Book II : Ayodhya Kanda - Book Of Ayodhya
Valmiki describes the innumerable virtues of Sree Rama in this sarga. Dasaratha wants to coronate Rama as the crown prince with the approval of all his people. With this end in mind, he invites various citizens, important people from all cities and villages in his kingdom.
gacchat˜ m˜tulakulaÕ bharatena tad˜'nagha× |
þatrughno nityaþatrughno nŸta× prŸtipurask®ta× || 2-1-1
1. shatrughnaH= Satrughna, anaghaH= who has no sins, nitya shatrughnaH= he who always annihilated his enemies, neetaH= was taken, priiti puraskR^ithaH= with love, bharathena= by Bharatha, gachchhathaa= while going, tadaa= then, maatulakulam= to the maternal uncle's house.
Bharatha, while going to his maternal uncle's house, has taken his brother Satrughna (he who has no sins and who annihilates his enemies) along with him with love.
sa tatra nyavasadbhr˜tr˜ saha satk˜rasatk®ta× |
m˜tulen˜þvapatin˜ putrasnehena l˜lita× || 2-1-2
2. satkaara satkR^ithaH= treated with good hospitality, putra snehena= with paternal love, asvapathinaa= lord of cavalry, maathulena= his maternal uncle, saH= that Bharatha, bhratraa saH= with his brother, nyavasat= stayed, tatra= there.
Treated with good hospitality and paternal love by his maternal uncle, Yudhajit, who was a lord of cavalry, Bharatha stayed with his brother there.
tatr˜pi nivasantau tau tarpyam˜õau ca k˜mata× |
bhr˜tarau smarat˜Õ vŸrau v®ddhaÕ dasarathaÕ n®pam || 2-1-3
3. viirau= those heroes, bhraatarau= both the brothers, nivasanthau= staying, tatra= there, tarpyamaaNauchaapi= though satisfied by, kaamathaH= all the wants, smarathaaM= were remebering, dasaratham nR^ipam= the king Dasaratha.
Those heroes of valour Bharatha and Satrughna, though staying there enjoying all the comforts, were remembering their age old father.
r˜j˜pi tau mah˜tej˜× sasm˜ra proÿitau sutau |
ubhau bharataþatrughnau mahendravaruõopamau || 2-1-4
4. mahaa tejaaH= Mighty, raajaapi= king (Dasaratha), also, sasmaara= was remembering, sutau= his sons, bharata shatrughnau ubhau= both Bharatha and Satrughna, proshhitau= who were out of state, mahendra varunopamau= (and who were) equivalent to Indra and Varuna.
The mighty Dasaratha was also often remembering his sons Bharatha and Satrughna who were out of his state and who were equivalent to Indra and Varuna.
sarva eva tu tasyeÿ÷a þcatv˜ra× puruÿarÿabh˜× |
svaþarŸr˜dvinirv®tt˜þcatv˜ra iva b˜hava× || 2-1-5
5. tasya= that Dasaratha, isTaaH= was loving, chatvaaraH= his four sons, purushharshhabhaaH= best among men, chatvaaraH baahavaH= like four hands, sarve evatu= all of them, nirvR^ittaaH= emerging, svashariiraat= out of his own body.
Dasaratha was bestowing his equal love to all his four sons who were best among men, as though they were his four hands emerging out of his own body.
teÿ˜mapi mah˜tej˜ r˜mo ratikara× pitu× |
svayambh¨riva bh¨t˜n˜Õ babh¨va guõavattara× || 2-1-6
6. raamaH= Rama, svayambhuuriva= like the Brahma, bhuutaanaaM= among all the living beings, guNavattaraH= the most virtuous, teshhaamapi= among those brothers, mahaatejaH= the mightiest, ratikaraH babhuuva= was a source of joy, pituH= for his father.
