Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
In this chapter, Sage Valmiki describes the bitter agony of Dasaratha on hearing to the adamant Kaikeyi's words.
atat arham mahaa raajam shayaanam atathaa ucitam |
yayaatim iva puNya ante deva lokaat paricyutam || 2-13-1
anartha ruupaa siddha arthaaabhiitaa bhaya darshinii |
punar aakaarayaam aasa tam eva varam anganaa || 2-13-2
1,2. aN^ganaa=that Kaikeyi, anartha ruupaa= who was a manifesting of worthlessness , siddhaarthaa= who accomplished her desire, abhiita= who was without fear, bhayadarshinii= who exhibited fear, aakaarayaamaasa= informed , tameva varam= those boons, punaH= again, mahaaraajan= to Dasaratha, atadarsham= who was unsuitable for it, atathochim = who was not habitated to such a situation, shayaanam= who was lying down on floor, yayaatimiva= as king Yayati, parichyutam= who dropped, devalokaat= from heaven, puNyaante= after exhausting his merit.
Dasaratha was not suitable for such an unfortunate condition nor was he habituated to such a situation. He was lying down on the floor, as king Yayati who fell down on earth fter exhausting his merit in the region of heaven. Kaikeyi who was a manifestation of worthlessness who accomplished her desire, who was fearlessly exhibiting her fearful form, asked for those boons again in a loud voice, to Dasaratha who was in such a bad mood situation.
tvam katthase mahaa raaja satya vaadii dRDha vrataH |
mama ca imam varam kasmaat vidhaarayitum icchasi || 2-13-3
3. mahaaragja= Oh, king!, tvam= you, katthase= boast satyavaadii= I speak truth, dR^iDhavrataH= I am persistent in promise, kasmat= why, ichhasi= do you desire, vidhaarayitum= to object, imam varam= this boon, mama= of mine.
"Oh, king! You always boast yourself, saying "I speak truth. I am persisted in my promise." Now, why are you objecting to my boon?"
evam uktaH tu kaikeyyaa raajaa dasha rathaH tadaa |
pratyuvaaca tataH kruddho muhuurtam vihvalann iva || 2-13-4
4. tadaa=then, evam= thus, uktaH= spoken, kaikeyyaa= by Kaikeyi, raajaa dasharathaa= King Dasaratha, krudhhaH= became angry, vihvalanniva= turned out delirious, muhuurtam= for a moment, tataH= and thereafter, pratyuvaacha= again spoke.
After thus spoken to by Kaikeyi, Dasaratha became angry, turned out delirious for a moment and again spoke as follows:
mRte mayi gate raame vanam manuja pumgave |
hanta anaarye mama amitre raamaH pravraajitaH vanam || 2-13-5
5. anaarye= Oh, the vulgar one! mama amitre= you, my enemy!, bhava= become, sukhinii= happy, sakaamaa= after your desire is fulfilled, manuja puN^gave raame vanamgate= when Rama the best among men leaves for forest, mayi mR^ite= and when I die, hanta= alas!
"Oh, the vulgar one! You, my enemy! You want to be happy after your desire is fulfilled when Rama the best among men leaves for the forest and when I die thereafter. Alas!"
svarge.api khalu raamasya kushalaM daivatairahm |
pratyaadeshaadabhihitaM dhaarayishhye kathaM bata || 2-13-6
6. katham khalu= How indeed aham= I, dhaarayishhye= get bit perceived, daivataiH= by celestials, svarge api= in heaven also, raamasya= about Rama's, kushalam= well-being, abhihitam= spoken, pratyaadeshaat= obscuringly, bata= alas!
"When celestials ask for me about Rama's well-being after I reach heaven, how can I indeed convince them that he is well obscuringly the actual fact?"
kaikeyyaaH priyakaamena raamaH pravraajito mayaa |
yadi satyam braviimy etat tat asatyam bhaviSyati || 2-13-7
7. braviimiyadi= If I tell , etat= this, satyam= truth, raamaH= Rama, pravaajitaH= was sent, vanam= to forest, mayaa= by me, priya kaamena= desirous of showing kindness, kaikeyyaa= to Kaikeyi, tat= that, bhavishhyati= will become, asatyam= untruth.
