Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Keeping Rama's sandals on his head, Bharata ascends his chariot along with Shatrughna. Bharata advances along with his troops along side the mountain of chitrakuta. On the way, he beholds Bharadvaja's hermitage and meets the sage. Bharata informs the sage about the insistance of Rama to stay back in the forest for fourteen years so as to honour the promise of his father scruprulously and also Vaishta's advice to Rama to offer his sandals to Bharata, to ensure peace and harmony in Ayodhya.
tata× þirasi k®tv˜ tu p˜duke bharata× tad˜ |
˜ruroha ratham h®ÿ÷a× þatrughnena samanvita× || 2-113-1
1. tataH= thereafter; bharataH= Bharata; shatrughnena samnvitaH= along with Shatrughna; tadaa= then; kR^ivaa= keeping; paaduke= the sandals; shirasi= on his head; hR^iSTaH= and having been pleased; aaruroha= ascended; ratham= his chariot.
Thereafter, keeping the sandals on his head, Bharata delightfully ascended his chariot along with Shatrughna.
vasiÿ÷ho v˜madeva× ca j˜b˜li× ca d®ýha vrata× |
agrata× prayayu× sarve mantriõo mantra p¨jit˜× || 2-113-2
2. agrataH= before him; vasiSThaH= Vasishta; vaasudevashcha= Vasudeva; dR^iDhavrataH= sarve= and all; mantriNaH= the ministers; mantra puujitaaH= distinguished for their advices; prayayuH= went ahead.
Before him, Vasishta, Vasudeva of firm vows, Jabali and all the ministers distinguished for their counsels, went ahead.
mand˜kinŸm nadŸm ramy˜m pr˜n mukh˜× te yayu× tad˜ |
pradakÿiõam ca kurv˜õ˜× citra k¨÷am mah˜ girim || 2-113-3
3. tadaa= then; te= they; yayuH= advanced; kurvaaNaaH= making; pradakSiNam= a round of; chitrakuuTam mahaagirim= Chitrakuta mountain; praaNmukhaaH= facing east towards; ramyaam= by the charming; nadiim= River; mandaakiniim= Mandakini.
Them, they advanced eastwards, by the charming Mandakini River, after making a round of Chitrakuta Mountain.
paþyan dh˜tu sahasr˜õi ramy˜õi vividh˜ni ca |
prayayau tasya p˜rþvena sasainyo bharata× tad˜ || 2-113-4
4. pashyam= observing; vividhaani= various kinds; dhaatu sahasraaNi= of thousands of rocks; ramyaaNi= which were enchanting; bharataH= Bharata; tadaa= then; prayayou= travelled; paarshve= along the side; tasya= of that mountain; sasainyaH= along with his troops.
Observing various types of thousands of enchanting rocks, Bharata advanced along with his troops along the side of the mountain.
ad¨r˜c citra k¨÷asya dadarþa bharata× tad˜ |
˜þramam yatra sa munir bharadv˜ja× k®ta ˜laya× || 2-113-5
5. tadaa= then; bharataH= Bharata; dadarsha= saw; aashramam= a hermitage; yatra= where; muniH= the sage; saH bharadvaajaH= that Bharadwaja; kR^itaalayaH= made it as a residence; aduuraat= in the vicinity; chitrakuuTasya= of Chitrakuta Mountain.
In the vicinity of Chitrakuta Mountain, Bharata saw a hermitage where the sage Bharadwaja resided.
sa tam ˜þramam ˜gamya bharadv˜jasya buddhim˜n |
avatŸrya rath˜t p˜dau vavande kula nandana× || 2-113-6
6. tadaa= then; saH bharataH= that Bharata; buddhimaan= endowed with understanding; aagamya= reached; tam aashramam= that hermitage; bharadvaajasya= of Bharatadvaja; avatiirya= descended; rathaat= from his chariot; vavande= and bowed down in salutation; paadau= to the feet of Bharatadwaja.
