Chapter [Sarga] 21

Introduction

This chapter describes Lakshmana's anger and Rama consoling Lakshmana.


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tath˜ tu vilapantŸm t˜m kausaly˜m r˜ma m˜taram |
uv˜ca lakÿmaõo dŸna× tat k˜la sad®þam vaca× || 2-21-1

1. lakshhmaNaH =Lakshmana, diinaH =became dejected, uvaacha =spoke, vachaH =the words, tatkaala sadR^isham =suitable for that time, taam kausalyyaam =to that kausalya, rama maataram =Rama’s mother, tathaa =thus, vilapantiim =weaping.

Lakshmana became dejected and spoke these words, properly befitting for that time, to that Rama’s mother Kausalya who was thus weeping.

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na rocate mama api etat ˜rye yad r˜ghavo vanam |
tyaktv˜ r˜jya þriyam gaccet striy˜ v˜kya vaþam gata× || 2-21-2

2. “aarye =Oh, the venerable lady! atat = this, na rochate =is not liking, mamaapi =to me also, itiyat =as in the manner this, raaghavaH= Rama, vaakyaarasham gataH =being influenced by the words, striyaaH =of a woman, gachchhet =go, vanam =to forest, tyaktvaa =leaving, raajya sriiyam =prosperous kingdom.”

“Oh, the honoured lady ! I also do not like Rama to be influenced by the words of a woman and go to the forest, leaving the prosperous kingdom.”

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viparŸta× ca v®ddha× ca viÿayai× ca pradharÿita× |
n®pa× kim iva na br¨y˜c codyam˜na× samanmatha× || 2-21-3

3. “nR^ipaH =king, vipariitasheha =with perverted mind, vR^idhdhhashcha =old aged, pradharshhitaH =who is outraged, vishhayaiH =by sensual enjoyments, samanimadhaH =who is possessed of passion, na bruuyaat =can he not talk, kimiva =of anything, chodyamaanaH =prompted (by Kaikeyi).

“The king with perverted mind, of old age, one who is outraged by sensual enjoyments and possessed of passion can talk any thing, prompted by Kaikeyi.”

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na asya apar˜dham paþy˜mi na api doÿam tath˜ vidham |
yena nirv˜syate r˜ÿ÷r˜t vana v˜s˜ya r˜ghava× || 2-21-4

4. na pashyaami =I can neither see, aparaadham =offence, na pashyaami =nor can I see, doshshamapi =even fault, asya =in him, tathaa vidham =that can, yena =by any means, nirvaasyate =expel, raaghavaH =Rama, raashhTraat =from state , vanavaasaaya =to forest.”

“I can not see any offence or cause for blame in Rama that can expel him from the state to the forest.”

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na tam paþy˜my aham loke parokÿam api yo nara× |
svamitro'pi nirasto'pi yo'syadoÿamud˜haret || 2-21-5

5. aham =I, na pashyaami =have not seen, loke =in this world, tam =such a person, udaaharet =who talks, dosham =ill, asya =of Rama, parokshhamapi =even indirectly, yaH naraH =that person who is, svamitro api =even an enemy, nirasto api = or an expellee.”

I have not seen in this world any person, whether an enemy or an expellee, speaking ill of Rama indirectly.”

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deva kalpam ®jum d˜ntam rip¨õ˜m api vatsalam |
avekÿam˜õa× ko dharmam tyajet putram ak˜raõ˜t || 2-21-6

6. “kaH= who, avekshhamaaNaH =observing, dharmam =ethicalness, akaaraNaat =causelessly, tyajet =get rid of, putram =son, devakalpam =who is equal to god, R^ijum = who is honest, daantam =who is self-restrained, vatsalam =who is affectionate, R^ipuuNaamapi =even towards enemies?”

“Can anybody observing ethicalness, causelessly get rid of a son who is equal to god who is honest, who is self-restrained and who is affectionate even towards adversaries?”

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tat idam vacanam r˜jña× punar b˜lyam upeyuÿa× |
putra× ko h®daye kury˜t r˜ja vrttam anusmaran || 2-21-7

7. “kaH =which son, anusmaran =who remembers, raja vR^ittam =royal usage, kuryaat =act, hR^idaye =with heart, tat idam vachanam =such of these words, raajJNaH =of king, upeyushhaH =who got, baalyam =childhood punaH= again?”

“Which son, knowing royal usage, can agree to the words of this king who is behaving as though he got childhood again?”

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y˜vad eva na j˜n˜ti kaþcit artham imam nara× |
t˜vad eva may˜ s˜dham ˜tmastham kuru þ˜sanam ||2-21-8

8. “yaavadeva =even till, kashchit =any, naraH= person, na jaanaati =does not know, ivam artham =this matter, taava deva =in the mean time, kuru = make, shaasanam =dominion, aatmastham =your own, mayaa sa ardham =together with me.”

“Even before others get to know about this matter, make this dominion your own, with my help.”

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may˜ p˜rþve sadhanuÿ˜ tava guptasya r˜ghava |
ka× samartho adhikam kartum k®ta antasya iva tiÿ÷hata× || 2-21-9

9. raaghava =Oh, Rama! guptasya =protected; mayaa =by me ; parshve = on your side; sadhamshhaa =along with a bow, tishhThataH= you standing; kR^itaantasyeva =like Yama, the god of death; kaH =who; samarthaH =the competent one; kartum = to do; adhikam =too much?”

