Chapter [Sarga] 44

Introduction

Establishing the greatness of Rama, Sumitra of gracious speech, assuages Kausalya’s grief.


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ivlpNtIm! twa tam! tu kaEsLyam! àmd %Ämam!,
#dm! xmeR iSwta xMyRm! suimÇa vaKym! AävIt!. 2£44£1

1. sumitraa= Sumitra; sthitaa= devoted; dharma= to righteousness; abraviit= spoke; idam vaakyam= these words; dharmam= which were virtuous; taam kausalyaam= to that Kausalya; vilapantiim= who was wailing; tathaa= thus; pramadottamaam= and who was best among women.

Sumitra, who was devoted to righteousness spoke the following words, which were virtuous, to the celebrated Kausalya, the foremost among women, who had been wailing as aforesaid

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tv AayeR sdœ gu[E> yu­> puÇ> s pué; %Äm>,
ikm! te ivlipten @vm! k«p[m! éidten va. 2£44£2

aarye= “Oh, the venerable one! tava= your; saH putraH= that son Rama; yuktaH= is endowed with; sadguNaiaH= excellent virtues; purushhottamaH= and foremost among men; kim= what is the use in; te= your; vilapitena= lamenting; evam= thus; ruditenavaa= or weeping ; kR^ipaNam= piteously?”

“That son of yours, oh the venerable one, is endowed with excellent virtues and is the foremost among men. What is the use in your lamenting in this way or in weeping piteously?”

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y> tv AayeR gt> puÇ> Ty®va raJym! mha bl>,
saxu k…vRn! mhaTmanm! iptrm! sTy vaidnam!. 2£44£3
izòE> Aacirte sMykœ zñt! àeTy )l %dye,
ram> xmeR iSwt> ïeóae n s zaeCy> kdacn. 2£44£4

3,4. aarye= Oh, noble lady! yaH= Which; tava putraH= your son; mahaabalaH= having mighty strength; kurvan= proving;apitaram= his father; mahaatmaanam= the high-soled; saadhu= perfectly;satyavaadinam= true-speaking; tyaktvaa= by renouncing; raajyam= the throne; sthitaH= standing firmly; dharme= in righteousness; aacharite= which is practiced; shashvat= always; samyak= perfectly;sishhyaiH= by disciples; phalodaye= which gives fruits; pretya= even after death; saH= that; raamaH= Rama; shreshhTaH= the most excellent; na kadaachana= never; shochya= deserves to be lamented. ”

“Oh, noble lady! Your son is having mighty strength. He proved his high- soled father perfectly truthful by renouncing his throne. He stood firmly in righteousness, which is always practiced perfectly by disciples and which gives fruits even after death. That Rama, the most excellent man, never deserves to be lamented.”

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vtRte c %Ämam! v&iÄm! lúm[ae AiSmn! sda An">,
dyavan! svR -Ute;u la-> tSy mhaTmn>. 2£44£5

5. lakshhmaNaH= Lakshmana; anaghaH= the faultless man; dayavaan= and the compassionate man; sarva bhuuteshhu= towards all beings; sadaa= always; vartate= conducts; vR^ittim= his behaviour; uttamaam= excellently;asmin= in the case of Rama. LaabhaH= It is beneficial; tasya= to him(Rama); mahaatmanaH= the high-soled man.”

“Lakshmana, the faultless man and the compassionate man towards all beings, always renders the best form of service to Rama. His conduct is beneficial to the high-soled Rama.”

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Ar{y vase ydœ Êhœom! jantI vE suo %icta,
Anug½it vEdehI xmR AaTmanm! tv AaTmjm!. 2£44£6

6. “vaidehi= Sita; sukhochitaa= who was habituated to comforts; jaanatiivai= even after knowing; duHkham= the pain; yat= whatever; anugachchhati= is accompanying; tava= your; aatmajam= son; dharmaatmaanam= the virtuous soled.”

Sita, who was habituated to comforts, even after knowing the pain whatsoever, is accompanying your virtuous- soled son.”

