Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Minister Sumantra requests and reproaches Queen Kaikeyi and asks her to take back her impositions. Even the elderly minister and a scholar named Siddhartha tries to pacify Kaikeyi by telling the legend of Sagara, the ancestor of Dasharatha, quoting the exile of his notorious son Asamanja. But she is adamant to all holy advices, but wants Rama to go to forests.
tato nirdh¨ya sahas˜ þiro ni×þvasva c˜sak®t |
p˜õau p˜õim viniÿpiÿya dant˜n ka÷aka÷˜yya ca || 2-35-1
locane kopasamrakte varõam p¨rvocitam jahat |
kop˜bhibh¨ta× sahas˜ samt˜pamaþubham gata× || 2-35-2
mana× samŸkÿam˜õaþca s¨to daþarathasya sa× |
kampayanniva kaikeyy˜ h®dayam v˜kcharaiþþitai× || 2-35-3
v˜kyavajrairanupamairnirbhindanniva c˜þugai× |
kaikeyy˜ sarvamarm˜õi sumantra× pratyabh˜ÿata || 2-35-4
1,2,3,4. tataH= then; sumantraH= Sumantra; suutaH= the charioteer; nirduuya= moving; shiraH= his head; sahasaa= all of a sudden; niHshvasya= sighing; asakR^it= agan and again; vinishhpishhya= rubbing; paaNim= in hand; katakataayyacha= grinding; dantaan= his teeth; lochane kopasamrakte= turning his eyes red with anger; jahat= shedding; puurvochitam= his former; varNam= colour; kopaabhibuutaH= overwhelmed with; sahasaa= suddenly; gataH= getting; samtaapam= grief; ashubham= the evil; samiikshhamaaNashcha= carefully reading; dasharathasya= Dasaratha's; manaH= mind; pratyabhaashhata= spoke(as follows) kampayanniva= spoke(as follows); kaikeyyaaH= Kaikeyi's; hR^idyam= heart; shitaiH vaakchharaiH= with sharp arrows; vaakya vajraiH= in the form of thunderbolting words; ashugaiH= speedily; bhindanniva= piercing; sarva marmaaNi= all her vitals.
Then, moving his head all of a sudden sighing again and again, rubbing his hand in hand, grinding his teeth, turning his eyes red with anger shedding his normal colour, overwhelmed with wrath, suddenly getting the evil grief, carefully reading Dasaratha's mind, sumantra the charioteer spoke(as follows) as though shaking Kaikeyi's heart with sharp arrows, in the form of thunderbolting words speedily peircing all her vitals.
yaþy˜stava patistyaktor˜j˜ daþaratha× svayam |
bhart˜ sarvasya jagata× sth˜varasya caraþya ca || 2-35-5
na hyak˜ryatamam kimcit tava devŸha vidyate |
5. devi= Oh, Kaikeyi! yasyaaH tava= which your; patiH= husband; raajaa dasharathaH= king Dasaratha; bhartaa= the supporter; sarvasya jagataH= of entire creation; sthaavarasya= the unmoving; tyaktaH== is betrayed; svayam= on your own; tava= such of you; nahi vidyate= there is indeed nothing; iha= oh earth; kimchit= anything; akaaryatamam= which is most disgraceful.
"There is nothing on earth, anything which is most disgraceful for you by whom your husband king Dasaratha the supporter of the entire creation the unmoving and the moving, is betrayed, Oh, Kaikeyi!"
patighnŸm tv˜maham manye kulaghnŸmapi c˜ntata× || 2-35-6
yanma hemdramiv˜jayyam duÿprakampyamiv˜calam |
mahodadhimiv˜kÿobhyam sant˜payasi karmabhi× || 2-35-7
6,7. aham= I; manye= consider; tvam= you; patighniim= as murderers of your husband; antataH= ultimately; kulaghniimapicha= the exterminator of your race too; yat= for which reason; karmabhiH= by your actions; santaapayasi= you are causing grief(to your husband) ajayyam= who is unconquerable; mahendramiva= as great Indra; dushhkampyam= who cannot be moved; achalamiva= as a mountain; akshhobhyam= who is imperturbable; mahodadhimiva= as a great ocean.
