Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Bharata requests Rama to oblige him by accepting the kingdom of Ayodhya, being offered by him back to Rama with the concurrence of Kaikeyi, eventhough bestowed on him by their deceased father. Rama consoles Bharata, saying that death is inevitable for living beings and they should not grieve for their deceased father. Rama asks Bharata to control his grief and go back to Ayodhya to shoulder the burden of rulership there in order to the command of their deceased father and that Rama himself would obey his father's command by staying back in the forest.
tataH puruSha simhaanaam vR^itaanaam taiH suhR^id gaNaiH |
shocataam eva rajanii duhkhena vyatyavartata || 2-105-1
1. tataH= then; taiH= (while) those; puruSa simhaanaam= lions among men; vR^itaanaam= surrounded; suhR^idgaNaiH= by a host of friends; shochataameva= were still lamenting; rajanii= (that) night; vyatyavartata= elapsed; duHkhena= with a much difficulty.
While those lions among men amidst a host of friends were lamenting, that night elapsed with a much difficulty.
rajanyaam suprabhaataayaam bhraataraH te suhR^id vR^itaaH |
mandaakinyaam hutam japyam kR^itvaa raamam upaagaman || 2-105-2
2. suprabhaataayaam= at the beautiful day-break; rajanyaam= of the night, te bhraataraH= those brothers; suhR^idvR^itaaH= along with their friends; kR^itvaa= having made; hutam= offering; japyam= and muttered prayer; mandaakinyaam= in the River Mandakini; upaagamam= and approached; raamam= Rama.
When the beautiful dawn broke, Rama's brothers along with their companions, having made their offerings and recited their prayers on the banks of River Madakini, approached Rama.
tuuShNiim te samupaasiinaa na kashcit kimcid abraviit |
bharataH tu suhR^in madhye raama vacanam abraviit || 2-105-3
3. te= they; samupaasinaaH= sat; tuSniim= silently; na kashchit= no one; kimchit= whatsover; bharatastu= Bharata, however; abraviit= spoke; vachanam= (the following) words; raamam= to Rama; suhR^inmadhye= amidst those companions.
Sitting in silence, no one uttered a word. Bharata, on his part, amidst his companions, addressed Rama as follows:
saantvitaa maamikaa maataa dattam raajyam idam mama |
tad dadaami tava eva aham bhunkShva raajyam akaNTakam || 2-105-4
4. maamikaa= my; maataa= mother; saantvitaa= has been restored, harmony; idam= this; raajyam= kingdom; dattam= was given; mama= to me; aham= I; dadaami= am giving; tat= that kingdom; tavaiva= to you indeed; bhuuNkSva= enjoy; raajyam= the kingdom; akaNTakam= without hindrance.
"My mother has been consoled (by you) by giving this kingdom to me. I am giving back that kingdom to you. Enjoy it without hindrance!"
mahataa iva ambu vegena bhinnaH setur jala aagame |
duraavaaram tvad anyena raajya khaNDam idam mahat || 2-105-5
5. idam= this; mahat= great; raajyakhaN^Dam= continent of kingdom; setuH iva= as a dam; bhinnaH= breached; mahataa= by a great; ambuvegena= on rush of water; jalaagame= during a rainy season; (cannot be repaired); duraavaaram= cannot be defended; tvadanyena= by any one other than you.
"As a dam breached by a great on-rush of water during a rainy season cannot be repaired so easily, this great continent cannot be defended by any one other than you."
gatim khara iva ashvasya taarkShyasya iva patatriNaH |
anugantum na shaktir me gatim tava mahii pate || 2-105-6
6. na= there is no; shaktiH= capability; me= for me; anugantam= to follow; tava gatim= your path; khara iva= as a donkey; gatim= the tempo; ashvasya= of a horse; patattrNaH iva= or an ordinary bird; taarkSyasya= the movement of Garuda, a kind of falcon; mahiipate= O, lord of the world!.
