Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Sumantra arranges for a chariot for the travel of Rama, Seetha, and Lakshmana at the orders of Dasharatha. Kingly ornaments are obtained for Seetha. Rama seeks blessings from his mother Kausalya and others too. Kausalya's parting advises to Seetha.
r˜masya tu vaca× þrutv˜ muni veÿa dharam ca tam |
samŸkÿya saha bh˜ry˜bhŸ r˜j˜ vigata cetana× || 2-39-1
na enam duhkhena samtapta× pratyavaikÿata r˜ghavam |
na ca enam abhisamprekÿya pratyabh˜ÿata durman˜× || 2-39-2
1,2. shrutvaa= hearing; raamasya= Rama's; vachaH= word; samiikshhyacha= and seeing; tam= him; muniveshhadharam= disguised as hermit; raajaa= the king; bhaaryaabhiH saha= with his wives; vigatachetanaH= lost their consciousness; samtaptaH= consumed, duhkhena= by grief; na pratyavekshhata= he could not behold; evam= thus; raaghavam= Rama; durmanaah= being troubled in mind; na pratyabhaashhata cha= he could not reply; abhisamprekshhya= seeing in the direction of enam= him(Rama).
Hearing Rama's words and seeing him clad in a garb of hermit, king Dasaratha with his wives fell unconscious. Consumed by grief, he could not look towards Rama. Troubled in mind as he was, the king could not speak to Rama by seeing into his face.
sa muh¨rtam iva asamjño duhkhita× ca mahŸ pati× |
vilal˜pa mah˜ b˜h¨ r˜mam eva anucintayan || 2-39-3
3. saH= mahiipatiH= that king; mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; asamJNa iva= was unconscious; muhuurtam= for a moment; duHkhitaschcha= felt distressed and; vilalaapa= repented(in various ways) anuchintayan= thinking of raaman eva= Rama alone.
The mighty armed Dasaratha was unconscious for some time, distressed and repented in various ways thinking of Rama alone.
manye khalu may˜ p¨rvam vivats˜ bahava× k®t˜× |
pr˜õino himsit˜ v˜ api tasm˜t idam upasthitam || 2-39-4
4. puurvam= "previously; bahavaH= many people; kR^itaah= were made; vivatsaaH= separated from their children; mayaa= by me; vaapi= or; praaNinaH= living beings; himsitaaH= were killed; tasmaat; hence; manye khalu= I think; idam= this; upasthitam= has come."
"I think that previously many people were separated from their children by me or in any case many living beings were killed. Hence, this (calamity) has befallen me."
na tu eva an˜gate k˜le deh˜c cyavati jŸvitam |
kaikeyy˜ kliþyam˜nasya m®tyur mama na vidyate || 2-39-5
mo aham p˜vaka samk˜þam paþy˜mi purata× sthitam |
vih˜ya vasane s¨kÿme t˜pasa ˜cc˜dam ˜tmajam || 2-39-6
5,6. jiivitam= life; nachyavati= does not decamp; dehaat= from the body; tveva= surely; anaagate= without arrival; kaale= of time; nR^ityuH= death; na vidyate= does not claim; mama= me; klishyamaanasya= who am being tormented; kaikeyyaa= by Kaikeyi; pashyaami= seeing; aatmajam= my son; paavakasamkaasham= efflugent as fire; purataH sthitam= standing before me; taapasaachchhaadanam= clad in the robes of an ascetic; vihaaya= having cast off; suukshhme= fine; vasane= garments.
"life does not decamp from the body surely without the arrival of time. Death does not claim me, even being tormented by Kaikeyi and eventhough I behold my son, efflugent as fire, standing before me clad in the robes of an ascetic having cast off his fine garments."
ekasy˜× khalu kaikeyy˜× k®te ayam kliþyate jana× |
sva arthe prayatam˜n˜y˜× samþritya nik®tim tvim˜m || 2-39-7
7. ayam= janaH= all these people; klishyate= are suffering; kR^ite= on account; ekasyaaH= of only; kaikeyyaaH= Kaikeyi; samshritya= who sought refuge; nikR^itim= in chicanery; prayatamaanaayaaH= with an implicit intent; svaarthe= of selfishness.
