Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Dasharatha orders to send army and treasury with Rama to forests. Kaikeyi objects to such a lavish exile and she retorts the same legend of Sagara who exiled his son, Asamanja, without riches. Minister Siddhartha still ties to persuade her. Then vexed King Dasharatha also tries to embark on the exile along with Rama.
tata× sumantram aikÿv˜ka× pŸýita× atra pratijñay˜ |
sab˜ÿpam atinihþvasya jag˜da idam puna× puna× || 2-36-1
1. tataH= then; aikshhvaakaH= Dasaratha, the scion of Ikshvaku dynasty; piiditaH= squeezed; pratiJNayaa= by his promise; atra= in this matter; atiniHshvasya= sighed heavly; sabhaashhpam= with tears; jagaada= spoke; idam= the following words; punaH punaH= again and again; sumantra= to Sumantra.
Then, Dasaratha the scion of Ikshvaku dynasty, squeezed by his own promise in the matter of sending Rama to exile, sighed heavily with tears and spoke the following words again and agian to Sumantra.
s¨ta ratna susamp¨rõ˜ catur vidha bal˜ cam¨× |
r˜gavasya anuy˜tr˜ artham kÿipram pratividhŸyat˜m || 2-36-2
2. suutaH= Oh, Sumantra! chamuuH= Let a military body; chaturvidha balaaH= consisting of (all the four limbs of the army; ratna sampuurNaa= filled with the best of its kind; pratividhiiyataam= be arranged; kshhipram= immediately.
"Oh, Sumantra! Let a military body consisting of (all) the four limbs of the arms, filled with the best of its kind, be arranged immediately"
r¨pa ˜jŸv˜ ca þ˜linyo vaõija× ca mah˜ dhan˜× |
þobhayantu kum˜rasya v˜hinŸm supras˜rit˜× || 2-36-3
3. ruupaajiivaashcha= let courtesans; vaadinyaH= well versed in speaking; vaNijashcha= merchants; mahaadhanaaH= with great riches; suprasaaritaaH= having exposure for sales; shobhayantu= bestow elegance; vaahiniim= to the forces; kumaarasya= of the prince.
"Let courtesans well versed in speaking and merchants with great riches having exposure for extension of sales bestow elegance to the forces of the Prince"
ye ca enam upajŸvanti ramate yai× ca vŸryata× |
teÿ˜m bahu vidham dattv˜ t˜n api atra niyojaya || 2-36-4
4. niyojaya= appoint, atra= in this contingent; taanapi= those too; dattvaa= by giving; bahudhanam= abundant money; teshhaam= to them; yecha= who; upajiivanti= were dependent; enam= on him(Rama) yaishcha= with whom; ramate= he took delight; viiryataH= in gallantry.
Appoint in this contingent those too, by giving abundant money to them who were dependent on Rama and on whom he took delight in gallantry"
˜yudh˜ni ca mukhy˜ni n˜gar˜× þaka÷˜ni ca |
anugacchantu k˜kutthsam vy˜dh˜þc˜raõyagocar˜× || 2-36-5
5. mukhyaani= Let important; aayadhaanicha= weapons; naagaraaH= chiefs of police; shakataanicha= and vehicles; vyaadhaashcha= hunters; aaraNya gocharaaH= knowing the secret of forest; anugachchhantu= accompany; kaakutthsam= Rama(scion of Kakutsa)
"Let important weapons, chiefs of police and vehicles, hunters knowing the secrets of forest accompany Rama(scion of Kakutsa)"
nighnan m®g˜n kunjar˜m× ca pibam× ca ˜raõyakam madhu |
nadŸ× ca vividh˜× paþyan na r˜jyam samsmariÿyati || 2-36-6
6. nighnan= Killing; mR^igaan= deer; kuNjaraashcha= and elephants; pibamshcha= drinking; madhu= honey; araNyakam= of forest variety; pashyan= seeing; vividhaaH= various; nadiishcha= rivers; na smarishhyati= he would not remember; raajyasya= of sovereignity.
"Killing deer and elephants, drinking forest-honey, seeing various rivers, he would not remember of sovereignty"
dh˜nya koþa× ca ya× kaþcit dhana koþa× ca m˜maka× |
tau r˜mam anugaccet˜m vasantam nirjane vane || 2-36-7
7. yaH= that which; maanaH= belonging to me; dhaanyakoshaH cha= the gravnary; dhanakoshashcha= and the treasury; tau=(let) them; anugachchhetaam= accompany; raamam= Rama; vasantam= residing; vane= in the forest; nirjane= which is uninhabited.
