Chapter [Sarga] 39

Introduction

Sumantra arranges for a chariot for the travel of Rama, Seetha, and Lakshmana at the orders of Dasharatha. Kingly ornaments are obtained for Seetha. Rama seeks blessings from his mother Kausalya and others too. Kausalya's parting advises to Seetha.


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ramSy tu vc> uTva muin ve; xrm! c tm!,
smIy sh -ayaR-I raja ivgt cetn>. 2391
n @nm! hoen sMt> TyvE]t ra"vm!,
n c @nm! Ai-sMey Ty-a;t mRna>. 2392

1,2. shrutvaa= hearing; raamasya= Rama's; vachaH= word; samiikshhyacha= and seeing; tam= him; muniveshhadharam= disguised as hermit; raajaa= the king; bhaaryaabhiH saha= with his wives; vigatachetanaH= lost their consciousness; samtaptaH= consumed, duhkhena= by grief; na pratyavekshhata= he could not behold; evam= thus; raaghavam= Rama; durmanaah= being troubled in mind; na pratyabhaashhata cha= he could not reply; abhisamprekshhya= seeing in the direction of enam= him(Rama).

Hearing Rama's words and seeing him clad in a garb of hermit, king Dasaratha with his wives fell unconscious. Consumed by grief, he could not look towards Rama. Troubled in mind as he was, the king could not speak to Rama by seeing into his face.

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s mutRm! #v AsM}ae hiot> c mhI pit>,
ivllap mha ba ramm! @v AnuicNtyn!. 2393

3. saH= mahiipatiH= that king; mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; asamJNa iva= was unconscious; muhuurtam= for a moment; duHkhitaschcha= felt distressed and; vilalaapa= repented(in various ways) anuchintayan= thinking of raaman eva= Rama alone.

The mighty armed Dasaratha was unconscious for some time, distressed and repented in various ways thinking of Rama alone.

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mNye olu mya pUvRm! ivvTsa bhv> kta>,
ai[nae ihiMsta va Aip tSmat! #dm! %piSwtm!. 2394

4. puurvam= "previously; bahavaH= many people; kR^itaah= were made; vivatsaaH= separated from their children; mayaa= by me; vaapi= or; praaNinaH= living beings; himsitaaH= were killed; tasmaat; hence; manye khalu= I think; idam= this; upasthitam= has come."

"I think that previously many people were separated from their children by me or in any case many living beings were killed. Hence, this (calamity) has befallen me."

Verse Locator

n tu @v Anagte kale dehac! Cyvit jIivtm!,
kEkeYya iZymanSy m&Tyur mm n iv*te. 2395
mae Ahm! pavk sMkazm! pZyaim purt> iSwtm!,
ivhay vsne sUme taps Aaadm! AaTmjm!. 2396

5,6. jiivitam= life; nachyavati= does not decamp; dehaat= from the body; tveva= surely; anaagate= without arrival; kaale= of time; nR^ityuH= death; na vidyate= does not claim; mama= me; klishyamaanasya= who am being tormented; kaikeyyaa= by Kaikeyi; pashyaami= seeing; aatmajam= my son; paavakasamkaasham= efflugent as fire; purataH sthitam= standing before me; taapasaachchhaadanam= clad in the robes of an ascetic; vihaaya= having cast off; suukshhme= fine; vasane= garments.

"life does not decamp from the body surely without the arrival of time. Death does not claim me, even being tormented by Kaikeyi and eventhough I behold my son, efflugent as fire, standing before me clad in the robes of an ascetic having cast off his fine garments."

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@kSya> olu kEkeYya> kte Aym! iZyte jn>,
Sv AweR ytmanaya> siMTy inkitm! iTvmam!. 2397

7. ayam= janaH= all these people; klishyate= are suffering; kR^ite= on account; ekasyaaH= of only; kaikeyyaaH= Kaikeyi; samshritya= who sought refuge; nikR^itim= in chicanery; prayatamaanaayaaH= with an implicit intent; svaarthe= of selfishness.