"All these people are suffering on account of only Kaikeyi, who sought refuge in chincanery, with an implicit intent of selfishness"
evam uktv˜ tu vacanam b˜ÿpeõa pihita Ÿkÿõaha |
r˜ma iti sak®d eva uktv˜ vy˜hartum na þaþ˜ka ha || 2-39-8
8. uktvaa= having uttered; evam= these; vachanam= words; uktvaa= and saying; raameti= "Oh Rama!"; sakR^ideva= only once; na shashaaka ha= he was not able; vyaahaartum= to speak; pihitendriyaH= his organs of voice being choked; bhaashhpena= by tears.
Having uttered these words and saying "Oh, Rama!" only once, he was not able to speak any more, his organs of voice being choked by tears.
samjñ˜m tu pratilabhya eva muh¨rt˜t sa mahŸ pati× |
netr˜bhy˜m aþru p¨rõ˜bhy˜m sumantram idam abravŸt || 2-39-9
9. pratilabhyevor= regaining; samJNaam= consciousness; muhuurtaat= after a moment; mahiipatiH= the king; netraabhyaam= with his eyes; ashrupuurNaabhyaam= filled with tears; abraviit= spoke; idam= these words; sumantram= to Sumantra.
Regaining consciousness after a moment, the king, with his eyes filled with tears, spoke these words to Sumantra:
aupav˜hyam ratham yuktv˜ tvam ˜y˜hi haya uttamai× |
pr˜paya enam mah˜ bh˜gam ita× jana pad˜t param || 2-39-10
10. tvam= you; aayaahi= come; ratham= (with a) chariot; oupavaahyam= fit for driving; yuktvaa= yoked; hayottamaiH= with excellent horses; praapaya= and take; evam= this; mahaabhaagam= highly distinguished prince; param= beyond; itaH= this; janapadaat= territory.
"You come with a chariot, fit for driving, yoked with excellent horses and take this highly distinguished prince beyond this territory."
evam manye guõavat˜m guõ˜n˜m phalam ucyate |
pitr˜ m˜tr˜ ca yat s˜dhur vŸra× nirv˜syate vanam || 2-39-11
11. yat= since; saadhuH= a pious; viiraH= and a valiant (son); nirvaasyate= is being sent to exile; pitraa= by father; maatraacha= and mother; manye= I think; evam= such; uchate= is said (to be); phalam= the reward; guNaanaam= of virtues; guNavataam= of the virtuous.
"Since a pious and a valiant son is being sent to exile by father and mother, I think such is said to be the reward of virtues of the virtueous."
r˜jño vacanam ˜jñ˜ya sumantra× þŸghra vikrama× |
yojayitv˜ ˜yayau tatra ratham aþvai× alamk®tam || 2-39-12
12. sumantraH= Sumantra; aaJNaaya= obeying; vachanam= the words; raaJNa= of the king; shiighra vikramaH= walked away quickly; aayayau= and arrived; tatra= there; yojayitvaa= fitted; ashvaiH= with horses; ratham= a chariot; alakR^itam= duly decorated.
Sumantra obeying the words of the king, walked away quickly and arrived there fitted with horses, a chariot duly decorated.
tam ratham r˜ja putr˜ya s¨ta× kanaka bh¨ÿitam |
˜cacakÿe anjalim k®tv˜ yuktam parama v˜jibhi× || 2-39-13
13. suutaH= the charioteer; aachachakshhe= told; raajaputraaya= the prince; aNjalim kR^itvaa= with joined palms; tam ratham= about that chariot; kanaka bhushhitam= decorated by gold; yuktam= fitted; parama vaajibhiH= with superb horses.
The charioteer told the prince with joined palms about that chariot decorated by gold, fitted wih superb horses.
r˜j˜ satvaram ˜h¨ya vy˜p®tam vitta samcaye |
uv˜ca deþa k˜lajño niþcitam sarvata× þuci || 2-39-14
14. deshakaalaJNam= who knew proper place and time; nishchitam= who had a decisive attitude; suhuchim= who was clear; sarvatah= by all means; satvaram= quickl; aahuuya= called; vyaapR^itam= an officr; vittasamchaye= in the treasury; uvaacha= spoke(as follows)
The king, who knew what should be done at a proper place and time and was clear by all means, quickly called an officer placed in charge of the treasury and spoke in a decisive tone (as follows);-
v˜s˜msi ca mah˜ arh˜õi bh¨ÿaõ˜ni var˜õi ca |
varÿ˜õi et˜ni samkhy˜ya vaidehy˜× kÿipram ˜naya || 2-39-15
15. kshhipram= quickly; aanaya= bring; vaidehyaaH= for Seetha; vaasaamsicha= clothings; mahaarNaani= of great worth; bhuushhaNaanicha= and ornaments; varaaNi= of high quality; samkhyaaya= considering; etaani= (all) these; varshhaaNi= years (that Seetha has to spend in exile).
