Chapter [Sarga] 38

Introduction

Dasharatha is enraged to see his precious daughter-in-law in rags and takes Kaikeyi to task. Rama seeks blessings of his father for departure and requests him to keep his mother Kausalya, who is aging, comfortable.


Verse Locator

tSyam! cIrm! vsanayam! nawvTyam! Anawvt!,
cuaez jn> svaeR ixg! Tvam! dzrwm! tu #it. 2381

1. tasyaam= that Seetha; naatha vatyaam= though protected by her husband; vasaanaayaam= is wearing; chiiram= bark of trees; anaathavat= like a helpless woman; sarvaH= all; janaH= the people; prachukrosha= loudly cried out; iti= thus; dhik= "Fie; tvaam= upon you; dasharatham= dasaratha!"

On seeing Seetha wearing bark of trees like a helpless woman, eventhough protected by her husband all the people there loudly cried out: "Fie upon you, Dasaratha!"

Verse Locator

ten t [aden >iotSs mhIpit>,
icCDed jIivte am! xmeR yzis caTmn>. 2382

2. duHkhitaH= pained; tena praNaadena= by that loud cry; tatra= there; mahiipatiH= that king; chichchheda= lost; shraddhaam= interest; aatmanaH= in his; jiivete= life; dharme= religious merit; yashasi= esteem.

Pained by that loud cry there, King Dasaratha lost interest in his life, religious merit and esteem.

Verse Locator

s inhSy %:[m! @evak> tam! -ayaRm! #dm! AvIt!,
kEkeiy kz cIre[ n sIta gNtum! AhRit. 2383

3. saH= that; aikshhvaakaH= Dasaratha; niHshvasya= by sighing; ushhNam= warmly; abraviit= spoke; bhaaryaam= to his wife; idam= these words; kaikeyi "Oh, Kaikeyi! siitaa= Seetha; naarhati= does not deserve; gantum= to go; kushachiireNa= with a robe made of Kusa grass"

Dasaratha with a warm sigh, spoke to his wife these words. "Oh, Kaikeyi! Seetha does not deserve to go with a robe made of Kusa grass."

Verse Locator

sukmarI c bala c sttm! c suoaeicta,
neym! vnSy yaeGyeit sTymah gumRm. 2384

4. mama guruH= my preceptor; satyam= truly; aha= says; iti= that; iyam= this Seetha; sukumaariicha= who is delicate; baalaacha= young and; sukhochita= ever habituated to comforts; nayogyaa= is not fit; vanasya= for forest.

"My preceptro truly says that Seetha, who is delicate young and ever habituated to comforts, is not fit for forest-life"

Verse Locator

#ym! ih kZyapkraeit ikiMc,
piSvnI rajvrSy kNya,
ya cIrmasa* jnSy mXye,
iSwta ivsM}a m[Iv kaict!. 2385

5. yaa= which Seetha; aasadya= by obtaining; chiiram= a bark of tree; kaachit shramaNiiva= like a hermitess; sthitaa= standing; visaNJNa= dumb founded; madhye= in the midst; janasya= of men; iyam= such; tapasvinii= pitiable; raajavarasya kanyaa= daughter of Janaka(the jewel of kings); kimchint apakaaroti= has done any harm; kasya= to any one?

"has this pitiable daughter of Janaka, the jewel of kings, done any harm to any one that, having obtained a bark of tree she is standing like a hermitess dumbfounded in the midst of men?"

Verse Locator

cIra{ysaSya jnkSy kNya,
neym! it}a mm dpUvaR,
ywasuom! gCDtu rajpuI,
vnm! sMa sh svRER>. 2386

6. janakasya kanyaa= (let0 daughter of Janaka(Seetha); apaasyaa= throw away; chiiraaNi= barks of trees; na= No; iyam= such; pratiJNaa= pledge; datta puurvaa= was given earlier; gachchhatu raajaputrii= let the priness go; vanam= to the forest; yathaasukham= happily; samagraa= fully; sarva ratnaiH saha= with all valuable possessions.

"Seetha the daughter of Janaka need not wear these barks of trees. No such pledge was given be me earlier. hence, let this prinecess go to the forest happily fully provided ewith all valuable possesssions."

