tvam nara vy˜ghra sthit˜m n˜vam im˜m þanai× |
sŸt˜m ca ˜ropaya anvakÿam parig®hya manasvinŸm || 2-52-75

75. nara vyaaghraH= “Oh, Lakshmana the tiger among men! Tvam= you; aaroha= get into; imaam= this; naavam= boat; sthityaam= stationed; (here); parigR^ihya= having helped; siitaam cha= Sita; mansviniim= the virtuous wife; aaropaya= step into it.”

“Oh, Lakshmana the tiger among men! You get into the boat stationed here unhurriedly afterwards, having helped Sita the virtuous wife step into it.”

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sa bhr˜tu× þ˜sanam þrutv˜ sarvam apratik¨layan |
˜ropya maithilŸm p¨rvam ˜ruroha ˜tmav˜ms tata× || 2-52-76

76. shrutvaa= hearing; shaasanam= the command; sarvam= wholly; bhraatruH= of his (elder) brother; saH= that Lakshmana; aatmavaan= prudent; apratikuulayan= not resisting it; aaropaya maithiliim= having made Sita to ascend (the boat); puurvam= first; aaruroha= stepped into (the boat); tataH= afterwards.

Hearing the command completely of his elder brother, the prudent Lakshmana, by not counteracting it, made Sita to ascend the boat first and stepped into it afterwards.

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atha ˜ruroha tejasvŸ svayam lakÿmaõa p¨rvaja× |
tata× niÿ˜da adhipatir guho jñ˜tŸn acodayat || 2-52-77

77. atha= then; tejasvii= the glorious; lakshhmaNa puurvajaH= Rama, the elder brother of Lakshmana; aaruroha= got into (the boat); svayam= himself. TataH= Thereafter; guhaH= Guha; nishhadaadhipatiH= the ruler of the Nishadas; achodayat= commanded; G^yaatiim= his kinsfolk (to row them across the river).

Then, the glorious Rama got into the boat himself. Thereafter, Guha the ruler of Nishadas commanded his kinsfolk to row them across the river.

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r˜ghavo'pi mah˜tej˜ n˜vam˜ruhya t˜m tata× |
brahmavat kÿatravaccaiva jaj˜pa hitam˜tmana× || 2-52-78

78. aaruuhya= after ascending; taam naavam= that boat; raaghava. Api= Rama too; mahaa tejaH= of mighty splendor; tataH= then; jajaapa= recited (a sacred text Daiviim naavam etc) brahmavat= (fit for) Brahmanas; kshhatriyashchaiva= and Kshatriyas; hitam= and conducive to the good; aatmanaH= of his son.

After ascending the boat, Rama too of mighty splendor then recited a sacred text (daiviim naavam etc) fit for brahmanas and Kshatriyas alike and conducive to his own good.

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˜camya ca yath˜þ˜stram nadŸm t˜m saha sŸtay˜ |
pr˜õamatprŸtisamh®ÿ÷o lakÿmaõaþc˜mitaprabha× || 2-52-79

79. aachamyacha= having sipped water; yathaa shaastram= as per scriptures; priitisamhR^ishhTaH= and with extreme delight, siitayaa saha= (Rama) with Sita; praaNamat= made obeisance; taam nadiim= to that river; lakshmaNashcha= Lakshmana also; amita prabhaH= of infinite splendor (followed suit.)

Having sipped water as per scriptures and with extreme delight, Rama with Sita made obeisance to that river. Lakshmana, of infinite splendor, followed suit.

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anujñ˜ya sumantram ca sabalam caiva tam guham |
˜sth˜ya n˜vam r˜ma× tu coday˜m ˜sa n˜vik˜n || 2-52-80

80. anuG^yaaya= bidding farewell; tam guham= to that Guha; sabalam= with his army of men; sumantram= and Sumantra; raamastu= Rama; aasthaaya= sat on; naavam= the boat; chodayaamaasa= and directed; naavikaan= the boatmen (to move on).

Bidding farewell to Guha with his army of men and Sumantra, Rama sat on the boat and directed the boatmen to move on.

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tata× tai× codit˜ s˜ nau× karõa dh˜ra sam˜hit˜ |
þubha sphya vega abhihat˜ þŸghram salilam atyag˜t || 2-52-81

81. taiH= through their; choditaa= propulsion; sa nauH= that boat; karNadhaara samaahitaa= furnished with a pilot; shubha sphya vega abhihataa= obeying those splendid and vigorous oarsmen; shiighram= rapidly; atyagaat= moved across; salilam= water.

Propelled by those splendid and vigorous oarsmen, that boat furnished with a pilot, rapidly moved across the water.

