Chapter [Sarga] 18

Introduction

In this chapter Rama arrives at the king's presence. Seeing King disturbed, Rama becomes grieved and wants to know the cause of king's perturbance. Queen Kaikeyi describes to Rama about the boons that Dasaratha had given earlier and also her wishes of coronating Bharatha instead of Rama and sending Rama to Dandaka forest. On listening to these harsh words of Kaikeyi, Rama did not become sorrowful, but Dasaratha was very much disturbed.


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sa dadarþa ˜sane r˜ma× niÿaõõam pitaram þubhe |
kaikeyŸ sahitam dŸnam mukhena pariþuÿyat˜ || 2-18-1

1. saH raamaH = that Rama, dadarsha = saw, pitaram = father, nishhaNNam = sitting, shubhe aasane = on beautiful seat, mukhena = with face, parishushhyataa = parched up, diinam = miserable, kaikeyyaa sahitam = together with Kaikeyi.

Rama saw his father sitting on a beautiful seat, but with his face looking completely parched up and miserable. Kaikeyi was at his side.

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sa pitu× caraõau p¨rvam abhiv˜dya vinŸtavat |
tata× vavande caraõau kaikeyy˜× susam˜hita× || 2-18-2

2. saH = Rama, viniitavat = being humble, susamaahitaH = well compsed, puurvam = first, abhivaadya = reverentially saluted, pituH = father's charaNau = feet, tataH = then, vavande = saluted, kaikeyyaaH = Kaikeyi's, charaNau = feet.

Rama being humble and well composed, first reverentially saluted his father's feet and then saluted Kaikeyi's feet.

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r˜ma iti uktv˜ ca vacanam v˜ÿpa pary˜kula Ÿkÿaõa× |
þaþ˜ka nrpatir dŸno na Ÿkÿitum na abhibh˜ÿitum || 2-18-3

3. nR^ipatiH = the king Dasaratha, uktvaa = spoke, vachanam = the word, raamaiti ="Oh, Rama!" bhaashhpa paryaakulekshhaNaH = with his eyes filled with tears, diinaH = dejected, nashashaaka = being not able, iikshhitum = to see, na = nor able, abhibhaashhitum = to talk.

Dasaratha spoke only one word "Rama!" with his eyes filled with tears and dejected, being not able to see or to talk any further words.

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tat ap¨rvam nara pater drÿ÷v˜ r¨pam bhaya ˜vaham |
r˜ma× api bhayam ˜panna× pad˜ sprÿ÷v˜ iva pannagam || 2-18-4

4. dR^ishhTvaa = having seen, apuurvam = not earlier, tat ruupam = that form, narapateH = of king, bhayaavaham = producing fear, raamo.api = even Rama, bhayam aapannaH = was struck with fear, spR^ishhTeva = as seizure, pannagam = of snake, padaa = with foot.

Having not seen earlier such a fearful form of his father, even Rama was frightened as though he seized a snake by his foot.

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indriyai× aprahrÿ÷aia× tam þoka samt˜pa karþitam |
nihþvasantam mah˜ r˜jam vyathita ˜kula cetasam || 2-18-5
¨rmi m˜linam akÿobhyam kÿubhyantam iva s˜garam |
upaplutam iva ˜dityam ukta anrtam rÿim yath˜ || 2-18-6

5,6. tam mahaaraajam = that king Dasaratha, niH shvasantam = was sighing, indriyaiH = with senses, aprahR^ishhTaiH = sans pleasure, shoka santaapa karishitam = emaciated with grief and anguish, vyathitaakulachetasam = with distressed and agitated mind, saagaram iva = like ocean, akshhobhyantam = becoming perturbed, uurmimaalinam = with now of waves, aadityam iva = like sun, upaplutam = which is eclipsed, R^ishhimyathaa = as a sage, uktaanR^itam = who spoke untruth.

That king Dasaratha was sighing heavily with senses sans pleasure, emaciated with grief and anguish, with distressed and agitated mind, like ocean which cannot be perturbed, becoming perturbed with row of waves, like sun which is eclipsed and who lost lustre like by a sage who spoke untruth.