“Oh, Rama! While I am standing by your side along with a bow, protecting you who are standing as God of Death, who is capable of doing too much ?”

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nirmanuÿy˜m im˜m sarv˜m ayodhy˜m manuja ®ÿabha |
kariÿy˜mi þaraia× tŸkÿõai× yadi sth˜syati vipriye || 2-21-10

10. manushharshhabha =Oh the best of men! sthaasyati yadi =If it stands; vipriye =disagreeable to you; karishhyaami =I shall make; imaam =this; kR^itsnaam = entire; ayodhyam =Ayodhya; nirmanushhyaam =deserted of people; sharaH tiikshhNaiH =with sharp arrows.”

“Oh, Rama, the best of men! If the city of Ayodhya turns against you, I shall make it desolate of men with sharp arrows”

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bharatasya atha pakÿyo v˜ yo v˜ asya hitam iccati |
sarv˜n et˜n vadhiÿy˜mi m®dur hi paribh¨yate || 2-21-11

11. “atha = and vadhishhyaami =I shall kill; etaam sarvaan =all those; pakshhyovaa =who are siding; bharatasya =Bharata; yovaa =and who; ichchhati =desire; asya =his; hitam =benefit; mR^iduH =soft person; paribhuuyate hi =indeed gets disgraced.”

“I shall kill all those who are siding Bharata ,and are favourable to him. Soft person indeed gets disgraced!”

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prots˜hito'yam kaikeyy˜ sa duÿ÷o yadi× pit˜ |
amitrabh¨to nissaðgam vadhyat˜m badhyat˜mapi || 2-21-12

12. “protsaahitaH= Instigated; kaikeyyaa =by Kaikeyi saH = such of; naH putraa =our father, dushhTaH =as bad person; amitra bhuutaH=becomes enemy, ayam badhyataam =let him be imprisoned; mi ssaNgam =without personal attachment; vaadhyataamapi =and be killed!”

“If our father with an evil mind behaves like our enemy with instigation by Kaikeyi. I shall keep him imprisoned with out personal attachment or if necessary, kill him.”

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gurorapyavaliptasya k˜ry˜k˜ryamaj˜nata× |
utphatham pratipannasya k˜ryam bhavati þ˜sanm || 2-21-13

13. gurorapi =Even for a venerable person; avaliptasya =who is arrogant; ajaanataH =who does not know; kaaryaakaaryam =good and evil actions, pratipunnasya =who resorts to; utpatham =wrong route; shaasanam =punishment; bhavati =becomes; kaaryam =feasible.”

“Even a venerable person is to be punished, if he becomes arrogant, if he does not know good and evil actions and if he takes to a wrong route.”

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balameÿa kim˜þritya hetum v˜ puruÿarÿabha |
d˜tumicchati kaikeyya r˜jyam sthitamidam tava || 2-21-14

14. purushharshhabha =Oh the best of men! kim= what; balam =strength; hetum vaa =or reason; eshhaH =he; aastritya =has taken shelter; ichchhati =desiring ; daatum =to give; idam =this ; raajyam =kingdom; tava sthitam =belonging to you; kaikeyyai = for Kaikeyi.

“Oh, Rama, the best of men! On what strength or season has he taken shelter to give away this kingdom belonging to you to Kaikeyi?”

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tvay˜ caiva may˜ caiva k®tv˜ vairam anuttamam |
kasya þakti× þriyam d˜tum bharat˜ya ari þ˜sana || 2-21-15

15. arishaasana =Oh, the chastiser of enemies ! kaa shaktiH =what ability is there; asya =to him; daatum= to give; shriyam =high rank; bharataaya= to Bharata; kR^itvaa =by making; anuttamam =great; vairam =enmity; tvayaa chaiva =with you; mayaa chaiva =and with me.”

“Oh, Rama the chestiser of enemies! Where is the ability for him to give kingdom to Bharata, by making great enmity against you and me ”

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anurakta× asmi bh˜vena bhr˜taram devi tattvata× |
satyena dhanuÿ˜ caiva dattena iÿ÷ena te þape || 2-21-16

16. devi =Oh, queen! tattvataH =really, anuraktaH asmi =I am attached; bhaavena =devotedly; bhraataram =my brother Rama; shape =I am swearing an oath; te =to you; satyena =by truth; dhanushhaachaiva =by bow; daltena =by the act of giving; ishhTena =by the act of sacrifice.”

“Oh, queen! Really, I am devotedly attached to my brother Rama. I am swearing an oath to you by truth by bow, by the act of giving and by the act of sacrifice.”

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dŸptam agnim araõyam v˜ yadi r˜ma× pravekÿyate |
praviÿ÷am tatra m˜m devi tvam p¨rvam avadh˜raya || 2-21-17

17. devi =oh,queen! ramaH pravekshhyati yadi =If Rama can enter; diiptam =blazing; agnim =fire; araNyam vaa =or forest, tvam =you avadhaaraya =make certain; puurvam =even before; maam =mine; pravishhTam =who can enter; tatra = there.

