Chapter [Sarga] 40

Introduction

The departure of Rama from Ayodhya for his exile is depicted. When they are charioted through the streets of Ayodhya the citizenry wails and weeps for Rama's disposition. In his unsurpassable affection towards Rama, King Dasharatha follows the chariot like a commoner, but fails to go further and falls down.


Verse Locator

Aw ram> c sIta c lm[> c kt ANjil>,
%psMg& rajanm! cr dIna> di][m!. 2-40-1

1. atha= then; raamashcha= Rama; seetaacha= Seetha; lakshmaNascha= as Lakshmana; diinaaH= who felt miserable; upasamgR^ihya= bowed down by touching the feet; raajaanam= of the king; pradakshhiNam chakruH= went round him clockwise; kR^itaanjaliH= with joined palms.

Then, Rama Seetha and Lakshmana, who felt miserable, bowed down by touching the feet of the king and went round him clockwise with joined palms.

Verse Locator

tm! c Aip smnu}aPy xmR}> sItya sh,
ra"v> zaek sMmUFae jnnIm! A_yvadyt!. 2-40-2

2. samanujJNaH= after taking leave; tam= of Dasaratha; raaghavaH= Rama; dharmaJNaH= who know what is right; siitayaasaha= along with seetha; abhyavaadayat= bowed; jananiim= to his mother Kausalya; shokasammuudhaH= stupefied by sorrow.

After taking leave of Dasaratha, Rama who knew what is right and stood confounded by sorrow, bowed along with Seetha to Kausalya.

Verse Locator

ANv]m! lm[ae atu> kaEsLyam! A_yvadyt!,
Aw matu> suimaya jah cr[aE pun>. 2-40-3

3. anvakshham= Immediately following; bhraatuH= his brother; lakshhmanaH= Lakshmana; abhyavaadayat= bowed; kausalyaam= to Kausalya; atha= then; punaH= again; jagraaha= clasped; charaNau= the feet; sumitraayaaH= of Sumintra; maatuH= his mother.

Immediately following his brother, Lakshmana too bowed to Kausalya, then clasped the feet of his mother Sumitra.

Verse Locator

tm! vNdmanm! dtI mata saEimim! AvIt!,
iht kama mha bam! mUiR %paay lm[m!. 2-40-4

4. upaaghraaya= smelling; muurdhani= the head; lakshmaNam= of Lakshmana; mahaabaahum= the mighty armed; vandamaanam= who was saluting her; maataa= his mother; hitakaamaa= who wished well of him; abraviit= spoke; rudatii= weeping; soumitrim= to that son of hers.

Smelling (as a token of affection) the head of Lakshmana mighty armed, who was saluting her, his mother Sumitra who wished well of him, spoke weeping, to that son of her (as follows)

Verse Locator

s&> Tvm! vn vasay Svnur> suj! jne,
rame madm! ma ka;IR> pu atir git. 2-40-5

5. svanuraktaH= highly fond; suhR^ijjane= of your kinsman Rama; tvam= you; sR^ishhTaH= have been permitted(by me); vanavaasaaya= to dwell in the forest; putra= Oh son! maa karshhiiH= do not; pramaadam= neglect; bhraatari= your half-brother; raame= Rama; gachchhati= who is going ( to the forest)

"Highly fond of your kinsman Rama, you have been permitted (by me) to dwell in the forest(with your eldest half-brother). Do not neglect your half-brother). Do not neglect your half-brother Rama, who is going to the forest, my son!"

Verse Locator

VysnI va sm&ae va gitr @; tv An",
@; laeke stam! xmR> yj! Jye vzgae vet!. 2-40-6

6. anagha= "Oh, sinless one! vysaniivaa= whether in adversity; samR^iddhovaa= or in riches, eshhaH= he alne; gatiH= is refuge; tava= to you; tava= to you; bhave yat= it should become; dharmaH= code of conduct; sataam= of the virtuous; loka= in the world; eshhaH= that; jyeshhThavashagaH= younger brother should be subject to the control of his elder brother."

