Chapter [Sarga] 50

Introduction

Rama bids farewell to his birth-place Ayodhya and reaches the bank of the holy Ganga. There, Nishadas offers welcome reception to Rama and others.


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viþ˜l˜n kosal˜n ramy˜n y˜tv˜ lakÿmaõa p¨rvaja× |
ayodhy˜bhimukho dhŸm˜n pr˜ññlirv˜kvamabravŸt || 2-50-1

1. yatvaa = having crossed; ramyaan= the beautiful; vishaalaan= and the extensive; kosalaan= Kosala territory; ayodhyaabhimukhah= and standing with his face turned towards Ayodhya; dhiimaan= the wise; lakshmaNa puurvajaH= Rama(elder brother of Lakshmana); praaN^jaliH= with joined palms; abraviit=spoke; vaakyam= (the following) words.

Having traveled the extensive and beautiful Kosala territory and standing with his face turned towards Ayodhya, the wise Rama with joined palms spoke the following words:

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˜p®cche tv˜m purŸþreÿ÷he k˜kutsthaparip˜lite |
daivat˜ni ca y˜ni tv˜m p˜layanty˜vasanti ca || 2-50-2

2. puriishreshhTe= “ Oh Ayodhya, best of cities; kaakutstha paripaalite= ruled by Dasaratha born in kakutstha dynasty! aapR^ichchhe= I bid farewell; tvaam= to you; yaani= and to those; daivataani= deities, paalayanticha= who protect you and ; aavasanti= dwelling on your boundaries.”

“I bid farewell to you, Oh best of the cities, carefully protected by Dasaratha born in Kakutstha dynasty, as well as of the deities who protect you and dwell in you.”

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niv®ttavanav˜sastv˜man®õo jagatŸpate× |
punardhrakÿy˜mi m˜tr˜ ca pitr˜ ca saha samgata× || 2-50-3

3. “nivR^itta vanavaasinaH= after getting relieved from dwelling in the forest; anR^iNaH= and becoming free of debt; jagatiipate= to the king Dasaratha; drakshhyaami= I shall see; tvaam= you; punaH= again; sangataH= united with; maatraacha= my mother; pitraacha saha= along with my father.”

“After getting relieved from exile in the forest and thus freed from the debt to the emperor, I shall see you again, duly getting united with my mother and father.”

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tato rudhirat˜mr˜kÿo bhujamudyamya dakÿiõam |
aþrup¨rõamukho dŸno'bravŸjj˜napadam janam || 2-50-4

4. udyamya= lifting; dakshhiNam= (his)right; bhujam= arm; diinaH= and wearing a woeful look; ashrupuurNamukho= his face covered with tears; rudhirataamraakshhaH= and who was having lovely reddish eyes; abraviit= (Rama) spoke; janam= to the people; jaanapadam= hailing from countryside.

Lifting his right arm and wearing a woeful look, his face covered with tears, Rama possessing lovely reddish eyes, spoke them to the people hailing from the countryside.(as follows) :

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anukroþo day˜ caiva yath˜rham mayi vah k®ta× |
ciram du×khasya p˜pŸyo gamyat˜marthasiddhaye || 2-50-5

5. dayaachaiva= mercy and; anukroshaH= compassion; yathaarham= according to my worth; kR^itaH= have been shown; mayi= to me; vaH= by you. duHkhasya= Agony; chiram= for a long time; paapiiyaH= is miserable. gamyataam= Let you be gone; ardhasiddhaye= for accomplishing your desired object (viz. attending to your house-hold work).”

“Mercy and compassion according to my worth (in your view) have been shown to me by you. Keeping agony for a long time is undesirable. Let each return to accomplish your desired object(attending to your house-hold work)!”

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te'bhiv˜dya mah˜tm˜nam k®tv˜ c˜pi pradakÿiõam |
vilapanto nar˜ ghoram vyatiÿ÷hanta kvacit kvacit || 2-50-6

6. abhivaadya= respectfully saluting; mahaatmaanam= the high-soled prince; pradakshhiNamchaapi= and going round him clockwise (as a mark of respect); te naraaH= those men; vyatishhTanta= stood; kvachit kvachit= (rooted) here and there; vilapantaH= wailing; ghoram= frightfully.

