Book III : Aranya Kanda - The Forest Trek
Rama is anguished for Seetha's aloneness and it is expressed in his chastening Lakshmana. Rama asks him as to why he left Seetha unguarded in the lonely forest. Rama rushes rapidly to hermitage thinking and talking that rapidly to Lakshmana about Seetha, and on arriving he finds vacuity in hermitage and then he is thrown in throes of despair.
sa d®ÿ÷v˜ lakÿmaõam dŸnam þ¨nyam daþaratha ˜tmaja× |
paryap®cchata dharm˜atm˜ vaidehŸm ˜gatam vin˜ || 3-58-1
1. dharmaaatmaa= virtue-souled one; saH dasharatha aatmajaH= he that, Dasharatha's, son [Rama]; shuunyam [shuunye]= void of [in void forest]; vaidehiim vinaa aagatam = Vaidehi, without [devoid of,] who has come; diinam lakSmaNam dR^iSTvaa = dreary, Lakshmana, on seeing; pari apR^icChata= verily [impatiently] asked.
On seeing dreary Lakshmana coming into the void of forest devoid of Vaidehi, then the virtue-souled Rama, the son of Dasharatha, has asked him impatiently. [3-58-1]
prasthitam daõýaka araõyam y˜ m˜m anujag˜ma ha |
kva s˜ lakÿmaõa vaidehŸ y˜m hitv˜ tvam iha ˜gata× || 3-58-2
2. lakSmaNa= oh, Lakshmana; daNDaka araNyam prasthitam= to Dandaka, forest, one who started for peregrination; maam= me; yaa= she who; anu jagaama ha= in tow, came along, indeed; yaam hitvaa = whom, on deserting; tvam iha aagataH= you, to here, came [lonely]; saa vaidehii kva= she, Vaidehi, where [is she?]
"She who has come in tow with me to Dandaka forest when I started for peregrination, whom you have now deserted and came here, oh, Lakshmana, she that Vaidehi, where is she? [3-58-2]
r˜jya bhraÿ÷asya dŸnasya daõýak˜n paridh˜vata× |
kva s˜ du×kha sah˜y˜ me vaidehŸ tanu madhyam˜ || 3-58-3
3. raajya bhraSTasya= one whose - kingdom, is forfeited; daNDakaan pari dhaavataH= to Dandaka forest, about, running - rushing for; diinasya= a forlorn one - at the time of exile; me duHkha sahaayaa= in mine, in woe, partaker - one who stood as a partaker in my woes; tanu madhyamaa= slender waisted lady - a comely lady; saa vaidehii kva = she, that Vaidehi, where is she?
"When I have become forlorn with the forfeiture of my kingdom and when I was rushing for Dandaka forest she stood with me as a partaker in my woes. She that comely Vaidehi, where is she? [3-58-3]
y˜m vin˜ na utsahe vŸra muh¨rtam api jŸvitum |
kva s˜ pr˜õa sah˜y˜ me sŸt˜ sura suta upam˜ || 3-58-4
4. viira= oh, valiant one; yaam vinaa= [she] whom, without; muhuurtam api= for a moment, even; jiivitum= to live; na utsahe= not, enthused - disinclined; saa= she - who is; sura suta upamaa= gods, daughter, in simile - nymphlike; me praaNa sahaayaa= my, to life, helpmate - one who supports my life - life-force; siitaa kva= Seetha, where is she?
"Without whom I am disinclined to live even for a moment, oh, valiant one, such a Seetha who in simile is like the daughter of deities and who is my life-force, where is she? [3-58-4]
patitvam amar˜õ˜m v˜ p®thivy˜× ca api lakÿmaõa |
vin˜ t˜m tapanŸya ˜bh˜m na iccheyam janaka ˜tmaj˜m || 3-58-5
5. lakSmaNa= oh, Lakshmana; tapaniiya aabhaam= like gold, glistering - by complexion; taam janaka aatmajaam vinaa= her, Janaka, daughter of, without; amaraaNaam patitvam= on immortals [heavens,] rulership; pR^ithivyaaH ca api vaa = of earth, also, even, either; na icCheyam= not, I ambition - unambitious of.
"I am unambitious for the rulership either on heavens or on the earth, oh, Lakshmana, without the daughter of Janaka whose aspect glisters like gold. [3-58-5]
kaccit jŸvati vaidehŸ pr˜õai× priyatar˜ mama |
kaccit pravr˜janam vŸra na me mithy˜ bhaviÿyati || 3-58-6
6. viira= oh, valiant one; mama praaNaiH priya taraa= by my, lives, dear, more than; vaidehii= Vaidehi; jiivati kaccit= alive, somehow; me pravraajanam= my, peregrination; mithyaa na bhaviSyati kaccit= illusory [futile,] not, become, someway.