"Oh, sinless one! Whether in adversity or in riches, he alone is refugee to you. It should become the code of conduct in the world, that younger brother should be subject to the control of his elder brother."

Verse Locator

#dm! ih v&m! %ictm! klSy ASy snatnm!,
danm! dI]a c y}e;u tnu Tyagae m&xe;u c. 2-40-7

7. idam= this; vR^ittamhi= is ideed a practice; uchitam= right; sanaatanam= from ancient times; kulasya= in your race; daanam= of making gifts; diikshhaacha= of dedicating oneself to; yajJNeshhu= performance of sacrificial rites; tanutyaagaH cha= and of forsaking the body; mR^idheshhu= in battles.

"It is indeed a practice right from ancient times in your race, to make gifts, to dedicate onself to performance of sacrificial rites and to foresake one's body to fight battles."

Verse Locator

lKSm[m! TvevMva sa siMsm! iyra"vm!,
suima gCD gCDeit pun> punvac tm!. 2-40-8

8. evam= thus; uktvaa= speaking; lakshhmanam= to Lakshmana; samsiddham= who was in readiness (to leave the forest); priya raaghavam= and who loved Rama dearly; saa= that; sumitraa= Sumitra; punaH= punaH= again and again; uvaacha= said; tam= to him; iti= thus; gachchha= "fare forth!"

Thus speaking to Lakshmana, who was in readiness to leave the forest and who loved Rama dearly, Sumitra repeatedly said to him, "fare forth, fare forth!"

Verse Locator

ramm! dzrwm! ivi mam! ivi jnk AaTmjam!,
AyaeXyam! AqvIm! ivi g tat ywa suom!. 2-40-9

9. vidhdhhi= know; raamam=Rama; dasharatham= to be Dasaratha; vidhdhhi= look upon; janakaatmajaam= Seetha the daughter of Janaka; maam= as myself; vidhdhhi= consider; aTaviim= forest; ayodhyaam= as Ayodhya; gachchha= depart; yathaasukham= happily; taata= my son!

"Know Rama to be Dasaratha. Look upon Seetha the daughter of Janaka as myself. Consider the forest as Ayodhya and depart happily, my son!"

Verse Locator

tt> sum> kakTSwm! aNjilr vaKym! AvIt!,
ivnIt> ivny}> c matilr vasvm! ywa. 2-40-10

10. tataH= then; sumantraH= Sumantra; viniitaH= the humble man; vinayajJNashcha= who was aware of humility; praaJNjaliH= with joined palms; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= (these) words; kaakutthsam= to Rama; vaasavam yathaa= as to Indra (ruler of gods) maatalih= Matali(charioteer of Indra)

Then, Sumantra the humble man, who was aware of humility, joined his palms and spoke these words to Rama even as Matali (charioteer of Indra) would to Indra (the ruler of gods).

Verse Locator

rwm! Aaraeh m! te raj pu mha yz>,
i]m! Tvam! apiy:yaim y mam! ram vyis. 2-40-11

11. aaroha= "mount; ratham= the chariot; mahaayashaH= oh, the highly illustrious; raajaputra= prince! bhadram= may al be well; te= with you! praapayishhyaami= I shall take; tvaam= you; kshhipram= speedily; yatra= wherever; vakshhyasi= you tell"

"Mount the chariot, oh the highly illustrious prince! May all be well with you! I shall take you speedily, wherever you direct me to go."

Verse Locator

ctur dz ih v;aRi[ vStVyain vne Tvya,
tain %pimtVyain yain deVya Ais caeidt>. 2-40-12

12. tvayaa= by you; vastavyaani= to be resided; vane= in the forest; chaturdasha= for fourteen; varshhaaNi= years; yaani= which years; choditaH asi= were directed to you; devyaa= by the queen; taani= those; upakramitavyaani= are considered to have commenced

"You have to reside in the forest for fourteen years. Those years, as directed by the queen, are to be considered having commenced."