"King Dasaratha is unconquerable as great Indra, unshakable as mountain and imperturbable as a great ocean. By tormenting him with your actions, you are considered by me as murderess of your husband and ultimately the exterminator of your race too."
m˜vamamsth˜ daþaratham bhart˜ram varadam patim |
bharturicch˜ hi n˜rŸõ˜mputrako÷y˜ viþiÿyate || 2-35-8
8. maavamamsthaaH= do not despise; dasharatham= Dasaratha; bhartaaram= the supporter; varadam= the bestower of boon; patim= and your husband; naariiNaam= for women; bhartaH= husband's; ichchhaa= will; vishishhyate= is superior; putrakotyaaH= to ten million sons.
"Do not despise Dasaratha the supporter, the bestower of boons and your husband. For women, will of the husband is superior to that of ten million sons."
yath˜vayo hi r˜jy˜ni pr˜pnuvanti n®pakÿaye |
ikÿv˜kukulan˜the'smimstallopayitumicchasi || 2-35-9
9. nR^ipakshhaye= after the death of a king; raajyaani= kingdoms; prapnuvantihi= are indeed obtained; yathaavayaH= as per the age(of princes) ichchhasi= you want; lopayitum= to deprive; tat= it; asmin ikshhvaakukulanaathe= in this lord Ikshvaku dynasty, Rama.
"After death of a king, kingdoms are obtained as per the age of the princes. But, you want to deprive this condition in the case of Rama the lord of Ikshvaku dynasty."
r˜j˜ bhavatu te putro bharataþþ˜stu medinŸm |
vayam tatra gamiÿy˜mo r˜mo yatra gamiÿyati || 2-35-10
10. te putraH= "(Let) your son; bhartaH= Bharata; bhavatu= become; raajaa= the king; shastu= let him rule; madiniim= the earth; yatra= wherever; raamaH= Rama; gamishhyati= goes; vayam= we; gamishhyaamaH= shall go; tatra= there."
"Let your son Bharata become the king and rule the earth. wherever Rama goes, we (on our part) shall go there".
na hi te viÿaye kaþcidbr˜hmaõo vastumarhati |
t˜d®þam tvamamary˜damadya karma cikŸrÿasi || 2-35-11
11. te vishhaye= In your kingdom; kashchit braahmaNaH= even any brahmana; na arhati hi= cannot indeed; vastum= dwell; tvam= you; chikiirshhasi= want to do; taadR^isham= such; karma= act; adya= now; amaryaadam= transgressing due limits.
"Now any brahmana cannot indeed dwell in your kigdom as now you want to do such an act, transgressing the due limits."
n¨nam sarve gamiÿy˜mo m˜rgam r˜maniÿevitam |
tyakt˜y˜ b˜ndhavai× sarvairbr˜hmaõai× s˜dhubhi× sad˜ || 2-35-12
k˜ prŸtŸ r˜jyal˜bhena tava devi bhaviÿyati |
t˜d®þam tvamamary˜dam karma kartum cikŸrÿasi || 2-35-13
12,13. nuunam= certainly; sarve= all of us; gamishhyaami= will go; maargam= in the way; raamanishhevitam= followed by Rama; devi= Oh queen Kaikeyi! yaa= which you; sadaa= forever; tyaktaa= deserted; baandhanvaiH= by relatives; sarvaiH= by all; brahmaNaiH= brahmanas; saadubhiH= by pious souls; tava= such of you; kaa= what; priitiH= pleasure; bhavishhyati= will be derived; raajya laabhena= through attainment of sovereignity; tvam= you; chikiirshhasi= want; kartum= to do; taadR^isham= such; karma= an act; amaryaadam= of impropriety.