“Oh, queen! If Rama can enter blazing fire or forest, you make certain that even before, I can enter there”

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har˜mi vŸry˜t duhkham te tama× s¨ryaiva udita× |
devŸ paþyatu me vŸryam r˜ghava× caiva paþyatu || 2-21-18

18. haraami =I shall alleviate; te duHkham =your grief; viiryaat =by my valour; tama iva =as darkness; uditaH =by rising; suuryaH =sun; pashyatu devii =Let the queen see; me viiryam =my valour; pashyatu raaghavashchaiva =Let Rama also see.”

“I shall alleviate your grief, by showing my valour like the rising sun alleviating darkness .Let Rama and yourself see my valour”

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etat tu vacanam þrutv˜ lakÿmaõasya mah˜tmana× |
uv˜ca r˜mam kausaly˜ rudantŸ þoka l˜las˜ || 2-21-19

19. shrutva =Hearing; etat vachanam =this word; lakshmaNasya =of Lakshmana; mahaat manaH= the magnanimous; kausalya= Kausalya; shokalaalasaa =entirely; given up to anguish; rudaati = weaping, uvaacha = spoke; raamam =to Rama.

Hearing these words of Lakshmana the magnanimous, Kausalya entirely given up to anguish and weaping, spoke thus to Rama.

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bhr˜tus te vadata× putra lakÿmaõasya þrutam tvay˜ |
yad atra anantaram tat tvam kuruÿva yadi rocate || 2-21-20

20. putra= Oh,son shrutam =It is heard tvayaa =by you, te =your; bhraatuaH =brother lakshhmanasya =Lakshmana; vadataH =speaking; rochate yadi =If you agree; kurushhva= you do; yat =what; kaaryam =action to be done; anantaram =immediately after.”

“Oh, son !You have heard the words of Lakshmana .If you agree, you do what is to be done, immediately.”

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na ca adharmyam vaca× þrutv˜ sapatny˜ mama bh˜ÿitam |
vih˜ya þoka samtapt˜m gantum arhasi m˜m ita× || 2-21-21

21. na arhasi= you are not suited; gantum= to go; itaha= from here; vihaaya= leaving; maam= me; sokasamtaptaam= in deep grief; shrutvaa= hearing; adharmyam vachaH= the un-just words; bhaashitam= said; mama sapatnyaa= by my co-wife.

“It is not proper for you to go away from here, leaving me afflicted with grief, after hearing the un-just words spoken by my co-wife.”

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dharmajña yadi dharmiÿ÷ho dharmam caritum iccasi |
þuþr¨ÿa m˜m ihastha× tvam cara dharmam anuttamam || 2-21-22

22. dharmajJNa =Oh, the knower of goodness! tvam ichchhasi yadi =If you desire; charitum =to practice dharmam =virtue; dharnushhTaH =be a virtuous man, ihasthaH= stay here, shushruushha =serve maam =me chara =practice anuttamam =best dharmam =goodness”

“Oh, Rama! You are righteous man. If you desire to practice virtue, be a virtuous man and stay here serving me thereby practicing the best morality in the form of serving your mother.

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þuþr¨ÿur jananŸm putra sva g®he niyata× vasan |
pareõa tapas˜ yukta× k˜þyapa× tridivam gata× || 2-21-23

23. kaasyapaH =sage; kasyapa niyataH= with self restraint; vasan =was residing; svagR^ihe =in own house; yuktaH =accompanied; vareNa tapasaa =with great austerity; sushruushhuH =of serving; jananiim =the mother, gataH =went; tridivam =to heaven”

“Oh, son! Formerly Kasyapa was staying in his own house itself with self restraint, performed great austerity by serving his mother and went to heaven”

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yath˜ eva r˜j˜ p¨jya× te gauraveõa tath˜ hi aham |
tv˜m na aham anuj˜n˜mi na gantavyam ita× vanam || 2-21-24

24. yathaiva =Just as raajaa =king; gouraveNa =by respectable feeling; te =to you; puUjyaH =is worthy of worship; aham =I am also; tathaa hi =indeed so; naanujaanaami =I am not permitting ; tvaam =you; nagantavyam =it is proper to go; itaH =from here; vanam =to forest”

“Just as the king, by respectable feeling to you is worthy of worship, so also being your mother, I am worthy of worship to you. Hence, do not go to the forest”

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tvad viyog˜n na me k˜ryam jŸvitena sukhena v˜ |
tvay˜ saha mama þreya× t®õ˜n˜m api bhakÿaõam || 2-21-25

25. tvadviyogaat =Because of your separation; na kaaryam= there is no purpose; jiivitena =for life; su khena vaa =or comforts; mama =for me; shreyaH =it is good; bhakshhaNam api =even to eat; tR^iNaanaam =grass; tvayaa saha =while staying with you”

“After your separation, I shall have no use of this life or comforts for me, it is good even to eat grass while staying with you”

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yadi tvam y˜syasi vanam tyaktv˜ m˜m þoka l˜las˜m |
aham pr˜yam iha ˜siÿye na hi þakÿy˜mi jŸvitum || 2-21-26

