Chapter [Sarga] 106

Introduction

Bharata requests Rama, giving various reasons, to accept the throne of Ayodhya. He abuses his deceased father for having transgressed the righteousness merely for a fear of wrath from Kaikeyi and requests Rama to reverse that transgression of righteousness. Bharata takes a vow not to return to Ayodhya but to continue to stay in the forest in case Rama did not heed to his request. Rama's mothers also join Bharata and urge Rama to grant his request, when they find Rama lukewarm in the matter and insistent on implementing the words of his deceased father.


Verse Locator

@vm! %va tu ivrte rame vcnm! AwRvt!,
ttae mNdaiknItIre ramm! kitvTslm!. 21061
%vac -rt> icm! xaimRkae xaimRkm! vc>,

1. raame= Rama; virate= having kept silent; evam= thus; uktvaa= (after) uttering; arthavat= (those) meaningful; vachanam= words; bharataH= Bharata; dhaarmikaH= the pious man; tataH= then; uvaacha= spoke; vachaH= (the following) words; dhaarmikam= conformable to justice; chitram= and wonderful; raamam= to Rama; prakR^itivatsalam= who was affectionate by nature; dhaarmikam= and virtuous; mandaakiniitiire= at the banks of that River Mandakini.

When Rama thus kept silent after uttering those meaningful words as aforesaid, the pious Bharata for his part addressed to virtuous Rama who was fond of people conformable to justice at the banks of that River Mandakini.

Verse Locator

kae ih Syad $zae laeke yaz> Tvm! Airm! dm. 21062
n Tvam! Vywyed hom! Iitr va n h;Ryet!,
sMmt> c Ais v&anam! taM> c p&GCAis sMzyan!. 21063

2, 3. arindama= O, annihilator of enemies!; duHkham= sorrow; na pravyathayet= does not disturb; tvaam= you; na vaa priitiH= nor pleasure; praharSayet= enraptures (you); kohi= who; syaat= is there; yaadR^ishaH= anybody whatsoever; loke= in this world; iidR^ishaH= endowed with such qualities like; tvam= you? sammataH asi= you are highly honoured by; vR^iddhaanaam= elders; pR^ichchhasi= you ask; taamshcha= them; samshayaan= you doubts;

"Who, in this world, is endowed with such qualities like you, O annihilator of enemies! Neither does sorrow disturb you nor does joy enrapture you. You are highly honoured by elders and you clarify your doubts from them.

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ywa m&t> twa jIvn! ywa Asit twa sit,
ySy @; buiXd la-> Syat! pirtPyet ken s>. 21064

4. kena= by what; saH paritapyeta= should he be moved; yasya= for whom; eSaH= this; buddhilaabhaH= benefit of intellect; syaat= is there; (who looks); mR^itah= the dead; jiivan= and the living; yathaa tathaa= in the same way; asati= the misfortune; sati= and the prosperity; yathaa tathaa= in the same way.

"By what should he be moved, who looks on life and death, misfortune or prosperity with an equal eye?"

Verse Locator

pravr}ae y Syat! ywa Tv< mnujaixp,
s @vm! Vysnm! aPy n iv;Iidtum! AhRit. 21065

5. manujaadhipa= O, king!; yaH= he who; paraavarajJNo= knows the totality of time; tvam yathaa= as you do; saH= such a man; na arhati= ought not; viSiiditum= to feel despndent; praapya= (even) on meeting; enam= this vyasanam= adversity.

"O, King! He who knows the totality of time as you do, ought not to feel despondent even on meeting with adversity."

Verse Locator

Amr %pm sv> Tvm! mhaTma sTy sMgr>,
svRJn> svR dzIR c buimaM> c Ais ra"v. 21066

6. mahaatmaa= O, the magnaimous; raaghava= Rama!; tvam= you; asi= are amaropama settvaH= equally strong as celestials; satyasangaraH= true to your promise; sarvajJNaH= all knowing; sarvadarshiicha= all-viewing; buddhimaamshcha= and endowed with understanding.

"O, the magnanimous Rama! you are equally strong as celestials. You are true to your promise, all-knowing, all-viewing and endowed with understanding."

Verse Locator

n Tvam! @vm! gu[Er yum! -v A-v kaeivdm!,
Aiv;tmm! hom! Aasadiytum! AhRit. 21067

7. aviSahyatamam= the most fearful; duHkham= calamity; naarhati= ought not; aasaadayitum= to overcome; tvaam= you; yuktam= with evam guNaiH= such; attributes; prabhavaabhava kovidam= and recognizing the birth and end of all things.