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kIitR -Utam! ptakam! yae laeke æamyit à-u>,
dm sTy ìt pr> ikm! n àaÝ> tv AaTmj>. 2£44£7

7. yaH=Who; prabhuH= the capable man; bhramayati= fluttering; pataakam= the banner; kiirti bhuutaam= of fame; loke= in the world; tava aatmajaH= that son of yours; dharmaHsatyavrata paraH= who is engrossed in virtue and is pledged to the vow of truthfulness; kim= what; na praptaH= has not been secured(by him)?”

“What has not been secured by your capable son, who is rich in virtue and is engrossed in the vow of truthfulness, and the banner of whose fame flutters though out the world?”

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Vy­m! ramSy iv}ay zaEcm! mahaTMym! %Ämm!,
n gaÇm! AMzui-> sUyR> sMtapiytum! AhRit. 2£44£8

8. viG^yaaya= Having known; shoucham= purity; uttamam= and the mighty; maahaatmayam= magnanimity; raamasya= of Rama; suuryaH= the sun; vyaktam= will assuredly; na arhati= not be able; santaapayitum= to torment; gaatram= his body; amshubhiH= with his rays.”

“Having known the purity and magnanimity of Rama , the sun assuredly will not be able to torment Rama’s body with his rays.“

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izv> sveR;u kale;u kanne_yae ivinhœs&t>,
ra"vm! yu­ zIt %:[> seiv:yit suoae Ainl>. 2£44£9

9. shivaH= Auspicious; sukhaH=and delightful; anilaH=breeze; yuktashiitoshhNaH= of moderate heat and cold; viniHsR^itaH= blowing; kaananebhyaH= from woods; sarveshhu kaaleshhu= at all times; sevishhyati= will render service; raaghavam= to Rama.”

“Auspicious and delightful breeze of moderate heat and cold, blowing from woods at all times , will render service to Rama”

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zyanm! An"m! raÇaE ipta #v Ai-pir:vjn!,
riZmi-> sMSp&zn! zItE> cNÔma ’adiy:yit. 2£44£10

10. samspR^ishan= gently touching;rashmibhiH= with its rays; shiitaaiH= which are cool; shayaanam= when he is reposing; raatrou= at night; abhiparishhvajan= and embracing him ; piteva= like his father; chandraH= the moon; ahlaadayishhyati= will refresh him.”

“Gently touching with its cool rays when he is reposing at night and embracing him like a father, the moon will refresh Rama”

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ddaE c Aôai[ idVyain ySmE äüa mha Aaejse,
danv #NÔm! htm! †òœva itim Xvj sutm! r[e. 2£44£11
s zUr> pué;Vyaº> Svba÷blmaiït>,
AsÙStae= Pyr{ySwae veZmnIv invTSyit. 2£44£12

11,12. dR^ishhTvaa=Seeing; timidhvajasutam= Subahu, the son of Shambarasura; daanavendram= the chief of demons ; hatam= being killed; raNe= in battle; brahmaa= Brahma ,the god of creation; dadan= gave; yasmai= to which Rama; mahanjase= the man with great splendor; divyaani= the celestial ; astraaNi= weapons; saH= that Rama; shuuraH=the hero; purushha vyaaghraH= and the tiger among men; aashritaH= relying; svabaahubalam= on the strength of his own arms; nivatsyasi= will dwell; asantrastaH= fearlessly; araNyastho. api= even when living in the forest; veshmamiiva= as his own palace.”

“Formerly, when Rama killed Subahu the son of Sambarasura the chief of demons, Brahma being delighted , gave celestial weapons to Rama, the man with great splendor. Rama the hero and the tiger among men, relying on the strength of his own arms, will dwell fearlessly in the forest as if in his own palace”

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ySye;updmasa* ivnazm! yaiNt zÇv>,
kwm! n iwvI tSy zasne SwatumhRit. 2£44£13

13. yasya= Whose; ishhupadam=aim of arrows; aasaadya= obtains;yaanti= getting into; vinaasham= destruction; shatrvaH= of enemies; tasya= in such Rama’s; shaasane= rule; katham= why; pR^ithivii= earth; naarhati= cannot; sthaatum= be stable?”