Verse Locator

tm! rwm! sUyR sMkazm! sIta en cetsa,
Aaraeh vr Aaraeha kTva AlMkarm! AaTmn>. 2-40-13

13. kR^itvaa= having; alamkaaram= adorned; aatmanaH= herself; siitaa= Seetha; varaarohaa= with her comely buttocks; aaruroha= mounted; hR^ishhTena= with a delighted; chetasaa= mind; ta ratham= that chariot; surya samkaasham= which was shining like the sun.

Having adorned herself, Seetha with her comely buttocks, mounted with a delighted mind, that chariot which was shining like the sun.

Verse Locator

twEv Aayux jatain at&_yam! kvcain c,
rw %pSwe itNySy scmR kiQnm! c tt!. 2-40-14

14. atho= thereafter; raamalakshhmaNau= Rama and Lakshmana; bhraatarau= the brothers; tuurNam= quickly; aaruruhatuH= mounted; tam= that chariot; jvalasamkaasham= which was resplendent like fire; chaamiikara vibhuushhitam= and decked with gold.

Thereafter, Rama and Lakshmana the brothers quickly mounted that chariot, which was replendent like fire and decked with gold.

Verse Locator

vnvasm! ih sMOyy vasaMSyar[ain c,
taRrmnugCDNTyE sItayE zurae ddaE. 2-40-15

15. siitaayai= for Seetha; anugachchhantyai= who was accompanying; bhartaaram= her husband; shvashuraH= the father in law(Dasaratha); dadau= gave away; vaasaamsi= garments; aabharaNaanicha= and jewellery; samkhyaaya= taking into enumeration; vana vaasam= her stay in the forest.

For Seetha who was accompanying with her husband, Dasaratha gave away garments and jewellery, taking into consideration the period for which she had to stay in the forest.

Verse Locator

twEvayuxjalain at&_yam! kvcain c,
rwaepSwe itNySy scmR kiQnm! c tt!. 2-40-16
sIta t&tIyan! AaFan! :qva x&m! Acaedyt!,
sum> sMmtan! Aan! vayu veg sman! jve. 2-40-17

16-17. tathaiva= In like manner; bhraatR^ithyaam= for the brother; aayudha; pratinyasya= keeping; jaalaani= the sets of weapons; kavachaanicha= armour; kaThinamcha= of hard make; sacharma= with leather= cover; rathopasthe= in the middle of the chariot; sumantraH= Sumantra; dR^ishhTvaa= saw; sitaatR^itiiyaan= the three of whom Seetha constituted the third; aaruudhaan= mounted; aachodayat= drove; dhR^ishhTam= quickly; ashvaan= the horses; sammataan= which were highly admired; jave= with swiftness; vaaynvega samaan= like velocity of wind.

Even so for the two brothers, keeping the sets of weapon, an armour of hard make with leather-cover in the midst of the chariot, Sumantra saw the three of whom Seetha constituted the third mounted and quickly drove the horses which were highly admired, with their swiftness resembling the velocity of wind.

Verse Locator

yate tu mha Ar{ym! icr raay ra"ve,
bUv ngre mUaR bl mUaR jnSy c. 2-40-18

18. raaghave= Rama; pratiyaate= after departing; mahaaraNye= to the great forest; chiraraatraaya= for a long term; muurchchhaa= unconsciousness; babhuuva= prevailed; nagare= in the city; balamuurchchhaacha= (there was) faintness in strength; janasya= of people.

Rama after departing to the great forest for a long term, unconsciousness prevailed in the city. There was faintness in the strength of people.

Verse Locator

tt! smakl sMaNtm! m sMkipt ipm!,
hy iziNjt in"aeR;m! purm! AasIn! mha Svnm!. 2-40-19

19. tat puram= that city; aasiit= became; aakula sambhraantam= filled with flurry; matta sankupita dvipam= with its elephants intoxicated in rut and highly excited (as they were) layashiNjita nirghoshham= resonant with tinkling of ornaments of horses

The city ( of Ayodhya) is filled with flurry, with its elephants intoxicated in rut and highly excited and resonant with tinkling of ornaments of horses.