Verse Locator

AjIvnaheR[ mya n&zMsa,
kta it}a inymen tavt!,
Tvya ih baLyat! itpmett!,
TNmam! dhed ve[uimvaTmpu:pm!. 2387

7. nR^ishamsaa= a cruel; pratiJNaa= pledge; kR^itaavat= has been made; niyamena= on oath; mayaa= by me; ajiivanaarheNa= who do not deserve to survive; etat= this(providing robes of hermitess to Seetha); pratipannamhi= has been initiated; tvayaa= by you; baalyaat= by sheer childishness; tat= that; dahet= will consume; maam= me; aatma pushhpam iva= as by its own flow; veNum= to a bamboo.

"A Cruel pledge has been made on oath by me, who do not deserve to survive. This (providing robes of hermitess to Seetha) has been initiated by you by sheer childishness. That will consume me, as by its own flower to a bamboo."

Verse Locator

rame[ yid te pa pe ikiMcTktmzae-nm!,
Apkar> k #h te vEdea dizRtae=xme. 2388

8. paape= Oh, evil women! adhame= the mean woman! ashobhanam kR^itamyadi= (even) supposing an offence is done; kimchit= a little; raameNa= by Rama; te= to you; kaH= what; apakaaraH= harm; darshitaH= was displayed; te= to you; iha= here; vaidehyaa= by Seetha?"

"Oh evil woman! (Even) supposing a little offence is done by Rama to you, what harm was displayed to you here by Seetha? Oh, mean woman!"

Verse Locator

m&gIvaeT)nyna m&zIla tpiSvnI,
Apkarm! kimh te kraeit jnkaTmja. 2389

9. kam apakaaram= "What harm; iha= on earth; karoti= can be done; janakaatmajaa= by daughter of Janada(Seetha) utphullanayanaa= who has blooming eyes; mR^igiiva= like those of a female deer; mR^idu shiilaa= soft in disposition; tapasvinii= a practiser of penance?"

"What harm on earth can be done to you by Seetha, who has blooming eyes like those of a female deer, soft in disposition a practiser of penance?"

Verse Locator

nnu pyaRm! @tt! te pape ram ivvasnm!,
ikm! @i-> kp[E> -Uy> patkE> Aip te ktE>. 23810

10. paape= Oh, the evil woman! raamavivaasanam= sending Rama to exile; etat= thus; te= for you; paryaaptam nanu= is indeed enough; kim= what use; te= for you; bhuuyaH= further; kR^itaiH= in being done; ebhiH= these; kR^ipaNaiH= wretched; paatakairapi= sinful acts too.

"Oh, the evil woman! Sending Rama to exile thus indeed is enough for you. What use is there for you in further doing these wretched, sinful acts too.

Verse Locator

it}atm! mya tavt! Tvyaem! deiv z&{vta,
ramm! ydi-;ekay Tvimhat mvI>. 23811

11. shriNataa= hearing; uktam= the speech; tvayaa= by you; tvam= you; abraviiH= spoke; raamam= to Rama; aagatam= who came; iha= here; abhishhekaaya= for coronation; taavat= that much; pratiJNaat= was acceded; mayaa= by me; devi= Oh, queen!

"Hearing the speech you gave to Rama who came here for coronation, only that much was acceded by me, Oh queen!"

Verse Locator

tvetTsmitMy inrym! gNtuimCDis,
mEiwlImip ya ih Tv mI]se cIrvaisnIm!. 23812

12. atikramya= transgressing; tat etat= all that; evam= you; yaa= somehow or other; ichchhasi= wish; gantum= to go; nirayam= to hell; iikshhase= by perceiving; maithiliim api= Seetha also; chiira vaasiniim= clad in bark of trees.

"Transgressing all that, you somehow or other wish to go to hell, by perceiving Seetha also clad in bark of trees.