“How can earth cannot be under the command of Rama, to whose aim of arrows, the enemies fall an easy prey?”

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ya ïI>zaEyRm! c ramSy ya c kLya[sTvta,
inv&Äar{yvas> Sv< i]àm! raJymvaPSyit. 2£44£14

14. yaa= which; shriiH= splendor; raamasya= of Rama; yaa= which; shouryamcha= velour; kalyaana sattvataa= the beneficent strength that resides in him; avaapsyati= will procure; saH= that Rama; svam raajyam= his own kingdom; kshhipram= soon; nivR^ittaaraNya vaasaH= after completion of his exile in the forest.”

“The splendor endowed with Rama, the valor that is in him and the beneficent strength that resides in him lead one to believe that when he completes the term of his exile in the forest, he will speedily regain his kingdom.”

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sUyRSyaip -veTsUyaeRý¶eri¶> à-ae> à-ae>,
iïyí ïI-Rved¢!(a kITyaR> ]ma]ma. 2£44£15
dEvtm! dEvtanam! c -Utanam! -UtsÄm>,
tSy keýgu[a deiv vne va Pywva pure. 2£44£16

15,16. devi= Oh, Kausalya!; bhavet= He becomes; suuryaH= illuminator; suuryasyaapi= of even the sun; agniH= fire; (revealer) ; agneH=of fire; prabhuH= the ruler; prabhoH= of rules; shriiH= the splendor; shriyashcha= of splendor; agryaa= the foremost; kiirtiH= glory(essence); kiirtyaaH= of glory; kshhamaa kshhamaa= the forbearance of forbearance; daivatam= the god; daivataanaam= of gods; bhuutasattamaH= the foremost being; bhuutaanaam= of beings. ke hi= Indeed what; aguNaaH= handicaps(for him); vanevaapi= in the forest; athavaa= or; pure= in Ayodhya?”

“Oh, Kausalya! Rama is the illuminator of even the sun, fire of fire, the ruler of rules, the splendor of splendor, the foremost glory of glory, the forbearance of forbearance, the god of gods and the foremost being of all the beings. Indeed, what handicaps are there for him in the forest or in Ayodhya?”

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p&iwVya sh vEdeýa iïya c pué; \;->,
i]àm! its&i-rœ @tai-> sh ram> Ai-;eúyte. 2£44£17

17. raamaH= Rama; purushharrshhabhaH=the best among men; abhishhekshyate=will be installed on the throne; kshhipram=soon; pR^ithivyaasaha=along with the Mother Earth(the consort of Lord Vishnu); vaidehyaa=Sita(princess of Vaideha kingdom)shriyaacha= and Lakshmi (the goddess of Fortune another consort oh Vishnu)”

“Rama the best among men will be installed on the throne soon along with the Mother Earth (the consort of lord Vishnu), Sita the princess of Videha kingdom and Lakshmi ( the goddess of fortune another consort of Vishnu)”

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Êhœojm! ivs&jiNt Aöm! in:³amNtm! %dIúy ym!,
smuTöúyis neÇa_yam! i]àm! AanNdjm! py>. 2£44£18
k…zcIrxrm! devm! gCDNtmpraijtm!,
sItevanugta lúmIStSy ikm! nam ÊlR-m!. 2£44£19

18,19. udikshhya=Seeing; yam= which Rama; nishhkraamantam= departing; sarve=all; janaaH= the people; ayodhyaam= in Ayodhya; shoka vega samaahataaH=smitten as they were with upsurge of grief; visR^ijanti= shedding; ashruH=tears; duHkhajam= born of agony; devam=which Rama; gachchhantam= is departing; kushachiira dharam=clad in a garment of the sacred Kusa grass; anugataa= followed by; lakshmiH=the goddess of fortune; siiteva=as Sita; tasya= for such Rama; kimnaama= which; durlabham= is difficult to obtain?”

“Seeing Rama departing, all the people in Ayodhya smitten as they were with upsurge of grief shed tears born of agony. The goddess of fortune as Sita followed the invincible hero even as he departed for the forest, clad in a garment of the sacred Kusa grass. Indeed, what can be difficult for him to obtain?”