Then, that Bharata endowed with understanding reached that hermitage of Bharadwaja, descended from his chariot and bowed down to the feet of Bharadwaja in saluation.
tato h®ÿ÷o bharadv˜jo bharatam v˜kyam abravŸt |
api k®tyam k®tam t˜ta r˜meõa ca sam˜gatam || 2-113-7
7. tataH= then; uktaH= spoken; evam= thus; bharadvaajena= by Bharadvaja; dhiimataa= the learned sage; bharataH= Bharata; bhraatR^ivatsalaH= affectionate towards his brothers; pratyuvaacha= replied; bharadvaajam= to Bharadvaja (as follows)
The, Bharadvaja full of joy, enquired of Bharata saying, "O, dear prince! Has your purpose been accomplished? Have you met Rama?"
evam ukta× tu bharato bharadv˜jena dhŸmat˜ |
pratyuv˜ca bharadv˜jam bharato dharma vatsala× || 2-113-8
8. tataH then; uktaH= spoken; evam= thus; bharadvaajena= by Bharadvaja; dhiimataa= the learned sage; bharataH= Bharat; bhraatR^ivatsalaH= affectionate towards his brothers; prayuvaacha= replied; bharadvaajam= to Bharadvaja (as follows):
Hearing the words of the learned sage, Bharadvaja, Bharata who was affectionate towards his brothers, replied to Bharadvaja (as follows)
sa y˜cyam˜no guruõ˜ may˜ ca d®ýha vikrama× |
r˜ghava× parama prŸto vasiÿ÷ham v˜kyam abravŸt || 2-113-9
9. yaachyamaanaH= despite the entreaties; guruNaa= of his preceptor; mayaa= and of mine; raaghavaH= Rama; dR^iDhavikramaH= is unshakeable in his resolve; parama priitaH= and most cheerfully; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= ( the following) words; vasiSTham= to Vasishta.
Despite the entreaties of his preceptor and of mine, Rama is unshakeable in his resolve and most cheerfully spoke the following words to Vasishta.
pitu× pratijn˜m t˜m eva p˜layiÿy˜mi tattvata× |
caturdaþa hi varÿ˜õi ya pratijn˜ pitur mama || 2-113-10
10. paalayiSyaami= I shall honour; taam pratijJNaam eva= that promise alone; pituH= of my father; tattvataH= scruprulously; yaa= which; pratiJJNaaH= I promised; mama pituH= to my father; chaturdasha varSaaNi= for fourteen years.
"I shall honour the promise of my father scrupulously and reside in the forest for fourteen years as I promised him."
evam ukto mah˜ pr˜jno vasiÿ÷ha× pratyuv˜ca ha |
v˜kyajno v˜kya kuþalam r˜ghavam vacanam mahat || 2-113-11
11. uktaH= spoken; evam= in this manner (by Rama); vasiSThaH= Vasishta; mahaapraajJNaH= the highly wise; vaakyajJNaH= and the knower of the mode of expression; pratyuvaachaha= replied; mahat= in great; vachanam= words; raaghavam= to Rama; vaakyakushalam= who is the most skilful of orators.
Hearing the words of Rama, the highly wise Vasishta, the knower of proper mode of expression, replied to Rama who is the most skilful of orators, in the following great words:
ete prayagca samh®ÿ÷a× p˜duke hema bh¨ÿite |
ayodhy˜y˜m mah˜ pr˜jna yoga kÿema kare tava || 2-113-12
12. mahaa praajJNa= O, the extremely segacious prince!; samhR^iSTaH= joyfully; prayachchha= bestow; ete= those; hemabhuuSite= gold-encrusted; tava paaduke= sandals of yours; (on us); yogakSama kare= which ensure peace and harmony; ayodhyaayaam= in Ayodhya.
