Chapter [Sarga] 104

Introduction

Preceded by Dasaratha's wives and others, Vasishta advances to the hermitage of Rama. Kausalya, on the way, shows to her co-wives the balls of Ingudi fruit-pulp offered to the spirits of Dasaratha by Rama on blades of Dabha grass, the raised spikes of which pointed towards the south; along the bank of Mandakini River. Kausalya was stricken with anguish for her deceased husband. Reaching the hermitage, both Rama and Lakshmana hold the feet of the Queens in salutation. Kausalya feels sad at the fate of Seetha in the forest, when the latter touches her feet. Rama holds the feet of his preceptor and takes his seat. Accompanied by his ministers, Bharata also sits nearby.


Verse Locator

vis> purt> kTva daran! dzrwSy c,
Ai-cam t< dez< ramdzRnti;Rt>. 21041

1. raamadarshana tarSitaH= eagerly desirous of seeing Rama; vasiSThaH= Vasishta; abhichakraama= walked over; tam desham= to that place; kR^itvaa= protecting; dasharathasya= Dasaratha's; daarvaan= wives; purataH= in front.

Eager to see Rama again, Vasishta approached that place, preceded by Dasaratha's wives.

Verse Locator

rajpTNy gCDNTyae mNd< mNdaiknIm! it,
dzuSt tIw ramlm[seivtm!. 21042

2. raaja patnyashcha= the king's wives; gachchharityaH= while moving; mandam= slowly; mandaakiniim prati= towards River mandakini; dadR^ishuH= saw; tat tiirtham= that ford; tatra= there; raama lakSmaNa sevitam= being frequented by Rama and Lakshmana.

The king's wives, while moving slowly towards River Mandakini, saw the ford there, being frequented by Rama and Lakshmana.

Verse Locator

kaEsLya ba:ppU[eRn muoen pirzu:yta,
suimamvIIna yaaNya rajyaei;t>. 21043

3. mukhena= with a face; parishuSyataa= emaciated; diinaa= sad; baaSpa puurNena= and filled with tears; kausalyaa= Kausalya; abraviit= spoke; sumitraam= to Sumitra; yaaH= and whoever; anyaaH= other; raajayoSitaH= royal women (were there).

With a gloomy and emaciated face, filled with tears, Kausalya spoke to Sumitra and other royal women (as follows):

Verse Locator

#dm! te;amnawanam! imikmR[am!,
vne alnMtIwRm! ye te inivR;yIkta>. 21044

4. idam= this; tiirtham= is the ford; praakkaalanam= located in the eastern quarter; vane= in the forest; ye te= (frequented) by them; nirviSayii kR^itaaH= banished from the kingdom; teSaam= those; kliSTam= unfortunate persons; akliSTa karmaNaam= of illustrious exploits; anaathaanaam= who have no country.

"This is the ford, located in the eastern region of the forest, frequented by Seetha, Rama and Lakshmana, banished from the kingdom; those unfortunate persons of illustrious exploits who have no country."

Verse Locator

#tSsuime puSte sda jlmtiNt>,
Svy< hrit saEimimRm puSy kar[at!. 21045

5. sumitre= O, Sumitra!; saumitriH= Lakshman; te putraH= your son; harati= draws; jalam= water; svayam= himself; sadaa= forever; atandritaH= unwearyingly; itaH= from here; kaaraNaat= for the sake; mama putrasya= of my son.

"O, Sumitra! Lakshmana, your son always draws water himself from here unwearyingly for the sake of my son."

Verse Locator

j"Nymip te pu> ktva tu gihRt>,
atuyRdwRsiht< sv tiihtm! gu[E>. 21046

6. kR^itavaan api= though a doer; jaghanyam= of an inferior act; te putraH= your son; na= is not; garhitaH tu= to be censured; yat= that which; arhthasahitam= is useful; bhraatuH= to his brother; tat sarvam= all that; vishitam= is enjoined; guNaih= with virtues.

"Through engaged in an inferior act (of carrying water), your son is not to be censured because all that service rendered to his brother is enjoined with virtues."