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acintya kalpam hi pitus tam þokam upadh˜rayan |
babh¨va samrabdhatara× samudraiva parvaõi || 2-18-7

7. upadhaarayan = contemplating over, tam = that, achintyakalpam = unimaginable, shokam = grief, nR^ipate = of the king, babhuuva = became, samrabdhataraH = very much perturbed, samudra iva = like ocean, parvaNi on full moon day.

Contemplating over the unimaginable sorrow of the king, he was very much perturbed as an ocean does on a full moon day.

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cintay˜m ˜sa ca tad˜ r˜ma× pitr hite rata× |
kimsvid adya eva nrpatir na m˜m pratyabhinandati || 2-18-8

8. chaturaH = the ingenious, raamaH = Rama, rataH = who is fond of, pitR^ihite = father's welfare, chintayaamaasa = anxiously thought, kimsvid = "why indeed, nR^ipatiH = king, adyaiva = just today, napratyabhinandati = is not greeting in return, maam = to me?"

The ingenious Rama, who is fond of his father's welfare, anxiously thought : " why indeed the king is not greeting me in return just today?"

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anyad˜ m˜m pit˜ drÿ÷v˜ kupita× api prasŸdati |
tasya m˜m adya samprekÿya kim ˜y˜sa× pravartate || 2-18-9

9. anyadaa = at other times, pitaa = father, kupito.api = eventhough angry, prasiidati = used to be gracious, dR^ishhTvaa = after seeing, maam = me,kim = why, tasya = such father, adya = today, pravartate = has become, aayaasaH = weary, samprekshhya = after seeing, maam = me,

"At other times, the father, even though angry used to be gracious after seeing me why today such a father has become weary after seeing me?"

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sa dŸnaiva þoka ˜rta× viÿaõõa vadana dyuti× |
kaikeyŸm abhiv˜dya eva r˜ma× vacanam abravŸt || 2-18-10

10. saH raamaH = that Rama, diina eva = indeed distressed, shokaartaH = afflicted with grief, vishhaNNavadanadyntiH = with lustre reduced from his face, abhivaadyaiva = salutted, kaikeyaam = to Kaikeyi, abraviit = spoke, vachanam = these words.

Rama indeed distressed and afflicted with grief, with lustre faded from his face, offered his salutation to Kaikeyi and spoke these words.

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kaccin may˜ na apar˜dham ajñ˜n˜t yena me pit˜ |
kupita× tan mama ˜cakÿva tvam caiva enam pras˜daya || 2-18-11

11. naaparaddham kachchit = I hope that no wrong was done, mayaa = by me, aJNyaanaat = through ignorance, aachakshhva = tell, mama = me, yena = why, pitaa = father, kupitaH = is angry, me = with me, tvameva = you alone, prasaadaya = propitiate, enam = him.

"I hope that I have not done anything wrong through ignorance. Tell me why father is angry with me. You alone propitiate him in my favour."

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aprasannaman˜× kim nu sad˜ m˜Õ prati vatsala× |
vivarõa vadano dŸno na hi m˜m abhibh˜ÿate || 2-18-12

12. aprasannaa manaaH kimnu = how mind has become displeased, maam prati = towards me, vatsalaH = who was affectionate towards offspring, sadaa = always, vivarNa vadanaH = with face becoming pale, diinaH = dejected, naabhibhashhate hi = not talking, maam = to me.

"Why my father, who was always affectionate to me, has become displeased? With his face becoming pale and dejected, he is not talking to me."

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þ˜rŸra× m˜naso v˜ api kaccit enam na b˜dhate |
samt˜po v˜ abhit˜po v˜ durlabham hi sad˜ sukham || 2-18-13

13. kachchit = I hope that, santaapova.api = either affliction, shaariiraH = of body, abhitaapovaa = or distress, maanasaH = of mind, na baadhate = is not troubling, evam = him, sukham = happiness, durlabham hi = is indeed difficult to be attained, sadaa = always.

"I hope that either bodily affliction or mental distress is not troubling him. The object of happiness is indeed difficult to be attained always!"