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xnu¢Rhvrae ySy ba[ofœgaô-&TSvym!,
lúm[aeìjit ý¢e tSy ikm! nam ÊlR-m!. 2£44£20

20. lakshmanaH=Lakshmana; dhanurgraha varaH= the best among the holders of bow; svayam= himself; baaNa khadgaastrabhR^it= wearing arrows, sword and missiles; vrajati= walking ; agre= in front; yasya =of whom; tasya= to that Rama; kimnaama= what is ;durlabham= difficult to obtain?”

“What can be difficult to obtain for, to whose front indeed walks Lakshmana himself the best among the holders of bow wielding arrows, sword and missiles?”

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inv&Ävnvasm! tm! Ôòais punragtm!,
jihzaekm! c maehm! c deiv sTym! ävIim te. 2£44£21

21. devi= oh, Kausalya! ; drashhTaasi=you can see; tam=that Rama; aagatam= when he comes; punaH= again; nivRitta vanavaasam= having completed the period of dwelling in the forest. jahi= abandon; shokamcha= grief ; mohamcha =and infatuation; braviimi= I tell; te=you; satyam=the truth ”

“Oh, Kausalya! I tell you the truth : you can see Rama coming back, on having completed the term of his exile in the forest . Abandon grief and infatuation.”

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izrsa cr[avetaE vNdmanminiNdte,
punÔRúyis kLyai[ puÇ< cNÔimvaeidtm!. 2£44£22

22. kalyaaNi= Oh, auspicious Kausalya! anindite= the irreproachable one! Drakshhyasi=you will be able to see; putram=your son; chandramiva= like the moon; uditam= who has risen; vandamaanam=saluting respectfully; etou= these; charaNou= feet; sirasaa= with the head.”

“Oh, auspicious Kausalya, the irreproachable one! You will be able to see your son, like the rising moon, saluting respectfully your feet, by bowing his head.”

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pun> àivòm! òœva tmi-i;­m! mhaiïym!,
smuTöúyis neÇa_yam! i]àmaÛdjm! py>. 2£44£23

23. dR^ishhTvaa = seeing; tam= that Rama; mahaashhriyam= with great splendor pravishhTam= appearing ; punaH= again; abhishhiktam= having been coroneted; samutsryakshhasi= you will be shedding ; kshhipram= soon; payaH= tears; aanandajam= born of joy; netraabhyaam= from your eyes.”

“Seeing Rama shining with great splendor appearing before you again, having been coroneted, you will be shedding soon tears of joy from your eyes ”

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ma zaekae deiv Ê>om! va n rame †ý‰_=izvm!,
i]àm! Ôúyis puÇm! Tvm! ssItm! sh lúm[m!. 2£44£24

24. devi= Oh, Kausalya! maa= Do not have; shokaH= grief; duHkhamvaa= or uneasiness. ashivam=Ill luck; na dR^ishyate= is not being seen; raame=in Rama; tvam= you; drakshhyasi= will be able to see; kshhipram= soon; putram= your son; sa siitam= along with Sita; saha lakshhmaNam= together with Lakshmana.”

“Oh, Kausalya! Do not have uneasiness or grief. Rama has no ill luck. You will be able to see soon your son along with Sita, accompanied by Lakshmana”.

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Tvya ze;ae jníEv smañaSyae yda=n"e,
ikimdanIimdm! deiv kraei; ùid iv¬bm!. 2£44£25

25. devi= “Oh, queen; anaghe=the faultless! Yadaa= Whereas; janaH= people; samaashvaasaH= are to be consoled; tvayaa= by you; idaaniim= now; karoshhi= you are promoting; viklabam= grief; hR^idi= in your heart ; kim= what ; idam= is this ?”

“Oh, the faultless queen! While people are to be consoled by you at this moment, why are you fostering grief in your heart?”