"Certainly, all of us will proceed in the path followed by Rama. Oh, queen Kaikeyi! What pleasure will be derived through attainment of soverignity, when your relatives, all brahmanas and pious souls desert you forever? Now, you want to do such an act of impropriety"
˜þcaryamiva paþy˜mi yasy˜ste v®ttamŸd®þam |
˜caranty˜ na vid®t˜ sadyo bhavati medinŸ || 2-35-14
14. yasyaaH= while you; te= as such; aacharantyaaH= conduct yourself; iidR^isham= such of this; vR^ittam= act; pashyaami= I am looking; aashcharyamiva= with only surprise; medinii= (why) earth; na bhavati= is not; sadya= immediately; vidR^itaa= rent asunder.
"I am looking only with surprise, why the earth is not immediately rent asunder, while you conduct yourself with such an act"
mah˜brahmarÿis®ÿ÷˜ v˜ jvalanto bhŸmadarþan˜ |
dhigv˜gdaõýaõ˜ na himsanti r˜mapravr˜jane sthit˜m || 2-35-15
15. dhikvaagdanNdaaH vaa= rods of reproaching words; jvalantaH= which are burning with fire; bhiima darshanaaH= and fearful to look at; mahaabrahmarshhi sR^ishhTaaH= uttered by great brahmana sages; na himsanti= are not killing; sthitaam= you, who have decided; raamapravraajane= to send Rama to exile.
"It is also surprising me why rods of reproaching words fiery and fearful to look at uttered by great brahmana sages are not killing you, who are bent on sending Rama to exile."
˜mram citv˜ ku÷h˜rena nimbam paricarettu ya× |
yaþcenam payas˜ siñcennaiv˜sya madhuro bhavet || 2-35-16
16. yaH= who; chhitraa= while cutting down; aamram= a mango tree; kuThaareNa= with axe; paricharettu= nurtures; nimbam= a neem tree; yashcha= who; siNchet= will wet; enam= this neem tree; payasaa= sweet; asya= to him.
"Who will nurture a neem tree, cutting down a mango tree with an axe? And a neem tree will not turn sweet for him who nourishes it with milk."
abhij˜tyam hi te manye yath˜ m˜tustathaiva ca |
na hi nimb˜tsravetkÿaudram loke nigaditam vaca× || 2-35-17
17. manye= I think; abhijaatyam= your nature, by birth; yathaa tathaivacha= is as exactly as; maatuH= a proverb; nigaditam= is quoted; loke= in the world; kshhaudram= "honey; na sraveti hi= does not ooze surely; nimbaat= from a neem tree."
"I think, by birth your nature is as exactly as that of your mother. a proverb is quoted in the world saying that honey does not ooze from a neem tree."
tava m˜turasadgr˜ham vidma× p¨rvam yath˜þrutam |
pituste varada× kaþciddadau varamanuttamam || 2-35-18
sarvabh¨tarutam tasm˜tsamjajñe vasudh˜dhipa× |
tena tiryaggat˜n˜m ca bh¨t˜n˜m viditam vaca× || 2-35-19
18,19. vidmaH= we know, yathaashR^itam= as heard of; puurvam= in the past; tava maataH= your mother's; asadgraaham= evil satisfaction; kashchit= someone; varadaH= capable of giving boons; dadau= bestowed; anuttamam varam= a great boon; te pituH= your father; tasmaat= by it; vasudhaadhipaH= that king; samjaJNe= could identify; sarva bhuutarutam= the language of all created beings; tena= by him; vachaH= the talk bhuutaanaam= of those beings; tiryaggataanaam= belonging to sub-human species; viditam= could be known.