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kaccin na kimcit bharate kum˜re priya darþane |
þatrughne v˜ mah˜ sattve m˜trrõ˜m v˜ mama aþubham || 2-18-14

14. nakachchit ashubham = I hope no bad thing occured, kimchit = a little, bharate = to Bharata, priyadarshane = the delightful man to look at, shatrughne = or to great strength, matruuNaamva = or to mothers, mama = of mine.

"I hope that no bad thing occurred to Bharata, the delightful man to look at or to Shatrughna, the man of great strength or to my mother. "

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atoÿayan mah˜ r˜jam akurvan v˜ pitur vaca× |
muh¨rtam api na icceyam jŸvitum kupite nrpe || 2-18-15

15. nR^ipe kupite = if our father is angry, nechchheyam = i do not desire, jiivitum = to live, muhuurtampai = even for a moment, atoshhayan = without satisfying, mahaarajan = the king, akurvan = without doing, vachaH = word, pituH = of father.

"If our father becomes angry, I do not desire to live even for a moment without satisfying him or without fulfilling his command."

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yata× m¨lam nara× paþyet pr˜durbh˜vam iha ˜tmana× |
katham tasmin na varteta pratyakÿe sati daivate || 2-18-16

16. naraH = MN, iha = in this world, pashyet = sees, yatomuulam = from what root, aatmanaH one's own, pradurbhaavam = coming into existence, tasmin = that father, sati = being, pratyakshhe = the visible, daivate = god, katham = how, navarteta = behaves not.

"Man sees father as the visible god who is the root cause of one's own coming into existence and how else can he behave towards him other than like that?"

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kaccit te paruÿam kimcit abhim˜n˜t pit˜ mama |
ukta× bhavaty˜ kopena yatra asya lulitam mana× || 2-18-17

17. mama pitaa kachchituktaH = i hope my father has been spoken, kinchit = any words, yena = by which, lulitam = (they) disturbed, asya = his, manaH = conscience, te abhimaanaat = by your pride, bhavityaa roshheNa = by your angry, parushham = which was harsh.

"I hope you have not spoken anything which hurt my father's conscience with your pride and anger."

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etat ˜cakÿva me devi tattvena pariprccata× |
kim nimittam ap¨rvo ayam vik˜ra× manuja adhipe || 2-18-18

18. devi = oh, queen ! kimninuniiHam = for what vacason, ayam = this, vikaaraH = perturbation,apuurvaH = which was not there earlier, manujaadhipe = in the king, achakshhva = tell, me = me, paripR^ichchhataH = who is questioning, etat = this matter, tattvaina = in reality.

"I am asking you why my father got this perturbation, which was not there earlier. Tell me the true position."

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evamukt˜ tu kaikeyŸ r˜ghaveõa mah˜tman˜ |
uv˜cedaÕ sunirlajj˜ dh®ÿ÷am˜tmahitaÕ vaca× || 2-18-19

19. evam = thus, uktaa =spoken, raaghaveNa = by Rama, mahaatmanaa = the great-souled, kaikeyii = Kaikeyi, dhR^ishhTam = fearlessly, uvaacha = spoke, idam vachaH = these words, aatmahitam = for her own benefit, sunirlajjaa = without any shame.

Thus questioned by the great souled Rama, Kaikeyi fearlessly spoke these words for her own benefit, without any shame on her part.

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na r˜j˜ kupito r˜ma vyasanam n˜sya kimcana |
kimcinmanogataÕ tvasya tvadbhay˜nn˜bhibh˜ÿate || 2-18-20

20. raama = Oh, Rama! raajaa = the king, nakupitaH = is not angry, nakinchana = there is nothing of vyasanam = distress, asya = for him, tu = but, asya = to him, knchit = there is something manogatham = in mind, naabhibhaashhate = which he is not telling, tvadbhayaat = from fear of you.

"Oh, Rama! The king is not angry. There is nothing of distress for him. But he has something in mind which he is not telling from fear."