Rama, like the Brahma among all the living beings, the most virtuous among those brothers and the mightiest was a great source of joy for his father.
sa hi devai rudŸrõasya r˜vaõasya vadh˜rthibhi× |
arthito m˜nuÿe loke jajñe viÿõu× san˜tana× || 2-1-7
7. saH= That Rama, sanaatanaH= the eternal, vishhnuH= Vishnu, jajJNehi= was born, maanushhe loke= on the earth, arthita= as urged by, devaihi= gods, vadhaarthibhihi= to kill, udiirNasya raavaNasya= the egoistic Ravana.
That Rama - was He not the eternal Vishnu who was born on earth as prayed by celestials to kill the egoistic Ravana?
kausaly˜ þuþubhe putreõ˜mitatejas˜ |
yath˜ vareõa dev˜n˜maditirvajrap˜õin˜ || 2-1-8
8. aditiryathaa= like Adithi, vajrapaaNinaa= by Indra, devaanaaM vareNa= the best among celestials, kausalyaa= Kausalya, shushubhe= was shone by, putreNa= her son, amitatejasaa= the mighty.
Like Adithi by Indra, best among the celestials, Kausalya shone by her son Rama, the mighty.
sa hi r¨popapannaþca vŸryav˜nanas¨yaka× |
bh¨m˜vanupama× s¨nurgaõairdhaþarathopama× || 2-1-9
9. saH= Rama, ruupopapannaH cha= having beautiful form, viiryavaan= a hero of valor, anasuuyakaH= without envy, gunaiH= by virtues, dasarathopamaH= like Dasaratha, anupamaH= an incomparable, suunuhu hi= son indeed, bhuumau= on earth.
Rama was beautiful in form, a hero of valor and without envy. By virtues, he was like Dasaratha. In this way, he was an incomparable son on earth.
sa ca nityaÕ praþ˜nt˜tm˜ m®dup¨rvaÕ tu bh˜ÿate |
ucyam˜no'pi paruÿaÕ nottaraÕ pratipadyate || 2-1-10
10. saH= that Rama, nityam= always, prashaantaatmaa= with a peaceful mind, bhaashhate= talked, mR^idupuurvakaM= softly, uttaram na prapadyate= he did not respond to, parushhaM= hard words, uchyamaanaha api= spoken by others.
That Rama was always peaceful in mind and spoke softly. He did not react to the hard words spoken by others.
kathañcidupak˜reõa k®tenai kena tuÿyati |
na smaratyapak˜r˜õ˜Õ þatamapy˜tmavattay˜ || 2-1-11
11. saH= That Rama, aatmavattayaa= because of his good bent of mind, tushhyati= feels glad, kathaMchit= even by , aikena= one, upakaareNa= good thing, kR^itena= done, na smarati= (but) does not mind, satamapi= even a hundred, apakaaraaNaam= bad things.
That Rama, because of his good bent of mind, feels glad even by whatever way a good thing is done to him. He does not remember any number of bad things done to him.
þŸlav®ddhai rjñ˜nav®ddhairvayov®ddhaiþca sajjanai× |
kathayann˜sta vainitya mastrayogy˜ntareÿvapi || 2-1-12
12. astrayoga antareshhvapi= Even during intervals while practising archery, nityam= always, kathayannaasta= used to converse with, shiilavR^iddhai= elders by conduct, jJNaanavR^iddhai= elders by wisdom, vayovR^iddhai= elders by age (or), sajjanaiH= with good people.
Whenever he finds some time even while practising archery, Rama used to converse with elderly people, elder by way of conduct or wisdom or age or with good- natured people.
buddhim˜n madhur˜bh˜ÿŸ p¨rvabh˜ÿŸ priyaÕvada× |
vŸryav˜nna ca vŸryeõa mahat˜ svena vismita× || 2-1-13
13. buddhimaan= wise man, madhurabhaashhii= sweet conversationalist, puurvabhaashhii= one who initiated a talk, priyaMvadaH= whose speech was compassionate, viiryavaan= person with valor, na cha vismitaH= not arrogant of, svena= his own, mahataa= great, viiryeNa= valor.
