Chapter [Sarga] 51

Introduction

Guha requests Lakshmana to take rest, duly expressing his readiness to guard Rama and his consort by keeping awake the whole night. Lakshmana expressed his unwillingness to lie down in the presence of his elder brother and sister in law and preferred to remain awake. He spends night talking with Guha, voicing grief for his royal father as well as his affectionate mothers.


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tm! jatm! AdM-en atur AwaRy lm[m!,
guh> sMtap sMt> ra"vm! vaKym! AvIt!. 2511

1. guhaH= Guha; santaapa santaptaH=distressed with anguish; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= (these) words; tam LakshhmaNam= to Lakshmana; raaghavam= who was born in Raghu dynasty; jaagratam= who kept awake; adambhena= bereft of hypocrisy; arthaaya=for the sake of; bh

Distressed with anguish (to see Rama and Sita lying on the ground) Guha said to Lakshmana, the scion of Raghu, who kept awake, through sincere love, for the protection of his brother Rama.

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#ym! tat suoa zYya Tvd AwRm! %pkiLpta,
Tyaisih saXv! ASyam! raj pu ywa suom!. 2512

2. iyam= This is; sukhaa= a comfortable; upakalpitaa= made; tvadartham= for you; taata= Oh friend; pratyaashvasihi= relax; saadhu= well; yathaasukham= comfortably; asyaam= on it; raajaputra= Oh, prince!

Here is a comfortable bed made for you, my friend! Relax well comfortably on it, Oh, prince!

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%ict> Aym! jn> svR> ezanam! Tvm! suo %ict>,
gui AwRm! jagir:yam> kakTSwSy vym! inzam!. 2513

3. sarvaH= All; ayam janaH=these people; uchitaH= are habituated; kleshaanaam= to hardships. tvam=You; sukhochitaH= are habituated to comforts. Guptyartham= For the protection; kaakutstsya= of Rama; vayam= we; jaagarishhyaamaH= shall keep awake; nishaam= (this) night.

All of us are habituated to hardships. You are habituated to comforts. We shall keep awake this night, for the protection of Rama

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n ih ramat! iytr> mm AiSt -uiv kn,
vIMy! @tt! Ahm! sTym! sTyen @v c te zpe. 2514

4. kashchana naastihi= None is; priyatamaH= dearer; mama= to me; raamaat= than Rama; bhuvi= in this world. aham= I; braviimi= speak; etat= this; satyam= truth; shape= and swear; te= to you; satyenaina= by truth.

For, none is dearer to me than Rama in this world. I speak the truth and swear to you by truth.

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ASy sadat! AazMse laeke AiSmn! sumhd yz>,
xmR Avaim! c ivpulam! AwR Avaim! c kevlam!. 2515

5. aashamse= I hope; sumahat= abundant; yashaH= acclaim; asmin loke= in this world; dharma vaaptimcha= acquisition of Supreme merit; vipulaam= (and) extensive; arthaavaaptimcha= acquirment of wealth; prasaadaat= by the grace; kevalam= alone; asya= of Rama.

I hope to acquire abundant acclaim and supreme merit in this world as also full reward of wealth, by the sole grace of Rama

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sae Ahm! iy som! ramm! zyanm! sh sItya,
ri]:yaim xnu;! pai[> svRt> }aiti-> sh. 2516

6. saH aham= As such, I; G^yaatibhiH= along with my kindred; rakshhishhyaami= shall protect; priya sakham= my dear friend; raamam= Rama; shayaanam= who is sleeping; siitayaa saha= with Sita; sarvataH= in every way; dhanushhpaaNiH= with bow in hand.

As such, I along with my kindred, shall protect my dear friend Rama who is reposing with Sita in every way, with bow in hand.

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n ih me Aividtm! ikiMct! vne AiSmM> crt> sda,
ctur ANgm! ih Aip blm! sumht! shemih. 2517

7. nahi kimchit= Nothing is indeed; aviditam= un known; asmin vane= in theforest; me= to me; charataH= where I wander; sadaa= continually. prasahemahi= We are able to withstand; sumahat= a vast; balam api= army too; chaturaN^gam= comprising four parts (elephants, chariots, horsemen, and foot soldiers).