"As a donkey cannot emulate the tempo of a horse, or an ordinary bird the movement of Garuda (a kind of falcon), neither can I follow in your footsteps, O, Lord of the world!"
sujiivam nityashaH tasya yaH parair upajiivyate |
raama tena tu durjiivam yaH paraan upajiivati || 2-105-7
7. raama= O, Rama!; tasya= his; sujiivam= is a good life; yaH= who; nityashaH= upajiivyate= is relied upon; paraiH= by others; yaH= whoever; upajiivati= is dependent on; paraan= others; tenatu= however; durjiivam= (leads) a difficult life.
"O, Rama! Know his life to be blessed forever, on whom others depend Life is, however, difficult for him who depends on others for this life."
yathaa tu ropito vR^ikShaH puruSheNa vivardhitaH |
hrasvakena duraaroho ruuDha skandho mahaa drumaH || 2-105-8
sa yadaa puShpito bhuutvaa phalaani na vidarshayet |
sa taam na anubhavet priitim yasya hetoH prabhaavitaH || 2-105-9
eShaa upamaa mahaa baaho tvam artham vettum arhasi |
yadi tvam asmaan R^iShabho bhartaa bhR^ityaan na shaadhi hi || 2-105-10
8, 9, 10. yathaa= as; vR^ikSaH= a tree; ropitaH= planted; puruSeNa= by a man; vivardhitaH= and grown; mahaa drumaH= as a great tree; ruuDha shandhaH= with an immense trunk; duraarohaH= became inaccessible; hrasvakena= to a dwarf; yadaa= when; vR^ikSaH= the tree; bhuutvaa= came to; puSpitaH= be flowered; yathaa= for instance; na vidarshayet= does not bear; phalaani= fruits; saH= he; naanubhavet= doest not experience; taam priitim= that pleasure; yasyaaH hetoH= for which purpose; praropitaH= it was planted; mahaabaaho= O, mighty armed!; arhasi= you ought; vettum= to understand; tam artham= that import; eSaa= of this; upamaa= simile; vR^iSabhaH= (and being) the distinguished; bhartaa= Lord (of all); na- should not; tvam= you; shaadhihi= guide; asmaan= us; bhR^ityaan= your servants.
"As a tree planted by a man may grow and with its great branches and immense trunk, become inaccessible to a dwarf, yet though it may come to flowering, does not bear fruit, it yeilds no pleasure for him. O, mighty armed! You ought to understand the import of theis simile and being the distinguished Lord of all, may you guide us, your sevants!"
shreNayaH tvaam mahaa raaja pashyantu agryaaH ca sarvashaH |
pratapantam iva aadityam raajye sthitam arim damam || 2-105-11
11. mahaaraaja= O, emperor; arindamam= the conqueror of foes!; agrya= (May) the foremost; shreNayaH= series (of people); pashyantu= behold; tvaam= you; pratapantam= shining resplendent; sarvashaH= on all sides; aadityam iva= like the sun; sthitam= seated; raajye= on the throne!.
"O, emperor, the conqueror of foes! May all behold you, shining resplendent on all sides like the sun, seated on the throne!"
tava anuyaane kaakutShtha mattaa nardantu kuJNjaraaH |
antaH pura gataa naaryo nandantu susamaahitaaH || 2-105-12
12. kaakutthsa= O, Rama!; kuJNjaraaH= (May) the elephants; mattaaH= intoxicated with ichor; nardantu= be heard trumpeting; anuyaane= (on the highway) when you do return; naaryaH= and the women; antaHpuragataaH= of the inner apartments; nandantu= rejoice; susamaahitaaH= all happily joined together.
"O, Rama! May the elephants, intoxicated with ichor be heard trumpeting on the highway, when you do return and the women of the inner apartments rejoice, all happily joined together."
tasya saadhu ity amanyanta naagaraa vividhaa janaaH |
bharatasya vacaH shrutvaa raamam pratyanuyaacataH || 2-105-13
13. shrutvaa= hearing; vachaH= the words; tasya bharatasya= of that Bharata; anuyaachataH= who was (thus) appealing; raamam prati= to Rama; vividhaaH janaaH= the various people; naagaraaH= of the city; amanyanta= in approbation, said saadhu= iti; "Excellent! Well said!"