Rama was a wise man. He used to speak sweetly. He was the first man to initiate a talk. His speech was compassionate. He was valorous. But he was not arrogant of his mighty valor.
na c˜n®takatho vidv˜n v®ddh˜n˜Õ pratip¨jaka× |
anurakta× praj˜bhiþca praj˜þc˜pyanurajyate || 2-1-14
14. na cha= not, anR^itakathaH= speaking untruth, vidvaan= all knowing person, pratipuujakaH= Receptive and worshipful to, vR^idhaanaam= elders, anuraktaH= being loved, prajaabhi= by people, anurajyate= loving, prajaashchapi= also the people.
He did not speak untruth. He was all knowing. He used to be receptive and worshipful to the elders. People used to love him and he used to love the people.
s˜nukroþo jitakrodho br˜hmaõapratip¨jaka× |
dŸn˜nukampŸ dharmajno nityaÕ pragrahav˜n þuci× || 2-1-15
15. saanukroshaH= had compassion, jitakrodhaH= conquered anger, braahmana pratipuujakaH= receptive and worshipful to the wise, diinaanukampii=had mercy towards the meek, dharmajNaH= knew what was to be done, nityam pragrahavaan= Had always self control, suchiH= was clean (in conduct).
He had compassion. He conquered anger. He used to be receptive and worshipful to the wise. He had mercy towards the meek. He knew what was to be done. He had always self-control. He was clean (in conduct).
kulocitamati× kÿ˜traÕ dharmaÕ svaÕ bahumanyate |
manyate paray˜ kŸrtya mahatsvargaphalaÕ tata× || 2-1-16
16. kulochitamatiH= attitude suitable for his social rank, bahumanyate= giving due respect to, kshaatraM dharmam= righteousness of warrior-class, manyate= thought, tataha= by following that righteousness, parayaa kiirtya= by great fame, mahat= great, swargaphalam= fruit of heaven.
That Rama, having an attitude suitable for his social rank, giving due respect to righteousness of warrior-class, believed that by following the righteousness he would attain great fame and through it the fruit of heaven.
n˜þreyasi rato vidv˜nna viruddhakath˜ruci× |
uttarottarayuktau ca vakt˜ v˜caspati ryath˜ || 2-1-17
17. na rataH= not interested(in), ashreyasi= actions not beneficial, vidvaan= scholar, Na viruddhakathaaruchiH= no taste in tales opposing righteousness, vaachaspatiryathaa= like brihaspathi, uttarottarayuktau= in showing series of strategies, vaktaa= a fluent speaker.
Rama was not interested in actions, which were not beneficial. He was a scholar. He had no taste in tales opposing righteousness. Like vächaspathi, his eloquent speech contained a series of strategies for action.
arogastaruõo v˜gmŸ vapuÿm˜n deþak˜lavit |
loke puruÿas˜rajñass˜dhureko vinirmita× || 2-1-18
18. arogaH= without disease, taruNaH= young man, vaagmii= speaker, vapushhmaan= person with a good body, deshakaalavit= knew time and place, purushhasaarajJNaH=could grasp the essence of men, ekaH= the one, saadhuH= gentleman, vinirmitaH= created, loke= on earth.
Rama was a young man without any disease. He was a good speaker. He had a good body. He knew both time and place. He could grasp the essence of men. He was the one gentleman born on earth.
sa tu sreÿ÷hairguõairyukta× praj˜n˜Õ p˜rthiv˜tmaja× |
bahiþcara iva pr˜õo babh¨va guõata× priya× || 2-1-19
19. prajaanaam= To people, priyaH= loving, saH= that, paarthivaatmajaH= prince, shreshhThaiH= with good, guNaiH= virtues, yuktaH= contained, babhuuva= existed, praanaH aiva= like spirit, bahishcharaH= moving outside, guNataH= by virtues.
People loved the virtuous prince Rama and treated him as their spirit moving outside.
samyagvidy˜vratasn˜to yath˜vats˜ðgavedavit |
iÿvastre ca pitu× þreÿ÷ho babh¨va bharat˜graja× || 2-1-20
20. vidyaavratasnaataH= after bathing in the discipline of education, samyak= properly, saaN^gavedavit= After knowing archery, yathaavat= as prescribed, bharataagrajaH= elder brother of Bharatha (Rama), babhuuva= was, shreshhThaH= better than, pituH= father, ishhvastre= in archery.