"Let the granary and the treasury belonging to me be sent to Rama residing in the uninhabited forest."
yajan puõyeÿu deþeÿu vis®jam× ca ˜pta dakÿiõ˜× |
®ÿibhi× ca sam˜gamya pravatsyati sukham vane || 2-36-8
8. pravatsyati= he can live away; sukham= happily; yajan= by performing sacrificial rite; desheshhu= in places; puNyeshhu= which are holy; visR^ijamshcha= and disbursing; aaptu dakshhiNaaH= appropriate gifts; samaagamya= along with; R^ishhibhiH= sages; vane= in the forest.
"Rama can spend his exile happily, by performing sacrificial rite in holy places and disbursing appropriate gifts, along with sages living in the forest "
bharata× ca mah˜ b˜hur ayodhy˜m p˜layiÿyati |
sarva k˜mai× puna× þrŸm˜n r˜ma× sams˜dhyat˜m iti || 2-36-9
9. mahaabaahuH= the mighty armed; bharatashcha= Bharata; paalayishhyati= will rule; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; shriimaan= (let) the glorious; raamaH= Rama; samsaadhyataam= be sent; sarvakaamaiH saha= along with all objects of enloyments"; iti= thus spoke.
"The mighty armed Bharata will rule Ayodhya. Let the glorious Rama be sent alog with all objects of enjoyment"
evam bruvati k˜kutsthe kaikeyy˜ bhayam ˜gatam |
mukham ca api agam˜t þeÿam svara× ca api nyarudhyata || 2-36-10
10. kakutthse= while Dasaratha; bruvati= was speaking; evam= thus; bhayam= fear; aagatam= drew near; kaikeyyaaH= Kaikeyi; mukhamchaapi= here mouth too; aagamat= got; shoshham= parched; svarashchaapi= her voice also; nyarndhyata= got choked.
While Dasartha was speaking thus, fear drew near Kaikeyi. Her mouth too also got parched. her voice also got choked.
s˜ viÿaõõ˜ ca samtrast˜ kaikeyŸ v˜kyam abravŸt |
r˜j˜namev˜bhimukhŸ kaikeyŸ v˜kyamabravŸt || 2-36-11
11. vishhaNNaacha= feeling depressed; samtrastaa= and apprehensive; mukhena= with her mouth; parishushhyataa= fetting parched; abhimukhii= with her face turned; raamameva= towards the king; saa kaikeyi= that Kaikeyi; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= these words.
Feeling depressed and apprehensive, with her mouth getthing parched and her face turned towards the king, Kaikeyi spoke as follows:
r˜jyam gata janam s˜dho pŸta maõý˜m sur˜m iva |
nir˜sv˜dyatamam þ¨nyam bharata× na abhipatsyate || 2-36-12
12. bharataH= Bharata; naabhipatsyate= will not accept; raajyam= the kingdom; gatajanam= uninhabited; shuunyam= hollow; niaasvaadyatamam= which is absolutely unenjoyable; suraam iva= like wine; piitamaNdaam= quaffed of spirituous part; saadho= Oh, noble sould!
"Bharata will not accept the kingdom, which will become uninhabited, hollow and which will be absolutely unenjoyable like wine, quaffed of its spiriteous part, Oh noble soul!"
kaikeyy˜m mukta lajj˜y˜m vadanty˜m atid˜ruõam |
r˜j˜ daþaratho v˜kyam uv˜ca ˜yata locan˜m || 2-36-13
13. kaikeyyaam= (when) Kaikeyi, muktalajjaayaam= who has cast off her shame; vadantyaam= was uttering; atidaaruNam= the most cruel words; raajaa= king; dasharatha= Dasaratha; uvaacha= spoke; vaakyam= these words; aayatalochanaam= to that lady who has large eyes.
While Kaikeyi who has cast off her shame was thus uttering th emost cruel words, King Dasaratha spoke these words to that lady with large eyes:
vahantam kim tudasi m˜m niyujya dhuri m˜ ˜hite |
an˜rye k®tyam˜rbdham kim na p¨rvamup˜rudha× || 2-36-14
14. ahite= Oh, hostile woman! kim= why; tudasi= do you prick; maam= me; vahantam= who is carrying forward; niyujya= while charged;maa= me; dhuri= with a burden? kim= why; na upaarudhaH= did you not check; puurvam= before; kR^ityam= the deed; aarabdham= in the begining(itself); anaarye= Oh the vulgar woman!