Verse Locator

A*aymip te pu> ezanamtwaeict>,
nIcanwRsmacar< s< kmR mutu. 21047

7. ayam= this; te putraH api= your son too; atathochitaH= who is not deserved of such, kleshaanaam= pains; adya= now; pramuNchatu= will indeed be relieved; sajjam= of this laborious; karma= act; niichaanarthasamaachaaram= which is mean and wretched.

"Your son too, who is not accustomed to such pains, will indeed be relived now of this mean, wretched and laborious task."

Verse Locator

di][ae;u d-eR;u sa ddzR mhItle,
iptuiridip{yakm! VyStmaytlaecna. 21048

8. aayata lochanaaH= the large-eyed; saa kausalya; dadarsha= observed; iNgudi piNyaakam= a ball make of Indugi pulp; nyastam= which was placed (by Rama); pituH= (in honour of his) father; mahiitale= on the ground; darbheSu= on a heap of Darbha grass; dakSiNaagreSu= the raised spiked of which pointed towards the south.

The large-eyed Kausalya observed a ball made of Ingudi pulp, which was placed by Rama in honour of his father on the ground, on aheap of Darbha grass, the raised spikes of which pointed towards the south.

Verse Locator

t< -UmaE ipturateRn NySt< rame[ vIysa,
%vac devI kaEsLya svaR dzrwiy>. 21049

9. viikSya= seeing; tam= that ball; nyastam= placed; bhuumau= on the gorund; aartena raameNa= by the unfortunate Rama; pituH= for his father; saa kausalyaa= that Kausalya; devii= the Queen; uvaacha= spoke; sarvaaH= to all; dasharatha striyaH= the wives of Dasaratha (as follows):

Seeing that ball of food placed on the ground by the unfortunate Rama for his father, the Queen Kausalya spoke to all those wives of Dasaratha (as follows):

Verse Locator

#dimvaknawSy ra"vSy mhaTmn>,
ra"ve[ iptudRm! pZytE t*waivix. 210410

10. pashyata= see; idam= this ball of food; dattam= offered; yathaavidhi= as per tradition; raaghaveNa= by Rama; raaghavasya= for Dasaratha; ikSvaaku naathesya= the Lord of Ikshvaku race; mahaatmanaH= high-souled; pituH= father.

"See this ball of food offered traditionally by Rama in honour of his father, the high-souled Dasaratha the Lord of Ikshvaku race."

Verse Locator

tSy devsmanSy paiwRvSy mhaTmn>,
nEtdaEpiykm! mNye -u-aegSy -aejnm!. 210411

11. na manye= I do not consider; etat= this; bhojanam= food; oupayikam= as befitting; tasya paarthivasya= for that king; deva samaan asya= like unto a God; bhukta bhogasya= who lived amidst every pleasure; mahaatmanaH= and a great souled.

"I do not consider this offering as befitting for that great-souled king, who was like unto a God and who lived amidst every pleasure."

Verse Locator

ctuNtaRm! mhIm! -uva mheNszae iv-u>,
kwimidip{yakm! s -u'Tke vsuxaidp>. 210412

12. katham= how; saH vasudhaadhipaH= can that Lord of the earth; mahendra sadR^ishaH= resembling the Lord of celestials; vibhuH= and the mighty man; bhuktvaa= having enjoyed; mahiim= the earth; chaturantaam= with four ends; bhuN^kte= eat; iN^gudipiNyaakaM= a cake of Ingudi pulp?

"How can that Lord of the earth, Dasartha, equal to the Lord of celestials and a mighty man, having enjoyed the earth with its four quarters, the boundaries of which are the oceans, eat a cake of Ingudi pulp?"

Verse Locator

Atae >otrm! laeke n ik<iTit-ait ma,
y ram> iptudR*aidid]aedm&iman!. 210413

13. maa na pratipaati= I do not consider; kiJNchit= anything; duHkhataram= more painful; loke= on eart; ataH= then; yatra= when; raamaH= Rama; R^iddhimaan= the man of fortuen; dadyaat= offered; putuH= to his father; iN^gudi kSodam= a cake of Ingudi pulp.

"I do not consider any thing painful to me on earth than when Rama the man of fortune offering a cake of Ingudi pulp to his father."