26. tvaam yaasyasiyadi =If you go; vanam =to forest; tyaktvaa =leaving; maam =me; shokalaalasaam =who is afflicted with grief; aham =I praayam asishhye =shall seek death through starvation, iha =here; na shakshhyaami hi= Indeed; I shall not be able; jiivutum =to live

“I shall not live if you leave for the forest, leaving me who is afflicted with grief. I shall seek death through starvation”

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tata× stvam pr˜psyase putra nirayam loka viþrutam |
brahma haty˜m iva adharm˜t samudra× sarit˜m pati× || 2-21-27

27. putra =Oh,son! tataH =Thereafter; tvam =you; praapsyase= will attain; lokavishrutam =the universally famous; nirayam =hell; brahmahatyaamiva =like obtaining the sin of killing a Brahmana by; samudraH =the god of ocean; saritaampatiH =lord of rivers adharmaat =due to un justice behaviour”

“Oh, son! If I fast myself to death for your sake, you will attain the universally famous hell, like the god of the ocean obtaining trouble because of his un justice behaviour, towards the sage called Pippalada, producing the latter’s wrath.”

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vilapantŸm tath˜ dŸn˜m kausaly˜m jananŸm tata× |
uv˜ca r˜ma× dharma atm˜ vacanam dharma samhitam || 2-21-28

28. tataH =thereafter; dharmaatma =righteous words ; raamaH =Rama; uvaacha = spoke; vachanam =the words; dharmasamhitam =attended with virtuous; kausalyaam =to Kausalya; jananiim =the mother; tathaa =thus; vilapantiim =weaping; diinaam =miserably.

The honest Rama spoke these virtuous words to his mother Kausalya, who was thus weeping miserably.

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na asti þakti× pitur v˜kyam samatikramitum mama |
pras˜daye tv˜m þiras˜ gantum icc˜my aham vanam || 2-21-29

29. naasti =there is no; shaktiH =ability; mama =for me ; samatikramitum =to violet; pituH =father’s; vaakyam =words; aham =I; prasaadaye =am asking for favour; tvaam =to you; shirasaa =with head; ichchaami =I wish gantum =to go; vanam =to forest.”

“I am not able to violate my father’s words. I am bowing my head and asking your favour. I shall have to go to the forest”

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®ÿiõ˜ ca pitur v˜kyam kurvat˜ vrata c˜riõ˜ |
gaur hat˜ j˜nat˜ dharmam kaõýun˜ api vipaþcit˜ || 2-21-30

30. gouH api= Even a cow; hataa =was killed; kurvataa =acting as per; pituH =father’s; vaakyam =words; kandunaa =by Kandu; R^ishhiNaa =the sage; vratachaariNaa =who performed religious vows; jaanataa =who knew; dharmam =righteousness; vipashchita =who was learned.”

“A sage called Kandu, who knew righteousness, who performed religious vows and who was a learned man, killed even a cow, acting as per his father’s words”

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asm˜kam ca kule p¨rvam sagarasya ˜jñay˜ pitu× |
khanadbhi× s˜garai× bh¨tim av˜pta× sumah˜n vadha× || 2-21-31

31. puurvam= previously; saagaraiH= by the sons of Sagara; asmaakam =of our; kulecha =race also; sumahaan =a great vadhaH =killing; avaaptaH =was obtained; kharadbhiH =while digging up; bhuumim= the earth; aajJNayaa =by the order of ; sagarasya =of Sagara pituH =their father.”

“Previously, the sons of Sagara belonging to our race, were got bitterly digging up the earth, as commanded by their father.”

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j˜madagnyena r˜meõa reõuk˜ jananŸ svayam |
k®tt˜ paraþun˜ araõye pitur vacana k˜riõ˜ || 2-21-32

32. raameNa =by Parasurama; jaamadagniyaina =the son of Jamadagni; renuka =Renuka; janamii =mother kR^ittaa =was cut off; svayam =spontaneously ; parashunaa =by axe; araNye= in the forest; vachana kaariNaa =as per words; pituH =of father;

“Parasu Rama, the son of Jamadagni personally slayed his mother Renuka in the forest with an axe as per his father’s words.”

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etairanyaiþca bahubhirdevi devasamai× k®tam |
piturvacanamaklŸbam kariÿy˜mi piturþitam || 2-21-33

33. devi =Oh,queen! etaiH =by these; bahubhiH anyaisheha =by many others; devasamaanaiH =equivelant to gods -pituH= father’s; vachanam =words kR^itam =was made akliibam =no waste; karishhyaami =I shall do; pituH =father’s hitam =assignment”

“Oh, mother! These and many others who were equivalent to gods, did not make their father’ s words to go waste. I shall also do what is desired by my father”

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na khalv etan may˜ ekena kriyate pit® þ˜sanam |
etairapi k®tam devi ye may˜ tava kŸrtit˜× || 2-21-34

34. devi =Oh,queen! etat =This; pitR^ishasanam =father’s command; na kriyate =was not done mayaa =by me; ekena =only; etairapi =Also by these; ye =who kiirtitaa =were; mentioned tava =to you; mayaa =by me, kR^itam =it was done.”

“Oh, mother! I am not the only person to act according to father’s command. Those I have mentioned to you hitherto also complied with their father’s command.”