After completing his education properly, Rama, after knowing the science of archery as prescribed, was better than his father in the use of bow and arrows.
kaly˜õ˜bhijana× s˜dhuradŸna× satyav˜g®ju× |
v®ddhairabhivinŸtaþca dvijairdharm˜rthadarþibhi× || 2-1-21
21. kalyaanaabhijanaH= having born in a good clan, saadhuH= gentleman, adiinaH= not a feeble man, satyavaak= speaker of truth, R^ijuH= straightforward man, abhiviniitaH= properly trained by, vR^iddhaiH= elderly, dvijaiH= wisemen, dharmartha darshibhiH= who realized righteousness.
Rama, having born in a good clan, was gentle minded. He was not feeble. He spoke truth. He was straightforward. He was properly trained by elderly wise men that knew righteousness.
dharmak˜m˜rthatattvajña× sm®tim˜n pratibh˜nav˜n |
laukike samay˜c˜re k®takalpo viþ˜rada× || 2-1-22
22. dharma kaamaartha tattvajnaH= one who knew the real form of desire, wealth and righteousness, smR^itimaan= one who had a good power of memory, pratibhaanavaan= one who had a spontaneous wisdom to respond, vishaaradaH= one who had skill, kR^itakalpaH= one who had created arrangement of, samayaachaare= customs useful at that time, laukike= for the society.
Rama knew the real form of desire, wealth and righteousness. He had a good memory power. He had a spontaneous wisdom. He had skills in arranging customs useful to society prevalent at that time.
nibh®ta× saÕv®t˜k˜ro guptamantra× sah˜yav˜n |
amoghakrodhaharÿaþca ty˜gasaÕyamak˜lavit || 2-1-23
23. nibhR^itaH= Humble man, saMvR^itaakaaraH= Had an enclosed form, gupta mantraH= kept thoughts to himself, sahaayavaan= helped others, amogha krodha harshhashcha= his anger and pleasure not wasteful, tyaagasaMyama kaalavit= knew the timing of giving and non-giving.
Rama was humble. He did not let his feelings appear outwardly. He kept his thoughts to himself. He helped others. His anger and pleasure were not wasteful. He knew when to give and when not to give.
d®ýhabhakti× sthiraprajño n˜sadgr˜hŸ na durvac˜× |
nistandrirapramattaþca svadoÿaparadoÿavit || 2-1-24
24.dR^iDha bhaktiH= had a firm devotion, sthira prajJNaH= had steadfast mind, aasadgraahii= was not stubborn, na durvachaaH= not speaking evil words, nistandriH= had no idleness, apramattaH= was alert, svadoshhaparadoshhavit= and recognized his own errors and those of others.
Rama had a firm devotion and steadfast mind. He was not stubborn nor did he speak evil words. He was free from idleness and was ever alert. He recognized his own errors and those of others.
þ˜strajñaþca k®tajñaþca puruÿ˜ntarakovida× |
ya× pragrah˜nugrahayoryath˜ny˜yaÕ vicakÿaõa× || 2-1-25
25. shaastrajJNaH cha= He knew sciences, kR^itajJNaH + cha= knew their practice, purushhaantarakovidaH= understood differences among men, yathaanyaayam= as per justice, vichakshaNaH= discriminator of, pragrahaanugrahayoH= punishment and protection.
Rama knew the theory and practice of sciences. He understood the differences among men. He could judiciously discriminate whom to protect and whom to punish.
satsaðgrahapragrahaõe sth˜navinnigrahasya ca |
˜yakarmaõyup˜yajña× sand®ÿ÷avyayakarmavit || 2-1-26
26. satsaMgrahapragrahaNe= identifying the good and protecting them, sthaanavit= knew the people, nigrahasya cha= to be reprimanded, upaayajJNaH= knew the ways and means of, aaya karmaNi= getting income, sandR^ishhTa vyaya karmavit= knew the system of spending as mentioned in sastra.