Verse Locator

rame[eidip{yak< ipudR< smIy me,
kw< >oen dym! n Spaeqit shxa. 210414

14. samiikSya= seeing; dattam= this offering; iN^gudipiNyaakam= a cake of Ingudi pulp; raameNa= by Rama; pituH= to his father; katham= why; me hR^idayam na sphoTati= does my heart not break; sahasradhaa= into a thousand pieces; duhkhena= with anguish?

"Seeing this offering, a cake of Ingudi pulp, of Rama to his father, why does my heart not break into a thousand pieces with anguish?"

Verse Locator

uitStu oiLvy< sTy laEikkI it-ait ma,
yd> pu;ae -vit tdaStSy devta>. 210415

15. pratibhaati khalu= It indeed occurs; maa= to me; iyam= (that) this; shrutistu= saying; laukikii= among men; yadannaH= that the food; (eaten by); puruSaH= man; bhavati= becomes; tadannaaH= the same food; (eaten by); tasya= his; devataaH= Gods; satyaa= is true.

"It indeed occurs to me that the saying among men that the food eaten by man is also consumed by his Gods is true."

Verse Locator

@vmata spTNySta jGmuraaSy ta< tda,
dzume ram< SvgRCyutimvamrm!. 210416

16. aashvaasya= consoling; taam= Kausalya; evam= thus; aartaam= afflicted with grief; taaH sapatnyaH= Kausalya's companions; tadaa= then; jagmuH= proceeded; dadR^ishushcha= and saw; raamam= Rama; aashrame= in the hermitage; amaramiva= who resembled an Immortal; svargachyutam= driven out of Paradise.

Consoling Kausalya thus afflicted by grief, Kausalya's companions then proceeded further and saw Rama in his hermitage, who resembled an Immortal driven out of Paradise.

Verse Locator

svR-aegE> pirTy< ram< sMey matr>,
AatR mumucurui[ sSvr< zaekkzRta>. 210417

17. samprekSya= Beholding; raamam= Rama; parityaktam= bereft; sarva bhogaiH= of all enjoyments; maataraH= his mothers; shokakarshitaaH= agnised with grief; aartaaH= and in deep distress; mumuchuH= emitted; ashruuNi= tears; sasvaram= with cries.

Beholding Rama bereft of all enjoyments, his mothers agonized as they were with grief, emitted cries and allowed tears to flow.

Verse Locator

tasa< ram> smuTway jh cr[an! zu-an!,
mat&[a< mnujVya> svaRsa< sTys<gr>. 210418

18. raamaH= Rama; manujavyaaghraH= the tiger among men; satya sangaraH= true to his promise; samutthaaya= raised up; jagraaha= and took hold; shubhaan charaNaan= of the auspicious feet; sarvaa saam= of all; taasaam maatR^iiNaam= those mothers.

Rama, the tiger among men, true to his promise raised up and took hold of the auspicious feet of all his mothers.

Verse Locator

tah pai[i-> suoSszERּiltlEZzu-E>,
mmajUR rj> p&aamSyaytlaecna>. 210419

19. taaH= those; aayata lochanaaH= large-eyed Queens; sukha sparashaiH= by means of their pleasant= touching; mR^idvaN^gulitalaiH= and soft fingers and palms; shubhaiH= and charming; paaNibhiH= hands; pramamaarjuH= wiped; rajaH= the dust; raamasya= from Rama's pR^iSThaat= back.

Those large-eyed Queens, by means of their pleasantly touching soft fingers and palms as well as charming hands, wiped the dust from Rama's back.

Verse Locator

saEimirip ta> svaR mat&> sMey >iot>,
Aa_yavadydas< znEramadnNtrm!. 210420

20. samprekSya= seeing; sarvaaH= all; taah maatR^iiH= those mothers; saumitrirapi= lakSmana too; duHkhitaH= being sorrowful; shanaiH= slowly; abhyavaadayat= paid obeisance; aasaktam= devotedly; raamaat anantaram= immediately offer Rama.

Seeing all those mothers, the wailing Lakshmana too slowly paid obeisance devotedly to them all by bowing to each in turn, immediately after Rama.