Respectfully saluting the high soled prince and going round him clockwise (as a mark of reverence), those men stood rooted here and there, wailing frightfully.

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tath˜ vilapat˜m teÿ˜mat®pt˜n˜m ca r˜ghava× |
acakÿuriÿayam pr˜y˜dyath˜rka× kÿaõad˜mukhe || 2-50-7

7. teshhaam= (while) they; vilapataam= were lamenting; tathaa= thus; atR^iptaanaam= unceasingly, raaghavaH= Rama; praayaat= passed; achakshhurvishhayam= beyond their sight; arkaH yathaa= as the sun; kshhaNadaamukhe= at nightfall.

While they were lamenting thus unceasingly, Rama passed beyond their sight, as the sun sinks out of view at nightfall.

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tato dh˜nyadhanopet˜n d˜naþŸlajan˜n þiv˜n |
akutaþcidbhay˜n ramy˜m þcaityay¨pasam˜v®t˜n || 2-50-8
udy˜n˜mravanopet˜n sampannasalil˜þay˜n |
tuÿ÷apuÿ÷ajan˜kŸrõ˜n gokul˜kulasevit˜n || 2-50-9
lakÿaõŸy˜nna remdr˜õ˜m brahmaghoÿ˜bhin˜dit˜n |
rathena puruÿavy˜ghra× kosal˜natyavartata || 2-50-10

8,9,10. tataH= then; purushha vyaaghraH= that tiger among men; rathena= in his chariot; atyavartata= crossed; kosalaan= Kosala territory; dhaanya dhanopetaan= which was rich in grain and treasure; daana shiila janaan= inhabited by men given to charity; shivaan akutashchidbhayaan= benevolent and free from every danger; ramyaan= pleasing; chaitya yuupa samaavR^itaan= full of temples and sacrificial stakes; udyaanaamravanopetaan= adorned with gardens and mango orchards, sampanna salilaashayaan= intersected by ponds full of water; tushhTa pushhTa janaakiirNaan= inhabited by well nourished people, gokulaakula sevitaan= abounded in herds of cows; lakshhaNiiyaan= which deserved to be seen by ; narendraaNaam= by all kings; brahmaghoshhaabhinaaditaan= and which re- echoed to the charity of religious texts.

Then Rama, a tiger among men, in his chariot, crossed Kosala territory, which was rich in grain and treasure, inhabited by men given to charity, benevolent and free from every danger, pleasing, full of temples and sacrificial stakes, adorned with gardens and mango-orchards, intersected by ponds full of water, populated by contented and well nourished people, abounded in herds of cows which deserved to be seen by all kings and which re-echoed to the chanting of religious texts.

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madhyena muditam sphŸtam ramyody˜nasam˜kulam |
r˜jyam bhogyam narendr˜õ˜m yayau dh®timat˜m vara× || 2-50-11

11. varaH=the best; dhR^itimataam= among the resolute;yayou=moved;madhyena=into themiddle, muditam= of a happy; raajyam= kingdom; sphiitam= which is prosperous; ramyodyaana samaakulam= abounding in lovely gardens; bhogyam= fit to be enjoyed; narendraaNaam=by kings.

Rama, the best among the resolute, moved into the middle of a happy and prosperous kingdom, abounding in lovely gardens and fit to be enjoyed by kings.

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tatra tripathag˜m divy˜m þiva toy˜m aþaival˜m |
dadarþa r˜ghavo gang˜m puõy˜m ®ÿi nisevit˜m || 2-50-12

12. tatra= there; raaghavaH= Rama; dadarsha= beheld; puNyaam= the celestial; gaNgaam= Ganga river; tripathagaam= which takes a three fold course (through three tributaries) ramyaam= a lovely one; shiva toyaam=carrying clear waters; ashaivalaam= without a green moss; R^ishhi nishhevitaam= and frequented by sages.

There, Rama beheld the celestial and lovely river of Ganga with its tree tributaries, carrying clear waters without green moss and frequented by sages.

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˜þramairavid¨rsthai× þrŸmadbhi× samalam k®t˜m |
k˜le'psarobhirh®ÿ÷˜bhi× sevit˜mbhohrad˜m þiv˜m || 2-50-13

13. samalamkR^itaam= adorned; aviduurasthaiH= not very far (from one another); shriimadbhiH= splendid; aashramaiH= hermitages; sevitaambhohradaam= with pools overflowing with water visited; kaale= at suitable hours; apsarobhiH= by celestial nymphs; hR^ishhTaabhiH= thrilling with rapture.