"If I tell without obscuring the fact that I sent Rama to exile desirous of showing kindness to Kaikeyi, nobody will believe me."
aputreNa mayaa putraH shrameNa mahataa mahaan |
raamo labdho mahaabaahuH sa kathaM tyajyate mayaa || 2-13-8
8. shrameNa = with much effort, mayaa= by me, aputreNa= the childless, mahaan= the great, mahaabaahuH = powerful man, raamaH= Rama, labhaH= was obtained, putraH= as son, katham= how, mayaa=by me, saH= such Rama, tyajyate= can be abandoned?
"With much effort I, the childless begot the great and powerful Rama as my son. How can I abandon such Rama?"
shuurshcha kR^itavidyashcha jitakrodhaH kshamaaparaH |
kathaM kamalapatraaksho mayaa raamo vivaasyate || 2-13-9
9. katham= how, raama= Rama, shuuraH= who is valiant, krita vidyashcha= who is knoledgeable, jitu krodhaH= whose anger has been defeated, kshhamaaparaH= who is solely devoted to patience, kamala patraakshhaH= who has eyes like lotus petals , vivasyate= be exiled, mayaa= by me?
"How can I send away Rama who is valiant and knowledgeable, who has subdued anger, who has forbearance and who has eyes like lotus-petals".
kathamindiivarashyaamaM diirghabaahuM mahaabalam |
abhiraamamahaM raamam preshhayishhyaami daNDakaan || 2-13-10
10. katham= How, aham= I, preshhayishhyaami= can send, raamam= Rama, indiivarashyaamam= who is dark blue in colour like a blue lotus, diirghabahuum= who is long-armed, mahaabalam= who is very strong, abhiraamam= who is graceful, daNDakaan= to Dandaka forest?
"How I can I send Rama, who is dark blue in colour like a blue lotus, who is long-armed , who is very strong and graceful, to Dandaka forest?"
sukhaanaamuchitasyaiva duHkhairanuchitasya cha |
duHkhaM naamaanupashyeyaM kathaM raamasya dhiimataH || 2-13-11
11. uchitasya= one who is accostomed to, sukhaanaam= comforts, anuchitaasya= who is not habituated to, duHkhaiH= difficulties, dhiimatataH= who is sensible, katham naama= How, anupashyeyam= can I see, raamasya= (such)Rama's , duHkham= trouble ?
"Rama is accustomed to comforts. He is not accustomed to difficulties. How can I imagine such sensible Rama in a troublesome situation?"
yadi duHkhamakR^itvaadya mama saMkramaNaM bhavet |
aduHkhaarhasya raamasya tataH sukhamavaapnu yaam || 2-13-12
12. avaapnuyaam= I shall attain , sukham= happiness, sankramaNam bhavet= if death occurs, mama= to me, adya= now, tataH= so that, aduHkhaarhasya raamasya= to Rama who is not entitled, to difficulties, duHkham= misery, akR^itvaa= is not created.
"I shall be happy if death occurs to me now so that. Rama's life which is not entitled to difficulties, is not made miserable."
nR^ishaMse paapasaMkalpe raamaM styaparaakramam |
kim vipriyeNa kaikeyi priyaM yojayase mama || 2-13-13
akiirtiratulaa loke dhruvaH paribhavashcha me |
13. nR^ishamse= Oh, cruel one! paapasankalpi= one with sinful thoughts! kaikeyii= Oh, Kaikeyi! kim= why, yojayase= are you instigating, vipriyeNa = offence, raamam= to Rama, priyam= who is beloved, mama= to me, satyaparaakramam= who is truly heroic ? atulaa= uneaqualled, akiirtiH= ill-fame, paraabhavashcha= and humiliation, dhR^ivaH= is certain, me= to me, loke= in the world.
"Oh, cruel one! One with sinful thoughts! Oh, kaikeyi! why are you planning to do harm to Rama who is beloved to me and who is truly heroic? I shall certainly get unequalled ill fame and humiliation in this world".
tathaa vilapataH tasya paribhramita cetasaH || 2-13-14
astam abhyagamat suuryo rajanii ca abhyavartata |
14. tasya= that Dasaratha, tathaa= thus, vilapataH= while lamenting , paribhramita chetasaH = with disturbed mind, rajani= night, abhijavartatacha= also came, astamagamat= after setting of, suuryaH= sun.