"We know, as heard of in the past, your mother's conduct of evil satisfaction. Someone capable of giving boons, granted a great boon to your father. By that boon he could identify the language of all created beings. The talk of those beings belonging to sub human species could be known by him."
tato j®mbhasya þayane virut˜dbh¨rivarcas˜ |
pituste vidito bh˜va× sa tatra bahudh˜'hasat || 2-35-20
20. tataH= then; virutaat= from the sound; jR^imbhasya= of an ant called Jrimbha; shayane= near the bed; bhaavaH= its meaning; viditaH= was deciphered; te pituH= by your father; ahasat= langhed; bahudhaa= repeatedly; tatra= over it.
"From the sound of an ant called Jrimbha near his bed, the meaning of that sound was deciphered by your exceedingly brilliant father and he laughed over it repeatedly."
tatra te jananŸ kruddh˜ m®tyup˜þamabhŸpsatŸ |
h˜sam te n®pate saumya jijñ˜s˜mŸti bh˜bravŸt || 2-35-21
21. te jananii= your mother; kR^iddhaa= becoming angry; tatra= over his laugh; abhiipsatii= wishing to; mR^ityupaasham= hang him to death; abraviit= spoke; iti= thus; nR^ipate= "Oh, king; saumya= the gentle sir! jiJNaasaami= I want to know; te haasam= about your laugh.
Your mother, becoming angry over his laugh, wishing even to hand him to death(in case he refuses to disclose the reason for his laughter), spoke thus: "Oh king, the gentle sir! I want to know the meaning of your laughter."
n®paþcov˜ca t˜m devŸm devi þams˜mi te yadi |
tato me maraõam sadyo bhaviÿyati na samþaya× || 2-35-22
22. nR^ipaschcha= that king; uvaacha= replied; taam deviim= to that queen(as follows): devi= Oh, queen! shamsaamiyadii= If I tell; te= you; maraNam= death; bhavishhyati= will come; me= to me; sadyaH= immediately; tataH= thereafter; na= there is no; samshayaH= doubt.
"The king replied to that queen as follows: "Oh, royal lady! If I tell you the reason of my laughter, my death will immediately follow thereafter. There is no doubt about it."
m˜t˜ te pitaram devi tatah kekayamabravŸt |
þamsa me jŸva v˜ m˜ v˜ na m˜mapahasiÿyasi || 2-35-23
23. devi= Oh Kaikeyi! tataH= then; te maataa= your mother; abraviit= spoke; kekayam= Kekaya king; pituram= your father(thus); jiiva vaa= either live; maavaa= or die; shamsa= tell; me= me; na apahisishhasi= do not ridicule; maam= me.
"Your mother then said to your father, the king of Kekayas, Live or die as you will. tell me the laughter. Do not ridicule me."
priyay˜ ca tathokta× san kekaya× p®thŸvŸpati× |
tasmai tam varad˜y˜rtham kathay˜m˜sa tattvata× || 2-35-24
24. uktaH san= having been spoken; tathaa= thus; priyayaa= by his beloved consort; kekayaH prithvii patiH= the ruler of Kekaya kingdom; kathayaamaasa= reported; tasmai= to that; varadaaya= bestower of boon; tattvataH= correctly; tam artham= that matter.
Having been spoken thus by his beloved consort, the said king of the Kekayas on his part correctly reported the matter to the sage who had bestowed the boon on him.
tata× sa varadah s˜dhu r˜j˜nam pratyabh˜ÿata |
mriyat˜m dhvamsat˜m veyam m˜ k®th˜stvam mahŸpate || 2-35-25
25. tataH= then; saH saadhuH= that sage; varadaH= who had bestowed the boon; pratyabhaashhataH= replied; rajaanam= to the king(as follows): mahiipate= "Oh, king! iyam= let her; mriyataam= die; dhamsataam vaa= or ruin; tvam= you; maakR^ithaaH= do not persue that course.