The River Ganga was adorned with splendid hermitages within easy distance from one another, with pools overflowing with water, visited at suitable hours by celestial nymphs thrilling with rapture.

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devad˜navagandharvai× kinnarairupaþobhit˜m |
n˜gagandharvapatnŸbhi× sevit˜m satatam þiv˜m || 2-50-14

14. upashobhitaam= graced; deva daanava gandharvaiH= by gods and demons, Gandharvas (celestial musicians); kinnaraiH= (and) Kinnaras; satatam=constantly;sevitaam= visited by; naaga gandharvapatniiH= consorts of Nagas and Gandharvas.

The blessed river was graced by gods and demons, Gandharvas(celestial musicians) and kinnaras and was constantly visited by consorts of Nagas and Gandharvas.

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dev˜krŸýaþat˜kŸrõ˜m devody˜naþat˜yut˜m |
dev˜rtham˜k˜þagam˜m vikhy˜t˜m devapadminŸm || 2-50-15

15. devaa kriiDa shataakiirNaam= the hills serving as the playground of hundreds of celestials; devodyaana shataayutaam=embellished with hundreds of celestial gardens; aakaashagamaam= coursed through the heavens; devaartham= for the benefit of gods; vikhyaatam= (and which in heaven) was named; devapadminiim= “The stream of Golden Lotuses”.

The well known river was hemmed in by hills serving as the play- ground of hundreds of celestials and embellished with hundreds of celestial gardens; it coursed through the heavens for the benefit of gods and which in heaven was named “The stream of Golden Lotuses”.

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jalagh˜t˜÷÷ah˜sogr˜m phenanirmalah˜sinŸm |
kvacidveõŸk®tajal˜m kvacid˜vartaþobhit˜m || 2-50-16

16. jalaaghaataaTTahaasograam= the sound of whose clashing waves and striking with rocks resembles deep laughter; phena nirmala haasiniim= having a smile as white as a foam; veNiikR^ita jalaam= its water reduced to the shape of a maiden’s plaited locks; kvachit= at some places; aavarta shobhitaam= rendered beautiful by whirl pools; kvachit= at some places.

The holy river, the sound of whose clashing waves and its striking with rocks resembled a deep laughter, having a bright smile as white as a foam, its waters reduced at some places to the shape of a maiden’s plaited locks, was rendered beautiful at some places by whirl pools.

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kvacitstimitagambhŸr˜m kvacidvegajal˜kul˜m |
kvacidgambhŸranirghoÿ˜m kvacidbhairavanisvan˜m || 2-50-17

17. kvachit= at some places; smita gambhiiraam= its waters were still and deep; kvachit= at some places; vega jalaakulaam= they were disturbed with violent agitation; kvachit=at some places; gambhiira nirghoshhaam= making a deep roaring sound; kvachit= at some places; bhairava niHsvanaam= having a terrific noise.

At some places, its waters were still and deep. At some places, they were disturbed with violent agitation. At some places, they made a deep roaring sound. At some places, they were having a terrific noise

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devasamgh˜plutajal˜m nirmalotpalaþobhit˜m |
kvacid˜bhogapulin˜m kvacinnarmalav˜luk˜m || 2-50-18

18. deva sanghaapluta jalaam= hosts of gods took a dip into its water; nirmalotpala shobhitaam= adorned by white lotuses; kvachit= at some places; aabhogapulinaam= with expanse of small islands; kvachit= at some places; nirmala vaalukaam= lined with white sands.

Hosts of gods took a dip into its water .It was adorned by white lotuses. It was hemmed in, with expanse of small islands and at some places, lined with white sands.

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hamsa sarasa samghuÿ÷˜m cakra v˜ka upak¨jit˜m |
sad˜madaiþca vihagairabhisamn˜dit˜m tar˜m || 2-50-19

19. hamsa saarasa samghushTaam= rendered resonant by swans and cranes; chakravaakopa kuujitaam= with cackling of Chakrawaka birds; vihagaiH= (other) birds; sadaamadaiH= which are in rut all through; abhisannaaditamtaraam= kept hovering in its middle. **-Chakravaka is a species of bird, which gets disunited with its mate by night.