"O, the extremely segacious prince! Bestow joyfully thse gold-encrusted sandals of yours on us and ensure peace and harmony in Ayodhya."
evam ukto vasiÿ÷hena r˜ghava× pr˜n mukha× sthita× |
p˜duke hema vik®te mama r˜jy˜ya te dadau || 2-113-13
13. evam= thus; uktaH= spoken; vasiSTena= by Vasishta; raaghavaH= Rama; sthitaH= stood up; praaNmukhaH= facing the EAst; adhiruhya= placed his feet; ete= in those; paaduke= sandals; dadau= and gave; mama= to me; raajyaaya= as a sign of regency.
"Hearing the words of Vasishta, Rama stood up and turning to the East, placed his feet in those sandals and gave them to me as a sign of regency."
niv®tto aham anujn˜to r˜meõa sumah˜tman˜ |
ayodhy˜m eva gagc˜mi g®hŸtv˜ p˜duke þubhe || 2-113-14
14. anujnaataH= having taken leave; raameNa= of Rama; sumahaatmanaa= the vry high-souled gR^ihiitvaa= after receiving; shubhe= the auspicious; paaduke= sandals; gachchhaami= and proceeding; ayodhyaameva= to Ayodhya.
"Having taken leave of the very high-souled Rama, I turned back after receiving the auspicious sandals. Now, I am proceeding to Ayodhya."
etat þrutv˜ þubham v˜kyam bharatasya mah˜tmana× |
bharadv˜ja× þubhataram munir v˜kyam ud˜harat || 2-113-15
15. shrutvaa= hearing; etat vaakyam= those words; shubham= which were auspicious; bharatasya= Bharata; mahaatmanaH= the high-souled; bharadvaajaH muniH= the sage Bharadvaja; uvaacha= spoke; tam= to him; shubhataram= the more auspicious; vaakyam= words.
Hearing those auspicious words of the high-souled Bharata, the sage Bharadvaja spoke to him the following words.
na etac citram nara vy˜ghra þŸla v®ttavat˜m vara |
yad ˜ryam tvayi tiÿ÷het tu nimne v®ÿ÷im iva udakam || 2-113-16
16. naravyaaghra= O, Tiger among men!; vara= and excellent; shiilavR^ittavataam= among those having virtue and good conduct; na= there is no; chitram= surprise; etat= that; aaryam= a noble trait; yat tiSThet= prevails; tvayi= in you; udakam iva= as water; sR^iSTam= allowed to go; nimne= prevails downwards.
"O Bharata the Tiger among men and excellent among those having virtue and good conduct! There is no surprise that a noble trait prevails in you, as naturally as the water allowed to go, always settles downwards."
am®ta× sa mah˜ b˜hu× pit˜ daþaratha× tava |
yasya tvam Ÿd®þa× putro dharma ˜tm˜ dharma vatsala× || 2-113-17
17. tava pitaa= your father; dasharathaH= Dasaratha; saH= that; mahaabaahuH= mighty armed; yasya= to whom; tvam= you; putraH= are the son; iidR^ishaH= wndowed with such qualities; dharmajJNaH= as knower of righteousness; dharma vastalaH= and loving piety; amR^itaH= is immortal.
"Your valiant father, Dasaratha, is immortal in having such a son as you are, the knower of righteousness and loving peity."
tam ®ÿim tu mah˜tm˜nam ukta v˜kyam k®ta anjali× |
˜mantrayitum ˜rebhe caraõ˜u upag®hya ca || 2-113-18
18. ukta vaakyam= thus spoken; tam R^iSim= by the sage; (Bharata); kR^itaaNjaliH= with his joined palms; upagR^ihya= touched; aarebhe= and began; aamantryitum= taking leave.
Hearing the words of that sage, Bharata with his joined palms, touched his feet in salutation and began taking leave from him.
tata× pradakÿiõam k®tv˜ bharadv˜jam puna× puna× |
bharata× tu yayau þrŸm˜n ayodhy˜m saha mantribhi× || 2-113-19
19. tataH= then; shriimaan= the glorious; bharataH= Bharata; kR^itvaa= made; pradkSiNam= circumambulation; punaH punaH= again and again; bharadvaajam= to Bharadwaja; yayau= and proceeded; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; mantribhiH saha= along with his ministers.