"All these people are suffering on account of only Kaikeyi, who sought refuge in chincanery, with an implicit intent of selfishness"

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@vm! %va tu vcnm! ba:pe[ ipiht $[h,
ram #it skd @v %va VyahtuRm! n zzak h. 2398

8. uktvaa= having uttered; evam= these; vachanam= words; uktvaa= and saying; raameti= "Oh Rama!"; sakR^ideva= only once; na shashaaka ha= he was not able; vyaahaartum= to speak; pihitendriyaH= his organs of voice being choked; bhaashhpena= by tears.

Having uttered these words and saying "Oh, Rama!" only once, he was not able to speak any more, his organs of voice being choked by tears.

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sM}am! tu itl_y @v mutaRt! s mhI pit>,
nea_yam! Au pU[aR_yam! summ! #dm! AvIt!. 2399

9. pratilabhyevor= regaining; samJNaam= consciousness; muhuurtaat= after a moment; mahiipatiH= the king; netraabhyaam= with his eyes; ashrupuurNaabhyaam= filled with tears; abraviit= spoke; idam= these words; sumantram= to Sumantra.

Regaining consciousness after a moment, the king, with his eyes filled with tears, spoke these words to Sumantra:

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AaEpvam! rwm! yuva Tvm! Aayaih hy %mE>,
apy @nm! mha -agm! #t> jn pdat! prm!. 23910

10. tvam= you; aayaahi= come; ratham= (with a) chariot; oupavaahyam= fit for driving; yuktvaa= yoked; hayottamaiH= with excellent horses; praapaya= and take; evam= this; mahaabhaagam= highly distinguished prince; param= beyond; itaH= this; janapadaat= territory.

"You come with a chariot, fit for driving, yoked with excellent horses and take this highly distinguished prince beyond this territory."

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@vm! mNye gu[vtam! gu[anam! )lm! %Cyte,
ipa maa c yt! saxur vIr> invaRSyte vnm!. 23911

11. yat= since; saadhuH= a pious; viiraH= and a valiant (son); nirvaasyate= is being sent to exile; pitraa= by father; maatraacha= and mother; manye= I think; evam= such; uchate= is said (to be); phalam= the reward; guNaanaam= of virtues; guNavataam= of the virtuous.

"Since a pious and a valiant son is being sent to exile by father and mother, I think such is said to be the reward of virtues of the virtueous."

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ra}ae vcnm! Aa}ay sum> zI ivm>,
yaejiyTva AayyaE t rwm! AE> AlMktm!. 23912

12. sumantraH= Sumantra; aaJNaaya= obeying; vachanam= the words; raaJNa= of the king; shiighra vikramaH= walked away quickly; aayayau= and arrived; tatra= there; yojayitvaa= fitted; ashvaiH= with horses; ratham= a chariot; alakR^itam= duly decorated.

Sumantra obeying the words of the king, walked away quickly and arrived there fitted with horses, a chariot duly decorated.

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tm! rwm! raj puay sUt> knk -Ui;tm!,
Aacc]e ANjilm! kTva yum! prm vaiji->. 23913

13. suutaH= the charioteer; aachachakshhe= told; raajaputraaya= the prince; aNjalim kR^itvaa= with joined palms; tam ratham= about that chariot; kanaka bhushhitam= decorated by gold; yuktam= fitted; parama vaajibhiH= with superb horses.

The charioteer told the prince with joined palms about that chariot decorated by gold, fitted wih superb horses.

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raja sTvrm! Aay Vyap&tm! iv sMcye,
%vac dez kal}ae initm! svRt> zuic. 23914

14. deshakaalaJNam= who knew proper place and time; nishchitam= who had a decisive attitude; suhuchim= who was clear; sarvatah= by all means; satvaram= quickl; aahuuya= called; vyaapR^itam= an officr; vittasamchaye= in the treasury; uvaacha= spoke(as follows)

The king, who knew what should be done at a proper place and time and was clear by all means, quickly called an officer placed in charge of the treasury and spoke in a decisive tone (as follows);-

Verse Locator

vasaiMs c mha AhaRi[ -U;[ain vrai[ c,
v;aRi[ @tain sMOyay vEdea> i]m! Aany. 23915

15. kshhipram= quickly; aanaya= bring; vaidehyaaH= for Seetha; vaasaamsicha= clothings; mahaarNaani= of great worth; bhuushhaNaanicha= and ornaments; varaaNi= of high quality; samkhyaaya= considering; etaani= (all) these; varshhaaNi= years (that Seetha has to spend in exile).