He identified good men and protected them. He knew the people worthy of reprimand. He knew the ways and means of getting income as well as the system of spending, as perceived by economic sciences.
þraiÿ÷hyaÕ þ˜strasam¨heÿu pr˜pto vy˜miþrakeÿu ca |
arthadharmau ca saðg®hya sukhatantro na c˜lasa× || 2-1-27
27. praaptaH= obtained, shraishhThyam= great skill, shaastrasamuuheshhu= in groups of sciences, vyaamishrakeshhu cha= and in their subsidiaries, sukhatantraH= Interested in enjoying comforts, saMgR^ihya= after understanding, artha dharmau= economic realities, na alasaH= and never remained inactive.
Rama could obtain great skill in the groups of sciences along with their subsidiaries. He was interested in enjoying comforts only after understanding the economic realities. He never remained inactive.
vaih˜rik˜õ˜Õ þilp˜n˜Õ vijñ˜t˜rthavibh˜gavit |
˜rohe vinaye caiva yuktov˜raõav˜jin˜m || 2-1-28
28. vijJNaataa= acquainted with, shilpaanaam= fine arts, vaihaarikaaNaam= useful in entertainment, arthavibhaagavit= knew how to distribute wealth, yuktaH= efficient in, aarohe= in riding, vinaye= in taming, vaaraNavaajinaam= elephants and horses.
Rama was acquainted with the fine arts useful for entertainment. He knew how to distribute the wealth. He was efficient in riding and taming of elephants and horses.
dhanurvedavid˜Õ sreÿ÷ho loke'tirathasammata× |
abhiy˜t˜ prahart˜ ca sen˜nayaviþ˜rada× || 2-1-29
29. shreshhThaH= best of persons, dhanur veda vidaam= knowing the science of archery, athirathasaMmataH= appreciated by the champions of archery, senaa nayavishaaradaH= Attained skills in moving the army properly, abhiyaataa= facing the enemies, prahartaa cha= (He) used to kill them.
Rama was the best of persons knowing the science of archery in the world; and was well appreciated by the champions of archery. He attained skills in marshalling the army. He faced and killed the enemies in battle.
apradh®ÿyaþca saðgr˜me kruddhairapi sur˜surai× |
anas¨yo jitakrodho na d®pto na ca matsarŸ |
na c˜vamant˜ bh¨t˜n˜Õ na ca k˜lavaþ˜nuga× || 2-1-30
30. kruddhaiH= enraged, suraasurair api= even by suras and asuras, apradhR^ishhyaH= (He) could not be defeated, saMgraame= in battle, anasuuyaH= had no jealousy, jitakrodhaH= conquered anger, na dR^iptaH= Had no arrogance, na matsarii cha= Had no envy, na cha avamantaa= not humiliated, bhuutaanaam= living beings, na kaala vashaanugaH cha= had not surrendered to time.
Even enraged celestials and demons could not defeat Rama in battle. He had no jealousy. He conquered anger. He had no arrogance and envy. He had not humiliated any living being. He had not surrendered to time.
evaÕ þreÿ÷haguõairyukta× praj˜n˜Õ p˜rthiv˜tmaja× |
sammatastriÿu lokeÿuvasudh˜y˜× kÿam˜guõai× || 2-1-31
buddy˜ b®haspatestulyo vŸryeõ˜pi þacŸpate× |
31. paarthivaatmajaH= That prince Rama, evam shreshhThagunaiH= with these good virtues, yuktaH= fair, prajaanaam= to the people, saMmataH= was agreeable, trishhu lokeshhu= to the three worlds, kshamaa guNaiH= virtue of forgiveness, vasudhaayaaH= (comparable) to the earth, budhyaa= By wisdom, bR^ihaspate= to brihaspathi, viiryeNa= by valour, shachiipate= to devendra, tulyaH= (He was) equal.