"Vaidehi who is dearer to me than my lives, will she be alive somehow! Oh, valiant Lakshmana, this peregrination of mine, will it not become futile, someway! [3-58-6]
Annex: I neither can live devoid of Seetha, nor can complete the pledge of fourteen-year period of forest trek for ultimate annihilation of Ravana. If Seetha is dead I am also dead. Then I have live to fulfil the pledge. But when I am dead I will become a killer of my own pledge than my own body. If Seetha is no more what happens to her abduction, Ravana's elimination, and my pledge to gods and my incarnation...
sŸt˜ nimittam saumitre m®te mayi gate tvayi |
kaccit sa k˜m˜ sukhit˜ kaikeyŸ s˜ bhaviÿyati || 3-58-7
7. saumitre= oh, Soumitri; siitaa nimittam mayi mR^ite= Seetha, for the sake of, I am, being dead; tvayi gate= you, on getting back [lonesomely to Ayodhya]; saa kaikeyii= she, Kaikeyi; sa kaama= with [accomplished,] wishes; sukhitaa= comfortable; bhaviSyati kaccit= will become, somewhat.
"When I am dead for the sake of Seetha and when you get back to Ayodhya lonesomely, and when Kaikeyi's wishes are accomplished thus, oh, Soumitri, will she be comfortable, somewhat! [3-58-7]
sa putra r˜jy˜m siddha arth˜m m®ta putr˜ tapasvinŸ |
upasth˜syati kausaly˜ kaccit saumyena - saumya na - kaikayŸm || 3-58-8
8. saumya= oh, gentle one; putraa mR^ita= while son, is dead - because of son's death; tapasvinii kausalyaa= [my] austerely [mother,] Kausalya; sa putra raajyaam= one who is having, a son, a kingdom; siddha arthaam= one who has achieved, purposes - Kaikeyi; kaikayiim= at Kaikeyi; [saumyena= humbly]; na upa sthaasyati kaccit= not, nearby, stays [be in attendance - get into servitude] anyhow.
"Kaikeyi is with her son, with a kingdom, and further her 'purposes are achieved,' oh, gentle Lakshmana, and because of the death of her son will my austerely mother Kausalya humbly get into the servitude of Kaikeyi, anyhow! [3-58-8]
yadi jŸvati vaidehŸ gamiÿy˜my ˜þramam puna× |
suv®tt˜ yadi v®tt˜ s˜ pr˜õ˜n tyakÿy˜mi lakÿmaõa || 3-58-9
9. lakSmaNa= oh, Lakshmana; vaidehii jiivati yadi = Vaidehi, is alive, if; punaH aashramam gamiSyaamy = again, to hermitage, I wish to get at; yadi [vaa]= else if; saa= she; su vR^ittaa= who is - of good, conduct; vR^ittaa = conducted out [by death]; praaNaan tyakSyaami= lives, I give up.
"I wish to get at the hermitage again if only that Vaidehi of good-conduct is alive in hermitage, else, oh, Lakshmana, if death has already conducted her out of hermitage I too will give up my lives here itself. [3-58-9]
yadi m˜m ˜þrama gatam vaidehŸ na abhibh˜ÿate |
puna× prahasit˜ sŸt˜ vinaþiÿy˜mi lakÿmaõa || 3-58-10
10. lakSmaNa= oh, Lakshmana; aashrama gatam= hermitage, on arrival at; maam= me; vaidehii siitaa= princess from Videha, Seetha; pra hasitaa= well [with gleefully,] smilingly; punaH= again, [as before]; yadi na abhi bhaaSate= if, not, towards me, chats [with me]; vi nashiSyaami= verily, I breath my last.
"If Seetha, the princess from Videha, does not chat with me as before smiling gleefully on my arrival at the hermitage, oh, Lakshmana, I really breath my last. [3-58-10]
br¨hi lakÿmaõa vaidehŸ yadi jŸvati v˜ na v˜ |
tvayi pramatte rakÿobhi× bhakÿit˜ v˜ tapasvinŸ || 3-58-11
11. lakSmaNa= oh, Lakshmana; vaidehii= Vaidehi; jiivati vaa= alive, whether; na vaa= not, or; tvayi pramatte= by you, becoming unmindful; tapasvinii= pietistic [Seetha]; yadi rakSobhiH bhakSitaa vaa= whether, by demons, consumed, either; bruuhi say.