The river was rendered resonant by swans and cranes, was graced with cackling of Chakrawaka** birds and other birds which are in rut all through the year kept hovering on its water.

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kvacittŸraruhairv®kÿairm˜l˜bhiriva þobhit˜m |
kvacitphullotpalacchann˜m kvacitpadmavan˜kul˜m || 2-50-20

20. kvachit= at some places; shobhitaam= (the river) was adorned; vR^ikshhaiaH= with trees; tiiraruhaiH= growing on its banks; maalaabhiriva= (encircling) like garlands; kvachit =at some places; phullotpalachchhannaam= covered with widely opened lotuses; padmavanaakulaam= crowded with thick cluster of lotuses.

At some places the river was adorned with trees growing on its banks encircling like garlands, at some places crowded with thick cluster of lotuses.

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kvacitkumudaÿõýaiþca kuýmalairupaþobhit˜m |
n˜n˜puÿparajodhvast˜m samad˜miva ca kvacit || 2-50-21

21. kvachit= at some places; upashobhitaam= graced with; kumuda shhaNDaishcha= beds of water lilies; kuDmalaiH=in the farm of buds; kvachit= at some places; naanaa pushhpa rajodhvastaam= reddened with the pollen of numerous flowers; samadaam iva= as though excited with passion.

At some places, it was graced with beds of water lilies in the form of buds and at some places, it was reddened with the pollen of numerous flowers, as though excited with passion.

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vyapetamalasamgh˜t˜m maõinirmaladarþan˜m |
diþ˜gajairvanagajairmattaiþca varav˜raõai× || 2-50-22
devopav˜hyaþca muhu× samn˜ditavan˜ntar˜m |

22. vyapeta mala samghaataam= having every aggregation of dirt removed; maNinirmala darshanaam= presenting a spotlessly clear appearance like a crystal; samnaadita vanaantaraam= the interior of the forest rendered noisy; muhuH= again and again; dishaagajaiH= by the elephants guarding the quarters; mattaiH= ruttiest; vanagajaiH= wild elephants; varavaaraNaiH= elephants of excellent breed; devopavaahaiH= used for riding by gods.

Having every aggregation of dirt removed, the river presented a spotlessly clear appearance like a crystal. The interior of the forest was reddened noisy again and again by the elephants guarding the quarters, by the ruttiest wild elephants and the elephants of excellent breed used for riding by gods.

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pramad˜miva yatne na bh¨ÿit˜m bh¨ÿaõottamai× || 2-50-23
phalai× puÿpai× kisalayairva®t˜m gulmaiddvijaistath˜ |
þimþumarai× ca nakrai× ca bhujamgai× ca niÿevit˜m || 2-50-24

23,24. vR^itaam= surrounded; phalaiH= by fruits; pushhpaiH= flowers; kisalayaiH= tender leaves; gulmaiH= shrubs; tathaa= and; dvijaiH= birds; pramadaamiva= it looked like a young woman; yat nena= carefully;bhuushhitaam= decked with; bhuushhaNottamaiH= the best of jewels. nishhevitaam= infested with; shimshumaaraishcha= dolphins; nakraishcha= crocodiles; bhujangaishcha= and snakes.

Surrounded by fruits and flowers and tender leaves, shrubs and birds, it looked like a young woman artistically decked with the best of jewels. The river was infested with dolphins, crocodiles and snakes.

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viÿõup˜dacyut˜m divy˜map˜p˜m p˜pan˜þinŸm |
t˜m þaðkaraja÷˜j¨÷˜dbhraÿ÷˜m s˜garatejas˜ || 2-50-25
samudramahŸÿŸm gaðg˜m s˜rasakrauñcan˜dit˜m |
˜sas˜da mah˜b˜hu× þ®ðgiberapuram prati || 2-50-26

25,26. mahaabaahuH= Rama,the mighty armed; aasasaada= reached; taam gangaam= that river Ganga; vishhNu paadachyutaam= which flows from the feet of Lord Vishnu; apaapaam= which is devoid of sins; paapanaashiniim= and dispels all sins; bhrashhTaam= and which had fallen; shankara jaTaajuuTaat= from the mass of matted hair of Lord Shankara; saagara tejasaa= through the spiritual power of the descendent of Sagara(Emperor Bhagiratha) ; samudra krounchanaaditaam= which was rendered noisy by cranes and herons; shR^iN^giberapuram prati= in the vicinity of Sringaverapura( the modern Singraur.)