Having charged me with a burden, Oh hostile woman, why do you prick me while I am carrying it? Why did you not check before(while asking the boons by putting a condition that Rama should not be allowed to take anything with him) the deed(of sending troups etc with Rama) in the begining itself, Oh the vulgar woman!"
tasyaitatkrodhasamyuktamuktam þrutv˜ var˜ðgan˜ |
kaikeyŸ dvi guõam kruddh˜ r˜j˜nam idam abravŸt || 2-36-15
15. kaikeyyii= Kaikeyi; varaaNganaa= the beautiful woman; dviguNam= doubly; kR^iddhaa= enraged; shrutvaa= in hearing; etat= this word; uktam= spoken; tasya= of Dasaratha; krodhasamyuktam= possessed of anger; abraviit= uttered; idam= these words; raajaanaam= to the king.
Doubly enraged in hearing this angry question of Dasaratha, Kaikeyi the beautiful woman replied to the king as follows:
tava eva vamþe sagara× jyeÿ÷ham putram up˜rudhat |
asamanjaiti khy˜tam tath˜ ayam gantum arhati || 2-36-16
16. tava vashe eva= In your dynasty itself; sagaraH= Sagara; upaarudhat= cast away; jyeshhTa putram= his eldest son; dhyaatam= called; asamaNjaH iti= as Asamanja; aayam= this Rama(too); arhati= is entitled; gantum= to go; tathaa= like that.
"In your dynasty itself, sagara cast away his eldest son called Asmanja Rama too is entitled to go like wise (without anything to bank upon)"
evam ukta× dhig iti eva r˜j˜ daþaratho abravŸt |
vrŸýita× ca jana× sarva× s˜ ca tan na avabudhyata || 2-36-17
17. uktaH= spoken to ; evam= as above; rajaa= king; dasharathaH= Dasaratha; abraviit= uttered; thik ityeva= as only"shame!"; sarvaH= the entire; janaH= people; vriiditaH= were ashamed; saacha= that Kaikeyi; naavabudhyata= did not perecive; tam= it.
Spoken to as above, king Dasaratha uttered only a word "Shame!". The entire people there were ashamed. But Kaikeyi did not perceive it"
tatra v®ddho mah˜ m˜tra× siddha artho n˜ma n˜mata× |
þucir bahu mata× r˜jña× kaikeyŸm idam abravŸt || 2-36-18
18.tatra= there; vR^iddhaH= the aged; shuchiH= upright; mahaamaatraH= cheif minister; naamataH= named; siddhaartho naame= well as Siddhartha; bahumataH= who wa shighly esteemed; raaJNaH= by the king; abraviit= spoke; kaikeyiim= to Kaikeyi; idam= these words.
There, the aged and the upright chief minister siddhartha by name who was highly esteemed by the king, spoke to Kaikeyi these words:
asamanjo g®hŸtv˜ tu krŸýita× pathi d˜rak˜n |
sarayv˜× prakÿipann apsu ramate tena durmati× || 2-36-19
19. asamNjaHtu= but Asamanja; durmatiH= the evil-minded; gR^ihiitvaa= catching hold; baalakaan= of children; kriidataH= playing; pathi= in the street; prakshhipan= throwing; apsu= in waters; sarayvaaH= of Sarayu river; ramate= took delight; tena= by it.
"Asamanja the evil-minded, catching hold of children playing in the street and throwing them in the waters of saryu river, took delight in it"
tam d®ÿ÷v˜ n˜gara× sarve kruddh˜ r˜j˜nam abruvan |
asamanjam v®ÿŸõva ekam asm˜n v˜ r˜ÿ÷ra vardhana || 2-36-20
20. dR^ishhTvaa= by watching; tam= him; sarve= all the; naagaraaH= citizens; kR^iddhaaH= were angry; abruvan= and spoke; raajaanam= to the king; raashhTra vardhana= "Oh promoter of the state! vR^iNiishhva= choose; asamNjam= either Asamanja; ekam= alone; asmaanvaa= or us.