Nothing is indeed unknown in this forest to me, where I wander continually. We can able to withstand even a vast army too, comprising of four parts (elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry).

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lm[> tm! tda %vac ryma[a> Tvya An",
n A -Ita vym! sveR xmRm! @v AnupZyta. 2518

8. tadaa= then; lakshhmaNaH= Lakshmana; uvaacha= replied; tam= to Guha; (as follows): anagha= Oh, sinless Guha! rakshhyamaaNaH= Being protected; tvayaa= by you; dharmameva= who keep your duty alone; anupashyataa= in view; vayam sarve= all of us are ; na bhiitaaH= not afraid; atre= in this land.

Then, Lakshmana replied to Guha as follows: Oh, sinless Guha! Being protected by you, who keep your duty alone in view, all of us are fearless in this land.

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kwm! dazrwaE -UmaE zyane sh sItya,
zKya ina mya lBxum! jIivtm! va suoain va. 2519

9. daasharathou= when Rama, the son of Dasaratha; shayaane= is lying; bhuumou= on the ground; siitayaa saha= along with Sita; katham= how; shakyaa= is it possible; mayaa= to me; nidraa= the sleep; jiivitam vaa= or the enjoyment of life; sukhaani vaa= or the amenities of life?

When Rama, the son of Dasaratha is lying on the ground with Sita, how is it possible for me to sleep or to enjoy the pleasures of life?

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yae n dev AsurE> svER> zKy> sihtum! yuix,
tm! pZy suo siMvm! t&[e;u sh sItya. 25110

10. "pashya= See; tam= that Rama; yaH= who; na shakyaH= cannot be; prasehitum= vanquished;yudhi= in combat; sarvaiH= by all; devaasuraiH= the gods and demons; sukha samvishhTam= sleeping profoundly; tR^iNeshhu= on the grass; siitayaa saha= along with Sita.

See that Rama, who cannot be vanquished in combat even by the gods and demons combined, now sleeping profoundly on the grass along with Sita.

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yae m tpsa lBxae ivivxE> c pirmE>,
@kae dzrwSy @; pu> sz l][>. 25111
AiSmn! ijt> raja n icrm! vtRiy:yit,
ivxva meidnI nUnm! i]m! @v -iv:yit. 25112

11,12. asmin= this Rama as such; yaH= who; sadR^isha lakshhaNaH= is endowed with characteristics alike; dasarathasya= of Dasaratha; ekaH= uniquely; ishhTaH= liked; putraH= the son; labdhaH= obtained (by Dasaratha); mantra tapasaa= by virtue of his charity of sacred texts and austerities; vividhaiH= (and) by various; parishramaishcha=undertakings; (in the form of sacrificial performances);pravraajite= has gone to exile;raajaa= the king; na vartayishhyati= will not live; chiram= long; medinii= (and) the earth; nuunam= will surely; bhavishhyati= become; vidhavaa= widowed; kshhiprameva= forthwith.

When Rama- who is endowed with similar characteristics as Dasaratha, uniquely beloved, the son obtained by Dasaratha by virtue of his chanting of several sacred texts and austerities and by various undertakings (in the form of sacrificial performances) has gone to exile, the king will not live long and the earth will become surely widowed forthwith.

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ivn* sumha nadm! me[ %prta> iy>,
in"aeR; %prtm! tat mNye raj inveznm!. 25113

13. vinadya= having cried out; sumahara naadam= in a high-pitched tone; striyaH= the women; shrameNa= exhausted; uparataaH= will have fallen silent; ataH= for that reason; manye= I think; nirghoshhoparatam= a profound stillness reigns; raajaniveshanam= in the palace.

Having cried out in a high-pitched tone, the women having exhausted, will have fallen silent and I am sure that a profound stillness reigns in the palace.