"Even the most fearful calamity ought not to attack you, endowed as you are, with such attributes; and recognising the birth and end of all beings."

Verse Locator

aei;te miy yt! papm! maa mt! kar[at! ktm!,
]uya td Ainm! me sIdtu -van! mm. 21068

8. yat= paapam= which sinful deed; kR^itam= was committed; kSudrayaa maataa= by my mean mother; matkaaraNaat= for my sake; mayi proSite= during my absence; tat= that; aniSTam= was not to the liking; me= of me; bhavaan prasiidatu= be gracious; mama= to me.

"The sinful deed, committed by my mean mother for my sake during my absence, was not to my liking. (Hence) be gracious to me."

Verse Locator

xmR bNxen bae AiSm ten #mam! n #h matrm!,
hiNm tIe[ d{fen d{f AhaRm! pap kair[Im!. 21069

9. baddhaH asmi= I am bound; dharmabandhena= by the chains of morality; tena= for that reason; na hanmi= I do not kill; tiivreNa= with a severe; daNDena= punishment; imaam maataram= this mother; daN^Daarham= worthy of retribution; iha= now; paapakaariNiim= and who was perverse conduct.

"I am bound by the chanins of morality. For that reason, I do not kill iwth a severe punishment, my mother who was of perverse conduct and worthy of retribution."

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kwm! dzrwaj! jat> zu Ai-jn kmR[>,
jann! xmRm! AximRm! kyaRm! kmR juguiPstm!. 210610

10. dasharathaajjaataH= born of Dasaratha; shuddhaabhijanakarmaNaH= of noble birth and deeds; jaanan= and conversant; dharmam= of right; adharmiSTham= and wrong; (can I); kuryaam= do; jugupsitam= a horrible; karma= deed; aadharmiSTham= the most wicked one?

"How can I, born of Dasaratha of noble birth and deeds and conversant of right and wrong, do the most wicked and horrible act?"

Verse Locator

gu> iyavan! v&> c raja et> ipta #it c,
tatm! n pirgheRym! dEvtm! c #it sMsid. 210611

11. raajaa= the king Dasaratha; guruH= was my preceptor; kriyaavaan= had (several) sacrificial performances to his credit; vR^iddhashcha= aged man; pitaa= my father; daivatamcheti= and equal to a celestial; pretaH= and is dead (now); iti cha= for this reason; na parigarheyam= I do not abuse; taatam= my father; samsadi= in an assembly.

"The King Dasaratha was my preceptor, had several sacrificial performances to his credit was aged, was my father, equal to a deity and is now dead. Hence, I cannot reproach him in an open assembly."

Verse Locator

kae ih xmR AwRyaer hInm! $zm! kmR ikiLb;m!,
iya> iy ickI;uR> sn! kyaRd xmRJn xmRivt!. 210612

12. dharmajJNa= O, Rama the knower of piety!; kohi= who; dharmavit= a knower of righteousness; kuryaat= would commit; iidR^isham= such; karma= and act; hiinam= bereft; dharmaarthayoH= of duty and one's interest; kulbiSam= and improper; priyam chikiirSaH san= in order to please; striyaaH= a woman?

"O Rama the knower of piety! What man who knows the principles of righteousness, would commit such an improper act, bereft of one's interest and duty, in order just to please a woman?"

Verse Locator

ANt kale ih -Utain muiNt #it pura uit>,
raJna @vm! kvRta laeke Ty]a sa uit> kta. 210613

13. puraashrutiH= there is an ancient saying; iti= that; antakaale= at the time of death; bhuutaani= beings; muhyanti= lose their judgment; kurvataa= by acting; evam= in this manner; raajNaa= by the king; saa shrutiH= that saying; kR^itaa= is made; pratyakSaa= real; loke= (in the eyes) of the world.

"There is an ancient saying that at the time of death, beings lose their judgment. The king, acting as he did, has made this saying indeed true in the eyes of the world."

Verse Locator

saxu AwRm! Ai-sMxay aexan! maehac! c sahsat!,
tatSy yd AitaNtm! Tyahrtu td -van!. 210614

14. atikraantam= this transgression (of righteousness); yat= which was done; taatasya= by our father; krodhaat= because of anger; mohaat= or infatuation; saahasaat= or over-haste; bhavaan= you; abhisandhaaya= keep in view; saadhu= the noble; artham= purpose; pratyaaharatu= and reverse; tat= that transgression.

"This transgression of righteousness was done by our father for fear of anger (of kaikeyi) or through infatuation and over-haste. You do keep in view a noble purpose and reverse that transgression."