That Prince Rama, with these good virtues, was fair to the people. He was agreeable to the three worlds. By patience and the related virtues, he was equal to earth, by wisdom to Brihaspathi and by valor to Devendra.
tath˜ sarvapraj˜k˜ntai× prŸtisañjananai× pitu× || 2-1-32
guõairviruruce r˜mo dŸpta× s¨rya iv˜Õþubhi× |
32. raamaH= Rama, guNaiH= by virtues, sarva prajaakaantaiH= which are enlightening to all the people, priitisamjananaiH= which are source of liking, pituH= to his father, viruruche= was shining, suurya eva= like the sun, diiptaH= shining, aMshubhiH= by the rays.
Rama, by his virtues, was a source of happiness to all the people and a spring of joy to his father. As the sun shines with his rays, Rama was shining, thus, with his virtues.
tamevaÕvratasampannamapradh®ÿyapar˜kramam || 2-1-33
lokap˜lopamaÕ n˜thamak˜mayata medinŸ |
33. medinii= the Earth, akaamayata= wished, tam= Rama, naatham= (to be) the lord, evaM vrathasaMpannam= as he was adorned with disciplined life, apradhR^ishhya paraakramam= having undefeatable valor, lokapaalopamam= equal to the universal lords like Indra.
The earth wished Rama to be her Lord as he was adorned with self -control and norms of behavior bearing undefeatable valor equal to that of universal lords like Indra.
etaistu bahubhiryuktaÕ guõairanupamai× sutam || 2-1-34
d®ÿ÷v˜ daþaratho r˜j˜ cakre cint˜Õ parantapa× |
34. raajaa= King dasaratha, paraMtapaH= who annihilates enemies, chakre= constructed, chintaaM= thoughts, dR^ishhTvaa= after observing, sutam= the son, bahubhiH= (having) many, anupamaiH= incomparable, etaiH= these, guNaiH= virtues.
Dasaratha, who annihilates enemies, started thinking as follows after observing his son with his many incomparable virtues.
atha r˜jño babh¨vaivaÕ v®ddhasya cirajŸvina× || 2-1-35
prŸtireÿ˜ kathaÕ r˜mo r˜j˜ sy˜nmayi jŸvati |
35. atha= thereafter, chiranjiivinaH= long living, vR^idhasya= aged, raajJNaH= Dasaratha, evam babhuuva= thus thought, katham syaat= how will, raamaH= Rama (become), raajaa= king, maya jiivati= while I am alive, eshhaa priitiH= (shall I enjoy) this happiness.
The long living and aged Dasaratha thought: "Will Rama become king while I am still alive? Shall I enjoy that happiness?"
eÿ˜ hyasya par˜ prŸtirh®di samparivartate || 2-1-36
kad˜ n˜ma sutaÕ drakÿy˜myabhiÿiktamahaÕ priyam |
36. eshhaa paraa= this great, priithiH= loving thought, saMparivartatehi= was ringing, hR^idi= in his heart, naama= when, drakshyaami= shall I see, priyam sutam= beloved son Rama, abhishhiktam= crowned as king.
A great loving thought was ringing in his mind that when he would be able to see his beloved son Rama crowned as a king.
v®ddhik˜mo hi lokasya sarvabh¨t˜nukampana× || 2-1-37
matta× priyataro loke parðanya iva v®ÿ÷im˜n |
37. loke= In the country, mattaH= Better than me, priyataraH hi= (he is) better liked, vR^ishhTimaan= raining, parjanyaH iva= like cloud, vR^iddhi kaamaH= desires development of, lokasya= world, sarvabhuuta anukampanaH= has equal compassion towards all living creatures.
"Is not Rama, as a raining cloud to the earth, better liked by people than me, as he desires the development of the world and has equal compassion towards all living beings."
yamaþakrasamo vŸrye b®haspatisamo matau || 2-1-38
mahŸdharasamo dh®ty˜Õ mattaþca guõavattara× |
38. viirye= In valour, yama sakra samaH= equal to Yama and Indra, matau= in wisdom, bR^ihaspati samaH= equal to Bruhaspati, dhR^ityaam= in courage, mahiidhara samaH= equal to mountain, guNavattaraH= better virtues, mattaH cha= than me.