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kaEsLya cEv raja c twEv jnnI mm,
n AazMse yid jIviNt sveR te zvRrIm! #mam!. 25114

14. naashamse= I do not expect; kausalyaachaiva= Kausalya; raajaacha= the king; tathaiva= and; mama jananii= my mother; te sarve= all of them; yadi jiivanti= to remain alive; imaam= this; sharvariim= night.

I do not expect Kausalya, Dasaratha and my mother all of them to remain alive for this night.

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jIved Aip ih me mata zuSy ANvve]ya,
tt! hom! yt! tu kaEsLya vIrsUr ivniz:yit. 25115

15. anvavekshhayaa= by looking for; shatrughnasya= Satrughna; me maataa= my mother; jiivedapi hi= may indeed stay alive. tat= It will be; duHkham= painful; Kausalyaa = (that) Kausalya; viirasuuH= who has given birth to a hero; yat vinashishhyati= may perish.

By looking forward to meet Satrughna, my mother might even stay alive. But it will be painful if Kausalya who has given birth to a heroic son, dies.

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Anur jn AakI[aR suo Aalaek iy Aavha,
raj Vysn sMs&a sa purI ivniz:yit. 25116

16. anuraktajanaakiirNaa= filled with devoted people; sukhaa= a source of joy; lokapriyaavahaa= and which brought pleasure to the world; saa purii= that city of Ayodhya; raaja vyasana samsR^ishhTaa= when seized with sorrow over the kings death; vinashishhyati= will perish.

That city of Ayodhya, filled with devoted people, hitherto a source of joy and which brought pleasure to the world, when seized with agony over the kings death, will perish.

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kwm! pum! mhaTmanm! Jyem! iympSyt>,
zrIrm! xaryu:yaiNt a[a ra}ae mhaTmn>. 25117

17. katham= how; apashyataH= not seeing; putram= his son; mahaatmaanam= the magnanimous; jyeshhTam= and the first born; praaNaaH= will the vital airs ; dhaarayishhyanti= be maintained; shariiram= in the body; raaG^yaH= of the king; mahaatmanaH= the generous?

How, in the absence of his magnanimous and the first born son, will the vital airs in the body of the generous king be maintained?

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ivne n&ptaE paTkaEsLya ivniz:yit,
AnNtrm! c mata=ip mm nazmupE:yit. 25118

18. vinashhTe= after the death; nR^ipatou= of the king; kausalyaa= Kausalya; vinashishhyati= will die; pashchaat= from behind. anantaramcha=Afterwards; mama maataa.api= my mother also; upaishhyati= will obtain; naasham= death.

After the death of king, Kausalya will die. My mother also will die thereafter.

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AitaNtm! AitaNtm! AnvaPy mnaerwm!,
raJye ramm! Aini]Py ipta me ivniz:yit. 25119

19. anavaapya= not attaining; manoratham= his desire( to enthrone Rama) atikraantamatikraantam= going astray again and again; anikshhipya= and without installing; raamam= Rama; raajye= in the kingdom; me pitra= my father; vinashishhyati= will perish.

Having failed to install Rama in the kingdom, failed forever, which was the most cherished wish of his heart, my father will leave this world.

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is AwaR> iptrm! v&m! tiSmn! kale ih %piSwte,
et kayeR;u sveR;u sMSkir:yiNt -Uimpm!. 25120

20. siddhaarthaaH= those who are fortunate; samskarishhyanti= will consecrate; vR^ttam= deceased; pitaram= father; bhuumipam= and the king; sarveshhu pretakaaryeshhu= in the course of all funeral rites; tasmin kale= (when) the hour; vyupasthite= has struck.

Those who are fortunate will consecrate our deceased father and the king in the course of all funeral rites, when the hour has struck.