Verse Locator

#tIv raja ivlpNmhaTma,
zaekSy naNtm! s ddzR ikiMct!,
-&zaturTva ppat -UmaE,
tenEv puVysnen m>. 23813

13. saH raajaa= that king; mahaatmaa= the high-soulded; itiiva= thus; vilapan= lamenting; na dadarsha= did not see; kimchit= any; autam= cessation; shokasya= of that sorrow; magnaH= drenched; putra vyasnena eva= in excessive devotion to his son; papaate= to fell; bhuumau= on the gound; bhR^ishaaturatvaachcha= having been hurt very mcuh.

That high-souled king thus lamenting, did not see any ending to that sorrow. Drenched as he was in excessive devotion to his son and having been hurt vey much, he fell down on the ground.

Verse Locator

@vm! uvNtm! iptrm! ram> sMiSwt> vnm!,
Avak izrsm! AasInm! #dm! vcnm! AvIt!. 23814

14. raamaH= Rama; samprasthitaH= who was setting out; vanam= to forest; abraviit= spoke; idam vachanam= these words; pitaram= to his father; bruvantam= who was speaking; evam= thus; avaakchirasam= bowing down his head; aasiinam= siiting.

Rama, who was setting out to the forest, spoke these words to his father, who was speaking thus bowing down his head, sitting there.

Verse Locator

#ym! xaimRk kaEsLya mm mata yziSvnI,
v&a c A]u zIla c n c Tvam! dev gihRte. 23815

15. dharmika= Oh, virtuous; deva= king! iyam= this; kausalyaa= Kausalya= Kausalya; mama maataa= my mother; yashasvinii= the glorious woman; vR^iddhaa= is aged; akshhudra shiilaacha= not base natured; nacha garhate= will not accuse; tvaam= you.

"Oh, virtuous king! This glorious Kausalya, my mother is aged. She is not of base nature and will not accuse you.

Verse Locator

mya ivhInam! vrd pam! zaek sagrm!,
A pUvR Vysnam! -Uy> sMmNtum! AhRis. 23816

16. varada= Oh, the bestower of boons! arhasi= you are worthy; sammantum= to respect(her); bhuuyaH= much; vihiinam= who is deprived; maaa= of me; prapannaam= who got; shoka saagaram= an ocean of sorrow; adR^ishhTa puurva vyasanaam= such an affliction not being seen by her earlier.

"Oh, the bestower of boons! You are worthy of amply respection her, who is deprived of me, who is immersed in an ocean of sorrow and who has not see such an affliction earlier."

Verse Locator

puzaekm! ywa nceRvya pUJyen pUijta,
mam! ih siMcNtyNtI sa Tviy jIvet! tpiSvnI. 23817

17. puujitaa= being honoured; tvayaa= by you; puujyena= the venerable man; saa= she; tapasvinii= the pitiable woman; naR^ichchhet= will not obtain; yathaa= such; putra shokam= grief for her son; samchintayantii= thinking; maamhi= of me alone; jiivet= will have life; tvayi= in you.

"Having been honoured by you the venerable man, she the pitiable woman will not get such a grief for her son, thinking of me alone and she will draw breath in you."

Verse Locator

#mam! mha #N %pm jat gi-RnIm!,
twa ivxatum! jnmIm! mm AhRis,
ywa vnSwe miy zaek kizRta,
n jIivtm! NySy ym ]ym! jet!. 23818

18. mahendropama= Oh, king equal to the great Indra the ruler of gods! arhasi= you are worthy; vidhaatum= to destine; imaam= my mother; jaata gardhiniim= who has high affection towards her son; yathaa= in such a manner; tathaa= that; na vrajet= she will not go; yamakshhayam= to the house of yama the God of Death; syasya= by abandoning; jiivitam= her life; shoka karshitaa= emaciated by grief; mayi vanasthe= while I am in the forest.

"Oh, the king akim to the mighty Indra the ruler of gods! You must see that my mother, who has high affection towards her son, will not depart to the house of Yama the God of Death, by abandoning her life being emaciated by grief after my departure for the forest."

 

iti vlmki rmyae di kvye ayodhya ke a tria sarga

Thus completes 38th chapter of ayodhya Kanda in glorious Valmiki Ramayana, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 38

 

Top of Page1234
56789
1011121314
15161718

Sarga 38 in English Prose

Contents

Next Sarga

Previous Sarga

April 2002, K. M. K. Murthy