"Quickly bring for Seetha, clothings of great worth and ornaments of high quality, taking into consideration all these years (that Seetha has to spend in exile)
nara indreõa evam ukta× tu gatv˜ koþa g®ham tata× |
pr˜yaccat sarvam ˜h®tya sŸt˜yai kÿipram eva tat || 2-39-16
16. tataH= after; uktaH= being spoken; evam= thus; narendreNa= by the king; yatvaa+ (he) went; koshagR^iham= to the treasury; aahR^itya= brought; sarvam= all; tat= that; samameva= in a lot; praayachchhat= (and) gave; siitaayai= to Seetha.
After thus spoken by the king, the officer went to the treasury, brought all that in a lot and gave to Seetha.
s˜ suj˜t˜ suj˜t˜ni vaidehŸ prasthit˜ vanam |
bh¨ÿay˜m ˜sa g˜tr˜õi tai× vicitrai× vibh¨ÿaõai× || 2-39-17
17. prasthitaa= setting out(as she was); vanam= to the forest; saa vaidehii= that Seetha; sujaataa= of noble birth; bhuushhayaamaasa= adorned; sujaataani= (her) beautiful; gaatraaNi= limbs; vibhuushhaNaiH= with jewels; vichitraiH= which were wonderful.
Setting out as she was to the forest, Seetha of noble birth adorned her beautiful limbs with those wonderful jewels.
vyar˜jayata vaidehŸ veþma tat suvibh¨ÿit˜ |
udyata× amþumata× k˜le kham prabh˜ iva vivasvata× || 2-39-18
18. vaidehi= Seetha; suvibhuushhitaa= beautifully adorned; vyaraajayata= illumined; tat veshma= that palace; ahamiva= as the sky; kaale= in the morning; prabhaa= (by) radiance; vivasvataH= of a sun; udyataH= rising.
Seetha, beautifully adorned as she was, illumined that palace, as the sky in a morning is illuminated by a rising sun.
t˜m bhuj˜bhy˜m pariÿvajya þvaþr¨r vacanam abravŸt |
an˜carantŸm k®paõam m¨dhni up˜ghr˜ya maithilŸm || 2-39-19
19. parishhvajya= embracing; bhujaabhyaam= in her arms; maithiliim= that princess of Mithila; anaacharantiim= who never behaved; kR^ipaNam= in self-pity; shvashruuH= her mother in law(Kausalya); upaaghraaya= and smelling; muurdhni= her head(as a token of affection); abraviit= spoke as follows:
Embracing in her arms that princess of Mithila, who never behaved in self-pity, and smelling her head(as a token of affection), her mother-in-law(Kausalya) spoke as follows:
asatya× sarva loke asmin satatam satk®t˜× priyai× |
bhart˜ram na anumanyante vinip˜ta gatam striya× || 2-39-20
20. asatyaH= dishonest; striyaH= women; satkR^itaaH= eventhough adored; satatam= all the time; priyaiH= by their husbands; maanumanyate= cease to esteem; bhartaaram= their husband; vinipaatagatam= who has befallen into evil days; asmin sarvaloke= throughout this world.
"Dishonest women, eventhough adored all the time by their husbands, cease to esteem their husband who has come to pass into evil days, throughout this world."
eÿa svabh˜vo n˜rŸõ˜manubh¨ya pur˜ sukham |
alp˜mapy˜padam pr˜pya duÿyanti prajahatyapi || 2-39-21
21. anubhuuya= having enjoyed; sukham= happiness; puraa= in the past; dushhyanti= (they) become spoiled; prajahatyapi= and even desert(their husband) praapya= on obtaining; alpaamapi= even the least; aapadam= misfortune; eshhaH= such; svabhaavaH= is the nature; naasiiNaam= of (bad) woman.