Then the sage who had bestowed the boon replied to the king as follows: "Oh, lord of the earth! Let her die or ruin. Do not reveal the reason to her."
sa tacchrutv˜ vacastasya prasannamanaso n®pa× |
m˜taram te nirasy˜þu vijah˜ra kuberavat || 2-35-26
26. shrutvaa= having heard; tat vachaH= the word; tasya= of him; prasanna manasaH= who was pure-minded; saH nR^ipaH= that king; nirasya= repudiated; maataram= your mother; vijahaara= lived happily; kuberavat= like Kubera, the lord of riches.
"Having heard the words of that sage who was pure-minded, the king repudiated your mother and lived happily like Kubera the Lord of riches."
tath˜ tvamapi r˜j˜nam durjan˜carite pathi |
asadgr˜hamimam moh˜tkuruÿe p˜padarþini || 2-35-27
27. paapadarshini= Oh, Kaikeyi, seeing evil(everywhere) tvamapi= you too, tathaa= thus; pathi= in the path; durjanaacharite= trodden by wicked men; kurushhe= are making; imam= this; asadgraaham= bad resolution; mohaat= by igonorance.
"Oh, Kaikeyi, seeing evil everywhere! You, too, thus following the path trodden by wicked men, are making this bad resolution by ignorance."
satyaþc˜dya prav˜do'yam laukika× pratibh˜ti m˜ |
pitr¨n samanuj˜yante nar˜ m˜taramaðgan˜× || 2-35-28
28. pratibhaat= It is occuring; maa= about me; adya= now; ayam= this; pravaadaH= saying; laukikaH= which is popular; satyaH= has become true; naraaH= males; samamjaayante= are born, conforming; pitR^iin= to their fathers; aNganaaH= females; maataram= to their mothers.
"The popular saying that males are born confirming to their fathers and females to their mothers, occurs to me as true."
naivam bhava g®h˜õedam yad˜ha vasudh˜dhipa× |
bharturicc˜mup˜sveha janasy˜sya gatirbhava || 2-35-29
29. na bhava= do not become; evam= like this; gR^ihaaNa= understand; idam= that; aha= which is said; vasudhaadhipaH= by the king; upaasva= following; ichchaam= the desire; bhartuH= of your husband; bhava= be; gatiH= a protectress; asya janasya= to these people; iha= here.
Do not conform to the traits of your mother. Understand that which is said by the king. following the desire of your husband, be a protectress to these people here."
m˜ tvam prots˜hit˜ p˜pairdevar˜jasamaprabham |
bhart˜ram lokabhart˜ramasaddharmamup˜dadh˜× || 2-35-30
30. protsaahitaa= Incited; paapaiH= by the evil minded; tvam= you; maa upaadadhaaH= do not put before the public; asaddhaarmam= an improper course of conduct; bhartaaram= of your husband; devaraaja samprabham= whose splendour is equal to the king Devendra; lokabhartaaram= and who is a protector of this world.
"Incitedby the evil minded, do not put before the public an improper course of conduct of your husband who spendour is equal to that of king Devendra and who is a protector of this world.
na hi mithy˜ pratijñ˜tam kariÿyati tav˜nagha× |
þrŸm˜ndaþaratho r˜j˜ devi r˜jŸvalocana× || 2-35-31
31. devii= Oh, queen! dasharathaH= Dasaratha; anagaH= the faultless man; shriimaan= the Majesty; raajiivalochanaH= the lotus-eyed man; raajaa= the king; nakarishhyati hi= cannot indeed make; mithyaa= untrue; pratiJNaatam= the promise given; tava= to you.
"Oh, Kaikeyi! Dasaratha the faultless man, the majesty, the lotus-eyed man and the king cannot indeed belie the promise given to you(Hence, you alone has to change your opinion)"
jyeÿ÷ho vad˜nya× karmaõya× svadharmaparirakÿit˜ |
rakÿit˜ jŸvalokasya balŸ r˜mo'bhiÿicyat˜m || 2-35-32
32. raamaH= Rama; jyeshhTaH= the eldest; vadaanyaH= the generous; karmaNyaH= the skilled; svadharma parirakshhitaa= the saviour of one's own righteousness; jiivalokasya= of the world of living being; balii= the strong; abhishhichyataam= be installed on the throne(of Ayodhya).