Hearing the words of Bharata, who was thus appealing to Rama, the various people of the city in approbation, said "Excellent! Well said!"
tam evam duhkhitam prekShya vilapantam yashasvinam |
raamaH kR^ita aatmaa bharatam samaashvaasayad aatmavaan || 2-105-14
14. raamaH= Rama; aatmavaan= the prudent man; kR^itaatmaa= whose spirit was disciplined; prekSya= on seeing; tam yashasvinam= that illustrious; duHkhitam= and sorrowful; bharatam= Bharata; vilapantam= lamenting; evam= thsu; samaashvaasayat= consoled (him as follows)
On seeing the illustrious and sorrowful Bharata thus lamenting, the prudent and self-conposed Rama began to console him as follows:
na aatmanaH kaama kaaro asti puruSho ayam aniishvaraH |
itaH ca itarataH ca enam kR^ita antaH parikarShati || 2-105-15
15. ayam= this; puruSaH= man; naasti= is not able; aatmanaH kaamakaaraH= to do what he wills; aniishvaraH= (he is) not the Master; kR^itaantaH= a fixed form or name; parikarSati= drives; enam= him; itashcha itaratashcha= hither and thither.
"Man is not able to do what he wills. He is not the Master A fixed form or name drives him hither and thither."
sarve kShaya antaa nicayaaH patana antaaH samugcCrayaaH |
samyogaa viprayoga antaa maraNa antam ca jiivitam || 2-105-16
16. sarve= all; nichayaaH= that is piled up; kSayaantaaH= is finally disbursed; samuchchhrayaaH= what rises; patanaantaaH= ends in a fall; samyogaaH= union; viprayogaantaaH= ends in separation; jiivitam= life; maraNaantam= ends in death.
"All that is piled up, is finally disbursed. What rises, ends in a fall. Unio ends in separation. Life ends in death."
yathaa phalaanam pakvaanaam na anyatra patanaad bhayam |
evam narasya jaatasya na anyatra maraNaad bhayam || 2-105-17
17. pakvaanaam= ripe; yathaa= how; phalaanaam= fruit; na= does not fear; anyatra= for anything other; patanaat= than falling; evam= so also; narasya= a man; jaatasya= once born; na= does not; bhayam= fear; anyatra= for anything other; maraNaat= than his death.
"How a ripe fruit does not fear for anything other than its falling, so also a man once born, does not fear for anything other than his death."
yathaa agaaram dR^iDha sthuuNam jiirNam bhuutvaa avasiidati |
tathaa avasiidanti naraa jaraa mR^ityu vasham gataaH || 2-105-18
18. yathaa= how; dR^iDhasthuuNam= (even) a stron-pillared; agaaram= house; jiirNam bhuutvaa= gets worn out; avasiidati= and decays; tathaiva= so also; naraaH= human beings; siidanti= perish; jaraa mR^ityu vashamgataaH= having been subjected to the old age and death.
"As a house that is solidly contructed ultimately falls into decay, human being too is subject to age and death."
atyeti rajanii yaa tu saa na pratinivartate |
yaatyeva yamunaa puurNaa samudramudakaakulam || 2-105-19
19. rajanii= the night; yaa= which; atyeti= has passed; saa= that; na pratinivartate= does not return; puurNaa= and the bountiful; yamunaa= River Yamuna; yaatyeva= just marches on; samudram= towards the ocean; udakaakulam= which is (again) full of water.
"The night that has passed, does not return and the buntiful River Yamuna just marches on towards the all-sufficient abounding in water."
aho raatraaNi gagcCanti sarveShaam praaNinaam iha |
aayuumShi kShapayanty aashu griiShme jalam iva amshavaH || 2-105-20
20. gachchhanti= the passing; ahoraatraaNi= days and nights; iha= in this world; aashu= quickly; kSapayanti= decrease; aayuumSi= the life-span; sarveSaam praaNinaam= of all living beings; griiSme iva= as in the summer; aamshavaH= the rays of the sun; (dry up); jalam= the water ( in a pool).
