Chapter [Sarga] 102


Bharata replies that it is an established practice for the eldest son to become a king and requests Rama to come to Ayodhya and get crowned in the kingdom for the welfare of Ikshvaku race. Bharata requests Rama to offer traditional libations of water to their deceased father, who died wtih the thought of Rama alone, absorbed in his mind.

Verse Locator

ramSy vcnm! uTva -rt> Tyuvac h,
ikm! me xmaRihInSy rajxmR> kir:yit. 21021

1. shrutvaa= Hearing; raamasya= Rama's; vachanam= words; bharataH= Bharata; pratyuvaacha ha= replied (as follows); kim kariSyati raajadharma= "What will the discharge of royal duties amount; me= to me; vihiinasya= who is bereft; dharmaat= of that code.

Hearing Rama's words, Bharata replied as follows: "What will the discharge of royal duties amount to me, who is outside of that code?"

Verse Locator

zatae=y< sda m> iSwtae=Smasu nr;R-,
jepue SWte rajn! n knIyan! n&pae -vet!. 21022

2. nararSabha= O, the foremost of men!; ayam= this one; sthitaH= is established; sadaa= forever; asmaasu= in us; shaashvataH= as an eternal; dharmaH= law; jyeSTha putre sthite= when the elder son is there; kaniiyaan= the younger son; na bhavet= cannot become; nR^ipaH= a king; raajan= O, Majesty!

"O, the foremost of men! O, Majesty! It has been ever the established tradition in us that while the elder son is there, the younger one cannot become a king."

Verse Locator

s sm&a< mya saxRmyaeXya< gCD ra"v,
Ai-;ecy caTman< klSyaSy -vay n>.21023

3. raaghavaH= O, Rama!; saH= you, as such; gachchha= come; ayodhyaam= to Ayodhya; samR^iddhaam= of great prosperity; saardham= along with me; abhiSechaya= and get anointed in kingdom; aatmaanam= yourself; bhavaaya= for the welfare; asya kulasya= of this race; naH= of ours.

"O, Rama! Therefore, come to the prosperous Ayodhya along with me and get anointed in kingdom for the welfare of our race."

Verse Locator

rajan< manu;< adeRvTve sMmtae mm,
ySy xmaRwRsiht< v&marmanu;m!. 21024

4. raajaanam= the king; yasya= whom; praahuH= people speak of ; maanvSam= as a human being; vR^ittam= and whose conduct; dharmaarthasahitam= is in conformity with righteaousness and worldly prosperity; aahuH= they declare; amaanuSam= as super-human; sammataH= is conceded; mama= by me; devatve= as a godhead.

"The king, whom people speak of as a human being and whose conduct is in conformity with righteousness and worldly prosperity, they declare as super- human, is conceded by me as a god-head."

Verse Locator

kekySwe c miy tu Tviy car{ymaite,
idvmayaeR gtae raja yayjUk> sta< mt>. 21025

5. mayi kekayasthe= while I was there in Kekaya kingdom; tvayi cha= and you; araNyam= to the forest; raajaa= the king Dasaratha; aaryaH= the revered one; yaayajuukaH= who was given to the performance of sacrifices; mataH= and was honoured; sataam= by the virtuous; gataH= has gone; divam= to heaven.

"While I was there in Kekaya kingdom and you had proceeded tot he forest, the king Dasaratha, the revered one who was given to the performance of sacrifices and was honoured by the virtuous, has gone to heaven."

Verse Locator

in:aNtmae -vit shsIte slm[e,
>ozaekai--UtStu raja iidvm_ygat!. 21026

6. bhavati niSkraanta maatre= hardly were you gone; saha siite= with Seetha; sa lakSmana= along with Lakshmana; raajaa= than the king; duHkha shokaabhibhuutaH= succumbed to misfortune and grief; abhyagaat= and ascended; tridivam= to the most sacred heaven."

"Hardly were you gone with Seetha and Lakshmana, than the king succumbed to misfortune and grief and ascended to the most sacred heaven."

Verse Locator

%i pu;Vya iytamudk< iptu>,
Ah< cay< c zu> pUvRmev ktaedkaE. 21027

7. uttiSTha= arise; puruSa vyaaghraH= O, the tigr among men!; udakam kriyataam= let the traditonal libations of water be offered; pituH= to our father; aham= I and; ayam= this; shatrughnashcha= Shatrughna; puurvam eva= have previously; kR^itodakau= offered the tradiotnal libations of water.

"Arise, O the Tiger among men! Let the traditional libations of water be offered to our father. Shatrughna and I have previously done it."

Verse Locator

iye[ olu d< ih ipt&laeke;u ra"v,
A]Yy< -vtITya-Rva<Ev iptu> iy>. 21028

8. raaghavaH= O, Rama!; aahuH khalu= people indeed tell; iti= that; dattam= the one given; priyeNa= by an affectionate son; bhavati= becomes; akSayyam= measureless; bhavaamshchaiva= you alone; priyaH= are beloved; pituH= to our father.

"O, Rama! It is said that the one given by an affectionate son becomes measureless and you undoubtedly are beloved to our father."

Verse Locator

Tvamev zaecMStv dzRnePsu>,
Tvyev saminvTyR buim!,
Tvya ivhInStv zaekm,
STvam! s<SmrStimt> ipta te. 21029

9. vihiinaH= Entirely abandoned; tvayaa= by you; shchan= lamenting; tvaameva= about you; tava darshanepsu= desirous of beholding you; anivartya= not capable of turning away; buddhim= his mind; saktaam= appended; trayyeva= in you alone; shokamagnaH= and immersed in grief; tava= of you; te= your; pitaa= father; astamitaH= died; samsmaran= recollecting; tvaam= you.

"Entirely abandoned by you, lamenting about you, desirous of beholding you, being not able to turn away his mind absorbed in you alone, immersed in grief of you and recollecting you, your father died."


#Tya;eR Imamay[e AaidkaVye AyaeXyaka{fe VYrzttm> sgR

Thus completes 102nd Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.

Verse Locator for Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya : Chapter 102


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Sarga 102 in English Prose


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March 2005, K. M. K. Murthy