Verse Locator

iptur ih smitaNtm! puae y> saxu mNyte,
td ApTym! mtm! laeke ivprItm! Atae ANywa. 210615

15. yaH putraH= which son; manyate= honours; saadhu= a good; samtikraantam= deviation; pituH= of a father; tat= that son alone; matam= is accepted; apatyam= as a son; loke= in this world; anyathaa= (He who acts) otherwise; ataH= than this; vipariitam= is quite reverse.

"A son who honours only a good deviation (from righteousness) of a father is accepted as a real son in this world. He who acts otherwise than this would be facing a quite reverse situation."

Verse Locator

td ApTym! -van! AStu ma -van! :ktm! iptu>,
Ai-pt! tt! ktm! kmR laeke xIr ivgihRtm!. 210616

16. bhavaan= you; astu= be; tat= that; apatyam= son; bhavaan= you; maastu= do not; abhipattaa= lend yourself; duSkR^itam= to the infamous; karma= act; kR^itam= committed; pituH= by our father; loke= (which) in this world; dhiiravigarhita= confident men freely condemn.

"You be that real son. Do not lend yourself to the infamous act, committed by our father, which in this world, confident men freely condemn."

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kEkeyIm! mam! c tatm! c sudae baNxvaM> c n>,
paEr janpdan! svaRM> atu svRm! #dm! -van!. 210617

17. bhavaan= you; traatu= save; kaikeyiim= Kaikeyi; maamcha= and me; taatamcha= our father; naH= our; suhR^idaH= friends; baandhavaamshcha= our relatives; sarvaan= all; paurajaanapadaan= the urbanites and the villagers; sarvam= and the entire; idam= this kingdom.

"Save Kaikeyi and me, our father, our friends, our relatives, all the urbanites and the villagers as well as the entire kingdom."

Verse Locator

Kv c Ar{ym! Kv c ]am! Kv jqa> Kv c palnm!,
$zm! Vyahtm! kmR n -van! ktuRm! AhRit. 210618

18. kva= where is; araNyamcha= the forest and; kva= where is; kSaatram cha= the princely dignity?; kva= where is jaTaaH= the matted hair; kva= where is paalanamcha= the protection of a kingdom? bhavaan= you; na arhati= ought not; kartum= to do; iidR^isham= such; vyaahatam= a contradictory; karma= act.

"Where is the forest and where is the princely dignity? Where is the matted hair and where is the protection of a kingdom? You ought not to do such a contradictory act."

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@; ih wmae xmR> ]iySyai-;ecnm!,
yen zKym! mhaa}! jana< pirpalnm! 210619

19. mahaapraaajJNu= O, the highly enlightened hero!; eSaH hi= this indeed is; prathamaH= the first; dharmaH= duty; kSatriyasya= of a warrior; abhiSechanam= is to be crowned; yeSaH= by which; eSaH paripaalanam= this protection; prajaanaam= of the subjects; shakyam= is possible.

"O, the highly enlightened hero! The first duty of a warrior is indeed to get crowned, so that he may then protect his subjects."

Verse Locator

k Ty]muTs&Jy s<zySwml][m!,
AayitSw< cremRm! ]bNxurinitm! 210620

20. kaH= which; kSatra bandhuH= man of warrior-caste; utsR^ijya= setting aside; pratyakSam= his manifest duty; samshayastham= that is doubtful; alakSaNam= which does not promise happiness; aayatistham= which has a mental restraint; anishchitam= and which is uncertain?

"Which man of warrior-caste would set aside his manifest duty and prctise a virtue that gives doubtful result, which does not promise happiness, which has a mental restraint and which is uncertain?"

Verse Locator

Aw ezjm! @v Tvm! xmRm! cirtum! #GCAis,
xmeR[ cturae v[aRn! palyn! ezm! Aauih. 210621

21.atha= or; tvam ichchhasi yadi= if you desire; charitum= to fulfil; dharmameva= the duty alone; kleshajam= (even though) born of pain; aapnuhi= take; klesham= pain; paalayan= in protecting; chaturaH= the four; varNaan= castes; dhameNa= as per tradition.

"If you desire to pursue a virtue alone; although born of pain, then take pains while protecting the four castes as per tradition, by recourse to righteousness."

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ctu[aRm! Aama[am! ih gahRSWym! em! Aamm!,
par xmRJn xmRJna> tm! kwm! Tym! AhRis. 210622

22. dharmajJNa= O, Rama the knower of righteousness!; dharmajJNaaH= the knower of what is right; praahuH hi= tell indeed (that); gaarhasthyam= the life of a house- holder; shreSTham= is the noblest; chaturNaam= of the four; aashramaaNaam= stages of life; katham= how; arhasi= can you; tyaktum= leave; tam= it?