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n˜ham dharmamap¨rvam te pratik¨lam pravartaye |
p¨rvai× ayam abhipreta× gata× m˜rgo anugamyate || 2-21-35

35. “aham =I; na pravartaye =am not setting out; apuurvam =new; pratikuulam =contradicting; dharmam =customary conduct; te =for you; anugamyate =I am following; ayam =this; maargam =way; abhipretaH =agreed; gataH =followed by; puurvaiH =the ancient.”

“I am not setting any new contradicting customary conduct for your sake. I am adhering to the way agreed and followed by the ancient.”

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tat etat tu may˜ k˜ryam kriyate bhuvi na anyath˜ |
pitur hi vacanam kurvan na kaþcin n˜ma hŸyate || 2-21-36

36. na kriyate =It cannot be done; anyathaa =otherwise; mayaa =by me; tat etat =than such of this; kaaryam =practice; bhuvi =on earth; na hiiyate naama =No deprivation indeed; kashchit =for anyone kurvam =doing; pituH =father’s; vachanam =words.”

“I cannot do otherwise than acting in accordance with father’s words, the prevalent practice on earth. There is no deprivation indeed for anyone who complies with father’s commands.”

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t˜m evam uktv˜ jananŸm lakÿmaõam punar abravŸt |
tava lakÿmaõa j˜n˜mi mayi sneham anuttamam || 2-21-37

37. shreshhThaH =the best, vaakyavidaam =of those knowing the speech, shreshhTaH =the best, sarva dhanushhTataam =of all those wearing the bow, evam =thus, uktaava =spoke, taam jananiim =to that mother, punaH= again, abraviit =spoke, lakshmanam =to Lakshmana.

Rama, the best of those who speak skilfully and the best of all those wearing the bow, spoke thus to his mother and turned round to Lakshmana to speak.

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tava lakÿmaõa j˜n˜mi mayi snehamanuttamam |
vikramam caiva satyam ca tejaþca sudur˜sadam || 2-21-38

38. lakshmana =Oh, Lakshmana! jaanaami =I know tava = your anuttamam =highest sneham =affection mayi =in me vikramam chaiva =heroic valour sattvam cha =strength, suduraasadam =un assailable tejashcha =splendour.”

"Oh, Lakshmana ! I know your highest affection towards me, your heroic valour ,your strength and your unassailable splendour .”

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mama m˜turmahaddu×khamatulam þubhalakÿamõa |
abhipr˜yam avijñ˜ya satyasya ca þamasya ca || 2-21-39

39. subhakshhaNa = Oh; Lakshmana, with good attributes! atulam mahat duHkham = there is an unqualled and great grief; mama maatuH = to my mother, aviN^yaaya = by not knowing; abhipraayam = the meaning; satyasya cha = of truth and shamasyacha = tranquility.

" Oh, Lakshmana, with good attributes! My mother is feeling a great and unequalled sorrow, by not knowing the secret of truth and tranquillity."

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dharma× hi parama× loke dharme satyam pratiÿ÷hitam |
dharma samþritam etac ca pitur vacanam uttamam || 2-21-40

40. dharmaH = righteousness; paramohi = is indeed the best; loke = in the world; satyam = truth; pratishhThiam = is established, dharma = in righteousness, etat = these; uttamam =best; vachanamcha = words also; pituH = of father; dharmasamshnitam = are enjoined in righteousness.

"Righteousness is the best of all qualities in the world. Truth is established in righteousness. Even these best words of father are enjoined with righteousness."

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samþrutya ca pitur v˜kyam m˜tur v˜ br˜hmaõasya v˜ |
na kartavyam v®th˜ vŸra dharmam ˜þritya tiÿ÷hat˜ || 2-21-41

41. viiraH = oh; Lakshmana the valiant! tishhThataa = one who is aashritya = following; dharmam = righteousness, nakartavyam = is not obliged; vR^ithaa = to waste, vaakyam = the word; samshrutya = promised; pituH = to father or; maaturvaa = mother or; brahmanasya vaa = Brahmana.

"One who follows righteousness, does not waste his promise given to one's father or mother or Brahmana."

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so aham na þakÿy˜mi pitur niyogam ativartitum |
pitur hi vacan˜t vŸra kaikeyy˜ aham pracodita× || 2-21-42

42. viira = oh, the valiant! saH aham = I, being such person; nashakshhyaami ativartitum = cannot trasgrass, niyogam = the command, pituH = of father; vachanaat = for the word; pituH = of father, aham = I; prachoditohi = was indeed instigated; kaikeyyaa = by Kaikeyi.

" I cannot transgress my father's command. On the word given by my father only, Kaikeyi instigated me to go to the forest."

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tat en˜m vis®ja an˜ry˜m kÿatra dharma ˜þrit˜m matim |
dharmam ˜þraya m˜ taikÿõyam mad buddhir anugamyat˜m || 2-21-43

43. tat = hence, visR^ija = leave, anaaryaam = the mean, matim = mentality; kshhatra dharmaashritaam = of followig military heroism; aashraya = take refuge; dharamam = in righteousness, maa = not, taikhhNyam = in rudeness; anugamya = follow; madbuadhiH = my perception.

"Hence, leave this mean mentality of military heroism. Observe righteousness and not rudeness. follow my perception."