"Say Lakshmana, whether that pietistic Vaidehi is alive or not? Or, on your becoming unmindful of your guard is she consumed by demons, either? [3-58-11]
sukum˜rŸ ca b˜l˜ ca nityam ca adu×kha darþinŸ |
mat viyogena vaidehŸ vyaktam þocati durman˜× || 3-58-12
12. sukumaarii ca baalaa ca= softish one, also, youngish, also; nityam ca a+ duHkha darshinii= always [ever], also, no, despair [of separation from me,] she saw [unnoticed]; such as she is; vaidehii= Vaidehi; dur manaaH= broken, heartedly; mat vi yogena= by my, not, connectedness - dissociation, separation; shocati= she will be despairing; vyaktam= so it seems.
"She who is softish by her nature and youngish by her age has never noticed the despair of separation from me, and now by my dissociation she will be despairing brokenheartedly, so it seems. [3-58-12]
sarvath˜ rakÿas˜ tena jihmena sudur˜tman˜ |
vadat˜ lakÿmaõa iti ucai× tava api janitam bhayam || 3-58-13
13. jihmena= impostor - Maareecha; su dur aatmanaa= highly, evil, souled [impudent one - Maareecha]; lakSmaNa iti= oh, Lakshmana, thus; ucCaiH vadataa= loudly, who shouted; tena rakSasaa= by him, demon - Maareecha; sarvathaa= in everyway; tava api bhayam janitam = in you, even, fear, is caused.
"That impostor and highly impudent demon Maareecha who shouted loudly as, 'oh, Lakshmana,' might have caused fear even in you in everyway. [3-58-13]
Annex: 'you yourself have said that the Golden Deer is demon Maareecha, but I went after to eliminate the very same demon... then, how you are dismayed to hear a trickster's mimicking my voice and came rushing fearfully, were you fearful or did I yell like that right from our childhood, anytime...'
þruta× ca manye vaidehy˜ sa svara× sad®þo mama |
trastay˜ preÿita× tvam ca draÿ÷um m˜m þŸghram ˜gata× || 3-58-14
14. vaidehyaa= by Vaidehi; mama sadR^ishaH= mine, similar; sa svaraH= that, voice; shrutaH ca= is heard, also; manye= I hope so [or, iti sha~Nke= I doubt]; trastayaa preSitaH tvam ca= frightened as she is, hastened, you, also; maam draSTum shiighram aagataH= me, to see, hastily, you have came.
"I hope that Vaidehi has also heard that voice which is similar to that of mine, and I hope frightened as she is she might have also hastened you, and I hope you also have come to see me, that hastily! [3-58-14]
Annex: 'maybe, as a woman she is hopeless of my capabilities, but you are a coequal of mine, are you unhopeful of my capabilities and came rushing at the haste of a hasty woman, or what!
sarvath˜ tu k®tam kaÿ÷am sŸt˜m uts®jat˜ vane |
pratikartum n®þaÕs˜n˜m rakÿas˜m dattam antaram || 3-58-15
15. siitaam vane utsR^ijataa = Seetha, in forest, by you in leaving off [in isolation]; sarvathaa kaSTam kR^itam = in everyway, hardship, is caused; prati kartum= for counter, attack - to take revenge; nR^ishamsaanaam rakSasaam antaram dattam = for diabolical, demons, leeway, is given.
"In everyway you have caused hardship by leaving Seetha in isolation, and a leeway is given to the diabolical demons for a counterattack against us. [3-58-15]
Aside: 'anyway, a congratulatory hardship is caused by you to the demonic race, in unleashing Seetha in isolation from our fetters, and a leeway is given to those diabolic demons as well as to me... as I cocksurely attack them now in the name of Seetha, and it is cocksure that they have to surface now to counterattack me, instead of these tricks and gimmicks...'
du×khit˜× khara gh˜tena r˜kÿas˜× piþita aþan˜× |
tai× sŸt˜ nihat˜ ghorai× bhaviÿyati na saÕþaya× || 3-58-16
16. pishita ashanaaH raakSasaaH = raw-flesh, eaters, demons; khara ghaatena duHkhitaaH = Khara, [on my] liquidating, they are distraught - they are distraught on my liquidating Khara; ghoraiH taiH= ghastly ones, by them; siitaa nihataa bhaviSyati= Seetha, liquidated, she would have been; samshayaH na = doubt, is not there.