"Quickly bring for Seetha, clothings of great worth and ornaments of high quality, taking into consideration all these years (that Seetha has to spend in exile)

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nr #Ne[ @vm! %> tu gTva kaez g&hm! tt>,
ayt! svRm! AaTy sItayE i]m! @v tt!. 23916

16. tataH= after; uktaH= being spoken; evam= thus; narendreNa= by the king; yatvaa+ (he) went; koshagR^iham= to the treasury; aahR^itya= brought; sarvam= all; tat= that; samameva= in a lot; praayachchhat= (and) gave; siitaayai= to Seetha.

After thus spoken by the king, the officer went to the treasury, brought all that in a lot and gave to Seetha.

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sa sujata sujatain vEdehI iSwta vnm!,
-U;yam! Aas gaai[ tE> ivicE> iv-U;[E>. 23917

17. prasthitaa= setting out(as she was); vanam= to the forest; saa vaidehii= that Seetha; sujaataa= of noble birth; bhuushhayaamaasa= adorned; sujaataani= (her) beautiful; gaatraaNi= limbs; vibhuushhaNaiH= with jewels; vichitraiH= which were wonderful.

Setting out as she was to the forest, Seetha of noble birth adorned her beautiful limbs with those wonderful jewels.

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Vyrajyt vEdehI veZm tt! suiv-Ui;ta,
%*t> AMzumt> kale om! -a #v ivvSvt>. 23918

18. vaidehi= Seetha; suvibhuushhitaa= beautifully adorned; vyaraajayata= illumined; tat veshma= that palace; ahamiva= as the sky; kaale= in the morning; prabhaa= (by) radiance; vivasvataH= of a sun; udyataH= rising.

Seetha, beautifully adorned as she was, illumined that palace, as the sky in a morning is illuminated by a rising sun.

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tam! -uja_yam! pir:vJy Ur vcnm! AvIt!,
AnacrNtIm! kp[m! mUi %paay mEiwlIm!. 23919

19. parishhvajya= embracing; bhujaabhyaam= in her arms; maithiliim= that princess of Mithila; anaacharantiim= who never behaved; kR^ipaNam= in self-pity; shvashruuH= her mother in law(Kausalya); upaaghraaya= and smelling; muurdhni= her head(as a token of affection); abraviit= spoke as follows:

Embracing in her arms that princess of Mithila, who never behaved in self-pity, and smelling her head(as a token of affection), her mother-in-law(Kausalya) spoke as follows:

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AsTy> svR laeke AiSmn! sttm! sTkta> iyE>,
-taRrm! n AnumNyNte ivinpat gtm! iy>. 23920

20. asatyaH= dishonest; striyaH= women; satkR^itaaH= eventhough adored; satatam= all the time; priyaiH= by their husbands; maanumanyate= cease to esteem; bhartaaram= their husband; vinipaatagatam= who has befallen into evil days; asmin sarvaloke= throughout this world.

"Dishonest women, eventhough adored all the time by their husbands, cease to esteem their husband who has come to pass into evil days, throughout this world."

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@; Sv-avae narI[amnu-Uy pura suom!,
ALpamPyapdm! aPy :yiNt jhTyip. 23921

21. anubhuuya= having enjoyed; sukham= happiness; puraa= in the past; dushhyanti= (they) become spoiled; prajahatyapi= and even desert(their husband) praapya= on obtaining; alpaamapi= even the least; aapadam= misfortune; eshhaH= such; svabhaavaH= is the nature; naasiiNaam= of (bad) woman.

"Having enjoyed happiness in the past, they become spoiled and even desert their husband, on obtaining even the least misfortune: such is the nature of (bad) women."