Rama, the mighty armed, reached the river Ganga, which is devoid of sins and which dispels all sins, which had fallen from the mass of matted hair of Lord Shankara through the spiritual power of Emperor Bhagiratha, which is rendered noisy by cranes and herons, which is a consort of the ocean and which is in the vicinity of Sringaverapura(the modern Singraur).

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t˜m ¨rmi kalila ˜vart˜m anvavekÿya mah˜ ratha× |
sumantram abravŸt s¨tam iha eva adya vas˜mahe || 2-50-27

27. anvavekshhya= beholding; taam= that river Ganga; uurmi kalilaavartaam= having whirlpools covered by waves; mahaarathaH= Rama, the mighty warrior; abraviit= said; sumantram= to Sumantra; suutam= the charioteer; vasaamahe= “we shall halt; ihaiva= here itself; adya= today.”

Beholding the river Ganga with its waves covering whirlpools, Rama the great warrior said to Sumantra the charioteer as follows: “We shall halt here itself today.”

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avid¨r˜t ayam nady˜ bahu puÿpa prav˜lav˜n |
sumah˜n ingudŸ v®kÿo vas˜ma× atra eva s˜rathe || 2-50-28

28. saarathe= “Oh, charioteer! aviduuraat= Not distant; nadyaaH=from the river; sumahaan= there is a very big; iyam= this one; iN^gudiivR^ikshhaH= the sacred fig tree; bahu pushhpa pravaaLavaan= with many flowers and shoots. VasaamaH= (We) shall stay; atraiva= here itself.”

“Oh, charioteer! Not far from the river stands this very large sacred fig tree with its many flowers and shoots. We shall stay here itself.”

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drakÿy˜ma× sarit˜m þreÿ÷h˜m samm˜nyasalil˜m þiv˜m |
devad˜navagandharvam®gam˜nuÿapakÿiõ˜m || 2-50-29

29. drakshhyaamaH= “I shall see; saritaam shreshhTaam= the excellent river Ganga; shivaam= which is auspicious; deva daanava gandharva mR^iga maanushha pakshhiNaam= to gods, men, Gandharvas, beasts, reptiles and birds; sam maanya salilaam= whose waters are respectable.”

“I shall see (from here) the excellent river Ganga, which is auspicious and whose waters deserve to be respected by gods, men, Gandharvas, beasts, reptiles and birds .”

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lakÿaõa× ca sumantra× ca b˜ýham iti eva r˜ghavam |
uktv˜ tam ingudŸ v®kÿam tad˜ upayayatur hayai× || 2-50-30

30. uktvaa= saying; baadhamityeva= ‘So be it’ and nothing more; raaghavam= to Rama; lakshhmaNashcha= Lakshmana; sumantrashcha= and Sumantra; tadaa= then; upayayatuH= approached; hayaiH=by horses; tam= that; iN^gudiivR^ikshham= sacred fig tree.

Saying ‘so be it’ and nothing more to Rama, Lakshmana and Sumantra too then directed the horses to that sacred fig tree.

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r˜ma× abhiy˜ya tam ramyam v®kÿam ikÿv˜ku nandana× |
rath˜t av˜tarat tasm˜t sabh˜rya× saha lakÿmaõa× || 2-50-31

31. raamaH= Rama; ikshhvaaku nandanaH= the delight of Ikshvaku dynasty; abhiyaaya= reached; tam vR^ikshham= that tree; ramyam= the beautiful one; avaatarat= and got down; tasmaat rathaat= from that chariot; sabhaaryaH= along with his wife; saha lakshhmaNaH= and with Lakshmana.

Rama, the delight of Ikshvaku dynasty, reached that beautiful tree and got down from the chariot along with Sita and Lakshmana.

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sumantra× api avatŸrya eva mocayitv˜ haya uttam˜n |
v®kÿa m¨la gatam r˜mam upatasthe k®ta anjali× || 2-50-32

32. sumantro api= Sumantra too; avatiirya= got down; asmaat= from the chariot; mochayitvaa= released; hayottamaan= the superb horses; kR^itaaNjaliH= with joined palms; upatasthe= (he) seated himself near; raamam= Rama; vR^ikshha muula gatam= at the foot of the tree.