"Let Rama the eldest(of the sons) who is generous strong skilled, capable of protecting his own duty as Kshatriya but also of protecting the world of living beings, be installed on the throne of Ayodhya"
pariv˜do hi te devi mah˜nloke cariÿyati |
yadi r˜mo vanam y˜ti vih˜ya pitaram n®pam || 2-35-33
33. devi= Oh, Kaikeyi! raamaH= Rama; vihaaya= leaving; pitaram= his father; nR^ipam= the king; yaati yadi= and in case goes; vanam= to the forest; mahaan= a great; parivaadaH= accusation; charishhyati= will surely roam; te= about you; charishhyati= in the world.
"Oh, Kaikeyi! A great accusation will surely roam about you in the world, if Rama leaving his royal father goes to the forest.
sa r˜jyam r˜ghava× p˜tu bhavatvam vigatajvar˜ |
na hi te r˜ghav˜danya× kÿama× puravare vaset || 2-35-34
34. saH raama= Rama of that king; paatu= should protect; raajyam= the kingdom; bhava= be; tvam= you; vigata jvaraa= free from distres; na vaset= there is no one existing; puravare= in this excellent city; te= of yours; anyaH= other; raamavaat= then Rama; samardhaH= who is competent.
"Let Rama of that character protect this kingdom! Be you free from distress. There is none other than Rama living in your excellent city who is competent to rule this Ayodhya"
r˜me hi yauvar˜jyasthe r˜j˜ daþaratho vanam |
pravekÿyati maheÿv˜sa× p¨rvav®ttamanusmaran || 2-35-35
35. raame= Rama; yauvaraajyasthe= being installed in the office of Price Regent; dasarathaH= Dasaratha; raajaa= the king; maheshhvaasaH= the wielder of the great bow; pravekshhyati hi= will surely have recourse; vanam= to the forest; anusmaran= cherishly recollecting; puurva vR^ittam= the conduct of his forebears.
"In the event of Rama being installe din the office of the prince Regent, King Dasaratha wielder of the great bow will surely have recourse to the forest, cherishly recollecting the conduct of his forebears"
iti s˜nvaiþca tŸkÿõai kaikeyŸm r˜jasamsadi |
suvantra× kÿobhay˜m˜sa bh¨ya eva k®t˜ñjali× || 2-35-36
36. iti= Thus; sumantraH= Sumantra; kshhobhaayamaasa= caused a shaking; kaikeyiim= to Kaikeyi; raajasamsadi= in the royal assemble; saantvaishcha= by his kind words; tikshhNaishcha= as well as his bitter words; bhuuya eva= repeatedly; kR^itaaNjaliH= with joined palms.
Thus, Sumantra repeatedly with joint palms, caused a shaking to Kaikeyi in the royal assmebly, by his kind words as well as bitter words.
naivas˜kÿubhyate devŸ na ca sma parid¨yate |
na c˜sy˜ mukhavarõasya vikriy˜ lakÿyate tad˜ || 2-35-37
37. saa devii= that queen Kaikeyi; naiva kshhubhyate= did not get excted; na pariduuyatesma= was not reapented in her heart; na lakshhyate= nor was seen; vikrayaacha= even change in; asyaaH= her; mukhavarNasya= colour of the face; tada= then.
That queen Kaikeyi, however, was neither excited nor repented in her heart nor was any change observed in the colour of her face.
iti v˜lmŸki r˜m˜yaõe ˜di k˜vye ayodhya k˜õýe pañca triÕþa× sarga×
Thus completes 35th chapter in Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© January 2002, K. M. K. Murthy