By watching him, all the citizens were angry and spoke to the king, "choose either to keep yourself Asamanja alone or to preserve us, Oh the promoter of the state!"
t˜n uv˜ca tata× r˜j˜ kim nimittam idam bhayam |
t˜× ca api r˜jñ˜ samp®ÿ÷˜ v˜kyam prak®tayo abruvan || 2-36-21
21.tataH= thereupon; raajaa= the king; uvaacha= said; taan= to them; kimnimittam= "for what reason; idam bhayam= is this fear? sampR^ishhTaaH= having been asked; raaJNaa= by the king; taaH= those; prakR^itayashchaapi= people also; abruvan= spoke; vaakyam= (these) words.
Thereupon the king said to them, "For what reason is this fear? Duly asked by the king, those people also replied these words:
krŸýita× tu eÿa na× putr˜n b˜l˜n udbhr˜nta cetana× |
sarayv˜m prakÿipan maurkhy˜t atul˜m prŸtim aþnute || 2-36-22
22.eshhaH= he; ashnute= obtains; atulaam= incomparable; priitim= delight; prakshhipan= by throwing; maurkhyaat= through studpidity; naH= our; kriidataH= playing; baalaan= children; sarayvaam= in Sarayn river; udbhraanta chetasaH= in a whirled state of mind.
"He obtains incomparable delight by throwing, through stupidity, our playing children in sarayu river in a whirled state of mind."
sa t˜s˜m vacanam þrutv˜ prak®tŸn˜m nara adhipa |
tam taty˜ja ahitam putram t˜s˜m priya cikŸrÿay˜ || 2-36-23
23. shrutvaa= hearing; vachanam= the words; taasaam prakR^itiinaam= of those people; saH naraadhipaH= that king; tatyaaja= abandoned; tam putram= that son; ahitam= repugnant(to his subjects) priyachikiirshhayaa= in a bid to do good; taasaam= to them.
Hearing the words of those poeple, that king abandoned the son repugnant to his subjects, in a bid to do good to them.
tam y˜nam þrŸghram˜ropya sabh˜ryam saparicchadam |
y˜vajjŸvam viv˜syo'yamiti sv˜nanvaþ˜t pit˜ || 2-36-24
24. pitaaH= Sagara the father; shiighram= immediately; aaropya= arranging to place; tam= him; sabhaaryam= along with his wife; saparichchhadam= together with their belongings(utensils, implements etc); yaanam= in a vehicle; anvashaat= instructed; saan= his persons; iti= thus; ayam= "He; vivaasyaH= should be exiled; yaavajjiivam= for life."
Arranging immediately to place him along with his wife together with the paraphrenalia (like utensils, implements etc) in a vehicle, the king instructed his persons thus: "He should be exiled for life."
sa ph˜lapi÷akam g®hya giridurg˜nyaloýayat |
diþa× sarv˜stvanucaran sa yath˜ p˜pakarmak®t || 2-36-25
25. saH= He; aloDayat= ransacked; giridrgraaNi= mountain passes; gR^ihya= by taking phaala pitakam= a basket and a shovel; anucharan= (and) roaming; sarvaaH= in all; dishaH= directions; saH= he; paapakarmakR^ityathaa= as having done sinful deeds.
Roaming in all directions as though he has done sinful deeds, he ransacked mountain passes, by taking a basket and a shovel.
iti evam atyajad r˜j˜ sagara× vai sudh˜rmika× |
r˜ma× kim akarot p˜pam yena evam uparudhyate || 2-36-26
26. agaraH raajaa= king Sagara; sudhaarmikaH= the highly righteous man; atyajat= abandoned; enam= him; iti= in this manner; kim paapam= what sin; raamaH= Rama; akarot= has done; yena= for which; uparudhyate= he was debarred; evam= in this way?
"The highly righteous King Sagara abandoned Asamanja for perpetration sinful deeds as above. But, what sin Rama has done, for which he was debarred in this way?"
na hi kamcana paþy˜mo r˜ghavasy˜guõam vayam |
durlabho yasya niraya× þþ˜ðkasyeva kalmaÿam || 2-36-27
27. vayam= we; napashyaamaH hi= do not indeed perceive; kamaahana= any; avaguNam= fault; raaghavasya= of Rama; durlabhaH= (It is as) difficult; nirayaH= (to find) taint; asya= in him; shashaaNkasya= as of a (new) moon.