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tam evam uktv˜ sauh˜rd˜t bhr˜taram lakÿmaõa agraja× |
uv˜ca bh¨ya× kausaly˜m pr˜njali× þiras˜ ˜nata× || 2-21-44

44. lakshhmaNaagrajaH = Rama, the elder brother of Lakshmana, evam = thus, uktvaa = spoke, sauhaardaat = affectionately, bhraataram = to brother, nataH = bowed, shirasaa = with head, praaNjaliH = with folded hands, uvaacha = spoke, bhuuyaH = again, kausalyaam = to Kausalya.

Rama spoke thus to his brother affectionately, bowed to his mother and with folded hands, spoke again to Kausalya as follows.

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anumanyasva m˜m devi gamiÿyantam ita× vanam |
þ˜pit˜ asi mama pr˜õai× kuru svastyayan˜ni me || 2-21-45

45. devii = oh, mother! anumanyasva = permit; maam = me; gamishhyantam = who is about to go; vanam = to forest; shaapitaa asi = on my life; kuru = invode; svastyanaani = blessings; me = on me.

"OH, mother! I have decided to go to forest. Please give me permission. I am swearing to you on my life. Please invoke blessings on me."

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tŸrõa pratijña× ca van˜t punar eÿy˜my aham purŸm |
yay˜tiriva r˜jarÿi× pur˜ hitv˜ punardhivam || 2-21-46

46. puraa = in olden times; iva = as; raajarshhiH = the sage king; yayaatiH = named yayaati; hitvaa = left; divam = heaven;divam = reached heaven; punaH = again; aham eshhyaami = I can come; punaH = back; puriim = to city; vanaat = from forest; tirNa pratijJNyaH = after fulfuilling the promise.

"As sage king named Yayati in olden times left the heaven and reached back heaven again, I shall be back to the city from the forest, after fulfilling my promise."

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þokassamdh˜ryat˜m m˜tarh®daye s˜dhu m˜ þuca× |
vanav˜s˜dihaiÿy˜mi puna× k®tv˜ piturvaca× || 2-21-47

47. maataH = oh; mother! maashuchaH = do not grieve; samdhaaryaam = bear; saadhu = well; hR^idaye = in heart; eshhyaami = I shall come; iha = here; punaH = again; vanavaasaat = from forest; kR^itvaa = after fulfilling; pituH = father's; vachaH = command.

"Oh, mother! Please do not grieve, Bear it well in your heart. I shall come back here again from the forest after fulfilling the father's command."

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tvay˜ may˜ ca vaidehy˜ lakÿmaõena sumitray˜ |
piturniyoge sth˜tavyameÿa dharma× san˜ana× || 2-21-48

48. pituH niyoge = In father's command; sthhaatavyam = should be remainded; tvayaa = by you; mayaa cha = by me; vaidehyaa = by Sita; lakshhmaNena = by Lakshmana; sumitrayaa = by Sumitra; eshhaH = this is; sanaatanaH = eternal; dharmaH = custom.

"You and I, Sita, Lakshmana, Sumintra and all of us should follow father's directions. This is an eternal custom."

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amba samh®tya sambh˜r˜n du×kham h®di nig®hya ca |
vanav˜sak®t˜ buddhirmama dharmy˜nuvartyat˜m || 2-21-49

49. amba = oh, mother! mama buddhiH = my intention; vanavaasa kR^itaa = of proceeding to forest; dharmyaa = which is righteous; anuvartyataam = be approved; samhR^itya = duly with drawing; sambhaaraan = preparations for coronation; nigR^ihyacha = keeping in check; duHkham = sorrow; hR^idi = in heart.

"Oh mother! Please approve my righteous intention of going to the forest, duly withdrawing preparations for my coronation and keeping in check the sorrow in your heart."

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etadvaca stasya niþamya m˜t˜ |
sudharmyamavyagramaviklabam ca |
m®teva samjñ˜m pratilabhya devŸ |
samŸkÿya r˜mam punarityuv˜ca || 2-21-50

50. maataa = the mother; devii = kausalya; nishamya = heard; tasya = that Rama's; vachaH = words; etat = here; sudharmyam = which were the most virtuous; avyagram = which wer cool; aviklabam cha = and which were not unsteady; pratilabhya = regained; saNjJNyaam = consciousness; mR^iteva = looked at; raamam = Rama; uvaacha = spoke; punaH = again; iti = thus .

The mother Kausalya heard the most virtuous, cool and steady words of Rama and rose, as though regained consciousness once more after death, looked at Rama and spoke thus again.

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yathaiva te putra pit˜ tath˜ham |
guru× svadharmeõa suh®ttay˜ ca |
na tv˜nuj˜n˜mi na m˜Õvih˜ya |
sudu×khit˜marhasi gantumevam || 2-21-51

51. putra = oh, son! aham = I am also; guruH = respectable person; te = to you; pitaa yathaiva = as indeed your father; svadharmeNa = in my own right; suhR^ittayaacha = and due to great affection; naanujaanaami = I do not permit; tvaa = you; naarhasi = you are not entitled; gantum = to go; evam = thus; vihaaya = leaving; maam = me ; suduHkhitaam = in great sorrow.