Sumantra too dismounted from the chariot, unyoked the superb horses after which with joined palms, he seated himself near Rama at the foot of the tree.

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tatra r˜j˜ guho n˜ma r˜masya ˜tma sama× sakh˜ |
niÿ˜da j˜tyo balav˜n sthapati× ca iti viþruta× || 2-50-33

33. tatra= There; raajaa= a king; guho naama= named Guha; raamasya= Rama’s; sakhaa= friend; aatmasamaH= equal to his life; nishhaada jaatasya= Nishada by birth; balavaan= a strong man; vishrutaH= well known; sthapatishcheti= as ruler of Nishadas.

There, a king named Guha was Rama’s friend dear to him as his own life. He was Nishada by birth, a strong man and well known as a ruler of Nishadas.

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sa þrutv˜ puruÿa vy˜ghram r˜mam viÿayam ˜gatam |
v®ddhai× pariv®ta× am˜tyai× jñ˜tibhi× ca api up˜gata× || 2-50-34

34. shrutvaa= hearing of; raamam= Rama; purushhavyaaghram= the tiger among men; aagatam= having come; vishhayam= to his territory; saH= he; abhyupaagataH= approached; parivR^itaH= accompanied by; vR^iddhaiH= elderly; amaatyaiH= ministers; G^yaatibhishcha= and relatives.

Hearing of Rama the tiger among men having come to his territory, he approached the prince, escorted by elderly ministers and relatives.

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tata× niÿ˜da adhipatim d®ÿ÷v˜ d¨r˜t avasthitam |
saha saumitriõ˜ r˜ma× sam˜gaccad guhena sa× || 2-50-35

35. dR^ishhTvaa= seeing; duuraat= from the distance; nishhaadaadhipatim= the king of Nishada; upasthitam= coming; saH raamaH= that Rama; soumitriNaa saha= along with Lakshmana; tataH= thereupon; samaagachchhat= went forth to meet; guhena= Guha.

Seeing from a distance the king of Nishada coming, Rama along with Lakshmana thereupon went forth to meet Guha.

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tam ˜rta× sampariÿvajya guho r˜ghavam abravŸt |
yath˜ ayodhy˜ tath˜ idam te r˜ma kim karav˜õi te || 2-50-36
Ÿd®þam hi mah˜b˜ho ka× prapsyatyatithim priyam |

36. samparishhvajya= closely embracing; tam raaghavam= that Rama; guhaH= Guha; aartaH= who felt disturbed; abraviit= spoke to him; iyam= “This city too ; yathaa tathaa= is in every way as ; ayodhyaa= Ayodhya; kim= what; karavaaNi= can I do; te= for you? mahaabaaho= Oh, mighty armed! kaH hi= who indeed; praapsyasi= will get; iidR^isham= such; priyam= a lovely; atithim= guest?”

Closely embracing Rama, Guha who felt disturbed, spoke to him, “This city too is as much as Ayodhya to you. What can I do for you? Oh mighty armed! Who indeed will get such a lovely guest?”

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tata× guõavad anna adyam up˜d˜ya p®thag vidham |
arghyam ca up˜nayat kÿipram v˜kyam ca idam uv˜ca ha || 2-50-37

37. upaadaaya=having brought; annaadyam= pristine cooked rice; guNavat= of excellent quality; prithagvidham= and other dishes of various kinds; tataH= (he) then; kshhipram= quickly; upaanayat= offered (him); arghyamcha= water to wash his hands;uvaacha ha= and spoke; idam= these; vaakyamcha= words:

Having brought pristine cooked rice of excellent quality and other dishes of various kinds, he then quickly offered him water to wash his hands and spoke as follows:

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sv˜gatam te mah˜ b˜ho tava iyam akhil˜ mahŸ |
vayam preÿy˜ bhav˜n bhart˜ s˜dhu r˜jyam praþ˜dhi na× || 2-50-38

38. svaagatam= “welcome, te= to you; mahaabaaho= oh, mighty armed! akhilaa= All; iyam mahii= this land; tava= is yours. vayam= We; preshhyaaH= are servants. bhavaan= You; bhartaa=are the Lord. Prashaadhi= Rule over; naH= our; raajyam= kingdom; saadhu= efficiently.”