Verse Locator

tt> sbal v&a sa purI prm pIifta,
ramm! @v Aiav "mR AatR> sillm! ywa. 2-40-20

20. tataH= thereafter; saa purii= that city; sabaala vR^iddhaa= including the youngsters and the old; parama piiDitaa= stricken with, extreme agony; abhidudraava= ran towards; raamam eva= Rama alone; salilam yathaa= like towards water; gharmaartah= the one afflicted with heat (of the sun).

That city, including the youngsters and the old, stricken with extreme agony, ran towards Rama alone, in the same way as the one afflicted with heat of the sun rushes towards water.

Verse Locator

paRt> p&t> c Aip lMbmana> tt! %Nmuoa>,
ba:p pU[R muoa> sveR tm! ^cur &z ihota>. 2-40-21

21. lambaamaanaaH= having down toards; paarshvataH= sides; pR^ishhThatashchaiva= and back; sarve= all those people; tadanmukhaaH= with their faces turned towards him; bhaashhpapuurNamukhaaH= with their faces filled with tears; bhR^ishanisvanaah= with loud voices; uuchuH= said; tam= to him(Sumantra)

Having down towards sides and back of the chariot with their faces turned towards Rama and with their faces filled with tears, all those people said with loud voices to Sumantra thus:

Verse Locator

sMy vaijnam! rZmIn! sUt yaih znE> znE>,
muom! yaim ramSy dRzRm! nae iv:yit. 2-40-22

22. suuta= Oh, Charioteer! samayachchha= hold in; rashmiin= the reins; vaajinaam= of the horses; yaahi= (and) go; shanaiH shanaiH= slowly and slowly; drakshhyaamaH= we would behold; mukham= the face; raamasya= Rama; bhavishhyati= which would be; durdarsham= difficult to behold; saH= for us.

"Hold in the reins of the horses and go slowly and slowly, Oh charioteer! We would behold the face of Rama, which would be henceforth difficult to behold for us"

Verse Locator

Aaysm! dym! nUnm! ram matur AsMzym!,
yd dev gR itme vnm! yait n i*te. 2-40-23

23. hR^idayam= the heart; raama maatuH= of Rama's mother(Kausaly) nuunam= surely asamshayam= undoubtedely; aayasam= is made of iron; yat= since; na bhidyat= it does not get broken; deva garbha pratime= (when) Rama resembling an affspring of gods; yaati= is going; vanam= to the forest.

"The heart of Rama's mother (Kausalya) is surely and undoubtedly made of iron, since it does not get broken when Rama resembling an offspring of gods is going to the forest"

Verse Locator

kt kTya ih vEdehI caya #v Anugta pitm!,
n jhait rta xmeR mem! AkR a ywa. 2-40-24

24. vaidehii= Seetha (the princess of Videha kingdom) kR^ita kR^ityaa= has done what ought to be done; anugataa= by going after; chhayaiva= like a shadow; rataa= delighted; dharme= in virtue; na jahaati= does not leave; patim= her husband; yathaa meru= like Mount Meru; arka prabhaa= the effulgence of the sun.

"Seetha (the princess of Videha kingdom) has done what ought to be done, by going along with him like a shadow, delighted in virtue as she was and does not leave her husband in the same way as Mount Meru does not leave the effulgence of sun"

Verse Locator

Ahae lm[ is AwR> sttam! iy vaidnm!,
atrm! dev sMkazm! y> Tvm! pircir:yis. 2-40-25

25. lakshhmaNa= Oh, Lakshmana! yaH tvam= since you; paracharishhyasi= are attending; satatam= ever; bhraataram= to your brother, priyavaadinam= who speaks affectionately; devasamkaasham= and in equal to the god; aho= Ah, you are; siddharthaH= the accomplisher of purpose!

"Oh, Lakshmana! You are attending ever to your brother who speaks affectionately and is equal to the god. Ah, you are the accomplisher of purpose!"

