Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Keeping Rama's sandals on his head, Bharata ascends his chariot along with Shatrughna. Bharata advances along with his troops along side the mountain of chitrakuta. On the way, he beholds Bharadvaja's hermitage and meets the sage. Bharata informs the sage about the insistance of Rama to stay back in the forest for fourteen years so as to honour the promise of his father scruprulously and also Vaishta's advice to Rama to offer his sandals to Bharata, to ensure peace and harmony in Ayodhya.
tataH shirasi kR^itvaa tu paaduke bharataH tadaa |
aaruroha ratham hR^iShTaH shatrughnena samanvitaH || 2-113-1
1. tataH= thereafter; bharataH= Bharata; shatrughnena samnvitaH= along with Shatrughna; tadaa= then; kR^ivaa= keeping; paaduke= the sandals; shirasi= on his head; hR^iSTaH= and having been pleased; aaruroha= ascended; ratham= his chariot.
Thereafter, keeping the sandals on his head, Bharata delightfully ascended his chariot along with Shatrughna.
vasiShTho vaamadevaH ca jaabaaliH ca dR^iDha vrataH |
agrataH prayayuH sarve mantriNo mantra puujitaaH || 2-113-2
2. agrataH= before him; vasiSThaH= Vasishta; vaasudevashcha= Vasudeva; dR^iDhavrataH= sarve= and all; mantriNaH= the ministers; mantra puujitaaH= distinguished for their advices; prayayuH= went ahead.
Before him, Vasishta, Vasudeva of firm vows, Jabali and all the ministers distinguished for their counsels, went ahead.
mandaakiniim nadiim ramyaam praan mukhaaH te yayuH tadaa |
pradakShiNam ca kurvaaNaaH citra kuuTam mahaa girim || 2-113-3
3. tadaa= then; te= they; yayuH= advanced; kurvaaNaaH= making; pradakSiNam= a round of; chitrakuuTam mahaagirim= Chitrakuta mountain; praaNmukhaaH= facing east towards; ramyaam= by the charming; nadiim= River; mandaakiniim= Mandakini.
Them, they advanced eastwards, by the charming Mandakini River, after making a round of Chitrakuta Mountain.
pashyan dhaatu sahasraaNi ramyaaNi vividhaani ca |
prayayau tasya paarshvena sasainyo bharataH tadaa || 2-113-4
4. pashyam= observing; vividhaani= various kinds; dhaatu sahasraaNi= of thousands of rocks; ramyaaNi= which were enchanting; bharataH= Bharata; tadaa= then; prayayou= travelled; paarshve= along the side; tasya= of that mountain; sasainyaH= along with his troops.
Observing various types of thousands of enchanting rocks, Bharata advanced along with his troops along the side of the mountain.
aduuraac citra kuuTasya dadarsha bharataH tadaa |
aashramam yatra sa munir bharadvaajaH kR^ita aalayaH || 2-113-5
5. tadaa= then; bharataH= Bharata; dadarsha= saw; aashramam= a hermitage; yatra= where; muniH= the sage; saH bharadvaajaH= that Bharadwaja; kR^itaalayaH= made it as a residence; aduuraat= in the vicinity; chitrakuuTasya= of Chitrakuta Mountain.
In the vicinity of Chitrakuta Mountain, Bharata saw a hermitage where the sage Bharadwaja resided.
sa tam aashramam aagamya bharadvaajasya buddhimaan |
avatiirya rathaat paadau vavande kula nandanaH || 2-113-6
6. tadaa= then; saH bharataH= that Bharata; buddhimaan= endowed with understanding; aagamya= reached; tam aashramam= that hermitage; bharadvaajasya= of Bharatadvaja; avatiirya= descended; rathaat= from his chariot; vavande= and bowed down in salutation; paadau= to the feet of Bharatadwaja.
Then, that Bharata endowed with understanding reached that hermitage of Bharadwaja, descended from his chariot and bowed down to the feet of Bharadwaja in saluation.
tato hR^iShTo bharadvaajo bharatam vaakyam abraviit |
api kR^ityam kR^itam taata raameNa ca samaagatam || 2-113-7
7. tataH= then; uktaH= spoken; evam= thus; bharadvaajena= by Bharadvaja; dhiimataa= the learned sage; bharataH= Bharata; bhraatR^ivatsalaH= affectionate towards his brothers; pratyuvaacha= replied; bharadvaajam= to Bharadvaja (as follows)
The, Bharadvaja full of joy, enquired of Bharata saying, "O, dear prince! Has your purpose been accomplished? Have you met Rama?"
evam uktaH tu bharato bharadvaajena dhiimataa |
pratyuvaaca bharadvaajam bharato dharma vatsalaH || 2-113-8
8. tataH then; uktaH= spoken; evam= thus; bharadvaajena= by Bharadvaja; dhiimataa= the learned sage; bharataH= Bharat; bhraatR^ivatsalaH= affectionate towards his brothers; prayuvaacha= replied; bharadvaajam= to Bharadvaja (as follows):
Hearing the words of the learned sage, Bharadvaja, Bharata who was affectionate towards his brothers, replied to Bharadvaja (as follows)
sa yaacyamaano guruNaa mayaa ca dR^iDha vikramaH |
raaghavaH parama priito vasiShTham vaakyam abraviit || 2-113-9
9. yaachyamaanaH= despite the entreaties; guruNaa= of his preceptor; mayaa= and of mine; raaghavaH= Rama; dR^iDhavikramaH= is unshakeable in his resolve; parama priitaH= and most cheerfully; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= ( the following) words; vasiSTham= to Vasishta.