"Oh, son! I am also as respectable a person to you as your father, in my own right and due to great affection. I do not give permission to you. You cannot thus go away, leaving me in great sorrow."

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kim jŸviteneha vin˜ tvay˜ me |
lokena v˜ kim svadhay˜'m®tena |
þreyo muh¨rtam tava sannidh˜nam |
mameha k®tsn˜dapi jŸvalok˜t || 2-21-52

52. kim = what is the use; jiivitena = of living; iha = here; me = to me; tvayaavinaa = without you? kim = what is the use; lokena = of the other world; svadhayaa = or the oblation of food offered to the deceased ancestors; amR^itenavaa = or the nectar of immortality? tava = your; samnidhaanam = proximity; muhuurtam = even for a moment; shreyaH = is better; kR^itsnaat = than entire; jiivalokaat api = world of living beings too.

"What is the use of my living in this world without you? What is the use of the other world or the oblation of food offered to the deceased ancestors or the nectar of immortality? Your proximity even for a moment is better than that of the entire world of living beings."

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narairivolk˜bhirapohyam˜no |
mah˜gajo'dhv˜namanupraviÿ÷a× |
bh¨ya× prajajv˜la vil˜pamevam |
niþamya r˜ma× karuõam janany˜ || 2-21-53

53. nishamya = hearing; karuNam = pathetic; vilaapam = lamentation; jananyaa = of mother; prajajvaala = he was highly agonised; bhuuyaH = again; mahaagaja iva = as a great elephant; ampravishhTaH = having entered; adhvaanam = way; apohyamaanaH = being taken away; naraiH = ny men; ulkaabhiH = with flames of fire.

After hearing the pathetic lamentation of his mother, he was highly anguished, as when an elephant is removed highly from its way by men with flames of fire.

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sa m˜taram caiva visamjñakalp˜ |
m˜rtam ca saumitri mabhiprataptam |
dharme sthito dharmyamuv˜ca v˜kyam |
yath˜ sa ev˜rhati tatra vaktum || 2-21-54

54. saH = that Rama; sthitaH = who was established; dharme = in righteousness; uvaacha = spoke; vaakyam = the words; dharmyam = endued with virtue; yathaa = in which manner; tatra = at that time; sa eva = he only; arhati = was fit; vaktum = to speak; maataramchaiva = to mother; visaMjJNakalpaam = appearing unconscious; saumitrim = to Lakshmana; aartam = who was disturbed; abhiprataptam = and exhausted with distress.

Rama, who was established in righteousness, spoke these words endowed with virtue, to his mother who was looking unconscious and to Lakshmana who was disturbed and exhausted with distress. He was the only person worthy of speaking thus at that time.

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aham hi te lakÿmaõa nityameva |
j˜n˜mi bhaktim ca par˜kramam ca |
mama tvabhipr˜ya masannirŸkÿya |
m˜tr˜ sah˜bhyardasi m˜ sudu×kham || 2-21-55

55. lakshmana = Oh; Lakshmana! aham = I; nityameva = always; jaanaami = know; te = your; bhakitmacha = devotion and; parakramamcha = strength; tu = but; maatraa saha = along with mother; abhyardamasi = you are afflicting; suduHkham = much pain; mama = to me, asanniririikshhya = without looking at; mama = my; abhipraayam = opionon.

"Oh, Lakshmana! I always know your devotion towards me as well as your strength. But now, you are joining with mother in afflicting much trouble to me without looking at my opinion."

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dharm˜rthak˜m˜× khalu t˜ta loke |
samŸkÿit˜ dharmaphalodayeÿu |
te tatra sarve syurasamþayam me |
bh˜ryeva vaþy˜bhimat˜ suputr˜ || 2-21-56

56. taata = Oh, father a ter (of affection addressed to a junior or senior); loke = in the world; dharmaphalodayeshhu = in obtaining the fruit of good works, dharmaarthakaamaaH = righteousness, utility and free will; samiikshhitaaH = are looked at; bhaaryeva = as a wife; vashyaa = who is obedient; abhimataa = who is beloved; suputraa = who is having good sons; tatra = in those good words; te sarve = all those; syuH = are there; asamshayam = no doubt; me = for me.

"Oh, Lakshmana! In obtaining the fruit of good works in the world, righteousness utility and free will are being considered. As a wife who is obedient, who is beloved and who is having good sons, good work yields all these three things."

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yasmimstu sarve syurasanniviÿ÷˜ |
dharmo yata× sy˜t tadupakrameta |
dveÿyo bhavatyarthaparo hi loke |
k˜m˜tmat˜ khalvapi na praþast˜ || 2-21-57

57. tat = that; yasmin = in which; sarve = all these; asannivishhTaaH syuH = do not come together; yataH by which; dharmaH = righteousness; syaat = is created; upakrameta = is to be initiated; loke = in the world; arthaparaH = one who is intested in wealth alone; bhavatihi = becomes indeed; devshhyaH = fit to be hated; kaamaatmataapi = so also, the ne whose very essence is desire; na prashastaa khalu = cannot indeed be considered good.

"Only such an action, which is righteous, is to be initiated, leaving that in which wealth, desire and righteousness do not come together. One who is intested in wealth alone becomes indeed fit to be hated in the world. So also the one whose very essence is desire, cannot indeed be considered good.