Verse Locator

mhit @;a ih te isir @; c A_yudyae mhan!,
@; SvgRSy magR> c yd @nm! Anugis. 2-40-26

26. eshhaa= It; mahatii= is immense; siddhi= fulfilment; te= for you; eshhaH= it; mahaan= is tremendous; abhyandayaH= good fortune; eshhaH= it; maargashcha= is even means; svargasya= to heaven; anugachchhasi iti yat= that you are following; enam= this Rama.

"It is an immense fulfilment for you, it is a tremendous good fortune for you, nay, it is even a means to heaven that you are following this Rama"

Verse Locator

@vm! vdNt> te saeFum! n zekr ba:pm! Aagtm!,
Aw raja v&t> Iir dInair dIn cetn>. 2-40-27

27. vadantaH= saying; evam= so; te naraaH= those people; na shekuH= were not able; sodhum= to restrain; baashhpam= their tears; aagatam= that come; anugachchhantaH= and followed; tam= the Rama; priyam= their beloved; ikshhvaaku nandanam= delight of the Ikshvaakus.

Saying so, those people were not able to restrain their tears that come and followed that Rama, their beloved delight of the Ikshvakus.

Verse Locator

Aw raja v&t> IidIRnaidIRncetn>,
injRgam iym! pum! yaim #it uvn! g&hat!. 2-40-28

28. atha= then; raajaa= the king; diinachetanaH= with the distressed min; bruvan= saying; dakshhyaaniti= that he would behold; priyam= his beloved; putram= son; nirjagaama= came out; gR^ihaat= of his palace; vR^itaH= surrounded; striibhiH= by women; diinaabhiH= who were dejected.

Then, the king with the distressed mind, saying that he would behold his beloved saw, came out of his palace surrounded by women who were too dejected.

Verse Locator

zuuve c At> Inam! dNtInam! mha Svn>,
ywa nad> kre[Unam! be mhit kNjre. 2-40-29

29. agrataH= In front of him; shushruve= was heard; mahaasvanaH= a huge noise; rudantiinaam= of crying; striiNaam= women; naadaH yathaa= echoing like trumpeting; kareNuunaam= of female elephants, mahati kuNjare= (when) a lordly elephant; baddhe= has been pinoned.

In front of him was heard a huge noise of crying women, echoing like trumpeting of female elephants when a lordly elephant has been pinioned.

Verse Locator

ipta c raja kakTSw> Iman! s> tda baE,
pirpU[R> zzI kale he[ %pPlut> ywa. 2-40-30

30. tadaa= then, kaale= at that time; pitaa hi= the father as is well known; shriimaan= as a glorious; raajaa= king; kaakutsthaH= Dasaratha( a scion of Kakutstha) abhavat= becoame; sannaH= shrunk; puurNa shashiiyathaa= like a full moon; upaplutaH= overshadowed; graheNa= by an eclipse.

At that time, the father of Rama as is well known as a glorious king Dasaratha (a scion of Kakutstha) looked shrunk, like the full moon over shadowed by an eclipse.

Verse Locator

s c ImanicNTyaTma ramae dzrwaTmj>,
sUtm! sMcaedyamas Tvirtm! vataimit. 2-40-31

31. saH= then; shriimaan= glorious; dasharathaatmaJaH= son of Dasaratha, Rama; achintyaatmaa= of inconceivable courage; samchodayaamaasa= directed; suutam= the charioteer; iti= thus; vaahyataam= "Let it be driven; tvaritam= fast"

That glorious son of Dasaratha (Rama) of inconceivable courage, directed the charioteer in the words "Let the chariot be driven fast."

Verse Locator

ramae yahIit sUtm! tm! iteit s jnStda,
%ym! nazkTsUt> ktuRmXvin caeidt>. 2-40-32

32. tathaa= then; raamaH= Rama(commanded); tamsuutam= that charioteer; iti= with the words; yaahi= "Move on!" janaH= the people, iti= with the words; tishhTha= "stop!" choditaH= urged; adhvani= on the passage; suutaH= the charioteer; naashakat= could not; kartum= do; ubhayam= both.

