Book III : Aranya Kanda - The Forest Trek
Seetha drops her ornaments at Sugreeva and other monkeys available on a mountaintop during the course of her abduction. Ravana does not take notice of this as he is hurrying as though haunted by Rama. On crossing the southerly ocean, his jitteriness in stealing Seetha ceases and he hypocritically feels elated in gaining both Seetha and an animosity with Rama.
hriyam˜õ˜ tu vaidehŸ kañcit n˜tham apaþyatŸ |
dadarþa giri þ®ðgasth˜n pañca v˜nara puðgav˜n || 3-54-1
1. hriyamaaNaa vaidehii= being abducted, Vaidehi; naatham= a rescuer; kamcit a+ pashyatii= none, not, seen; giri shR^ingasthaan= mountain, on top staying; panca vaanara pungavaan= five, Vanara, prominent ones [Sugreeva, Hanuma et al]; dadarsha= she saw.
Vaidehi has not seen any rescuer while she is abducted, but she has seen five prominent vanara-s staying on a mountaintop. [3-54-1]
teÿ˜m madhye viþ˜l˜kÿŸ kauþeyam kanaka prabham |
uttarŸyam var˜roh˜ þubh˜ni ˜bharaõ˜ni ca || 3-54-2
mumoca yadi r˜m˜ya þaÕseyu× iti bh˜minŸ |
2, 3a. vishaalaakSii= broad-eyed one; varaarohaa= curvaceous lady; bhaaminii= lady with resentment; kanaka prabham kausheyam uttariiyam= golden, in hue, silk sari, upper cloth; shubhaani aabharaNaani ca= auspicious, ornaments, also; raamaaya= to Rama; shamseyuH yadi= they indicate, if [they may]; iti= thus [on thinking]; teSaam madhye mumoca= their, amid, released - dropped.
That broad-eyed and curvaceous lady with resentment Seetha, inwrapping her auspicious ornaments in the upper-fringe of her sari, dropped in the midmost of those five Vanara-s with a thinking that 'these creatures may perhaps indicate them to Rama.' [3-54-2, 3a]
Some say that Seetha shore her upper cloth and bundled the ornaments while some others say that whole of the upper cloth was dropped. The Indian sari worn by those women of yore was in a different fashion, where they wore sari like the present day dhoti with pleated back stuffing like men, but they also used an upper cloth enough to cover their busts. A three-piece dress is a must, either to man or a woman in Indian style. It comprises of a loincloth dhoti or sari, and a shirt-like or a jacket-like bust cover, and an upper-cloth to hang on the shoulder to men or to muffle the bust for women. So some say the whole of upper cloth of Seetha is dropped bundled with ornaments.
vastram uts®jya tan madhye vinikÿiptam sa bh¨ÿaõam || 3-54-3
sambhram˜t tu daþagrŸva× tat karma na ca buddhv˜n |
3b, 4a. saha bhuuSaNam vastram= along with, ornaments, upper cloth; utsR^ijya= up, whipping; tan madhye= those [five vanara-s,] amongst; vi nikSiptam= which is verily [carefully,] stowed away - that bundle; saH dashagriivaH tu= he, Decahedron, on his part; sambhramaat= owing to his hurry; tat karma na buddhvaan= that, deed, not, noticed [unbothered.]
On his part that Decahedron Ravana has not noticed her action in whipping up her silky upper-cloth and ornaments, their bundling and stowing away at five vanara-s, owing to his own hurry. [3-54-3]
Ravana is in his own hurry because Rama may have heard the wailing of Seetha and thus may be chasing him, or will chase his shortly. He bothers like this until he crosses the ocean and enters his city-state Lanka. There he is absolutely secured. Until such time his 'mousy thievishness' haunts him. But Seetha is on his flank and under his arm, her trunk turned against his. Then she shortly saw the oddish Vanara-s, who look unlike ordinary monkeys, but with some presumably pro-human and non-demonic features, yet monkeyish with some regality, and then she quickly plucked off her ornaments and upcast her upper-cloth, and hastily but carefully, bundled her jewellery and downcast that bundle at them.
These ornaments are said to be one nosering, one earring, one bracelet, one biceps-let, one anklet with tinkling bells - all from her right side - because showing ornaments/items worn on left-side to husband is held improper. The anklet that has fallen from her leg on earth, in earlier chapters, is from her left leg.
piðg˜kÿ˜× t˜m viþ˜l˜kÿŸm netrai× animiÿai× iva || 3-54-4
vikroþantŸm tad˜ sŸt˜m dad®þu× v˜nara ®ÿabh˜× |
4b, 5a. pinga akSaaH= ochreish, eyed ones; vaanara R^iSabhaaH= Vanara, bullish [best] ones; vishaala akSiim= at broad, eyed [Seetha]; tadaa= then; vi kroshantiim= verily, wailing; taam siitaam= at her, at Seetha; a + nimiSaiH iva= not, winking, like; netraiH= with eyes; dadR^ishuH= they observed.