Verse Locator

ywa rame twa tiSmn! svaR vv&itre iy>,
v&im! dzrwaate lm[e zu-l][e. 210421

21. sarvaaH= all; striyaH= Dasaratha's wives; tasmin lakSmaNe= in the case of Lakshmana; jaate= born; dasharathaat= of Dasaratha; shubha lakSaNe= and exceedingly handsome, vavR^itire= showed; vR^ittim= affection; tathaa= in the same way; raame yathaa= as towards Rama.

All Dasaratha's wives manifested the same affection towards Lakshmana, who was born of Dasaratha and exceedingly handsome, as they did to Rama.

Verse Locator

sItaip cr[aMStsamupsMg& > iota,
U[amupU[aRi] sa b-Uvat> iSwta. 210422

22. saa siitaapi= even that Seetha; duHkhitaa= with distress; upasamgR^ihya= took hold charaNaan= of the feet; shvashruuNaam= of her mothers-in-law; babhuuva= and became; sthitaa= standing; agrataH= in their front; ashrupuurNaakSii= with her eyes filled with tears.

Then, the grief-stricken Seetha, her eyes filed with tears, also touched the feet of her mothers-in-laws and stood before them.

Verse Locator

ta< pir:vJy >oata mata ihtrm! ywa,
vnvaskza< dIna< kaEsLya vaKymvIt!. 210423

23. maataayathaa= as a mother; duhitaram= as her daughter; pariSvajya= embracing; taam= that Seetha; duHkhaartaam= who was afflicted with grief; vana vaasakR^ishaam= emaciated because of her stay in the forest; diinaam= and miserable; kausalyaa= Kausalya; abraviit= spoke; vaakyam= (the following) words:

Kausalya embraced the miserable Seetha as a mother her daughter, she who was emaciated because of her stay in the forest and afflicted with grief, and spoke the following words:

Verse Locator

ivdehrajSy suta u;a dzrwSy c,
rampI kw< >o< sMaa injRne vne. 210424

24. katham= how; raamapatnii= Seetha, Rama's wife; sutaa= the daughter; videharaajasya= of king Janaka; snuSaa= and the duaghter-in law; dasharathasya= of Dasaratha; sampraapto= has met with; duHkham= this plight; nirjane vane= in the desolate forest?

"How has the daughter of King Janaka, the daughter-in-law of King Dasaratha and Rama's wife, fallen into such a wretched plight that she is living in a desolate forest?"

Verse Locator

pmatpsNt< piriimvaeTplm!,
kan< rjsa XvStm! iKSl< cNimvaMbudE>. 210425
muom! te ey mam! zaekae dhTyiirvaym!,
-&zm! mnis vEdeih Vysnari[sM-v>. 210426

25, 26. vaidehi= O, Seetha!; prekSya= seeing; te mukham= your face; padmam iva= like lotus; aatapasantaptam= withered with heat parikliSTam= or a faded; utalamiva= water-lily; kaaNchanam= or like gold; dhvastam= defiled; rajasaa= with dust; chandram iva= or a moon; kliSTam= hidden; ambudaiH= by the clouds; agniH= the fire; shokaH= of grief; vyasanaaraNisambhavaH iva= produced like by the fire wood of adversity; aashrayam maam manasi= and existing in my mind; ddahati= burns (me); bhR^isham= severely.

"O, Seetha! Seeing your face, like a lotus withered with heart or a faded lily or gold defiled with dust or a moon hidden by the clouds, the fire of grief produced by the firewood of adversity and existing in my mind burns me severely."

Verse Locator

uvNTymevmataRya< jnNya< -rtaj>,
padavasa* jah visSy c ra"v>. 210427

27. aartaayaam= (While) the afflicted; jananyaam= mother; bruvantyaam= was speaking; evam= thus; raaghavaH= Rama; bharataagrajaH= the elder brother of Bharata; aasaadya= approached; jagraaha= and took hold; paadau= of his feet; vasiSThasya= of Vasishta.

While the sorrowful mother was speaking thus, Rama the elder brother of Bharata approached Vasishta and took hold of his feet in salutation.

Verse Locator

puraeihtSyi smSy vE tda,
b&hSpteirNimvamraixp>,
g& padaE susm&tejs>,
shEv tenaepinvez ra"v>. 210428

28. tadaa= then; raaghavaH= Rama; pragR^ihya= holding; paadau= the feet; purohitasya= of that priest; agnisamasya vai= who was truly resembling a fire; susamR^iddha tejasaH= and possessed of very great splendour; indraH iva= even as Indra; amaraadhipaH= the Lord of celestials; (would clasp the feet); bR^ihaspate= of Brihaspati; upavivesha= sat down; tena sahaiva= by his side.