While Dasaratha was thus lamenting with his disturbed mind, there was approach of night with setting of the sun.
saa tri yaamaa tathaa aartasya candra maNDala maNDitaa || 2-13-15
raaj~no vilapamaanasya na vyabhaasata sharvarii |
15. raagYaH= to king dasaratha, tathaa= thus, vilaapamaanusya= lamenting, aartasya= painfully, saa sharvarii= that night , triyaamaa= at nine hours(three yamas) , navyabhaasata= was not shining, chandramaNdalamaNDitaa= eventhough it was adorned with circular moon.
To Dasaratha, who was thus lamenting painfully, the night seemed to be dark even though it was adorned with charming circular moon.
tathaiva uSNam vinihshvasya vRddho dasharatho nRpaH || 2-13-16
vilalaapa aartavad duhkham gagana aasakta locanaH |
16. vR^iddhaH=The aged, dasarathaH nR^ipaH= king Dasaratha, vilalaapa= was lamenting, duHkham= painfully, aartavaat= as afflicted with disease, vinishshvasya= sighed, ushhNam= hotly, gaganaasakta lochanaH = having his eyes fixed on sky.
The aged Dasaratha was lamenting painfully as though afflicted with a disease, with lot and hard breaths, having his eyes fixed on the sky.
na prabhaatam tvayaa icchaami mayaa ayam racitaH anjaliH || 2-13-17
athavaa gamyataam shiighram na aham icchaami nirghRNaam |
17. bhadra nishe= Oh, auspicious night, nakshhatra bhuushhaNe= decorated with stars! na ichchaami= I do not wish, prabhaatam= day-break tvayaa= by you, kR^iyataam= make, dayaa= mercy, me= to me, ayam= these, aN^jali= folded hands, rachitaH = are formed, mayaa= by me.
"Oh, auspicious night, decorated with stars! do not wish you to do break into a dawn. Have mercy on me. I pray with folded hands."
atha vaa gamyataaM shiighraM naahamichchhaami nirghR^iNaam || 2-13-18
nRshamsaam kaikeyiim draSTum yat kRte vyasanam mahat |
18. athavaa= Otherwise, gamyataam= to be gone, (go away) , shiighram= quickly., aham= I, nechchhaami= do not want, drasTum= to see, kaikeyiim= kaikeyi, nirghRi^Naam= who is shameless, nR^ishamsaam= cruel, yatkR^ite= for whose reason, mahat= great, vyasanam= calamity occured.
"Otherwise, Oh, Night! Leave away quickly. I do not went to see Kaikeyi, who is shameless, cruel and for whose reason this great calamity occurred"
evam uktvaa tataH raajaa kaikeyiim samyata anjaliH || 2-13-19
prasaadayaam aasa punaH kaikeyiim ca idam abraviit |
19. raajaa= king, uktvaa= spoke, evam= this, tataH= thereafter, prasa dayaamaasa= beseeched, kaikeyiim= to Kaikeyi, samyataaNjaliH= with folded hands, punaH= again, abraviit= spoke, idam cha= this word also, Kaikeyiim= to Kaikeyi
The king spoke like this and beseeched kaikeyi with folded hands. He again spoke this word to Kaikeyi.
saadhu vRttasya diinasya tvad gatasya gata aayuSaH | 2-13-20
prasaadaH kriyataam devi bhadre raaj~no visheSataH |
20. bhadre= Oh, auspicious , devi= queen!, saadhuvR^ittasya= I am well conducted man, diinasya= dejected person, tvadgatasya= one who sought refuse in you, gataa yushhaH= old man, visheshhataH= especially, raaGyaH= king, prasaadaH kriyataam= Let favour be done.
"Oh, auspicious queen! I am a well conducted man. I am dejected and seeking refuse in you. I am an old man and especially a king. Be kind to me."
shuunyena khalu sushroNi mayaa idam samudaahRtam || 2-13-21
kuru saadhu prasaadam me baale sahRdayaa hi asi |
21. sushroNi= Oh, the well hipped!, idam= All this, na khalusamudaatiR^itum= is not indeed addressed to , shuunye= vacuum!(the sky), baale= Oh, young woman!, kuru= do, prasaadam= favour, me= to me, saadhu= well, asihi= you are indeed, sahR^idayaa= good hearted!