"Having enjoyed happiness in the past, they become spoiled and even desert their husband, on obtaining even the least misfortune: such is the nature of (bad) women."
asatyaþŸl˜ vik®t˜ durrg˜hy˜h®day˜stath˜ |
yuvatya× p˜pasamkalp˜× kÿaõam˜tr˜dvir˜giõa× || 2-39-22
22. yuvatyaH= young women; paapa samkalpaaH= who are evil-minded; asatya shiilaaH= are untruthful in their disposition; vikR^itaaH= affected by passion; tathaa= and; durgraahya hR^idayaaH= their essence, incomprehensible; viraagiNaH= they get aversion; kshhaNamaatraat= within a moment.
"Young women, who are evil-minded, are untruthful in their disposition, are affected by passion and their essence, incomprehensible. They get aversion within a moment."
na kulam na k®tam vidy˜ na dattam n˜pi samgraha× |
strŸõ˜m g®hõ˜ti h®dayamanityah®day˜ hi t˜× || 2-39-23
23. nakulam= neither a noble descent; na kR^itam= nor an accomplishment; vidyaa= nor learning; na dattam= nor a gift; naapi samgrahaH= nor even entertainment; grihNaati= can capture; hR^idayam= the heart; striiNaam= of women; taaH= they are; anitya hR^idayaahi= unstable their heart indeed.
Neither a noble descent, nor an accomplishment, nor learning, nor a gift nor even entertainment can capture the heart of women. They are unstbale of their heart indeed!"
s˜dhvŸn˜m hi sthit˜n˜m tu þŸle satye þrute þame |
strŸõ˜m pavitram paramam patireko viþiÿyate || 2-39-24
24. te= but; striiNaam= established; shiile= in good conduct; satye= truthfulness; shrute= sacred learning; shame= and mental quictness; patiH= their husband; ekaH= alone; paramam= is the most; pavitram= sacred entity; vishishhyate= the best of all.
"But, for women established in good conduct, truthfulness, sacred learning and mental quietness, their husband alone is the most sacred entity, the best of all."
sa tvay˜ na avamantavya× putra× pravr˜jita× mama |
tava daivatam astu eÿa nirdhana× sadhano api v˜ || 2-39-25
25. mama= my; saH putraH= this son, pravraajitaH= who is sent to forest; naavamantavyaH= should not be despised; tvayaa= by you; sadhanopi vaa= even if he is with riches or; nirdhanaH= without riches; astu eshhaH= let him be; diavam= a deity; tava= to you.
"My son who is being sent to the forest should not be despised by you. Even if he is invested with riches or without riches, let him be a deity to you."
vijñ˜ya vacanam sŸt˜ tasy˜ dharma artha samhitam |
k®ta anjalir uv˜ca idam þvaþr¨m abhimukhe sthit˜ || 2-39-26
26. viJNaaya= perceiving; tasyaH= her; vachanam= words; dharmaarthasamhitam= endowed with essence of righteousness; kR^itaaNJalaiH= and joining her palms; siitaa= Seetha; uvaacha= replied; shvashruum= to her mother-in-law; sthitaam= standing; abhimukhe= in front of her; idam= as follows:
perceiving her words, endowed with essence of righteousness and joining her palms, Seetha replied to her mother-in-law standing in front of her, as follows:-
kariÿye sarvam eva aham ˜ry˜ yad anuþ˜sti m˜m |
abhijñ˜ asmi yath˜ bhartur vartitavyam þrutam ca me || 2-39-27
27. aham= i; karishhye= shall do; sarvameva= just all; yathaa= as; aaryaa= your venerable self; anushaashi= instructs; maam= me; abhiJNaa= I know; yathaa= how; vartitavyam= it is to be behaved; bhartuH= towards my husband; asmi= I; me= for me; shrutamcha= have also heard(about it)
"I shall do just all that, as your venerable self instructs me. I know how I should behave towards my husband. I have also heard about it earlier."
na m˜m asaj janena ˜ry˜ sam˜nayitum arhati |
dharm˜t vicalitum na aham alam candr˜t iva prabh˜ || 2-39-28
28. aaryaa= your venerable self; na arhati= is not worthy; samaanayitum= of equating; maam= me; asjjanena= with evil women; naalam= I am unable; vichalitum= to deviate; dharmaat= from virtue; chandraamiva= even as moon; prabhaa= the moonlight.