Then, the glorious Bharata made circumambulation again and again to Bharadwaja and proceeded to Ayodhya along with hims ministers.
y˜nai× ca þaka÷ai× caiva hayai× n˜gai× ca s˜ cam¨× |
punar niv®tt˜ vistŸrõ˜ bharatasya anuy˜yinŸ || 2-113-20
20. saa= that; vistiirNaa= extensive; chamuuH= army; bharatasya= of Bharata; anuyaayinii= following him; yaanaishcha= with vehicles; shakTaishcha= carts; hayaiH= horses; naagaishoha= and elephants; nivR^ittaa= turned back; punaH= again (towards Ayodhya).
Thata extensive army of Bharata, following him with vehicles, carts and elephants, turned back again towards Ayodhya.
tata× te yamun˜m divy˜m nadŸm tŸrtv˜ ¨rmi m˜linŸm |
dad®þu× t˜m puna× sarve gang˜m þiva jal˜m nadŸm || 2-113-21
21. tataH= thereafter; te sarve= all of them; tiirtvaa= crossed; divyaam= the charming; yamunaa nadiim= river Yamuna; uurmi maaliniim= wreathed wtih waves; punaH= and moreover; dadR^ishuH= saw; taam gaN^gaam nadiim= that River GAnga; shubhajalaam= with its pure water.
Thereafter, all of them crossed the charming River Yamuna wreathed with waves and moreover saw the River Ganga with its pure water.
t˜m ramya jala samp¨rõ˜m samtŸrya saha b˜ndhava× |
þ®nga vera puram ramyam praviveþa sasainika× || 2-113-22
þ®nga vera pur˜d bh¨ya ayodhy˜m samdadarþa ha |
22. saha baandhavaH= (Bharata) together with his relatives; sa sainikaH= and his army; samtiirya= crossed; taam= that River Ganga; ramya jalasmapuurNaam- full of charming waters; pravivesha= and entered; ramyam= the beautiful; shR^iNgibherapuram= town of Shringibhera; shR^iNgibherapuraat= from that Shringibhera; samdadarha= he saw; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; bhuuyaH= again.
Bharata accompanied by his relative and his army crossed that River Ganga, full of charming waters and entered the beautiful town of Shringibhera. From Shringibhera, he saw Ayodhya again.
ayodhy˜m ca tato d®ÿ÷v˜ pitr˜ bhr˜tr˜ vivarjit˜m |
bharato duhkha samtapta× s˜rathim ca idam abravŸt || 2-113-23
23. tataH= then; dR^iSTvaa= beholding; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; vivarjitaam= bereft of; pitraa= his father; bhraatraa= and brother; bharataH= Bharata; duHkhasantaptaH= tormented with grief; abraviit= spoke; idam= these words; sarathiim= to the charioteer.
Beholding the City of Ayodhya, which was bereft of his father and brother, Bharata tormented with grief, spoke the following words to the charioteer:
s˜rathe paþya vidhvast˜ ayodhy˜ na prak˜þate |
nir˜k˜r˜ nir˜nand˜ dŸn˜ pratihata svan˜ || 2-113-24
24. saarathe= O, charioteer!; pashya= see; saa ayodhyaa= that Ayodhya; vidhvastaa= ruined; niraakaaraa= with a vacant look; niraanandaa= joyless; diinaa= miserable; pratihatasvaraa= and with choked voice.
"O, Charioteer! See that Ayodhya city, ruined, with a vacant look, joyless, miserable, and with an impeded voice."
ity˜rÿe þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ˜dik˜vye ayodhy˜k˜õýe trayodaþottaraþatatama×
Thus completes 113th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© August 2005, K. M. K. Murthy