"Oh, well-hipped one! I hope that whatever I told, has not merged in the sky. Oh! young woman, be kind to me . You are good-hearted."
prasiida devi raamo me tvaddhattaM raajyamavyayam || 2-13-22
labhataamasitaapaaN^ge yashaH paramavaapnuhi |
22. devi= Oh, queen!, asitaapaaN^ge= with dark outer corner of eyes, prasiida= Be kind, raamaH labhataam= Let Rama obtain, me raajyam= my kingdom, tvaddattam= given by you, avaapnuti= obtain, param= great, yashaH= fame.
"Oh, queen with dark outer corner of eyes be kind. You your self give my kingdom to Rama. Thus, you will obtain great fame."
mama raamasya lokasya guruuNaaM bharatasya cha || 2-13-23
priyametadgurushroNi kuru chaarumukhekshaNe |
23. gurushroNe= Oh, the broad hipped, charumukhekshhaNaa=with beautiful face and eyes, kuru= do, etat= this, priyam= which will be pleasing, mama= to me, raamasya= to Rama, lokasya= to the world, guruuNaam= to priests bharatasyacha= and to Bharata.
"Oh, broad hipped, with beautiful face and eyes! do this. It will be pleasing to me, to Rama, to the world, to priests and to Bharata."
vishuddha bhaavasya su duSTa bhaavaa |
diinasya taamraashrukalasya raajJNH |
shrutvaa vicitram karuNam vilaapam |
bhartur nRshamsaa na cakaara vaakyam || 2-13-24
24. sudushhta bhaava= that too bad-tempered, nR^ishamsaa= cruel woman, vishuddha bhaavasya= that cruel woman, shrutvaa = after hearing, vishuddha bhaavasya= the pure hearted, diinasya= the depressed, bhartuH= the husband, taamrekshhaNasyashru kalasya= with red eyes filled with tears, karuNam vilaapam= lamenting pitifully, vichitram= in a strange way , nachakaara= could not follow, vaakyam= the words, raaGyaH= of king.
Hearing the king, who was her pure-hearted husband and who was pitifully lamenting strangely with red eyes filled with tears, that bad tempered cruel woman did not follow his words.
tataH sa raajaa punar eva muurchitaH |
priyaam atuSTaam pratikuula bhaaSiNiim |
samiikSya putrasya vivaasanam prati |
kSitau visamj~no nipapaata duhkhitaH || 2-13-25
25. samiikshha= seeing, priyaam= wife, pratikuula bhashhiniim= who is talking unpleasantly, putrasya vivaasanam prati= about sending the son to forest, atushhtaam= and who is dissatisfied, saH raajaa= that king, duHkhitaH= was distressed, tataH= and therafter, muurchchhitaH= fainted, punareva= again, visamGyaH= losing consciousness, nipapaata= fell down, kshhitau= on floor.
Seeing his discontented wife talking unpleasantly about sending Rama to forest, that king was distressed, fainted again and fell down unconscious on the floor.
itiiva raajJNo vythitasya saa nishaa |
jagaama ghoraM svasato manasvinaH |
vibodhyamaanaH pratibodhanaM tadaa |
nivaarayaamaasa sa raajasattamaH || 2-13-26
26. itiiva= In this way, vyathitasya= the distressed, manasvinaH= self-respected, raajJNyaH= king, shvasataH= sighing, ghoram= terribly, sa a nishaa= that night, jagaama= exhausted., raajasattamaH= That excellent king, vibodhyamaavaH= having been awakened, tadaa= then, nivaarayaamaasa= prevented, vibodhanam= the awakening.
While the distressed and self-respected king was sighing terribly in the way, that night came to an end. In the dawn, bards and singers started to awaken him. But the excellent king prevented them to do.
|| ityaarshe sriimadraamaayane aadikaavye ayodhyakaande trayodashaH
Thus completes thirteenth sarga of Ayodhya kanda in Srimad Ramayana, the first poem.
© 1999, K. M. K. Murthy