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priyam tv˜mapriyam vaktum v˜õŸ n˜syopapartate |
tadavaþyam tvay˜ k˜ryam yadanen˜þrutam mama || 2-18-21

21. asya = his, vaaNii = words, nopavartate = are not coming off, vaktum = to tell, apriyam = the disagreeable, tvaam = to you, priyam = the loveful one, yat = which, anena = by him, ashrutam = is promised, mama = to me, tat = that, kaaryam = is to be done, avashyam = certainly, tvayaa = by you.

"To him, words are not coming off to tell disagreeable utterance to you, the dear one. He promised me a word. It is to be certainly done by you."

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eÿa mahyam varam dattv˜ pur˜ m˜mabhip¨jya ca |
sa paþc˜ttapyate r˜j˜ yath˜nya× pr˜k®tastath˜ || 2-18-22

22. puraa = long ago, saH eshaH raajaa = such of this king, maam abhipuujyacha = honoured me and, dattvaa = gave, varam = the boon, yatha = as, anyaH = other, praakR^itaH = common man, tathaa = so, pashchaattapyate = he is repenting.

"Long ago, the king honoured me and gave me a boon. Like a common man, he is repenting now for having given the boon."

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atis®jya dad˜nŸti varam mama viþ˜mpati× |
sa nirarthaÕ gatajale setum bandhitumicchati || 2-18-23

23. saH vishaampatiH = that king, atisR^ijya = promised, dadaami iti = to give thus, varam = the boon, mama = to me, ichchhati = desires, bandhitum = to build, nivartham = wastefully, setum = dam, gatajale = on a place where water has gone away.

"This king promised me to give the boon and now he desires to build a dam wastefully on a place where water has gone away."

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dharm¨lamidam r˜ma viditam ca sat˜mapi |
tatsatyam na tyajedr˜j˜ kupitastvatk®te yath˜ || 2-18-24

24. raama = oh, Rama! viditam = it is known, sataamapi = even by wise men, idam = that truth, dharmamuulam = is the root of righteousness, kupitaH = the offeneded, rajaa = king, natyajet = let him not abandon, tat satyam = such truth, yathaa = as, tvatkR^ite = for your sake.

"Oh, Rama! It is known by even wise men, that truth is the root of righteousness. See that the offended king does not abandon such a truth for your sake."

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yadi tadvakÿyate r˜j˜ þubham v˜ yadi v˜'þubham |
kariÿyasi tata× sarvam˜khy˜mi punastvaham || 2-18-25

25. raajaa = the king, vakshhyate = is about to mention(to you), tat = that truth, shubhamvaa = either auspicious, ashubhamyadivaa = or inauspicious, aham punastu = still, I, aakhyaasyaami = shall tell, sarvam = all that, karishhyasi yadi = if you shalldo it, tataH = afterwards.

"The king is about to mention that truth which may look auspicious or inauspicious to you. Still, I shall tell you all that, if you shall do it afterwards."

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yadi tvabhihitaÕ r˜jñ˜ tvayi tanna vipatsyate |
tato'hamabhidh˜sy˜mi na hyeÿa tvayi vakÿyati || 2-18-26

26. tat = what, abhihitam = is spoken, raajJNyaa = by the king, na vipatsyate = does not go wrong, tvayi = in you, aham = I, abhidhaasyaami = shall tell, tatH = then, eshhaH = this king, navakshhyatihi = whill not indeed tell, tvayi = unto you.

"If what is spoken by the king does not create unfavourableness in you, I shall then tell you. This king will not indeed tell you."

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et˜ttu vacanaÕ þrutv˜ kaikeyy˜ samud˜h®tam |
uv˜ca vyathito r˜mast˜m devŸm n®pasannidhau || 2-18-27

27. shrutvaa = after hearing, etat = these, vachanam = words, samudaahR^itam = spoken, kaikeyyaa = by Kaikeyi, raamaH = Rama, vyathitaH = was pained, uvaacha = and spoke, taam deviim = to that queen, nR^ipasannidhau = in the presence of the king.

After hearing the words of Kaikeyi, Rama felt painful and spoke thus to her in the presence of the king.