Despite the entreaties of his preceptor and of mine, Rama is unshakeable in his resolve and most cheerfully spoke the following words to Vasishta.
pituH pratijnaam taam eva paalayiShyaami tattvataH |
caturdasha hi varShaaNi ya pratijnaa pitur mama || 2-113-10
10. paalayiSyaami= I shall honour; taam pratijJNaam eva= that promise alone; pituH= of my father; tattvataH= scruprulously; yaa= which; pratiJJNaaH= I promised; mama pituH= to my father; chaturdasha varSaaNi= for fourteen years.
"I shall honour the promise of my father scrupulously and reside in the forest for fourteen years as I promised him."
evam ukto mahaa praajno vasiShThaH pratyuvaaca ha |
vaakyajno vaakya kushalam raaghavam vacanam mahat || 2-113-11
11. uktaH= spoken; evam= in this manner (by Rama); vasiSThaH= Vasishta; mahaapraajJNaH= the highly wise; vaakyajJNaH= and the knower of the mode of expression; pratyuvaachaha= replied; mahat= in great; vachanam= words; raaghavam= to Rama; vaakyakushalam= who is the most skilful of orators.
Hearing the words of Rama, the highly wise Vasishta, the knower of proper mode of expression, replied to Rama who is the most skilful of orators, in the following great words:
ete prayagcCa samhR^iShTaH paaduke hema bhuuShite |
ayodhyaayaam mahaa praajna yoga kShema kare tava || 2-113-12
12. mahaa praajJNa= O, the extremely segacious prince!; samhR^iSTaH= joyfully; prayachchha= bestow; ete= those; hemabhuuSite= gold-encrusted; tava paaduke= sandals of yours; (on us); yogakSama kare= which ensure peace and harmony; ayodhyaayaam= in Ayodhya.
"O, the extremely segacious prince! Bestow joyfully thse gold-encrusted sandals of yours on us and ensure peace and harmony in Ayodhya."
evam ukto vasiShThena raaghavaH praan mukhaH sthitaH |
paaduke hema vikR^ite mama raajyaaya te dadau || 2-113-13
13. evam= thus; uktaH= spoken; vasiSTena= by Vasishta; raaghavaH= Rama; sthitaH= stood up; praaNmukhaH= facing the EAst; adhiruhya= placed his feet; ete= in those; paaduke= sandals; dadau= and gave; mama= to me; raajyaaya= as a sign of regency.
"Hearing the words of Vasishta, Rama stood up and turning to the East, placed his feet in those sandals and gave them to me as a sign of regency."
nivR^itto aham anujnaato raameNa sumahaatmanaa |
ayodhyaam eva gagcCaami gR^ihiitvaa paaduke shubhe || 2-113-14
14. anujnaataH= having taken leave; raameNa= of Rama; sumahaatmanaa= the vry high-souled gR^ihiitvaa= after receiving; shubhe= the auspicious; paaduke= sandals; gachchhaami= and proceeding; ayodhyaameva= to Ayodhya.
"Having taken leave of the very high-souled Rama, I turned back after receiving the auspicious sandals. Now, I am proceeding to Ayodhya."
etat shrutvaa shubham vaakyam bharatasya mahaatmanaH |
bharadvaajaH shubhataram munir vaakyam udaaharat || 2-113-15
15. shrutvaa= hearing; etat vaakyam= those words; shubham= which were auspicious; bharatasya= Bharata; mahaatmanaH= the high-souled; bharadvaajaH muniH= the sage Bharadvaja; uvaacha= spoke; tam= to him; shubhataram= the more auspicious; vaakyam= words.
Hearing those auspicious words of the high-souled Bharata, the sage Bharadvaja spoke to him the following words.
na etac citram nara vyaaghra shiila vR^ittavataam vara |
yad aaryam tvayi tiShThet tu nimne vR^iShTim iva udakam || 2-113-16
16. naravyaaghra= O, Tiger among men!; vara= and excellent; shiilavR^ittavataam= among those having virtue and good conduct; na= there is no; chitram= surprise; etat= that; aaryam= a noble trait; yat tiSThet= prevails; tvayi= in you; udakam iva= as water; sR^iSTam= allowed to go; nimne= prevails downwards.