"The pasing days and nights in this world quickly decrease the life-span of all living being as in the summer, the rays of the sun dry up the water (in a pool)."
aatmaanam anushoca tvam kim anyam anushocasi |
aayuH te hiiyate yasya sthitasya ca gatasya ca || 2-105-21
21. sthitasycha= even while you stay (at home); gatasya cha= or departed (to another place); yasya= which; te= your; aayuH= life-span; hiiyate= gets shortened; tvam= you; anushocha= grieve; aatmaanam= for yourself; kim= why; anushochasi= do you grieve for; anyam= another?;
"You grieve for yourself. Why do you grieve for another? Even while you stay at home, or departed to another place, your life-span gets shortened."
saha eva mR^ityur vrajati saha mR^ityur niShiidati |
gatvaa sudiirgham adhvaanam saha mR^ityur nivartate || 2-105-22
22. mR^ityuH= Death; vrajati= walks; sahaiva= just with us; niSiidati= (we) sit; saha mR^ityuH= along with death; gatvaa= and having travelled; sudiirgham= a very long; adhvaanam= distance, nivartate= (we) return; saha mR^ityuH= along with death.
"Death walks just with us (as we walk) and sits with us (as we sit). Having travelled a very long distance (with us), death returns along with us (as we return)."
gaatreShu valayaH praaptaaH shvetaaH caiva shiro ruhaaH |
jarayaa puruSho jiirNaH kim hi kR^itvaa prabhaavayet || 2-105-23
23. valayaH= (When) folds; praaptaaH= have appeared; gaatreSu= on limbs; shiroruhaashchaiva= and even hari; shvetaaH= have turned grey; kim hi= on what expedient; puruSaH= can a man; kR^itvaa= having got; jiirNaH= decayed; jarayaa= with age; prabhaavayet= come to the original splendour?
"When folds have appeared on limbs and hair have turned grey; on what expedient can a man having got decayed with age, come back to the original splendour?"
nandanty udita aaditye nandanty astam ite ravau |
aatmano na avabudhyante manuShyaa jiivita kShayam || 2-105-24
24. manuSyaaH= people; nandanti= are delighted; aaditye= when the sun; udite= has risen; nandati= and delighted; ravon= when the sun, astamite= has set; naavabudhyante= and are not able to know; aatmanaH= their; jiivitakSayam= loss in life-span.
"People are deligted when the sun has risen and also when the day ends. But they are not able to perceive the waning in their life-span."
hR^iShyanty R^itu mukham dR^iShTvaa navam navam iha aagatam |
R^ituunaam parivartena praaNinaam praaNa samkShayaH || 2-105-25
25. dR^iSTvaa= seeing; R^itumukham= the onset of the season; hR^iSyanti= people rejoice; aagatam= as though it has come; navam navam= fresh and new; parivartena= but the succession; R^ituunaam= of the seasolns; praaNa samkSayaH= devours the life; praaNinaam= of living beings.
"Seeing the onset of season, people rejoice, as though it has come something newly. But the succession of the seasons devours the life of being."
yathaa kaaShTham ca kaaShTham ca sameyaataam mahaa arNave |
sametya ca vyapeyaataam kaalam aasaadya kamcana || 2-105-26
evam bhaaryaaH ca putraaH ca jnaatayaH ca vasuuni ca |
sametya vyavadhaavanti dhruvo hy eShaam vinaa bhavaH || 2-105-27
26, 27. yathaa= how; mahaarNave= in a great ocean; kaaSThamcha= a drift-wood; kaaSThamcha= and another drift-wood; sameyaataam= meet; sametya= together; aasaadya= getting; kamchana= a certain; kaalam= time; vyapeyaataamcha= and separate; evam- in the same manner; bhaaryaashcha= wives; putraashcha= children; jJNaatayashcha= relatives; dhanaanicha= and riches; sametya= come toghether; vyapadhaavanti= and separate; eSaam= their; vinaabhavaH= parting; dhruvohi= is indeed inevitable.