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aho dhiðn˜rhase devi paktuÕ m˜mŸd®þaÕ vaca× |
aham hi vacan˜t r˜jña× pateyam api p˜vake || 2-18-28
bhakÿayeyam viÿam tŸkÿõam majjeyam api ca arõave |
niyukta× guruõ˜ pitr˜ nrpeõa ca hitena ca || 2-18-29

28, 29. aho devii = Oh, queen! dhik = what a pity! naarhasi = you are not worthy, vaktum = to talk, iidR^isham = theses type of , vachaH = words, maam = about me, hi = because, vachanaat = by word, raaJNyaH = of king, aham = I, pateyam = shall jump, paavake.api = even in fire, niyuktaH = commanded, pitraa = by father, nR^ipeNa = who is the king, hitenacha = who wishes my welfare, guruNaa = who is venerable, bhakshhayeyam = I shall eat, tiikshhNam = fiery, vishham = poison, apcha = and majjeyam = sink, aarNave = into ocean.

"Oh, queen! what a pity! Do not talk like that to me. If father tells me, I shall jump even in fire. If father, who is a king, who wishes my welfare and who is venerable, commands me, I shall eat fiery poison and shall sink into an ocean."

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tat br¨hi vacanam devi r˜jño yad abhik˜nkÿitam |
kariÿye pratij˜ne ca r˜ma× dvir na abhibh˜ÿate || 2-18-30

30. devii = oh, queen! tat = hence, bruuhi = tell, vachanam = the words, yat = which, abhikaaNkshhitam = are desired, raaJNyaH = by the king, pratijaanecha = I even promise, karishhye = to do, raamaH = Rama, naabhibhaashhate = does not speak, dviH = two things.

"Oh queen! Tell me the words of the king as desired by him. I even promise to do it. Rama does not speak two things."

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tam ˜rjava sam˜yuktam an˜ry˜ satya v˜dinam |
uv˜ca r˜mam kaikeyŸ vacanam bhrþa d˜ruõam || 2-18-31

31. anaaryaa = the vulgar, kaikeyii = Kaikeyi, uvaacha = uttered, bhR^isha daarunam = very cruel, vachanam = words, tam raamam = to that Rama, aarjavasamaayuktam = who was committed to sincerity, satyavaadinam = and speaking of truth and a great war.

That vulgar Kaikeyi uttered very cruel words to that Rama, who was committed to sincerity and speaking of truth.

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pur˜ deva asure yuddhe pitr˜ te mama r˜ghava |
rakÿitena varau dattau saþalyena mah˜ raõe || 2-18-32

32. raaghava = oh, Rama! puraa = long ago, daivaasurayuddhe = during battle between celestials, mahaaraNe = during the great war, te pitraa = by your father, sa shalyena = pierced by darts, rakshhitena = protected(by me) dattau = were given, mama = to me, varau = two boons.

"Oh, Rama! During a battle and a great war between celestials and demons long ago, I protected your father who was pierced by darts. Then, he gave me two boons."

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tatra me y˜cita× r˜j˜ bharatasya abhiÿecanam |
gamanam daõýaka araõye tava ca adya eva r˜ghava || 2-18-33

33. raaghava = oh, Rama! tatra = under those circumstances, raajaa = the king, yaachitaH = was asked, abhishhechanam = for coronation, bharatasya = of Bharata, tava = your, gamanam = going, daNdakaaraNye = to the forest of Dandaka, adyaiva = now itself.

"Oh, Rama! According to those boons, I asked the king for coronation of Bharata and for your going to Dandaka forest today itself."

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yadi satya pratijñam tvam pitaram kartum iccasi |
˜tm˜nam ca nara reÿ÷ha mama v˜kyam idam þrõu || 2-18-34

34. narashreshhTa = Oh Rama, the best of men! tvam ichchhasi yadi = If you want, kartum = to make, pitaram = father, aatmaanamcha = and yourself, satya pratiJNyam = faithful to a promise, shruNu = listen to idam vaakyam = these words, mama = of mine.

"Oh, Rama! If you want to make yourself and your father faithful to a promise, listen to these words of mine.