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nahaR Tvm! zaeictum! deiv ySyaSte ra"vSsut>,
n ih ramaTprae laeke iv*te sTpwe iSwt>. 2£44£26

26. devi= oh, queen! YasyaaH= which; te= to you; raaghavaH= Rama; sutaaH= is your son; tvam= you as such; naarhaa= are not deserving; shochitum= to aggrieve. navidyate= None is there; loke= in the world; paraH= other; raamaat= than Rama; sthitaH= who is established; satpathe= in right path.”

“Oh,queen! You, whose son is Rama, ought not to grieve, for none is established in right path in the world than Rama.”

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Ai-vadymanm! tm! †òœva ssuùdm! sutm!,
muda Aïu maeúyse i]àm! me" leka #v vai;RkI. 2£44£27

27. dR^ishhTvaa= seeing; tam sutam= that son; sa suhR^idam= along with friends ; abhivaadamaanau= saluting; mokshhyase= you will be shedding; ashru= tears; mudaa= with joy; kshhipram= soon; megharekheva = like a line of clouds; vaarshhikii= belonging to rainy season ”

“Seeing your son saluting with his friends, you will at once begin to shed tears, like a line of clouds in a rainy season”

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puÇ> te vrd> i]àm! AyaeXyam! punrœ Aagt>,
pai[_yam! m&ÊpIna_yam! cr[aE pIfiy:yit. 2£44£28

28. te putraH= Your son; varadaH=who is the bestower of boons; kshhipram= soon; punaraagataH= returning; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; piidayishhyati= will press; charaNou= your feet; paaNibhyaam= with his hands; mR^idu piinaabhyaam=which are gentle but muscular.”

“Your son the bestower of boons, will soon return to Ayodhya, and touch your feet with his gentle but muscular hands ”

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Ai-va* nmSyNtm! zUrm! ssuùdm! sutm!,
mudaöE> àaeúyis punmeR"raij irvaclm!. 2£44£29

29. sutam= your son; shuuram= the hero; sa suhR^idam= along with his friends; abhivaadya=saluting respectfully; namasyantam= in adoration; prokshhyasi= you will sprinkle; astraiH= tears; mudaa= with joy; achalamiva=like on a mountain; megharaajiH= by a line of clouds.”

“When your son the hero along with his friends salute you respectfully in adoration, you will sprinkle tears of joy in the same way as a line of clouds pour rain on the mountain.”

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AañasyNtI ivivxEí vaKyE,
vaRKyaepcare k…zlana*a,
ramSy tam! matrmevmu®va,
devI suimÇaivrram rama. 2£44£30

30. sumitra=Sumitra; devii= the queen; kushalaa= skilled; vaakyopachaare= in employment of words; anavadyaa= who is faultless; raamaa= and charming; evam= thus; aashvaasayantii= consoled; raamasya= Rama’s; taam maataram= that mother; uktvaa= by speaking; vividhaiH=with various; vaakyaiH= words; viraraama=and stopped.

Sumitra the queen, skilled in her employment of words, who is faultless and charming, thus consoled Rama’s mother with various words and finally stopped speaking.

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inzMy tl! lúm[ mat& vaKym!,
ramSy maturœ nr dev pTNya>,
s*> zrIre ivnnaz zaek>,
zrdœ gt> me"Ev ALp taey>. 2£44£31

31. nishamya= after hearing; tat= those; lakshmanamaatru vaakyam=words of Lakshmana’s mother; shokaH= the agony; raamasya maatuH= of Rama’s mother; naradeva patnyaaH= and the wife of Dasaratha; sadyaH= quickly; vinanaasha= disappeared; shariire=in her body; megha iva=like a cloud; alpatoyaH=with a little water ; sharadgataH= disappears in autumn .

Hearing those words of Sumitra the mother of Lakshmana, the agony of Kausalya Rama’s mother and the wife of Dasaratha quickly disappeared in the same way as an autumnal cloud with a little water in it disappears quickly.

 

#it vaLmIik ramay[e Aaid kaVye AyaeXy ka{fe ctuíTvair<z> sgR

Thus completes 44th chapter in the AyodhyaKanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 44

 

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Sarga 44 in English Prose

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© July 2002, K. M. K. Murthy