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madhyam tu samanupr˜pya bh˜gŸrathy˜× tu anindit˜ |
vaidehŸ pr˜njalir bh¨tv˜ t˜m nadŸm idam abravŸt || 2-52-82

82. samanupraapya= coming to; madhyam= the middle; bhaagiirathyaaH= of Bhagirathi; aninditaa= the irresproachable; vaidehii= Sita; bhuutvaa= having been; praaN^jaliH= with joined palms; abraviit= spoke; idam= these words; taam nadiim= to the said river.

Coming to the middle of Bhagirathi river, the irreproachable Sita with joined palms, spoke as follows to the said river: -

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putra× daþarathasya ayam mah˜ r˜jasya dhŸmata× |
nideþam p˜layatu enam gange tvad abhirakÿita× || 2-52-83
catur daþa hi varÿ˜õi samagr˜õi uÿya k˜nane |
bhr˜tr˜ saha may˜ caiva puna× praty˜gamiÿyati || 2-52-84
tata× tv˜m devi subhage kÿemeõa punar ˜gat˜ |
yakÿye pramudit˜ gange sarva k˜ma sam®ddhaye || 2-52-85

83,84,85. gaNge= “Oh, Ganga! Ayam (let) this Rama; putraH= the son; dasharathasya= of Dasaratha; mahaaraajasya= the emperor; paalayitvaa= honor; imam= this (his father’s); nidesham= command; tvadabhirakshhitaH= under your protection! Ushhya= Having dwelled; kaanane= in the forest; samagraaNi= in full; chaturdasha= for fourteen; varshhaaNi= years; pratyaagamishhyati= (may he) return; punaH= once more (to your bank); bhraataa saha= with his brother, Lakshmana; mayaachaiva= and myself! Subhage= Oh, blessed; devii= goddess; gaN^ge= Ganga! PunaH aagataa= Returning; kshhemeNa= safely; tataH= then; pramuditaa = I, full of joy; sarva kaama samR^iddhinii= all my desires fulfilled; yakshhye= shall worship; tvaam= you.”

“Oh, Ganga! Let Rama, the son of the emperor Dasaratha honor his father’s command under your protection! Having dwelled in the forest in full fourteen years, may he return once more to your bank with his brother, Lakshmana and myself! Oh, blessed goddess Ganga! Returning safely, with all my desires fulfilled, I shall worship you with great joy.”

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tvam hi tripathag˜ devi brahma lokam samŸkÿase |
bh˜ry˜ ca udadhi r˜jasya loke asmin samprad®þyase || 2-52-86

86. tvam= “you; devii= Oh, goddess; tripathagaa= flowing through three regions, (namely heaven, earth and subterranean); samiikshhase hi= are indeed seeing; brahmalokam= Brahma’s realm (the outermost of the six spheres enveloping the earth); sampradR^ishyase= and are vividly seen; asmin= on this; loke= terrestrial plane; bhaaryaacha= as a consort; udadhiraajasya= of the ocean king.”

You, Oh goddess flowing through three regions (namely heaven, earth and subterranean regions), include in your basin the realm of Brahma (the outermost of the six spheres enveloping the earth) and are vividly seen on this terrestrial plane as a consort of the ocean king.”

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s˜ tv˜m devi namasy˜mi praþams˜mi ca þobhane |
pr˜pta r˜jye nara vy˜ghra þivena punar ˜gate || 2-52-87
gav˜m þata sahasr˜õi vastr˜õi annam ca peþalam |
br˜hmaõebhya× prad˜sy˜mi tava priya cikŸrÿay˜ || 2-52-88

87,88. shobhane devii= “oh, charming goddess! Saa= I, Sita; namasyaami= greet; tvaam= you; prashamsaami cha= and extol you too; naravyaaghre= when Rama the tiger among men; shivena= has safely; aagate= returned; punaH=again; praapte raajye= and regains his kingdom; pradaasyaami= I shall give away; shatasahasraaNi= a lakh; gavaam= of cows; peshalam= soft; vastraaNi= clothing; annamcha= and food stuff; brahmaNebhya= to Brahmanas; priyachikiirshhayaa= with an intent to please you.”

“Oh, charming goddess! I, Sita, greet you and extol you too. When Rama the tiger among men safely returns and regains his kingdom, I shall give away a lakh of cows, soft clothing and food to brahmanas with intent to please you.”

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sur˜gha÷asahasreõa m˜msabh¨todanena ca |
yakÿye tv˜m prayat˜ devi purŸm punarup˜gat˜ || 2-52-89

89. devii= “Oh, goddess! Upaagata= After reaching; puriim= the city (Ayodhya); punaH= again; yakshhye= I shall worship (you); suraaghata sahasreNa= with thousand pots of spirituous liquor; maamsa bhuutodanena cha = and jellied meat with cooked rice; prayataa= well-prepared for the solemn rite.”