“Welcome to you, Oh, mighty armed! All this land is yours. We are your servants. You are the Lord. Rule over our kingdom in an efficient way.”

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bhakÿyam bhojyam ca peyam ca lehyam ca idam upasthitam |
þayan˜ni ca mukhy˜ni v˜jin˜m kh˜danam ca te || 2-50-39

39. idam= “here; upasthitam= are arrived; bhakshhyam bhojyam= dishes of various kinds; peyam= drinks; lehyamcha= and syrups; mukhyaani= as also excellent; shayanaani= beds; khaadinamcha= and food; te= for your; vaajinaam= horses.”

“Here have arrived various kinds of dishes, drinks and syrups as also excellent beds (for you to sleep on) and food for your horses”

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guham eva bruv˜õam tam r˜ghava× pratyuv˜ca ha || 2-50-40
arcit˜× caiva h®ÿ÷˜× ca bhavat˜ sarvath˜ vayam |
padbhy˜m abhigam˜c caiva sneha samdarþanena ca || 2-50-41

40,41. guham= to Guha; bruvaaNam= who was speaking; evam= as aforesaid; raaghavaH= Rama; pratyuvaacha ha= replied thus: architaashchaiva= “we stand honoured; bhavataa= by you; abhigamachchaiva= by your very visit; padbhyaam= on foot; snehasamdarshanenacha= as well as your show of affection; hR^ishhTaashcha= and are pleased(with you).”

To Guha who was speaking as aforesaid, Rama replied thus: “We stand honored by you, by your very visit to us on foot, as well as your show of affection and are pleased with you”

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bhuj˜bhy˜m s˜dhu v®tt˜bhy˜m pŸýayan v˜kyam abravŸt |
diÿ÷y˜ tv˜m guha paþy˜miarogam saha b˜ndhavai× || 2-50-42
api te k¨þalam r˜ÿ÷re mitreÿu ca dhaneÿu ca |

42,43. piidayam= pressing; saadhu= gently; pinaabhyaam= with his muscular; bhujaabhyaam= arms; abraviit= (Rama) spoke; vaakyam= (these) words; guha= “Oh, Guha! dishhTyaa= Thank heaven; pashyaami= I am seeing; tvaam= you; arogam= in good health; saha baandhavaiH= with your relatives;api kushalam= is all well; te= in your; raashhTre= kingdom; mitreshhu= (with your) friends; dhaneshhucha= and the treasure?”

Pressing gently with his muscular arms, Rama spoke these words: “ Oh, Guha! Thank heaven that I am seeing you in good health with your relatives. Is all well with the kingdom, the allies and the treasure?”

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yat tu idam bhavat˜ kimcit prŸty˜ samupakalpitam |
sarvam tat anuj˜n˜mi na hi varte pratigrahe || 2-50-43

43. anujaanaami= I know; idam priitya= this affection; yat kimchit= by which; tat sarvam= all that; samabhikalpitam= is extensively well- arranged; bhavataa= by you. na varte hi= I am not in a condition indeed to; pratigrahe= accept.”

“I know your affection by which all this is extensively well arranged by you. But I am not in a position indeed to accept it.”

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kuþa cŸra ajina dharam phala m¨la aþanam ca m˜m |
viddhi praõihitam dharme t˜pasam vana gocaram || 2-50-44

44. viddhi= know; maam= me; praNihitam= as under a vow; taapasam= to be an ascetic; kushachiiraajinadharam= wearing the robes of bark and deerskin; dharma= and by piety; praNihitam= I am determined; vanacharam= to live in the forest; phalamuulaashinam= eating fruits and roots.”

“Know me as under a vow to be an ascetic, wearing the robes of bark and deerskin and by piety, I am determined to live in the forest by eating roots and fruits only.”

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aþv˜n˜m kh˜danena aham arthŸ na anyena kenacit |
et˜vat˜ atra bhavat˜ bhaviÿy˜mi sup¨jita× || 2-50-45

45. aham =“I; arthii= am the one who desire; khaadanena= only food; ashvaanaam= for the horses; na= not; anyena kenachit= and any other else. Etaavataa= by this much only; bhavitaa= I shall be; supuujitaH= well=satisfied; atra= at this time; bhavataa= by you.”