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AsTyzIla ivkta gaRRadyaStwa,
yuvTy> papsMkLpa> ][maairaig[>. 23922

22. yuvatyaH= young women; paapa samkalpaaH= who are evil-minded; asatya shiilaaH= are untruthful in their disposition; vikR^itaaH= affected by passion; tathaa= and; durgraahya hR^idayaaH= their essence, incomprehensible; viraagiNaH= they get aversion; kshhaNamaatraat= within a moment.

"Young women, who are evil-minded, are untruthful in their disposition, are affected by passion and their essence, incomprehensible. They get aversion within a moment."

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n klm! n ktm! iv*a n dm! naip sMh>,
I[am! g&ait dyminTydya ih ta>. 23923

23. nakulam= neither a noble descent; na kR^itam= nor an accomplishment; vidyaa= nor learning; na dattam= nor a gift; naapi samgrahaH= nor even entertainment; grihNaati= can capture; hR^idayam= the heart; striiNaam= of women; taaH= they are; anitya hR^idayaahi= unstable their heart indeed.

Neither a noble descent, nor an accomplishment, nor learning, nor a gift nor even entertainment can capture the heart of women. They are unstbale of their heart indeed!"

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saXvInam! ih iSwtanam! tu zIle sTye ute zme,
I[am! pivm! prmm! pitrekae iviz:yte. 23924

24. te= but; striiNaam= established; shiile= in good conduct; satye= truthfulness; shrute= sacred learning; shame= and mental quictness; patiH= their husband; ekaH= alone; paramam= is the most; pavitram= sacred entity; vishishhyate= the best of all.

"But, for women established in good conduct, truthfulness, sacred learning and mental quietness, their husband alone is the most sacred entity, the best of all."

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s Tvya n AvmNtVy> pu> aijt> mm,
tv dEvtm! AStu @; inxRn> sxnae Aip va. 23925

25. mama= my; saH putraH= this son, pravraajitaH= who is sent to forest; naavamantavyaH= should not be despised; tvayaa= by you; sadhanopi vaa= even if he is with riches or; nirdhanaH= without riches; astu eshhaH= let him be; diavam= a deity; tava= to you.

"My son who is being sent to the forest should not be despised by you. Even if he is invested with riches or without riches, let him be a deity to you."

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iv}ay vcnm! sIta tSya xmR AwR siMhtm!,
kt ANjilr %vac #dm! Um! Ai-muoe iSwta. 23926

26. viJNaaya= perceiving; tasyaH= her; vachanam= words; dharmaarthasamhitam= endowed with essence of righteousness; kR^itaaNJalaiH= and joining her palms; siitaa= Seetha; uvaacha= replied; shvashruum= to her mother-in-law; sthitaam= standing; abhimukhe= in front of her; idam= as follows:

perceiving her words, endowed with essence of righteousness and joining her palms, Seetha replied to her mother-in-law standing in front of her, as follows:-

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kir:ye svRm! @v Ahm! AayaR yd AnuzaiSt mam!,
Ai-}a AiSm ywa -tuRr vitRtVym! utm! c me. 23927

27. aham= i; karishhye= shall do; sarvameva= just all; yathaa= as; aaryaa= your venerable self; anushaashi= instructs; maam= me; abhiJNaa= I know; yathaa= how; vartitavyam= it is to be behaved; bhartuH= towards my husband; asmi= I; me= for me; shrutamcha= have also heard(about it)

"I shall do just all that, as your venerable self instructs me. I know how I should behave towards my husband. I have also heard about it earlier."

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n mam! Asj! jnen AayaR smaniytum! AhRit,
xmaRt! ivciltum! n Ahm! Alm! cNat! #v -a. 23928

28. aaryaa= your venerable self; na arhati= is not worthy; samaanayitum= of equating; maam= me; asjjanena= with evil women; naalam= I am unable; vichalitum= to deviate; dharmaat= from virtue; chandraamiva= even as moon; prabhaa= the moonlight.