“Oh, goddess! After reaching back the city of Ayodhya, I shall worship you with thousand pots of spirituous liquor and jellied meat with cooked rice well prepared for the solemn rite.”

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y˜ni tvattŸrav˜sŸni daivat˜ni ca santi hi |
t˜ni sarv˜õi yakÿy˜mi tŸrth˜ny˜yatan˜ni ca || 2-52-90

90. yakshhyaami= I shall worship; yaami= whatever; daivataani= deities; santi= are there; sarvaaNi= all; tvattiira vaasini= dwelling on your banks; tiirthaani= sacred spots; aayatanaamicha= and sanctuaries.”

“I shall worship all deities dwelling on your banks as also sacred spots and sanctuaries.”

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punareva mah˜b˜urmay˜ bhr˜tr˜ ca samgata× |
ayodhy˜m vanav˜s˜ttu praviþatvanagho'naghe || 2-52-91

91. anaghe= “oh, irreproachable one! AnaghaH= (May) the sinless; mahaabaahuH= and mighty armed Rama; pravishatu= re-enter; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; punareva=again; vanavaasaat= from dwelling in the forest; sangataH= along with; bhraatraacha= Lakshmana, his brother; mayaa= (and) myself.”

“Oh, irreproachable goddess! May the sinless Rama (with mighty arms) re-enter Ayodhya again from the forest, along with Lakshmana and myself.”

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tath˜ sambh˜ÿam˜õ˜ s˜ sŸt˜ gang˜m anindit˜ |
dakÿiõ˜ dakÿiõam tŸram kÿipram eva abhyup˜gamat || 2-52-92

92. tathaa= then; sambhaashha maaNaa= praying (to Ganga); siita= Sita; dakshhiNaa= the efficient; aninditaa= irreproachable; abhyupaagamat= reached; kshhiprameva= rapidly; dakshhiNam= the right; tiiram= bank.

Thus praying to Ganga, the efficient and irreproachable Sita rapidly reached the right bank of the river.

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tŸram tu samanupr˜pya n˜vam hitv˜ nara ®ÿabha× |
pr˜tiÿ÷hata saha bhr˜tr˜ vaidehy˜ ca param tapa× || 2-52-93

93. samanupraapya= reaching; tiiram= the bank; nararshhabhaH= Rama the best among men; paramtapaH= and the chastiser of foes; hitvaa= left; naavam= the boat; praatishhThata= and further proceeded; bhraatraasaha= along with Lakshmana his brother; vaidehyaacha= and Sita.

Reaching the bank and leaving the boat, Rama the best among men and the chastiser of foes proceeded further along with Lakshmana and Sita.

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atha abravŸn mah˜ b˜hu× sumitra ˜nanda vardhanam |
bhava samrakÿaõ˜rth˜ya sajane vijane'pi v˜ || 2-52-94

94. “Be prepared for protecting Sita in the inhabited as well as in uninhabited areas also.” W.w.m---atha= then; mahaabaahuH= Rama, the mighty armed, abraviit= spoke; sumitraa nandanam= to Lakshmana (who heightened the joy of Sumitra); bhava= “Be prepared; samrakshaNaarthaaya= for protecting; (Sita); sajane= in the inhabited; vijane.apivaa= and in the uninhabited areas also.”

Then, Rama the mighty armed, spoke to Lakshmana (who heightened the joy of Sumitra) as follows:

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avaþyam rakÿaõam k˜ryamad®ÿ÷e vijane vane |
agrata× gacca saumitre sŸt˜ tv˜m anugaccatu || 2-52-95

95. rakshhaNam= “security; kaaryam= is to be arranged; avashyam= inevitably; adR^shhTe= and in an unforeseen; vijane= and in an uninhabited; vane= forest. soumitre= Oh, Lakshmana! Gachchha= Go; agrataH= in front. Siitaa anugachchhatu= Let Sita follow; tvaam= you.”

“Security is an inevitable need in a forest, which has unforeseen dangers and is uninhabited, Oh, Lakshmana! Go in front. Let Sita follow you.”

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p®ÿ÷hata× aham gamiÿy˜mi tv˜m ca sŸt˜m ca p˜layan |
adya duhkham tu vaidehŸ vana v˜sasya vetsyati || 2-52-96

96. aham=”I; gamishhyaami= shall proceed; pR^ishhThataH= in the back; paalayam= protecting; tvaam cha= you; siitaamcha= and Sita; purushharshhabha= Oh, jewel among men! Rakshha = Protection; kartavyaa= must be accorded; iha= here; naH= by us; anyonyasya= to one another.”

“I shall proceed in the rear, protecting you and Sita. Oh, jewel among men! We must accord protection here to one another."