“I desire nothing but a little forage for the horses. By being provided with this much at the present moment, I shall be duly satisfied by you.”

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ete hi dayit˜ r˜jña× pitur daþarathasya me |
etai× suvihitai× aþvai× bhaviÿy˜my aham arcita× || 2-50-46

46. ete= “ these (horses); dayitaa= cherished; dasarathasya raaG^yaH= by the king Dasaratha; me pituH= my father; aham= I; bhavishhyaami= shall be; architaH= honored; etaiH ashvaiH= by these horses; suvihitaiH= being duly fed.”

“These horses were cherished by the king Dasaratha, my father. I shall feel honored by these horses being duly fed.”

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aþv˜n˜m pratip˜nam ca kh˜danam caiva so anvaþ˜t |
guha× tatra eva puruÿ˜ms tvaritam dŸyat˜m iti || 2-50-47

47. saH= that; guhaH= Guha; tatraiva= on that spot; anvashaat= commanded; purushhaan= his men (as follows); “ pratipaanamcha= “Let water for drinking; khaadanamchaiva= and forage; diiyataamiti= be supplied; tvaritam= promptly; ashvaanaam= to horses.”

Then Guha on that spot commanded his men as follows: “Let water for drinking and forage be supplied promptly to horses”

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tata× cŸra uttara ˜sanga× samdhy˜m anv˜sya paþcim˜m |
jalam eva ˜dade bhojyam lakÿmaõena ˜h®tam svayam || 2-50-48

48. anvaasya= having worshipped; pashchimaam sandhyaam= the evening twilight appearing in the west; chiirottaraasaNgaH= with an upper garment made of bark; tataH= (Rama) then; aadade= took; bhojyam= for food; jalameva= only water; aahR^itam= brought; lakshhmaNena= by Lakshmana; svayam= himself.

Having worshipped the evening twilight appearing in the west, with an upper garment made of bark(on his person); Rama then took for food only water brought by Lakshmana himself.

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tasya bh¨mau þay˜nasya p˜dau prakÿ˜lya lakÿmaõa× |
sabh˜ryasya tata× abhyetya tasthau v®ÿkam up˜þrita× || 2-50-49

49. prakshhaalya= having washed; paadou= the feet; tasya= of Rama; shayanasya= who was lying; bhuumou= on the ground; sabhaaryasya= along with his consort; lakshhmaNaH= Lakshmana; tataH= then; abhyetya= came; tasthou= and stationed; upaashritaH= leaning against; vR^ikshham= a tree.

Having washed the feet of Rama who was lying on the ground along with his consort, Lakshmana then came and stood near a tree.

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guho api saha s¨tena saumitrim anubh˜ÿayan |
anvaj˜grat tata× r˜mam apramatta× dhanur dhara× || 2-50-50

50. guho.api= Guha too; suutena saha= along with the charioteer; anubhaashhayan= conversed with; soumitrim= Lakshmana; tataH= and thereafter; dhanurdharaH= wielding a bow; apramattaH= alertly; anvajaagrat= kept a vigil; raamam= over Rama.

Guha too along with the charioteer conversed with Lakshmana and thereafter wielding a bow; alertly kept a vigil over Rama.

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tath˜ þay˜nasya tata× asya dhŸmata× |
yaþasvino d˜þarather mah˜tmana× |
ad®ÿ÷a duhkhasya sukha ucitasya s˜ |
tad˜ vyatŸy˜ya cireõa þarvarŸ || 2-50-51

51. yashasvinaH= the illustrious; dhiimataH= lofty minded; mahaatmanaH= and the high-soled; asya daasharathe= son of Dasaratha; adR^ishhTa duHkhasya= who had never seen suffering; sukhochitasya= and who deserved all comforts; shayaanasya= remained lying; tataH= thereafter; saa= while that; chireNa= long; sharvarii= night; vyatiiyaaya= passed away.

The illustrious, lofty minded and the high-soled son of Dasaratha, who had never seen suffering and who deserved all comforts, remained lying on the ground thereafter, while that long night passed away.

 

iti v˜lmŸki r˜m˜yaõe ˜di k˜vye ayodhya k˜õýe pañc˜þa× sarga×

Thus completes 50th chapter in the AyodhyaKanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 50

 

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Sarga 50 in English Prose

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© Oct 2002, K. M. K. Murthy