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rMy cTvr sMSwanam! suiv- mha pwam!,
hMyR sad sMpam! gi[ka vr zaei-tam!. 25121
rw A gj sMbaxam! tUyR nad ivnaidtam!,
svR kLya[ sMpU[aRm! pu jn Aaklam!. 25122
Aaram %*an sMpam! smaj %Tsv zailnIm!,
suiota ivcir:yiNt raj xanIm! iptur mm. 25123

21,22,23. sukhitaaH= the happy people; vicharishhyanti= will move; raajadhaaniim= in the capital; mama pituH= belonging to my father; ramya chatvara samsthaanaam=with its quadrangular places allocated at lovely sites; suvibhakta mahaapathaam= well- aligned; wide roads; harmya praasaada sampannaam= rich in mansions of well-to-do men and temples; gaNikaavara shobhitaam= adorned with the foremost of courtesans; rathaashvagaja sambaadhaam= its chariots, horses and elephants that obstruct the roads; tuurya naada vinaaditaam= the musical instruments that resound there; sarva kalyaaNa sampuurNaam= full of all blessings; hR^ishhTa pushhTa janaakulaam= crowded with merry and well- fed men; aaraamodyaana sampannaaam= well- provided with gardens and royal parks; samaajotsava shaaliniim= (and) bright with festivities carried on under the patronage of associations.

People will joyfully move in the capital belonging to my father and the city with its quadrangular places allocated at lovely sites, and well- aligned roads, rich in mansions of well-to-do men, temples and royal palaces adorned with the foremost of courtesans, its chariots horses and elephants that obstruct the roads, the musical instruments that resound there- full of all blessings and crowded with merry and well fed men, well- provided with gardens and royal parks and bright with festivities carried on under the patronage of associations.

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Aip jIvezrwae vnvasaTpunvRym!,
TyagMy mhaTmanmip pZyem sutm!. 25124

24. dasharathaH api jiivet= Will Dasaratha remain alive? pratyaagamya= After returning; vanavaasaat= from exile; vayam api pashyema= can we see; mahaatmaanam= the high-soled king; suvratam= of noble vows; punaH= again?

Will Dasaratha remain alive? After returning from exile, can we see the high-soled king Dasaratha of noble vows again?

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Aip sTy it}en saxRm! kzilna vym!,
inv&e vn vase AiSm! AyaeXyam! ivzemih. 25125

25. nivR^ittavanavaase= after completion of the exile in the forest; vayamapi praveshemahi= can we enter; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; kushalinaa= safely; asmin= with Rama; satyapratiG^ena saardham= who is faithful to his promises.

Can we safely return to Ayodhya, after completion of the exile in the forest along with Rama who is faithful to his promises?

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pirdevymanSy ho AatRSy mhaTmn>,
itt> raj puSy zvRrI sa ATyvtRt. 25126

26. mahaatmanaH= (while) the high-soled; raaja putrasya= Lakshmana;paridevayaamaanasya= thus lamenting; tishhTataH= stood on guard; duHkhaartasya= afflicated with anguish as he was; saa sharvarii= that night; atyavartata= rolled away.

While the high-soled Lakshmana thus lamenting, stood on ground, afflicted with anguish as he was, that night rolled away.

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twa ih sTym! uvit ja ihte,
nr #N pue gu saEdat! guh>,
mumaec ba:pm! Vysn Ai-pIift>,
Jvra Aatur> nagEv Vywa Aatur>. 25127

27. narendra putre=(while) Lakshmana (son of Dasaratha); prajaahite= who was concerned with the welfare of the people; bruvati= was speaking; satyam= the truth; tathaa= thus; gurusouhR^idaat= out of his affection for his elder brother (Rama); guhaH= Guha; vyathaaturaH= overcome with agony; vyasanaabhi piiditah= oppressed with adversity; mumocha = shed; baashhpam= tears; naagaaH iva= like an elephant; jvaraaturaH= tormented with fever.

While Lakshmana (son of Dasaratha), who was concerned with the welfare of the people; was thus speaking the truth out of his affection for his elder brother (Rama), Guha, overcome with agony and oppressed with adversity shed tears like an elephant tormented with fever.

 

#it vaLmIik ramay[e Aaid kaVye AyaeXy ka{fe @kpMcaz> sgR

Thus completes 51th chapter in the AyodhyaKanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 51

 

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Sarga 51 in English Prose

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Oct 2002, K. M. K. Murthy