Those ochreish-eyed best Vanara-s with their unwinking eyes have observed the broad-eyed Seetha, who at that time is verily wailing. [3-54-4b, 5a]
The 'wink-less-ness' is the property of celestials, thus the vanara-s saw with wink-less eyes with their wide-eyed amazement. Here the Vanara-s are said to be bulishly impetuous beings and if so, could they not have averted or countered Ravana - will be the question. It is a regular scene for them to see this skywalker demon to carry off such goddess like ladies and they have seen many women thus carried off. But this particular one is appearing to be somewhat different, more over she is repeatedly calling for some 'Rama...' and she is wriggling in that demon's capture. They know this demon to be Ravana and they even know of the alliance of Ravana with Vali. If these handfuls of vanara-s dare Ravana, they die at the hands of Ravana instead at the hand of Vali. Hence, they remained silent spectators to save themselves. This is why Sugreeva did not indicate the way Seetha in which was abducted by 'some' demon, to Rama, in Kishkindha, when they firstly met.
sa ca pamp˜m atikramya laðk˜m abhimukha× purŸm || 3-54-5
jag˜ma rudatŸm g®hya maithilŸm r˜kÿasa Ÿþvara× |
5b, 6a. saH raakSasa iishvaraH= he, demons, chief; pampaam atikramya= Pampa [area,] on going across; lankaam puriim abhimukhaH= to Lanka, city, facing towards; rudatiim maithiliim gR^ihya= bewailing, Maithili, taking [captivating]; jagaama= advanced.
The chief of demons Ravana captivating Maithili, who is still wailing, has crossed the Pampa region down underneath and advanced facing the City of Lanka. [3-54-5b, 6a]
So far Ravana's travel is proceeding with his looking backward, sideward, and frontward, expecting any attack from anywhere, as this Dandaka or Janasthaana are his frontiers for operation but not the areas of his stronghold. And when once these areas are crossed reaching Pampa, there is no more self-confessed fear.
t˜m jah˜ra susaÕh®ÿ÷o r˜vaõo m®tyum ˜tmana× || 3-54-6
utsaðgena eva bhujagŸm tŸkÿõa daÕÿ÷r˜m mah˜viÿ˜m |
6b, 7a. raavaNaH= Ravana is; su sam hR^iSTaH= very, highly, happily; aatmanaH mR^ityum= for himself, death; taam= her; tiikSNa danSTraam mahaa viSaam= of stinging, fanged, lethally, venomous; bhujagiim iva= she-snake, as with; utsangena eva= by lap, thus; jahaara= stole.
Ravana is jubilantly happy in stealing his own death alias Seetha, as one would carry a stingingly fanged and lethally venomous she-snake in his own lap. [3-54-6b, 7a]
van˜ni sarita× þail˜n sar˜msi ca vih˜yas˜ || 3-54-7
sa kÿipram samatŸy˜ya þara× c˜p˜t iva cyuta× |
7b, 8a. saH= he; caapaat cyutaH sharaH iva= from bow, bolting, arrow, as with; kSipram= at the double; vanaani saritaH shailaan saraamsi ca= woodlands, waterways, mounts, pools, also; vihaayasaa= by skyway; sam atiiyaaya= well crossed over - bolted out.
He bolted out in skyway up above the woodlands, waterways, pools, and mountains at the double, as with an arrow bolting from a bow. [3-4-7b, 8a]
timi nakra niketam tu varuõa ˜layam akÿayam || 3-54-8
sarit˜m þaraõam gatv˜ samatŸy˜ya s˜garam |
8b, 9a. timi nakra niketam= sharks, alligators, housing of; varuNa aalayam= Rain-god's, home; a + kSayam= never, decreasing - never-draining - ocean; saritaam sharaNam= for rivers, [ultimate] course; saagaram= ocean; gatvaa= on reaching; sam atiiyaaya= well [hastily] crossed over.
On reaching the ocean, a housing for sharks, alligators, a home of Rain-god, a never-draining deep and an ultimate course of the rivers, he hastily crossed it over. [3-54-8b, 9a]
sambhram˜t pariv®tta ¨rmŸ ruddha mŸna mahoraga× || 3-54-9
vaidehy˜m hriyam˜õ˜y˜m babh¨va varuõa ˜laya× |
9b, 10a. vaidehyaam hriyamaaNaayaam= of Vaidehi, being abducted; varuNa aalayaH= Rain-god's, abode [ocean]; sambhramaat= by high flustering; parivR^itta uurmii= topsy-turvy, waves; ruddha mina mahaa uragaH= deterred [stopped hesitantly, shilly-shally] fishes, great, [water] snakes [marine reptiles]; babhuuva= became.