"Rama is equal to Yama and Devendra in valor, to Brihaspati in wisdom and to a mountain in courage. He is more virtuous than me."
mahŸmahamim˜Õ k®tsn˜madhitiÿ÷hantam˜tmajam || 2-1-39
anena vayas˜ d®ÿ÷v˜ yath˜ svargamav˜pnuy˜m |
39. yathaa= How, aham= I, avaapnuyaam= attain, svargam= heaven, dR^ishhTvaa= after seeing, anena vayasaa= in this age, aatmajaam= my son, adhitishhThantam= ruling, kR^itsnaam= the entire, imaam mahiim= this Earth.
"Shall I attain heaven, after seeing in this age, my son ruling the entire earth?"
ityetai rvividhai staistai ranyap˜rthivadurlabhai× || 2-1-40
þiÿ÷airaparimeyaiþcha loke lokottarairguõai× |
taÕ samŸkÿya mah˜r˜jo yuktaÕ samuditai× þubhai× || 2-1-41
niþcitya sacivai× s˜rdhaÕ yuvar˜jamamanyata |
40,41. iti= this way, vividhaiH= various, anya paarthiva durlabhaiH= Not at all seen in other kings, taistaiH= those and those, ethaiH= these virtues, loke= in the world, aparimeyaiH= which can not be counted, lokottaraiH= Best in the world, samuditaiH= gathered at one place, shubhaiH= auspicious, yuktaM= containing, shishhTaih= the remaining, guNaiH= virtues, samiikshya= seeing, tam= that Rama, mahaaraajaH= king of Dasaratha, sachivaiH saardhaM= along with ministers, nishchitya= decided, yuvaraajam= as prince, amanyata= thought.
Rama had many other virtues beyond hitherto stated virtues not to be seen in other kings. His virtues cannot be counted and they are the best in the world. Seeing that type of virtuous Rama, Dasaratha along with his ministers, decided to make Rama the prince.
divyantarikÿe bh¨mau ca ghoramutp˜tajaÕ bhayam || 2-1-42
sañcacakÿe'tha medh˜vŸ þarŸre c˜tmano jar˜m |
42. atha= thereafter, medhaavii= the wise Dasaratha, aachachakshe= said, ghoram= great, bhayam= alarm, divi= in heaven, antarikshe= in space, bhuumau cha= in earth, utpaadajam= comet like things, aatmanaH= his, shariire= body, jaraam cha= getting aged.
The wise Dasaratha said that there was sign of a great alarm being forecast because of comet like things found in earth heaven and the sky. He also told the ministers that his body was getting aged.
p¨rõacandr˜nanasy˜tha þok˜panudam˜tmana× || 2-1-43
loke r˜masya bubudhe sampriyatvaÕ mah˜tmana× |
43. bubudhe= (He) recognised, raamasya= Rama, puurNachandraananasya= one who has a face like a full moon, mahaatmanaH= great wise man, loke saMpriyatvaM= liked by the people, athaH= and, aatmanaH shokaapanudam= will remove his worry.
He recognized that if Rama were crowned as king, he would not have worries as Rama had beautiful face as a full moon; was a great wise man; and was liked by the people.
˜tmanaþca praj˜n˜Õ ca þreyase ca priyeõa ca || 2-1-44
pr˜ptak˜lena dharm˜tm˜ bhakty˜ tvaritav˜n n®pa× |
44. dharmaatma= the righteous, nR^ipaH= King Dasaratha, priyeNa cha= to his liking, tvaritavaan= was hurried, bhaktyaa= with interest, sreyase cha= beneficial to, aatmanashcha= his own self (and), prajaanaam cha= people, praaptakaalena= time has come.