"As pieces of drift-wood floating on the ocean coe toghether for a span, so wives, children, kinsmen wealth and property come together for a while and part with us. Their parting in deed inevitable."
na atra kashcid yathaa bhaavam praaNii samabhivartate |
tena tasmin na saamarthyam pretasya asty anushocataH || 2-105-28
28. atra= here; na kachchit praaNii= no being; samabhivartate= can escape; yathaabhaavam= its destiny (in the form of birth and death); tena= for that reason; saamarthyam= the power; tasmin= to avert his own death; naasti= does not ingrain; anushochataH= in a man mourning; pretasya= for a dead person.
"Here, no being can escape its destiny ( in the form of birth and death). For that reason, the power to avert his own death does not ingrain in a man mourning for a dead person."
yathaa hi saartham gagcCantam bruuyaat kashcit pathi sthitaH |
aham apy aagamiShyaami pR^iShThato bhavataam iti || 2-105-29
evam puurvair gato maargaH pitR^i paitaamaho dhruvaH |
tam aapannaH katham shoced yasya na asti vyatikramaH || 2-105-30
29, 30. yathaa saartham= as a caravan; gachchhantam= is passing; pathi= on a raod; sthitaH= one stationed at the way-side; iti bruuyaat= thus says; ahamapi= I too; aagamiSyaami= will come; pR^iSThataH= behind; bhavataam= you; evam= in the same manner; behind; bhavataam= you; evam= in the same manner; dhruvaH= (we should) inevitably (follow); maargaH= the path; gataH= taken; pitR^ipaitaamahaH= by fathers, grand fathers; puurvaiH= and ancestors; katham= why;shochet= distress; aapannaH= by the man who obtained; tam= that path; yasya= for which; naasti= then is no; vyatikramaH= return?
"As a caravan is passing on a road, one stationed at the way-side says, I too will come behind you. In the same manner, we should inevitably follow the path taken by fathers and fire fathers. Why a man who obtained that path, for which there is no return, distress himself.
vayasaH patamaanasya srotaso vaa anivartinaH |
aatmaa sukhe niyoktavyaH sukha bhaajaH prajaaH smR^itaaH || 2-105-31
31. vayasaH= (while) the age; patamaanasya= reshes on; anivartinaH= without return; srotasovaa= like a stream; aatmaa= one's self; niyoktavyaH= should be emplyoed; sukhe= in a pursuit leading to blessedness; smR^itaaH= It is said; prajaaH= that beings; sukhabhaajaH= are meant to be happy.
"While the age reshes on, without any return like a flowing river, one's self should be emplyoed in a pursuit leading to blessedness. It is said that beings are meant to be happy?"
dharma aatmaa sa shubhaiH kR^itsnaiH kratubhiH ca aapta dakShiNaiH |
dhuuta paapo gataH svargam pitaa naH pR^ithivii patiH || 2-105-32
32. saH= that; pR^ithiviipatiH= king; dasharathaH= Dasaratha; naH= our; dharmaatmaa= pious minded; pitaa= father; kR^itsnaiH= (performed) almost all; shubhaiH= auspicious; kratubhiH= sacrifices; aapta dakSiNaiH= and paid plentiful sacrificial fees (to the officiating priests and Brahmins); gataH= and went; svargam= to heaven.
"The king Dasaratha, our pious minded father performed almost all auspicious sacrifices and paid plentiful sacrificial fees (to the officitaing preists and Brahmins) and went to heaven."
bhR^ityaanaam bharaNaat samyak prajaanaam paripaalanaat |
artha aadaanaac ca dhaarmeNa pitaa naH tridivam gataH || 2-105-33
33. naH= our; pitaa= father; bharaNaat= for maintaining; bhR^ityaanaam= the servants; samyak= well ; paripaalanaat= for protecting; prajaanaam= the subjects; aadaanaat= and for realising; arthaanaam= the taxes; dhramena= in the manner prescribed by scriptures (from them); gataH= reached; tridivam= heaven.