"O Bharata the Tiger among men and excellent among those having virtue and good conduct! There is no surprise that a noble trait prevails in you, as naturally as the water allowed to go, always settles downwards."
amR^itaH sa mahaa baahuH pitaa dasharathaH tava |
yasya tvam iidR^ishaH putro dharma aatmaa dharma vatsalaH || 2-113-17
17. tava pitaa= your father; dasharathaH= Dasaratha; saH= that; mahaabaahuH= mighty armed; yasya= to whom; tvam= you; putraH= are the son; iidR^ishaH= wndowed with such qualities; dharmajJNaH= as knower of righteousness; dharma vastalaH= and loving piety; amR^itaH= is immortal.
"Your valiant father, Dasaratha, is immortal in having such a son as you are, the knower of righteousness and loving peity."
tam R^iShim tu mahaatmaanam ukta vaakyam kR^ita anjaliH |
aamantrayitum aarebhe caraNaau upagR^ihya ca || 2-113-18
18. ukta vaakyam= thus spoken; tam R^iSim= by the sage; (Bharata); kR^itaaNjaliH= with his joined palms; upagR^ihya= touched; aarebhe= and began; aamantryitum= taking leave.
Hearing the words of that sage, Bharata with his joined palms, touched his feet in salutation and began taking leave from him.
tataH pradakShiNam kR^itvaa bharadvaajam punaH punaH |
bharataH tu yayau shriimaan ayodhyaam saha mantribhiH || 2-113-19
19. tataH= then; shriimaan= the glorious; bharataH= Bharata; kR^itvaa= made; pradkSiNam= circumambulation; punaH punaH= again and again; bharadvaajam= to Bharadwaja; yayau= and proceeded; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; mantribhiH saha= along with his ministers.
Then, the glorious Bharata made circumambulation again and again to Bharadwaja and proceeded to Ayodhya along with hims ministers.
yaanaiH ca shakaTaiH caiva hayaiH naagaiH ca saa camuuH |
punar nivR^ittaa vistiirNaa bharatasya anuyaayinii || 2-113-20
20. saa= that; vistiirNaa= extensive; chamuuH= army; bharatasya= of Bharata; anuyaayinii= following him; yaanaishcha= with vehicles; shakTaishcha= carts; hayaiH= horses; naagaishoha= and elephants; nivR^ittaa= turned back; punaH= again (towards Ayodhya).
Thata extensive army of Bharata, following him with vehicles, carts and elephants, turned back again towards Ayodhya.
tataH te yamunaam divyaam nadiim tiirtvaa uurmi maaliniim |
dadR^ishuH taam punaH sarve gangaam shiva jalaam nadiim || 2-113-21
21. tataH= thereafter; te sarve= all of them; tiirtvaa= crossed; divyaam= the charming; yamunaa nadiim= river Yamuna; uurmi maaliniim= wreathed wtih waves; punaH= and moreover; dadR^ishuH= saw; taam gaN^gaam nadiim= that River GAnga; shubhajalaam= with its pure water.
Thereafter, all of them crossed the charming River Yamuna wreathed with waves and moreover saw the River Ganga with its pure water.
taam ramya jala sampuurNaam samtiirya saha baandhavaH |
shR^inga vera puram ramyam pravivesha sasainikaH || 2-113-22
shR^inga vera puraad bhuuya ayodhyaam samdadarsha ha |
22. saha baandhavaH= (Bharata) together with his relatives; sa sainikaH= and his army; samtiirya= crossed; taam= that River Ganga; ramya jalasmapuurNaam- full of charming waters; pravivesha= and entered; ramyam= the beautiful; shR^iNgibherapuram= town of Shringibhera; shR^iNgibherapuraat= from that Shringibhera; samdadarha= he saw; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; bhuuyaH= again.
Bharata accompanied by his relative and his army crossed that River Ganga, full of charming waters and entered the beautiful town of Shringibhera. From Shringibhera, he saw Ayodhya again.
ayodhyaam cha tato dR^iSTvaa pitraa bhraatraa vivarjitaam |
bharato duhkha samtaptaH saarathim ca idam abraviit || 2-113-23
23. tataH= then; dR^iSTvaa= beholding; ayodhyaam= Ayodhya; vivarjitaam= bereft of; pitraa= his father; bhraatraa= and brother; bharataH= Bharata; duHkhasantaptaH= tormented with grief; abraviit= spoke; idam= these words; sarathiim= to the charioteer.
Beholding the City of Ayodhya, which was bereft of his father and brother, Bharata tormented with grief, spoke the following words to the charioteer:
saarathe pashya vidhvastaa ayodhyaa na prakaashate |
niraakaaraa niraanandaa diinaa pratihata svanaa || 2-113-24
24. saarathe= O, charioteer!; pashya= see; saa ayodhyaa= that Ayodhya; vidhvastaa= ruined; niraakaaraa= with a vacant look; niraanandaa= joyless; diinaa= miserable; pratihatasvaraa= and with choked voice.
"O, Charioteer! See that Ayodhya city, ruined, with a vacant look, joyless, miserable, and with an impeded voice."
ityaarSe shriimadraamaayaNe aadikaavye ayodhyaakaaNDe trayodashottarashatatamaH sargaH
Thus completes 113th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© August 2005, K. M. K. Murthy