The righteous Dasaratha was hurried with concern in the coronation of Rama as it is for his own benefit and for the benefit of people. Because it is as per his liking and also as the appropriate time has come.
n˜n˜nagarav˜stavy˜n p®thagj˜napad˜napi || 2-1-45
sam˜nin˜ya mediny˜× pradh˜n˜n p®thivŸpatŸn |
45.naanaa nagaravaastavyaan= those residing in various cities, jaanapadaanapi= those residing in villages, pradhaanaan= principal officers, medinyaaH= of lands, pR^ithiviipatiin= kings, pR^ithak= separately, samaaninaaya= called for.
Dasaratha called for other kings and officers staying in various cities and villages in his kingdom separately.
na tu kekayar˜j˜naÕ janakaÕ v˜ nar˜dhipa× || 2-1-46
tvaray˜ c˜nay˜m˜sa paþc˜ttau þroÿyata× priyam |
46. tvarayaa= By hurry, naraadhipaH= the king, anayaame= did not call for, kekayaraajaanaM= the king of kekaya, janakaM vaa= or Janaka, tau= both of them, shroshhyataH= could hear, priyam= the good news, pashchaat= afterwards.
The hurried Dasaratha did not call for the king Kekaya, the maternal uncle of Bharatha or the King Janaka as he thought they both could hear the good news even afterwards.
t˜nveþman˜n˜bharaõairyath˜rhaÕ pratip¨jit˜n || 2-1-47
dadarþ˜laðk®to r˜j˜ praj˜patiriva praj˜× |
47. raajaa= The king, prathipuujitaan= presented, taan= all of them, veshmanaanaabharaNaiH= houses and various jewelry, yathaarhaM= suitably, alaMkR^itaH= adorned himself, dadarsha= looked them, prajaapatiH= (like) lord Brahma, prajaaH iva= as children.
The king Dasaratha presented them suitably with houses and jewelry. Duly adorned himself, he looked after them in the manner Lord Brahma looks after his children.
athopaviÿ÷e n®patau tasmin parabal˜rdane || 2-1-48
tata× praviviþu× þeÿa r˜j˜no lokasammat˜× |
48. atha= There afterwards, sheshhaaH= the remaining, rajaanaH= kings, lokasammataaH= loved by the people, pravivishuH= entered, tataH= after, nR^ipatau= the king, parabalaardhane= who annihilates the opponent's army, upavishhTe= occupied his seat.
All the invited kings, duly liked by their people, entered the assembly after the king Dasaratha , who annihilates the opponent's army, occupied his seat.
atha r˜javitŸrõeÿu vividheÿv˜saneÿu ca || 2-1-49
r˜j˜namev˜bhimukh˜ niÿedurniyat˜ n®p˜× |
49. atha= There afterwards, nR^ipaaH= those kings, nishheduH= sat, vividheshhu= in various, aasaneshhu= seats, raajavitiirneshhu= allotted by king, abhimukheH= facing towards, raajaanameva= the said king, niyataH= as per rules.
The kings thus entered, occupied their various seats allotted to them by the king, by facing toward the king as per the prescribed rules.
sa labdham˜nairvinay˜nvitairn®pai× |
pur˜layai rj˜napadaiþca m˜navai× |
upopaviÿ÷airn®to babhau |
sahasracakÿurbhagav˜niv˜marai× || 2-1-50
50. vR^itaH= surrounded by, labdhamaanaiH= Respected, vinayaanvitaiH= humble, upopavishhTaiH= closely sat, nR^ipaiH= kings, maanvaiH= the officers of, puraalayaiH= cities, jaanapadaiH= villagers, saH= that king Dasaratha, babhau= shone, bhagavaan sahasrachakshuriva= like lord Indra, amaraiH= surrounded by celestials.
Surrounded by the respected and humble kings sitting closely to him as well as the important heads of cities and villages, king Dasaratha shone like lord Devendra surrounded by celestials.
|| iti þrŸmadr˜m˜yaõe ayodhyak˜nýe prathama sarga× ||
Thus completes 1st Chapter of Ayodhya Kanda of the glorious Ramayana of Valmiki, the work of a sage and the oldest epic.
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© 1999, K. M. K. Murthy [Revised: May, 2005]