Rama commanded that charioteer with the words "Move on!" The people said to him "stop!" Urged on the passage, the charioteer could not do both.

Verse Locator

ingRCDit mhabahaE rame paErjnaui>,
pittEr_yvihtm! zzam mhIrj>. 2-40-33

33. mahiirajaH= the dust; abhyavahitam= raised on the road; nirgachchhati= due to moving out; raame= of Rama; mahaabaahau= the mighty armed; prashashaama= was suppressed; patitaiH= by the falling; paurajanaashrubhiH= tears of the citizens.

The dust raised on the road due to moving out of mighty armed Rama, was suppressed by the falling tears of the citizens.

Verse Locator

idtaupir*Unm! hahaktmcetnm!,
ya[e ra"vSyasITpurm! prmpIiftm!. 2-40-34

34. rudiraashru paridyuunam= Wet with wailing tears; haahaakR^itam= (and) loud cries; puram= the city (of Ayodhya) prayaaNe= at that time of departure; raaghavasya= of Rama; aasiit= became; achetanam= unconscious; paramapiiditam= with deep agony.

With full of wailing tears, the citizens of after making loud cries became unconscious with deep agony, at the time of departure of Rama.

Verse Locator

suav nynE> I[ammayassMvm!,
mInsMKzaeciltE> sillm! pjEirv. 2-40-35

35. asram= Tears; aayaasasambhavam= born of anguish; susraava= flowed; nayanaiH= from the eyes; striiNaam= of women; salilamiva= like(drops of) water; paNkajaiH= from lotuses; miina samkshhobhachalitaiH= by the commation of fist.

Tears born of anguish flowed from the eyes of women like(drops of) water falling from lotuses by the commotion of fish.

Verse Locator

:qva tu n&pit> Imanekicgtm! purm!,
inppatEv >oen htmUl #v Ԃm>. 2-40-36

36. dR^ishhTvaa= Seeing; puram= the city; ekachittagatam= with singleness of mind; shriimaan= the glorious; nR^ipatiH= monarch; nipapaataiva= fell down; duHkhena= with agony; drumaH iva= like a tree; hatamuulaH= sain at its root.

Seeing the city with singleness of mind, the glorious monarch Dasaratha fell down with agony, like a tree slain at its root.

Verse Locator

tt hl hla zBdae j}e ramSy p&t>,
nra[am! ey rajanm! sIdNtm! &z ihotm!. 2-40-37

37. tataH= thereafter; prekshhya= seeing; raajaanam= the king; siidantam= becoming feeble; bR^ishaduHkhitam= and much distress; halahalashabdaH= the out cry; naraaNam= of the people; jaJNe= rose; pR^ishhTataH= from the rear; raamasya= of Rama.

Thereafter, seeing the king becoming feeble and much distressed, the outery of the people rose from the rear of Rama.

Verse Locator

ha ram #it jna> keict! ram mata #it c Apre,
ANt> purm! sm&m! c aezNtm! pyRdevyn!. 2-40-38

38. kachit= some; janaaH= poeple; kroshantaH= crying; haa raameti= "Oh Rama!" apare= and some others, raamamaateti= "Oh Rama's mother!" paryadevayan antHpuram samR^iddhamcha= and made the entire gynaecium to weap.

Some people crying "Oh, Rama!" and some others crying "Oh, Rama's mother!", made the entire women in the gynaecium to weep.

Verse Locator

ANvI]ma[ae ram> tu iv;{[m! aNt cetsm!,
rajanm! matrm! cEv ddzR AnugtaE piw. 2-40-39

39. anviikshhamaanaH= looking back; raamastu= Rama; dadarsha= saw; raajaanam= the king; vishhaNNam= sorrowful; bhraantachetasam= and perplexed in mind; maataram chaiva= as well as his mother; anugatau= following(him) pathi= on the road.

Looking back, Rama saw the king sorrowful and perplexed in mind, as well as his mother following (him) on the road.