"Raw-flesh eating demons are distraught as I have liquidated Khara, as a result those ghastly ones would have liquidated Seetha by now. There is no doubt about it. [3-58-16]
aho asmi vyasane magna× sarvath˜ ripu n˜þana |
kim tu id˜nŸm kariÿy˜mi þaðke pr˜ptavyam Ÿd®þam || 3-58-17
17. ripu naashana = oh, enemy, eliminator Lakshmana; sarvathaa= in everyway; [asmin= in this]; vyasane magnaH asmi = in scourge, sunken, I am; idaaniim kim tu kariSyaami= as of now, what, but, can I do; iidR^isham praaptavyam shanke = this sort of [scourge,] [I am] liable to get, I deem; aho= alas!
"In everyway I am sunken in scourge, but oh, enemy-eliminator Lakshmana, what I can possibly do in present situation? Perchance, this sort of scourge is liable to chance upon me, alas!" Thus Rama gave vent to his feelings on his way to hermitage. [3-58-17]
iti sŸt˜m var˜roh˜m cintayan eva r˜ghava× |
˜jag˜ma jana sth˜nam tvaray˜ saha lakÿmaõa× || 3-58-18
18. raaghavaH= Raghava; iti= in this way; varaarohaam siitaam cintayan eva= curvaceous one, about Seetha, while thinking - emotively; saha lakSmaNaH= with Lakshmana; tvarayaa jana sthaanam aajagaama= hurriedly, to Janasthaana, came back.
In this way while thinking emotively about that curvaceous Seetha, Raghava hurriedly returned to Janasthaana along with Lakshmana. [3-58-18]
vigarham˜õo anujam ˜rta r¨pam
kÿudh˜ þrameõa eva pip˜say˜ ca |
vini×þvasan þuÿka mukho viÿaõõa×
pratiþrayam pr˜pya samŸkÿya þ¨nyam || 3-58-19
svam ˜þramam sa pravig˜hya vŸro
vih˜ra deþ˜n anus®tya k˜Õþcit |
etat tat iti eva niv˜sa bh¨mau
prah®ÿ÷a rom˜ vyathito babh¨va || 3-58-20
19. viiraH= valiant Rama; aarta ruupam= who is worried , in aspect; anujam= younger brother; vi garhamaaNaH = verily, chastening [en route]; kSudhaa shrameNa eva pipaasayaa ca= by hunger, by strain, like that, by thirst, also; vi niH shvasan= heavily, out, breathing - heavily suspiring; shuSka mukhaH= with a wizened, mouth; vi SaNNaH= dispirited; pratishrayam praapya= hermitage, having arrived; shuunyam samiikSya = vacuity, having beheld; svam aashramam= one's own, hermitage; pra vi gaahya= on verily, inside, stepping [entering quickly]; kaamshcit= some of the; vihaara deshaan= pastime, places; anu sR^itya= in tow, on going around; then on seeing; nivaasa bhuumau= thus, in dwelling, place cottage of hermitage; etat tat eva iti= this [place,] that [place,] only, thus [marking them]; saH= he, Rama; prahR^iSTa romaa= happily standing hairs [hair-raising]; vyathitaH babhuuva= highly despaired, he became.
He that Rama who chastened his younger brother en route is worried in aspect and wizened is his mouth by hunger, by strain, and also thus by thirst, and suspiring heavily he arrived near at hermitage, and became dispirited when he beheld the hermitage in vacuity. That valiant Rama on quickly entering his own hermitage found it to be vacuous. Then he rushed out and went round a place of pastime of Seetha, saying 'yes, this is that place where she used to move round for plucking flowers.' And again he dashed in to hermitage only to find it as an empty cottage. Then he rushed out to some other place of playtime of Seetha yelling, 'yes, this is that place where she used play with deer, squirrels and birds.' And again came back to vacant hermitage, and again he dashed to some other prayer-time place exclaiming, 'yes, this is that very place where she offered her daily prayers.' Finally on returning to the vacant hermitage he became one who is plunged into hair-raising throes of despair as that cottage is emptied of Seetha. [3-58-19, 20]
iti v˜lmŸki r˜m˜yaõe ˜di k˜vye araõya k˜õýe aÿ÷a pañc˜þa× sarga×
Thus, this is the 58th chapter in Aranya Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.
© Jan, 2003, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : December 04]