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guruþca r˜j˜ ca pit˜ ca v®ddha× |
krodh˜tpraharÿa dyadi v˜pi k˜m˜t |
yadvy˜diþet k˜ryamavekÿya dharmam |
kastanna kury˜dan®dan®þamsav®tti× || 2-21-58

58. pitaa = father; gurshcha = who is venerable; rajaacha = a king; vR^iddhaH cha = and old aged; vyaadishet = commends; yat = for which reason; kaaryam = an action; krodhaat = either by anger; prahrshhaat = or by extreme joy; yadivaa kamaat api = or by even desire; kaH = who; apekshhya = with reference to dharmam = righteousness; anR^ishamsa vR^ittiiH = and not choosing cruelty; nakuryaat = will not do?

"When father, who is venerable, a king and old-aged, commands an action either by anger or by extreme joy or by even desire, which right person will not perform it? Only a person who chooses to be cruel will not do it."

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savai na þaknomi pitu× pratijñ˜ |
mim˜makartum sakalam yath˜vat |
sa hyavayostata gururniyoge |
dev˜þca bhart˜ sa gatissa dharma× || 2-21-59

59. saH = such of myself; na shaknomivgi = cannot; akartum = avoid; pituH = father's; imaam pratijJNyaam = this propostion; sakalaam = in entirety; taata = oh, father! aavoyaH = for both of us; saH = he; furuH hi = is indeed important person; niyoge = to command; devyaashcha = for mother also, saH = he; bhartaa = the husband; saH = he; gatiH = the resource person; dharmaH = the law, personified.

"I cannot avoid fulfilling the father's command completely. For both of us, he is an important person indeed to command us. To mother Kausalya also, he is the husband, the resource person and the personified law."

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tasmin punarjŸvati dharmar˜je |
viþeÿata× sve pathi vartam˜ne |
devŸ may˜ s˜rthamito'pagacchet |
katham svidany˜ vidhaveva n˜rŸ || 2-21-60

60. dharmaraaje = the righteous king; tasmin = himself; jiivati = alive; visheshhatatH = espacially; vartamaane = being; sve pathhi = in his own path; katham svit = how; devii = mother kausalya; avagachhet = can go out; mayaa saardham = with me; itaH = from here; anyaa naariiva = like other woman; vidhavaa = without husband?

"while the righteous king Dasaratha is alive and especially when he is following his own righteous path, how the mother Kausalya can go out with me from here leaving the city like other widowed woman?"

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s˜ m˜numanyasva vanam vrajantam |
kuruÿva na× svastyayan˜ni devi |
yath˜ sam˜pte punar˜vrajeyam |
yath˜ hi styena punaryay˜ti× || 2-21-61

61. devii = Oh, queen! anumanyasva = permit; maa = me; vrajantam = going; vanam = to forest; yathaa hi = as indeed; yayaatiH = yayati; punaH = returned; satyena =by power of stregth; yathaa = so; avrajeyam = I can come; punaH = again; samaapte = after completion of excile; kurushhva = perform; svastyayanaani = recitation of Mantra for well-being.

"Oh, mother the queen! Permit me to go to forest. As Yayati returned to heaven by the power of truth, give me your power of blessings so that I can return here after completion of exile."

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yaþo hyaham kevalar˜jyak˜raõ˜t |
na p®ÿ÷hata× kartumalam mahodayam |
adŸrghak˜le na tu devi jŸvite |
v®õe'var˜madya mahŸmadharmata× || 2-21-62

62. aham = I; na alam = cannot; vR^ishhTataH kartum = keep back; yashaH = reputation; mahodayam = and glory ; kevalaraajyakaaraNaat = for the sake of kingdom alone; devii = oh, queen! jiivite = In this life; adiirghakaale = which is not long; navR^iNe = I cannot long for; adya = now; avaraam = inferior; mahiim = earth; adharmataH = unrighteously.

"I cannot keep back reputation and glory for the sake of kingdom alone. This cannot unrighteously long for this inferior kingdom."

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pras˜dayan nara v®ÿabha× sa m˜taram |
par˜kram˜jjigamiÿureva domýak˜n |
atha anujam bhrþam anuþ˜sya darþanam |
cak˜ra t˜m hrdi jananŸm pradakÿiõam || 2-21-63

63. saH = that Rama; navR^ishhabhaH = the best of men; jigimishhureva = desired to go; daNdakaan = to Dandaka forest ; paraakramaat = with prowess; prasaadayan = consoling; maataram = mother; atha = and afterwards; anushaasya = advised; amjam = brother; bhR^isham = intensely; darshanam = with good thoughts; pradakshhiNam chakaara = made circumbulatory salutation; taamjanamiim = to his mother; hR^idi = heartily.

Rama, the best of men, decided to go to Dandaka forest fearlessly with his prowess, consoled his mother, advised his brother by good thoughts and made hearty circumbulatory salutation to his mother.

 

|| ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe ekavimþa× sarga× ||

Thus this is the twenty first chapter in Ayodhya Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana the second epic of Inida.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 21

 

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Sarga 21 in English Prose

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© 1999, K. M. K. Murthy