We do not indeed perceive any fault in Rama. It is as difficult to find a taint in him as in a new moon.
athav˜ devi doÿam tvaÕ kañcitpaþyasi r˜ghave |
tamadya br¨hi tatvaina tad˜ romo viv˜syat˜m || 2-36-28
28. athavaa= Or; pashyasi= if you see; kamchit doshham= any fault; raaghave= in Rama; devi= Oh, Kaikeyi; tvam= you; bruuhi= tell; tam= about it; adya= now; tattvena= correctly; tadaa= then; raamaH= rama; vivaasyataam= will be exiled.
"Or if you see any fault in Rama, Oh Kaikeyi you tell about it now correctly. Then, Rama will be exiled."
aduÿ÷asya hi samty˜ga× satpathe niratasya ca |
nirdahe dapi þakrasya dyutim dharmanirodhan˜t || 2-36-29
29. dharmanirodhanaat= It is hindering righteousness; samtyaagaH= to abandon; adushhTasya= one who is not guilty; niratasyacha= and who is devoted to in; satpathe= a god path; nirdahet= It would consume; dyutim= the splendour; shakrasya api= of even Indra (the ruler of gods).
As it is contradictory to righteousness to abandon one who is guilty and who is devoted to a good path, it would consume the splendour of even Indra (the ruler of gods)
tadalam devi r˜masya þriy˜ vihatay˜ tvay˜ |
lokato'p hi te rakÿya× pariv˜da× þubh˜nane || 2-36-30
30. devi= Oh Kaikeyi! tat= hence; alam= no need of; vihatayaa= impeding; shriyaa= the royal fortune; raamasya= of Rama; shubhaanane= Oh lady with charming face! parivaadaH api= even the public; rakshhyah hi= should be taken care of; te= by you.
"Oh, Kaikeyi! Hence, there is no need of impeding the royal fortune of Rama. Oh, lady with a charming face! Even blame from the public should be taken care of by you."
þrutv˜ tu siddha artha vaco r˜j˜ þr˜ntatara svana× |
þoka upahatay˜ v˜c˜ kaikeyŸm idam abravŸt || 2-36-31
31. shrutvaa= hearing; siddhaarthavachaH= the words of Siddhartha; raaja= king Dasaratha; abraviit= spoke; kaikeyiim= to Kaikeyi; shraantatara svanaH= in the most tiresome tone; vaachaa= in a voice; shokapahataa= choked with deep angnish.
Hearing the words of Siddhartha, king Dasaratha spoke to Kaikeyi in the most tiresome tone, with a voice choked with deep anguish, as follows.
etadvaco necchsi p˜pav®tte |
hitam na j˜n˜si mam˜tmano v˜ |
˜sth˜ya m˜rgam k®paõam kuceÿ÷˜ |
ceÿ÷˜ hi te s˜dhupad˜dapet˜ || 2-36-32
32. paapavR^itte= Oh, the sinful being! nechchhasi= do you not agree; etat= with these; vachaH= words? kucheshhTaa= you; with a bad behaviour; aasthaaya= by resortin gto; maargam= the path; kR^ipaNam= of the deplorable; na jaanaasi= are you not alive; hitam= to the interest; mama= of myself; aatmanovaa= or of your own; te= you; cheshhTaa= action; apetaa= is deprived of; saadhupathaat= the path of righteousness.
"Oh, the sinful being! Do you not agree with these words of Siddhartha? By resorting to the path of the deplorable, you with a bad behaviour, are not alive to my interests or to your own. Your action is deprived of a righteous path."
anuvrajiÿy˜my aham adya r˜mam |
r˜jyam parityajya sukham dhanam ca |
saha eva r˜jñ˜ bharatena ca tvam |
yath˜ sukham bhunkÿva cir˜ya r˜jyam || 2-36-33
33. aham= I; anuvrajishhyaami= am accompanying; raamam= Rama; adya= now; parityajya= by abandoning; raajyam= kingdom; sukham= happiness; dhanamcha= and wealth; tvam= you; bhuNkshhva= enjoy; raajyam= the kingdom; chiraaya= for a long time; yathaasukham= happily; bharatena sahaiva= together with Bharatha; raaJNaa= the king.
"I am accompanying Rama now, by abandoning my kingdom, happiness and wealth. You enjoy the kingdom for a long time, happily together with Bharata the King."
iti v˜lmŸki r˜m˜yaõe ˜di k˜vye ayodhya k˜õýe ÿat triÕþa× sarga×
Thus completes 36th chapter in the Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© February2002, K. M. K. Murthy