Verse Locator

s b #v pazen ikzaerae matrm! ywa,
xmRpazen siMKz> kazm! naudEKzt. 2-40-40

40. saH= Rama; samkshhiptaH= bound; dharmapaashena= by the chord of righteousness, naabhyudaikshhata= could not behold those parents; prakaasham= openly; kishoraH iva= as a (foal); baddhaH= caught; paashena= in a snare; maataram yathaa= its dam.

Rama, bound by the chord of righteousness, could not gaze openly at his parents, as a foal caught in a snare would not properly look at its dam.

Verse Locator

pdaitnaE c yan AhaRv! Aho AhaER suo %ictaE,
:qva sMcaedyam! Aas zIm! yaih #it sariwm!. 2-40-41

41. dR^ishhTvaa= seeing(then) padaatinau= coming by foot; yaanaarhau= (through) worthy of a chariot; sukhochitau= habituated to comfort; avaduHkhaarhau= unworthy of suffering; samchodayaamaasa= commanded; sarathim= the charioteer; iti= thus; yaahi= "Drive; shiighram= fast!"

Seeing them coming by foot, though worthy of a chariot, habituated to comfort and unworthy of suffering, Rama commanded the charioteer with words: "Drive fast!"

Verse Locator

n ih tt! pu; Vya> hodm! dzRnm! iptu>,
matu> c sihtum! z> tae AidRtEv ip>. 2-40-42

42. purushhvyaaghraH= Rama, the tiger among men; duHkhadam= feeling pained; dvipaH iva= as an elephant; totraarditaH= pricked by a good; na shaktaH hi= was indeed not able; sahitum= to bear; tat= that; darshanam= sight; pituH= of his father; maatushcha= and his mother.

Rama the tiger among men, feeling pained, as an elephant being pricked by a good, indeed was not able to bear that plight of his father and his mother.

Verse Locator

TygarimvayaNtI vTsla vTskar[at!,
bvTsa ywa xenU rammata_yaxavt. 2-40-43

43. raamamaataa= Rama's mother(Kausalya) abhyadhaavata= ran towards her son; dhanuH iva= as a cow; dhanuH iva= as a cow; baddha vatsaa= whose calf stands tied; vatsalaa= fond of her calf; aayaantii= coming; agaaram prati= home; vatsa kaaraNaat yathaa= for her calf.

Rama's mother (Kausalya) ran towards her son, as a cow fond of her calf and whose calf is tied (in a stall), runs home for her calf.

Verse Locator

twa dNtIm! kaEsLyam! rwm! tm! AnuxavtIm!,
aezNtIm! ram ram #it ha sIte lm[ #it c. 2-40-44
ramlKZm[sItawRm! vNtIm! vair nejm!,
Askt! E]t tda n&TyNtIm! #v matrm!. 2-40-45

44-45. saH= Rama; askR^it= again and again; praikshhata= saw; taam kausalyaam= that Kausalya; maataram= his mother; rudantiim= who was crying; tathaa= thus; anudhaavantiim= running after; tam ratham= that chariot; mR^ityantiim iva= as though dancing; kroshantiim= shouting; raama raameti= Oh, Rama, Rama!; haa siite= Oh, Seetha! lakshmaNeticha= and Oh, Lakshmana; sravantiim= trickling; vaari= tears; netrajam= descended from the eyes; raamalakshmaNa siitaartham= for the sake of Rama, Lakshmana and Seetha.

Rama again and again saw that Kausalya, his mother who was crying thus, running after that chariot as though dancing, shouting "Oh, Rama, Rama!" "Oh, Seetha!" and "Oh, Lakshmana!" trickling tears descending from her eyes for the sake of Rama Lakshmana and Seetha.

Verse Locator

it #it raja cuae; yaih yaih #it ra"v>,
sumSy bUv AaTma cyae> #v c ANtra. 2-40-46

46. dasharatha= Dasaratha; chukrosha= exclaimed saying; tishheti= "Stop!" raaghavaH= Rama; yaahiyaahi iti= "go on, proceed!" aatmaa= the mind; sumantrasya= of Sumantra; babhuuya= became; antaraa iva= as in between; chakrayoH= two whirl-pools.