"Our father reached heaven because he maintained his servants properly, protected his subjects and realised the taxes in the manner prescribed by scriptures from them."
karmabhistu shubhairiSTaiH kratubhishchaavtadakSiNaH |
svargaM dasharathaH praaptaH pitaa naH pR^ithiviipatiH || 2-105-34
34. naH= our; pitaa= father; pR^ithiviipatiH= the king; dasharathaH= Dasaratha; praaptaH= obtained; svargam= heaven; shubhaiH karmabhiH= because of his auspicious acts; iSTaiH kratubhishcha= and performing sacrifices; aapta dakSiNaiH= involving heavy sacrificial fees.
"Our father, the king Dasaratha obtained heaven because of his auspicious acts and perfoming sacrifices involving heavy sacrificial fees."
iShTvaa bahuvidhair yajnair bhogaamH ca avaapya puShkalaan |
uttamam ca aayur aasaadya svar gataH pR^ithivii patiH || 2-105-35
35. pR^ithiviipatiH= the king Dasaratha; iSTvaa= having performed; bahuvidhaiH= many types; yajJNaH= of sacrifices; avaapya= enjoying bhogaan= wordly pleasures; puSkalaan= abundantly; aasaadya= and having obtained; uttamam= a virtuous; aayushcha= long life; svargataH= reached heaven.
"Having perfomed many types of sacrifices, enjoying worldly pleasure abundantly and having obtained a long and virtuous life, king Dasaratha reached heaven."
aayuruttamamaasaadya bhogaanapi cha raaghavaH |
sa na shochyaH pitaa taata svargataH satkR^itaH sataam || 2-105-36
36. taata= O, dear brother!; pitaa= our father; sa raaghavaH= that King Dasartha; na shochya= is not to be pitied; satkR^itaH= who was treated with respect; sataam= by virtuous men; aasaadya= and got; uttamam= excellent; aayuH= life span; bhogaanapi= and enjoyments.
"O, dear brother! King Dasaratha, our father who was treated with respect by all virtuous men and who secured excellent life-span and enjoyments, is not to be pitied."
sa jiirNam maanuSham deham parityajya pitaa hi naH |
daiviim R^iddhim anupraapto brahma loka vihaariNiim || 2-105-37
37. naH= Our; pitaa= father; saH= that King Dasaratha; parityajya= having abandoned; jiirNam= his worn out; maanuSam deham= human body; anupraaptaH hi= indeed has attained daiviim= the celestial; R^iddhim= prosperous state; bhramaloka vihaariNiim= by which he can stroll in thre realm of Brahma ( the highest heaven).
"King Dasaratha, our father, having abandoned his worn-out human body, indeed has attained the celstial state, by which he can stroll in the realm of Brahma (the highest heaven).
tam tu na evam vidhaH kashcit praajnaH shocitum arhati |
tvad vidho yad vidhaH ca api shrutavaan buddhimattaraH || 2-105-38
38. na praajJNaH= now wise; shrutavaan= learned; buddhimattaraH= and exceptionally clever man; kashchit= whosoever; aarhati= ought; shochitum= to weep; evam vidhaH= in such a manner; madvidhashchaapi= such as I and; tvadvidhaH= you; tam= about the emperor.
"No wise, learned and exceptionally clever man, would weep in such a manner, such as I and you, about the emperor.
ete bahu vidhaaH shokaa vilaapa rudite tathaa |
varjaniiyaa hi dhiireNa sarva avasthaasu dhiimataa || 2-105-39
39. dhimataa= the wise; dhiireNa= who are steadfast; varjaniiyaaH hi= should indeed relinquish; ete= these; shokaaH= sorrows; tathaa= and; vilaapa rudite= lamentations; weepings; sarvaavasthaasu= and such states of miksery.
"The wise, who are steadfast, should indeed relinquish these sorrows, lamentatious, weepings and such other states of misery."
sa svastho bhava maa shoco yaatvaa ca aavasa taam puriim |
tathaa pitraa niyukto asi vashinaa vadataamu vara || 2-105-40
40. bhava= be; svasthaH= composed; saH= such of you; vara= the most; vadataam= eloquent of orators!; maa= do not; shokaH= lament; yaatvaa= go and; aavasa= take possession; taam puriim= of that city; asi= you were; niyuktaH= commanded; tathaa= thus; pitraa= by our father; vashinaa= the subduer of senses.