"Your venerable self is not worthy of equating me with evil women. I am unable to deviate from virtue, even as a moon from the moonlight"
na atantrŸ v˜dyate vŸõ˜ na acakra× vartate ratha× |
na apati× sukham edhate y˜ sy˜t api þata ˜tmaj˜ || 2-39-29
29. viiNaa= Vina(Indian lute); na vaadyate= does not resonate; atantrii= without chords; rathaH= chariot; na vartate= does not move; achakraH= without wheels; yaa= which woman; apatiH= without husband; syaadapi= even perhaps; shataatmajaa= belssed with hundred children; na edheta= will not live in comfor; sukham= happily.
"Vina (Indian lute) does not resonate without chords. Chariot does not move without wheels. Now can a wife bereft of her husband, even if blessed with hundred children, will not lie happily in comfort."
mitam dad˜ti hi pit˜ mitam m˜t˜ mitam suta× |
amitasya hi d˜t˜ram bhart˜ram k˜ na p¨jayet || 2-39-30
30. pitaa= "A father; dadaatihi= indeed gives; mitam= a limited extent; maataa= A mother; mitam= in a limited measure; sutah= A son; mitam= in moderation; kaa= which woman; na puujayet= would not adore; bhartaaram= her husband; daataaram= the bestower; amitasya= of unlimitedness."
"A father indeed gives a limited extent, a mother in a limited measure and a son in moderation. Which woman, then, would not adore her husband, the bestower of unlimitedness!"
s˜ aham evam gat˜ þreÿ÷h˜ þruta dharma para avar˜ |
˜rye kim avamanyeyam strŸõ˜m bhart˜ hi daivatam || 2-39-31
31. shruta dharma varaavaraa= "having heard about the special and ordinary duties(of a wife); shreshhThaa= from the most excellent women; kim= how; saa aham= can I; evam gataa= despise(my husband?); aarye= Oh, venerable self! bhartaa= husband; daivatam hi= is indeed a deity; striiNaam= to women."
"Having heard about the special and ordinary duties of a wife from the most excellent women, how can I, as such, despise my husband, Oh venerable lady? Husband is indeed a deity to women."
sŸt˜y˜ vacanam þrutv˜ kausaly˜ h®dayam gamam |
þuddha sattv˜ mumoca aþru sahas˜ duhkha harÿajam || 2-39-32
32. shrutvaa= hearing; siitaayaaH= Seetha's vachanam= words; hR^idayaNgamam= which touched her heart; kausalyaa= Kausalya; shuddhasattvaa= of pure mind; sahasaa= suddenly; mumocha= shed; ashru= tears; duHkha harshhajam= born of agony and delight.
Hearing Seetha's words, which touched her heart, Kausalya of pure mind suddenly started shedding tears born of agony and delight.
t˜m pr˜njalir abhikramya m˜t® madhye atisatk®t˜m |
r˜ma× parama dharmajño m˜taram v˜kyam abravŸt || 2-39-33
33. raamaH= Rama; parama dharmaatmaa= the most virtuous man; praaNjaliH= joining his palms; abhikramya= approached; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= (these) words; taam maataram= to that mother; atisatkR^itaam= who is highly respected; maatR^imadhye= among his mothers.
Rama, the most virtuous man, joining his palms, approached and spoke these words to his mother, who is highly respected among all his mothers:
amba m˜ duhkhit˜ bh¨s tvam paþya tvam pitaram mama |
kÿayo hi vana v˜sasya kÿipram eva bhaviÿyati || 2-39-34
34. amba= Oh, mother! tvam= you; maa bhuuH= do not; duHkhitaa= grieve; tvam= you; pashya= look after; mama pitaram= my father; kshhayaH= the end; vanavaasasya= of exile; bhavishhyati= will come; kshhiprameva= rather soon.
"Oh, mother! You do not grieve. You look after my father. The end of exile will come rather soon."
supt˜y˜× te gamiÿyanti nava varÿ˜õi panca ca |
s˜ samagram iha pr˜ptam m˜m drakÿyasi suh®d v®tam || 2-39-35
35. nava paNchacha= fourteen; varshhaaNi= years; gamishhyanti= will elapse; te= (while) you; suptaayaaH= are asleep; saa= you as such; drakshhyasi= will see; maam= me; sampraaptam= duly arrived; iha= here; samagram= in my entire being; suhR^idvR^itam= surrounded by my well- wishers.