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na hi t˜vadatikr˜nt˜ sukar˜ k˜cana kriy˜ |
adya du×kham tu vaidehŸ vanav˜sasya vetsyati || 2-52-97

97. atikraanta= “an over stepped; kaachana kriyaa= doing whatsoever; Na hi taavat= cannot indeed be; sukaraa= smoothly done again. Vaidehii= Sita; vetsyati= will experience; duHkham= the hardship; vanavaasasya= of staying in a forest; adya= (only) from us.”

“An act which has gone out of hand, whatsoever, cannot indeed be remedied again. Sita will experience the hardship of staying in a forest only from now.”

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praõaÿ÷ajanasamb˜dham kÿetr˜r˜mavivarbitam |
viÿamam ca prap˜tam ca vanamadya pravekÿyati || 2-52-98

98. adya= “ today; pravekshhyati= (she)will enter; vanam= the forest; praNashhTajana sambaadhaam= when density of people is not seen; kshhetra araama vivarjitam= which is utterly devoid of fields and gardens; vishhamamcha= and is full of stumbles.”

“Today she will enter the forest, where density of people is not seen, which is utterly devoid of fields and gardens, has a rugged surface and is full of stumbles.”

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þrutv˜ r˜masya vacanam pratisthe lakÿmaõ'grata× |
anantaram ca sŸt˜y˜ r˜ghavo raghanandhana× || 2-52-99

99. shrutvaa= listening to; raamasya= Rama’s; vachanam= words; lakshmaNaH= Lakshmana; pratasthe= walked; agrataH= in front. Anantaram= immediately after; siitaayaaH= Sita; raaghavaH= Rama; raghunandanaH= the delight of Raghu dynasty (advanced).

Listening to Rama’s words, Lakshmana walked in front. Immediately after Sita, Rama, the delight of Raghu dynasty, advanced.

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gatam tu gang˜ para p˜ram ˜þu |
r˜mam sumantra× pratatam nirŸkÿya |
adhva prakarÿ˜t viniv®tta d®ÿ÷ir |
rmumoca b˜ÿpam vyathita× tapasvŸ || 2-52-100

100. pratatam= constantly; niriikshhya= gazing at; raamam=Rama; gatam= who reached; ashu= soon; gaN^gaa para paaram= the other bank of Ganga river; tapasvii= the distressed; sumantraH= Sumantra; vinivR^itta dR^ishhTiH= his vision having failed; adhvaprakarshhaat= due to the great distance; vyathitaH= and perturbed as he was; mumocha= shed; baashhpam= tears (of grief over separation from Rama).

Constantly gazing at Rama, who reached soon the other bank of Ganga River, the distressed Sumantra, his vision having failed due to the long distance and perturbed as he was, shed tears (of grief over separation from Rama).

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sa lokap˜lapratimaprabh˜vav˜m |
stŸrtv˜ mah˜tm˜ varado mah˜nadŸm |
tata× sam®ddh˜n þubhasasyam˜lina× |
krameõa vats˜n mudit˜nup˜gamat || 2-52-101

101. tiirvaa= having crossed; mahaanadiim= the great river; saH=that Rama; mahaatmaa= the high-soled; varadaH= the bestowal of boons; loka paala pratimaprabhaava vaan= equal in glory with the guardians of spheres; tataH= then; upaagamat= reached; krameNa= progressively; vatsaan= the land of Vatsa; samRidhdhhaan= and the happy; shubha sasya maalinaH= which contained rows of beautiful crops.

Having crossed the great river, Rama the high-soled, the bestowal of boons, equal in glory with the guardians of spheres, then reached progressively the prosperous and the happy land of Vatsa; which contained rows of beautiful crops.

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tau tatra hatv˜ catura× mah˜ m®g˜n |
var˜ham ®þyam p®ÿatam mah˜ rurum |
˜d˜ya medhyam tvaritam bubhukÿitau|
v˜s˜ya k˜le yayatur vana× patim || 2-52-102

102. hatvaa= having killed; tatra= there; chaturaH= four; mR^igaan= deer (namely); varaaham= Varaaha; R^ishyam= Risya; pR^ishhatam= PR^isata; mahaaruru= (and) Mahaaruru; (the four principal species of deer); aadayaa= and taking; tvaritam= quickly; medhyam= the portions that were pure; tou= Rama and Lakshmana; bubhukshhitou= being hungry as they were; yayatuH= reached; vanaspatim= a tree; vaasayaa= to take rest; kaale= in the evening.

Having hunted there four deer, namely Varaaha, Rishya, Prisata; and Mahaaruru (the four principal species of deer) and taking quickly the portions that were pure, being hungry as they were, Rama and Lakshmana reached a tree to take rest in the evening.

 

iti v˜lmŸki r˜m˜yaõe ˜di k˜vye ayodhya k˜õýe dvipamc˜þa× sarga×


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 52

 

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Sarga 52 in English Prose

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© Oct 2002, K. M. K. Murthy