"Be composed, O Most eloquent of orators! Control your grief, return to the City of Ayodhya in order to obey the command of our father, the subduer of his senses."
yatra aham api tena eva niyuktaH puNya karmaNaa |
tatra eva aham kariShyaami pitur aaryasya shaasanam || 2-105-41
41. ahamapi= I also; kariSyaami= will fulfil; shaasanam= the command; pituH= of our father; aaryasya= the venerable man; tatraiva= in that very place; yatra= where; nuyuktaH= I have been ordered; (to stay); tenaiva= by the king Dasaratha, PuNya karmaNaa= of virtuous deeds.
"I also will fulfil the command of our father, the venrable man in that very place, whre I have been ordered to stay by that king Dasaratha of virtuous deeds."
na mayaa shaasanam tasya tyaktum nyaayyam arim dama |
tat tvayaa api sadaa maanyam sa vai bandhuH sa naH pitaa || 2-105-42
42. arindama= O, Bharata the Vanquisher of Foes! na nyaayyam= It is not justifiable; mayaa= for me; tyaktum= to give up; shaasanam= the command; tasya= of our father; tat= It; maanyam= is to be honoured; sadaa= forever; tvayaapi= by you too; saH= he; bandhuHvai= is the kin; naH= for us; saH= he; pitaa= is our father.
"O Bharata the Vanquisher of Foes! It is not justifiable for me to violate the command of our father. You also must honour it to the end, for it comes from our father, out own blood."
tadvachaH piturevaahaM sammatam dharmachaariNaH |
karmaNaa paalayiSyaami vanavaasena raaghava || 2-105-43
43. raaghava= O, Bharata!; tat= that is why; aham= I; paalayiSyaami= shall conform; sammatam vachaH eva= just to the honourable word; pituH= of our fahter; dharmachaariNaH= the practiser of virtue; karmaNaa= by the act; ranavaasena= of dwelling in the forest.
"O, Bharata! Hence, I shall conform to the honourable word of our father, the practiser of virtue, by my act of dwelling in the forest."
dhaarmikeNaanR^ishaMsena nareNa guruvartinaa |
bhavitavyaM naravyaaghram paralokaM jigiiSataa 2-105-44
44. naravyaaghra= O, Tiger among men!; dhaarmikeNa= who is pious; anR^ishamsena= who seeks to harm non; nareNa= by a man; jigiiSataa= who aspires to conquer; paralokam= the higher world; bhavitavyam= must act.
O, Tigher among men! Thus should a pious man act, who seeks to harm none, who is obedient to his elders and who aspires to conquer the higher world."
aatmaanamanutiSTha tvaM svabhaavena nararSabha |
nishaamya tu shubhaM vR^ittaM piturdasharathasya naH 2-105-45
45. nararSabha= O, excellent among men!; nishaamya= seeing; shubham= the virtuous; vR^ittam= conduct; pituH= of our father; dasharathasya= Dasaratha; anutiSTha= act in conformity to; aatmaanam= your own; svabhaavena= nature.
"O, excellent among men! perceiving the virutous conduct of our father, the King Dasaratha, act in conformity to your own nature."
ityevamuktvaa vachanam mahaatmaa|
yuviiyasam bhraataramarthavachcha |
prabhurmuhuurtaadviraraama raamaH || 2-105-46
46. uktvaa= having uttered; muhuurtaat= in about an hour; arthavat= these meaningful; vachanam= words; ityevam= in this manner; yaviiyasam= to his younger; bhraataram= brother; pituH nideshaparipaalanaartham= ont he need of obedience to his father's will; mahaatmaa= the magnanimous; prabhuH= and mighty; raamaH= Rama; viraaraama= became silent.
Having uttered in about an hour, these meaningful words in this manner to his younger brother on the need of abedience to his father's will, the magnamous and the mighty Rama became silent.
ityaarSe shriimadraamaayaNe aadikaavye ayodhyaakaaNDe paJNchottarashatatamaH sargaH
Thus completes 105th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
© June 2005, K. M. K. Murthy