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sa nideþe pitus tiÿ÷ha yath˜ tena pratiþrutam |
tvay˜ araõyam praveÿ÷avyam nava varÿ˜õi panca ca || 2-18-35

35. tishhTa = abide, pituH sannideshe = in father's command, yathaa = as, pratishrutam = promised, tena = by him, araNyam = forest, praveshhTavyam = is to be occupied for navapanchacha = faourteen, varshhaaNi = years, tvayaa = by you.

"Abide by your father's command. As per his assurance, you have to stay in the forest for fourteen years."

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bharatastvabhiÿicyeta yadetadabhiÿecanm |
tvadarthe vihitam r˜jñ˜ tena sarveõa r˜ghava || 2-18-36

36. raaghava = oh, Rama! bharataH = Bharata, abhishhechyeta = should be enthroned, tena sarveNa = completely in that manner, yat = in line with, etat = this, abhishhechanam = initiation, vihitam = arranged, tvadarthe = for your sake, raaJNyaa = by the king.

"Bharata is to be enthroned with the use of complete collection of materials already arranged by the king for your sake."

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sapta sapta ca varÿ˜õi daõýaka araõyam ˜þrita× |
abhiÿekam imam tyaktv˜ ja÷˜ cŸra dhara× vasa || 2-18-37

37. tyaktvaa = leaving, imam abhishhekam = this coronation function, vasa = dwell, daNdakaaraNyam aashritaH = taking refuge in the forest of Dandaka, sapta saptacha varshhaaNi = for fourteen years, jaTaajinadharaH = wearing braided hari and covered with a hide.

"You have to leave this coronation function and dwell in the forest of Dandaka for fourteen years, wearing braided hair and covered with a hide."

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bharata× kosala pure praþ˜stu vasudh˜m im˜m |
n˜n˜ ratna sam˜kŸrõam sav˜ji ratha kunjar˜m || 2-18-38

38. bharataH prashaastu = let Bharata rule, imaam vasudhaam = this earth, kosalapure = Ayodhya, the capital of kosala, naanaaratna samaakiirNam = completely covered with various types of precious things, savaajirathakuN^jaraam = filled with horses, chariots and elephants.

"Let Bharata rule this earth, by residing in Ayodhya filled with various types of precious thing together with horses, chariots and elephants."

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etena tv˜Õ narendroyam k˜ruõyena sam˜pluta× |
þokasaðkliÿ÷avadano na þaknoti nirŸkÿitum || 2-18-39

39. etena = for this reason, ayam narendraH = this king Dasaratha, samaaplutaH = overwhelmed, kaaruNyena = with sympathy, na shaknoti = is not able, niriikshhitum = to see, tvaam = you, shoka samklishhTavadanaH = with face afflicted with grief.

"For this reason, king Dasaratha who is overwhelmed with sympathy towards you is not able to see you with his face, afflicted with grief."

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etatkuru narendhrasya vacanaÕ raghunandana |
satyana mahat˜ r˜ma t˜rayasva nareþvaram || 2-18-40

40. raghunandana = oh, Rama! kuru = do, etat vachanam = these words, narendrasya = of the king, taarayasya = liberate, narenshvaram = the king.

"Oh, Rama! Do as per the words of the king and liberate him by giving your father an opportunity to maintain the truth."

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itŸva tasy˜Õ paruÿam vadanty˜m |
nacaiva r˜ma× praviveþa þokam |
pravivyadhe c˜pi mah˜nubh˜vo |
r˜j˜ tu putravyasan˜bhitapta× || 2-18-41

41. tasyaam vadantyaam = while she was speaking, parushham = harsh words, itiiva = in this way, raamaH = Rama, nachaiva pravivesha = did not even enter, shokam = the sorrowfulness, raajaatu = but the king, mahaanubhaavaH = the mighty, pravivyathe = become much disturbed putravyasanaabhitaptaH = having been afflicted by calamity occured to hi son.

Though she was speaking such harsh words, Rama was not affected with sorrow. But the mighty Dasaratha became highly disturbed, having been afflicted by the calamity occurred to his son.

 

|| ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe
aÿ÷˜daþa× sarga× ||

Thus completes the eighteenth sarga of Ayodhya kanda of Srimad Ramayana.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 18

 

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Sarga 18 in English Prose

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© 1999, K. M. K. Murthy