"Your venerable self is not worthy of equating me with evil women. I am unable to deviate from virtue, even as a moon from the moonlight"

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n AtI va*te vI[a n Ac> vtRte rw>,
n Apit> suom! @xte ya Syat! Aip zt AaTmja. 23929

29. viiNaa= Vina(Indian lute); na vaadyate= does not resonate; atantrii= without chords; rathaH= chariot; na vartate= does not move; achakraH= without wheels; yaa= which woman; apatiH= without husband; syaadapi= even perhaps; shataatmajaa= belssed with hundred children; na edheta= will not live in comfor; sukham= happily.

"Vina (Indian lute) does not resonate without chords. Chariot does not move without wheels. Now can a wife bereft of her husband, even if blessed with hundred children, will not lie happily in comfort."

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imtm! ddait ih ipta imtm! mata imtm! sut>,
AimtSy ih datarm! -taRrm! ka n pUjyet!. 23930

30. pitaa= "A father; dadaatihi= indeed gives; mitam= a limited extent; maataa= A mother; mitam= in a limited measure; sutah= A son; mitam= in moderation; kaa= which woman; na puujayet= would not adore; bhartaaram= her husband; daataaram= the bestower; amitasya= of unlimitedness."

"A father indeed gives a limited extent, a mother in a limited measure and a son in moderation. Which woman, then, would not adore her husband, the bestower of unlimitedness!"

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sa Ahm! @vm! gta ea ut xmR pr Avra,
AayeR ikm! AvmNyeym! I[am! -taR ih dEvtm!. 23931

31. shruta dharma varaavaraa= "having heard about the special and ordinary duties(of a wife); shreshhThaa= from the most excellent women; kim= how; saa aham= can I; evam gataa= despise(my husband?); aarye= Oh, venerable self! bhartaa= husband; daivatam hi= is indeed a deity; striiNaam= to women."

"Having heard about the special and ordinary duties of a wife from the most excellent women, how can I, as such, despise my husband, Oh venerable lady? Husband is indeed a deity to women."

Verse Locator

sItaya vcnm! uTva kaEsLya dym! gmm!,
zu sva mumaec Au shsa ho h;Rjm!. 23932

32. shrutvaa= hearing; siitaayaaH= Seetha's vachanam= words; hR^idayaNgamam= which touched her heart; kausalyaa= Kausalya; shuddhasattvaa= of pure mind; sahasaa= suddenly; mumocha= shed; ashru= tears; duHkha harshhajam= born of agony and delight.

Hearing Seetha's words, which touched her heart, Kausalya of pure mind suddenly started shedding tears born of agony and delight.

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tam! aNjilr Ai-My mat& mXye AitsTktam!,
ram> prm xmR}ae matrm! vaKym! AvIt!. 23933

33. raamaH= Rama; parama dharmaatmaa= the most virtuous man; praaNjaliH= joining his palms; abhikramya= approached; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= (these) words; taam maataram= to that mother; atisatkR^itaam= who is highly respected; maatR^imadhye= among his mothers.

Rama, the most virtuous man, joining his palms, approached and spoke these words to his mother, who is highly respected among all his mothers:

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AMb ma hiota -Us! Tvm! pZy Tvm! iptrm! mm,
]yae ih vn vasSy i]m! @v -iv:yit. 23934

34. amba= Oh, mother! tvam= you; maa bhuuH= do not; duHkhitaa= grieve; tvam= you; pashya= look after; mama pitaram= my father; kshhayaH= the end; vanavaasasya= of exile; bhavishhyati= will come; kshhiprameva= rather soon.

"Oh, mother! You do not grieve. You look after my father. The end of exile will come rather soon."

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suaya> te gim:yiNt nv v;aRi[ pNc c,
sa smm! #h am! mam! yis sud v&tm!. 23935

35. nava paNchacha= fourteen; varshhaaNi= years; gamishhyanti= will elapse; te= (while) you; suptaayaaH= are asleep; saa= you as such; drakshhyasi= will see; maam= me; sampraaptam= duly arrived; iha= here; samagram= in my entire being; suhR^idvR^itam= surrounded by my well- wishers.