Dasaratha exclaimed saying "Stop!" while Rama called out "Go on, proceed!" (In that way) Sumantra's mind became confused, as in between two (opposing) whirl pools.

Verse Locator

n AaE;m! #it rajanm! %palBxae Aip vyis,
icrm! hoSy paipm! #it ram> tm! AvIt!. 2-40-47

47. raamaH= Rama; abraviit= said; tam= to him; iti= thus; vakshhyasi= "you can say; rajaanaam= to the king; naashraushhamiti= that you did not hear; upaalabdho.api= even when scolded; duHkham= (seeing) their gief; chiram= for a long tiem; paapishhTam= is a very wicked thing.

Rama said to him: "You can say to the king that you did not hear (his call), even when scolded (later). Seeing their grief for a long time is quite unbearbale."

Verse Locator

ramSy s vc> kvR! Anu}aPy c tm! jnm!,
jt> Aip hyan! zIm! caedyam! Aas sariw>. 2-40-48

48. saarathiH= the charioteer; kurvan= doing; raamasya= (as per) Rama's; vachaH= words; anuJNaapya= taking leave of; tam= those; janam= citizens; chodayaamaasa= driven; hayaan= the horses; shiighram= (more) speedily; vrajoto.api= even when they are proceeding.

The charioteer, doing as per Rama's words, took leave of those citizens and drive the horses more speedily even while they are going.

Verse Locator

NyvtRt jnae ra}ae ramm! kTva di][m!,
mnsa Aip Au vegE> c n NyvtRt manu;m!. 2-40-49

49. raaJNaH= the king's ; janaH= people; nyavartata= returned; pradakshhiNam kR^itvaa; after (mentally) going round; raamam= Rama; maamshham= the mankind; nanyavartata= did not return; manasaa.api= with their mind; ashruvegishcha= or the impulse of their tears.

The king's people returned after (mentally) going round Rama. Their minds did not return. Their impulse of tears also did not get reduced.

Verse Locator

ym! #et! punr AayaNtm! n @nm! rm! Anujet!,
#it AmaTya mha rajm! ^cur dzrwm! vc>. 2-40-50

50. amaatyaaH= the ministers; uuchuH= spoke; vachaH= these words; maahaarajam= to the king; dasharatham= Dasaratha; iti= thus; yam= to who; ichchhet=(we) desire(him) aayantam= to come; punaH= again; enam= to him; naanuprajet= we; should not follow, duuram= to a long distance.

The ministers spoke to king Dasaratha as follows:" We should not follow to a long distance him whom we wish to see come back."

Verse Locator

te;am! vc> svR gu[ %ppm!,
iSv ga> iv;{[ p>,
inzMy raja kp[> sayaeR,
VyviSwt> tm! sutm! $]ma[>. 2-40-51

51. nishamya= hearing; teshhaam= their; vachaH= words, sarvaguNopapannam= which were befitting with all virtues; raajaa= the king; kR^ipaNaH= felt miserable; vyasthitaH= stopped short; iikshhamaaNaH= gazing; sa bhaaryaH= along with his wife; tam sutam= at that son(Rama); prasvinnagaatraH= with his body pesspiring; pravishhaNNaruupaH= and wearing a dejected appearance.

Hearing their words, which were befitting with all virtues, the king Dasaratha felt miserable, stopped short, gazing along with his wife, at his son Rama, with his whole body perspiring and wearing a dejected look.

 

#it vaLmIik ramay[e Aaid kaVye AyaeXy ka{fe cTvair<z> sgR

Thus completes 40th chapter in the AyodhyaKanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 40

 

Top of Page1234
56789
1011121314
1516171819
2021222324
2526272829
3031323334
3536373839
4041424344
4546474849
5051

Sarga 40 in English Prose

Contents

Next Sarga

Previous Sarga

June 2002, K. M. K. Murthy