"O, Rama the knower of righteousness! The knower of what is right indeed tell that the life of a house-holder is the noblest of all the four* stages of life. How can you abandon it?"

*Four Stages of life Brahmacherya (student-life); Garhasthya (life of a house-holder); Vanaprastha (life of a hermit); Sannyaasa (Life of an ascetic).

Verse Locator

uten bal> Swanen jNmna -vtae ! Ahm!,
s kwm! paliy:yaim -Uimm! -vit itit. 210623

23. aham= I; baalaH hi= am indeed younger; bhavataH= than you; shrutena= in learning; sthaanena= Situation; janmanaa= and by birth; katham= how; saH paalayiSyaami= should I that very person rule; bhuumim= the earth; bhavati= (while) you; tiSThati= are still living.

"I am indeed junior to you in the point of learning, situation and by birth. How should I rule the earth, while still you are living?"

Verse Locator

hIn bui gu[ae balae hIn> Swanen c APy! Ahm!,
-vta c ivna -Utae n vtRiytum! %Tshe. 210624

24. aham= I; baalaH= a mere child; hiina buddhiguNaH= who am devoid of intelligence and virtuers hiinaH api= and even in an inferior; sthaanena cha= position; na utsahe= would not be able; vartayitum= to exist; vinaabhuutaH= without; bhavataa= you.

"I, a mere child, who am devoted of intelligence and virtues besides placed in an inferior position, cannot even live without you."

Verse Locator

#dm! iniolm! AVym! ipym! raJym! Ak{qkm!,
Anuzaix SvxmeR[ xmRJn sh baNxvE>. 210625

25. dharmaJNa= O, Rama the knower of righteousness!; anushaadhi= rule; idam- this; nikhilam= entire; raajyam= kingdom; pitrayam= belonging to your father; avagryam= without any distraction; akaN^Takam= without hindrance; svadharmeNa= according to the code of conduct prescribed for you; baandhavaiH saha= along with your relatives.

"O, Rama the knower of righteousness! Rule this entire kingdom belonging to your father, without distraction, without hindrance and as per the conduct prescribed for you along with your relatives."

Verse Locator

#h @v Tva Ai-i;NcNtu xmRJn sh baNxvE>,
\iTvj> svisa> c mvn! m kaeivda>. 210626

26. sarvaaH= (Let) all; prakR^itayaH= the Kings's ministers; savasiSThaaH= along with Vasishta; saha= with; R^itvijashcha= the priests; mantrakovidaaH= well-versed in sacred formulas; ihaiva= here itself; abhiSiN^chastu= crown; tvaa= you; mantravat= the knower of sacred texts.

"Let all the king's ministers along with Vasishta and other priests well-versed in sacred formulas, crown you, the knower of sacred texts, here itself."

Verse Locator

Ai-i;> Tvm! ASmai-r AyaeXyam! palne j,
ivijTy trsa laekan! mir #v vasv>. 210627

27. tvam= you; abhiSiktaH= having been crowned; vraja= proceed; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; asmaabhiH= along with us; paalane= to rule it; vaasavaH iva= like Indra the Lord of celestials; vijitya= having conquered; lokaan= the worlds; tarasaa= by his night; marudbhirava= along with celestials.

"You, having been crowned thus, may proceed to Ayodhya along with us to rule it, like Indra the Lord of celestials, having conquered all the worlds with his might, proceeds to his kingdom along with celestials."

Verse Locator

\[ain I{y! ApakvRn! Rd> saxu indRhn!,
sud> tpRyn! kamE> Tvm! @v A Anuzaix mam!. 210628

28. apaakurvan= you shall discharge; triiNi= the three; R^iNaani= obligations; nirdahan= subdue; saadhu= well; durhR^idaH= the enemies; tarpayan= gratify; kaamaiH= the wishes; suhR^idaH= of your friends; tvameva= and you alone; anushaadhi= rule; maam= me; atra= in Ayodhya.

"You shall discharge the three obligations subdue all the enemies, gratify the wishes of all your friends and you alone rule me in Ayodhya."

Three obligations to the Gods, the Ancestors and Brahmins.

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A* AayR muidta> sNtu sud> te Ai-;ecne,
A* -Ita> palyNtam! Rd> te idzae dz. 210629

29. aarya= O noble brother!; te= (May) your; suhR^idaH= friends; santu= be; muditaaH= rejoiced; adya= today; abhiSechane= at your enthronement; te durhR^idaH= (May) your enemies; bhiitaaH= full of terror; palaayantaam= flee; dasha dishaH= to ten quarters; adya= today.