"Fourteen years will elapse, while you are asleep. you as such, will see me, duly arrived here in my entire being, surrounded by my well-wishers."

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@tavd Ai-nIt AwRm! %va s jnnIm! vc>,
y> zt zt AxaR ih ddzR Avey matr>. 23936

36. uktvaa= uttering; vachaH= words; etaavat= of such quality; abhiniitaartham= end appropriate meaning; aavekshhya= refelected again; dadarsha= (and) gazed at; trayaH shata shataardhaaH= his three hundred fifty; maataraH cha= mothers also.

Uttering the aforesaid words of such quality and appropriate meaning to his mother, Rama thought once again and gazed at his three hundred and fifty step-mothers.

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ta> c Aip s twEv AataR mat&\r dzrw AaTmj>,
xmR yum! #dm! vaKym! injgad kt ANjil>. 23937

37. saH= that; dasharathaatmajaH= Rama; kR^itaaNjaliH= joined his palms; taaH= to those; maatR^iirapi= mothers also; aartaaH= who were distressed; tathaiva= in the same way; nijagaada= and spoke; idam vaakyam= these words; dharmayuktam= which were in consonance with righteousness.

Rama joined his palms and saluted those step mothers also, who were too distressed in the same way and spoke these words which were in consonance with the spirit of righteousness.

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sMvasat! p;m! ikiMct! A}anat! va Aip yt! ktm!,
tn! me smnujanIt svaR> c Aamyaim v>. 23938

38. samanujaaniita= excuse; me= me; tat= that; yat= for which reson; kiNchit= a little; parushham= wrong; kR^itam= was done; aJNaanaadvaa= due to ignorance or; samvaasaat= or because of our living together; aamantrayaami= I take leave of; sarvaaH= all; vaH= of you.

"Please excuse me, if I have done any mistake either becuase of our living together or due to ignorance on my part. I now take leave of you all."

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vcnm! ra"vSyEtmRyum! smaihtm!,
zuuvu Sta> iym! svaR> zaekaephtcets>. 23939

39. sarvaaH= all; taaH= those; striyaH= women; shokopahata chetanaH= whose mind was overpowered with grief; shushruvuH= heard; etat= these; vachanam= words; dharmayuktam= which were in consonance with righteousnes; samaahitam= the cool submission; raaghavasya= of Rama.

All those women, whose mind was overpowered with grief, heard the aforesaid cool submission of Rama, which was in consonance with righteousness.

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j}e Aw tasam! sad> aENcInam! #v inhSvn>,
manv #NSy -ayaR[am! @vm! vdit ra"ve. 23940

40. atha= after; raaghave= Rama; vadati= has spoken; evam= thus; sannaadaH= an outery; nisvaH iva= resembling the wail; krauNchiinaam= of female cranes; jaJNe= arose; taasam= (from) those; maanavendrasya bhaaryaaNaam= wives of Dasaratha.

While Rama was speaking thus, an outery, resembling the wail of female cranes arose from those wives of Dasaratha.

Verse Locator

murj p[v me" "ae;v,
zrw veZm b-Uv yt! pura,
ivlipt pirdevn Aaklm!,
Vysn gtm! tt! A-Ut! suhiotm!. 23941

41. yat= which; dasharatha veshma= Dasaratha's palace; puurvaa= earlier; murajapaNavamegha ghoshhavat= was resounding with tomtoms, large drum and Meghas(musical instruments which sound like rumbling of clouds); tat= it; abhuut= became; vilapita paridevanaakulam= filled with wails and cries; vyasanagatam= fall on evil days.

Dasaratha' s palace, which was earlier resounding with tomtoms, large drums and Meghas( musical instruments which sound like rumbling of clouds) was now filled with wails and cries and fallen on evil days.

 

#it vaLmIik ramay[e Aaid kaVye AyaeXy ka{fe @kae n cTvair<z> sgR

Thus completes 39th chapter of ayodhya Kanda in glorious Valmiki Ramayana, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 39

 

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Sarga 39 in English Prose

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May 2002, K. M. K. Murthy