"Fourteen years will elapse, while you are asleep. you as such, will see me, duly arrived here in my entire being, surrounded by my well-wishers."
et˜vad abhinŸta artham uktv˜ sa jananŸm vaca× |
traya× þata þata ardh˜ hi dadarþa avekÿya m˜tara× || 2-39-36
36. uktvaa= uttering; vachaH= words; etaavat= of such quality; abhiniitaartham= end appropriate meaning; aavekshhya= refelected again; dadarsha= (and) gazed at; trayaH shata shataardhaaH= his three hundred fifty; maataraH cha= mothers also.
Uttering the aforesaid words of such quality and appropriate meaning to his mother, Rama thought once again and gazed at his three hundred and fifty step-mothers.
t˜× ca api sa tathaiva ˜rt˜ m˜t®®r daþaratha ˜tmaja× |
dharma yuktam idam v˜kyam nijag˜da k®ta anjali× || 2-39-37
37. saH= that; dasharathaatmajaH= Rama; kR^itaaNjaliH= joined his palms; taaH= to those; maatR^iirapi= mothers also; aartaaH= who were distressed; tathaiva= in the same way; nijagaada= and spoke; idam vaakyam= these words; dharmayuktam= which were in consonance with righteousness.
Rama joined his palms and saluted those step mothers also, who were too distressed in the same way and spoke these words which were in consonance with the spirit of righteousness.
samv˜s˜t paruÿam kimcit ajñ˜n˜t v˜ api yat k®tam |
tan me samanuj˜nŸta sarv˜× ca ˜mantray˜mi va× || 2-39-38
38. samanujaaniita= excuse; me= me; tat= that; yat= for which reson; kiNchit= a little; parushham= wrong; kR^itam= was done; aJNaanaadvaa= due to ignorance or; samvaasaat= or because of our living together; aamantrayaami= I take leave of; sarvaaH= all; vaH= of you.
"Please excuse me, if I have done any mistake either becuase of our living together or due to ignorance on my part. I now take leave of you all."
vacanam r˜ghavasyaitaddharmayuktam sam˜hitam |
þuþruvu st˜× striyam sarv˜× þokopahatacetasa× || 2-39-39
39. sarvaaH= all; taaH= those; striyaH= women; shokopahata chetanaH= whose mind was overpowered with grief; shushruvuH= heard; etat= these; vachanam= words; dharmayuktam= which were in consonance with righteousnes; samaahitam= the cool submission; raaghavasya= of Rama.
All those women, whose mind was overpowered with grief, heard the aforesaid cool submission of Rama, which was in consonance with righteousness.
jajñe atha t˜s˜m samn˜da× krauncŸn˜m iva nihsvana× |
m˜nava indrasya bh˜ry˜õ˜m evam vadati r˜ghave || 2-39-40
40. atha= after; raaghave= Rama; vadati= has spoken; evam= thus; sannaadaH= an outery; nisvaH iva= resembling the wail; krauNchiinaam= of female cranes; jaJNe= arose; taasam= (from) those; maanavendrasya bhaaryaaNaam= wives of Dasaratha.
While Rama was speaking thus, an outery, resembling the wail of female cranes arose from those wives of Dasaratha.
muraja paõava megha ghoÿava |
ddaþaratha veþma babh¨va yat pur˜ |
vilapita paridevana ˜kulam |
vyasana gatam tat abh¨t suduhkhitam || 2-39-41
41. yat= which; dasharatha veshma= Dasaratha's palace; puurvaa= earlier; murajapaNavamegha ghoshhavat= was resounding with tomtoms, large drum and Meghas(musical instruments which sound like rumbling of clouds); tat= it; abhuut= became; vilapita paridevanaakulam= filled with wails and cries; vyasanagatam= fall on evil days.
Dasaratha' s palace, which was earlier resounding with tomtoms, large drums and Meghas( musical instruments which sound like rumbling of clouds) was now filled with wails and cries and fallen on evil days.
iti v˜lmŸki r˜m˜yaõe ˜di k˜vye ayodhya k˜õýe eko na catv˜riÕþa× sarga×
Thus completes 39th chapter of ayodhya Kanda in glorious Valmiki Ramayana, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© May 2002, K. M. K. Murthy