"O, noble brother! May your friends rejoice today at your enthronement. May your enemies, full of terror, flee today to the ten quarters."

Verse Locator

Aaaezm! mm matu> c m&Jy pu; \;-,
A* t -vNtm! c iptrm! r] ikiLb;at!. 210630

30. puruSarSabha= O, excellent among men!; pramR^ijya= wipe off; mama= my; maatuH= mother's; aakrosham= curse; adya= today; rakSa= and protect; tatrabhavantam= our venerable; pitaramcha= father; klbiSaat= from his sin.

"O, excellent among men! Wipe off my mother's curse today and protect our venerable father from his sin."

Verse Locator

izrsa Tva Ai-yace Ahm! k:v k[am! miy,
baNxve;u c sveR;u -Ute;u #v mha $r>. 210631

31. aham= I; abhiyaache= request; tvaa= you; shirasaa= (by bowing) my head; kuruSva= show; karuNaam= compassion; mayi= me; sarveSu= all; baandhaveSu= our relatives; maheshvaraH iva= as Lord shiva ( the supreme Deity); bhuuteSu= on all beings.

"I request you by bowing my head before you. Show compassion on me and on all our relatives as Lord Shiva ( the Supreme Deity) on all beings."

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Aw va p&t> kTva vnm! @v -van! #t>,
gim:yit gim:yaim -vta saxRm! APy! Ahm!. 210632

32. atha= else if; bhavaan= you; pR^iSThataH kR^itvaa= disregard; etat= my entire request; gamiSyati= and move; vanameva= to the forest only; itaH= from here; ahamapi= I also; gamiSyaami= shall go; bhavataa saardham= along with you.

"Else if you disregard my entire request and move again into the forest form here, I too will go along with you."

Verse Locator

twaip ramae -rten taMyt,
sa*man> izrsa mhI pit>,
n cEv ce gmnay svvan!,
mitm! iptu> td vcne itit>. 210633

33. prasaadyamaanaH= (Even while) being propitiated; bharatena= by Bharata; tahtaa= as above; shirasaa= by bowing his head; taamyataa= sinking in his spirit; raamaH= Rama; sattvavaan= the illustrious; mahiipatiH= Lord of the earth; pratiSThitaH= was abiding; tadvachane= in those words; pituH= of his father; na chakre= and did not fee; matim= inclined; gamanaaya= to return (to Ayodhya).

Even while being propitiated by Bharata as above, by bowing his head duly sinking in his spirit, the illustrious Rama, the Lord of the earth was still abiding in the words of his father and did not feel inclined to return to Ayodhya.

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td Aтtm! SwEyRm! Avey ra"ve,
smm! jnae h;Rm! Avap hiot>,
n yaTy! AyaeXyam! #it hiotae A-vt!,
iSwr itJnTvm! Avey hi;Rt>. 210634

34. avekSye= seeing; adbhutam= the wonderful; tat sthairyam= that firmness; raaghave= in Rama; janaH= the people (of Ayodhya); duHkhitaH= felt sorrowful; samam= and at the same time; avaapa= experienced; harSam= joy; abhavat= (they) became; duHkhitah= distress; iti= that; nayaati= he was not going; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; harSitaH= and felt rejoiced; avekSya= to see; sthira pratijJNatvam= his firmness of resolve.

Seeing that wonderful staunchness in Rama, the people of Ayodhya felt sorrowful and at the same time, experienced joy. They became distressed that he was not going to Ayodhya and felt rejoiced to see his firmness of resolve.

Verse Locator

tm! \iTvjae nEgm yUw v-a>,
twa ivsMJna Au kla> c matr>,twa uva[m! -rtm! tuuvu>,
[My ramm! c yyaicre sh. 210635

35. R^itvijaH= the priests; naigama yuuthavallabhaaH= Citizens and elders of that multitude; maataraH= as well as the mothers; visamjNaashrukalaaH= distracted and weeping bitterly; pratuSTuvuH= acclaimed; tam bharatam= that Bharata; bruvaaNum= who was speaking; tadaa= then; tathaa= thus; praNamya= and prostrating himself; raamam= before Rama; saha= and added; yayaa chire cha= their supllikcations to his.

The priests, citizens and elders of that multitude as well as Queens, distracted and weeping bitterly, acclaimed Bharat who was then speaking thus, duly prostrating himself before Rama and added theri supplications to Rama.

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye AyaeXyaka{fe ;furzttm>
sgR>

Thus completes 106th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 106

 

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Sarga 106 in English Prose

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July 2005, K. M. K. Murthy