Then, Rama holding the feet of that priest, who was equal of Agni the fire and endowed with very great splendour, even as Indra the Lord of celestials would clasp the feet of Brihaspati, sat down by his side.

Verse Locator

ttae j"Ny< sihtE> smii->,
purxanE shEv sEinkE>,
jnen xmR}tmen xmRva,
nupaepivae -rtStdajm!. 210429

29. tadaa= then; tataH jaghanyam= after they sat; saH bharataH= that Bharata; dharmavaan= the pious man; sahitaiH= along with; mantribhiH= his counsellors; pura pradhanai shcha= the leading citizens; sainikaissahaiva= with warriors; dharmajJNa ta mana= and virtuous janena= people; upopaviSTaH= approached and sat near; agrajam= his elder brother.

Then, after Rama and Vasishta sat, Bharata the pious man along with his counsellors, the leading citizens, warriors and virtuous people seated himself at a lowel level at a proximity to Rama.

Verse Locator

%paepivStu tda s vIyRva<,
StpiSvve;e[ smIy ra"vm!,
iya JvlNt< -rt> ktail,
yRwa mheN> yt> japitm!. 210430

30. samiikSya= seeing; raaghavam= Rama; tapasviveSeNa= in the garb of an ascetic; jvalantam= radiant; shriyaa= in majesty; viiryavaan= the extremely powerful; saH bharataH= Bharata; kR^itaaNjaliH= paying obeisance to him with joined palms; tadaa= then; upopaviSTaH tu= took his place in his presence; prayataH mahendraH yathaa= as the devoted Indra the Lord of celestials; prajaapatim= before Brahma the Lord of creation.

Seeing Rama in the garb of an ascetic, radiant in majesty, the extremely powerful Bharata, paying obeisance to him with joined palms, then took his place in his presence, as the devoted Indra the Lord of celestials sits before Brahma the Lord of creation.

Verse Locator

ikme; vaKym! -rtae,* ra"v<,
[My STkTy c saxu vyit,
#tIv tSyayRjnSy tvtae,
b-Uv kaEtUhlmumm! tda. 210431

31. uttamam= a highest; kantuhalam= curiasity; babhuva= arose; tadaa= then; tattvataH= in the minds; tasya= of those; aaryajanasya= worthy men; itiiva kim saadhu vaakyan= as to what good words; eSaH= this; bharataH= Bharata; adya= at this moment; vakSyati= would utter; (while addressing); raaghavam= Rama; praNamya= having offered salutation; satkR^itya cha= and paid homage (to him).

A highest curiosity arose in the minds of those worthy men (assembled there) as to what persuasive words Bharata at that moment would utter, while addressing Rama, having offered salutation and homage to him.

Verse Locator

s ra"v> sTyx&it lm[ae,
mhanu-avae -rt xaimRk>,
v&ta> sui ivrejurXvre,
ywa sdSy> sihtayae=y>. 210432

32. saH raaghavashcha= that Rama; satya dhR^itiH= possessed of truth and forbearance; lakSmaNaH= with Lakshmana; mahaanubhaavaH= who was endowed with magnanimity; dhaarmikaH= and the pious; bharatashcha= Bharata; vR^itaaH= surrounded; suhR^idbhiH= by his companions; virejuH= were as resplendent; trayaH= agnayaH yathaa= as the three sacrificial fires; (known by the names of Garhapatya, Ahavaniya and Dakshina), sahitaaH= accompanied by; adhvare sadasyaiH= the superintending priests.

That Rama endowed with truth and forbearance with Lakshmana who was bestowed with magnanimity and the pious Bharata, surrounded by his companions, were as resplendent as the three sacrificial Fires (known by the names of Garhapatya, Ahavamiya and Dakshina), accompanied by the superintending priests.

 

#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye AyaeXyaka{fe cturzttm> sgR

Thus completes 104th Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.


Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 104

 

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Sarga 104 in English Prose

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May 2005, K. M. K. Murthy