That ocean being the abode of Rain-god is highly flustered when Vaidehi is being abducted over it, and its waves became topsy-turvy and its fishes and great marine-reptiles remained shilly-shally. [3-54-9b, 10a]
antarikÿa gat˜ v˜ca× sas®ju× c˜raõ˜× tad˜ || 3-54-10
etat anto daþagrŸva iti siddh˜× tad˜ abruvan |
10b, 11a. tadaa= then; antarikSa gataa caaraNaaH= airspace, gone in [available,] caarana-s; dashagriiva etat antaH= Decahedron, this, as end - he ends with this; iti= thus; vaacaH sasR^ijuH= words, released [averred]; tadaa= likewise; siddhaaH abruvan= siddha-s, said.
Then the siddha-s and caarana-s available in airspace averred saying, "this alone is the end of Decahedron Ravana." [3-54-10b, 11a]
sa tu sŸt˜m viceÿ÷antŸm aðkena ˜d˜ya r˜vaõa× || 3-54-11
praviveþa purŸm lank˜m r¨piõŸm m®tyum ˜tmana× |
11b, 12a. saH raavaNaH= he, Ravana; aatmanaH= for himself - Ravana's; ruupiNiim mR^ityum= by persona [in propria persona,] death - a personified death; vi ceSTantiim= who is verily, wriggling; such; siitaam ankena aadaaya= Seetha, on flank, taking; lankaam puriim pravivesha= Lanka, city, he entered.
Ravana entered the city of Lanka transporting Seetha, while she wriggling in his flank, who appeared like the personified death of Ravana wriggling its way into his Lanka. [3-54-11b, 12a]
sa× abhigamya purŸm laðk˜m suvibhakta mah˜path˜m || 3-54-12
saÕr¨ýha kakÿy˜ bahulam svam anta× puram ˜viþat |
12b, 13a. saH= he; su vi bhakta= neatly, separately, divided, [well-symmetrized]; mahaa pathaam= wide, roadways - having; lankaam puriim= to Lanka, city; abhi gamya= towards, on going; sam ruuDha= well, thronged; kakSyaa bahulam= doors [houses / chambers,] many - having; svam antaH puram aavishat= his own, palace, chambers, entered.
On going towards the city Lanka that has well-symmetrized roadways, then he entered his own palace-chambers which is with very many doors and chambers thronging with crowds.
On going towards the city Lanka that has well-symmetrized roadways, he then entered his own palace chambers in which royal servants are thronging at many doorways as that palace has very many chambers. [3-54-12b, 13a]
tatra t˜m asita ap˜ðg˜m þoka moha par˜yaõ˜m || 3-54-13
nidadhe r˜vaõa× sŸt˜m mayo m˜y˜m iva ˜surŸm |
13b, 14a. raavaNaH= Ravana; asita apaangaam= one with blackish, eyelashes; shoka moha paraayaNaam= by whimpering, bewildered, deep in; taam siitaam= her, Seetha; mayaH= Maya, the demon; aasuriim maayaam iva= demonic, maya, as with [guhaam iti sheSaH= black hole, thus ellipted]; [or, maayaam iva striyam= Maya, as with, a lady-love]; tatra nidadhe= therein, he placed her down.
Ravana placed down Seetha whose eyelashes are blackish and who is deep in bewilderment caused by whimpering, therein his palace chambers, as demon Maya once kept his lady-love, a nymphet called Hema, in a demonic Black Hole.
Ravana placed down Seetha whose eyelashes are blackish and who is deep in bewilderment caused by whimpering, therein his palace chambers, as demon Maya kept his demonic power in a Black Hole.
Ravana placed down Seetha whose eyelashes are blackish and who is deep in bewilderment caused by whimpering, therein his palace chambers, as demon Maya had once kept al his demonic scriptures duly usurping them from his own mentor, namely Shukracaarya, at an unknown illusory place. [3-54-13b, 14a]
This verse has some divergences from the viewpoints of commentators. Govindaraja's text uses maayaam iva striyam while Tilaka uses mayaH maayaam iva aasuriim thereby the word 'aasurriim...' suggests that Ravana brought a maayaa siita 'an illusory Seetha...' instead of original Seetha, which original Seetha is said to have been in safe keeping of Ritual-fire until the elimination of Ravana, and comes out of the same Ritual-fire after the elimination of Ravana. A very big controversy surrounds this statement and whole of the auxiliary Ramayana-s are brought in, along with puraaNa-s, which substantiate this riddler, maayaa siita.
As it is, we do not find that much debatable aspect in Valmiki Ramayana, if the statement that 'Ravana placed Seetha in an unapproachable Black Hole like Lanka, as Maya once placed Hema in an unapproachable underground Black Hole...' is taken up. This episode of demon Maya-Hema occurs in Kishkindha, Ch. 51, which may please be referred. Then it suffices to satisfy the verbiage of aasuriim, when the analogy of 1] Lanka of Ravana and R^iksha bila, 'Black Hole' of Maya, both being the constructions of artifice, and again between 2] Maya, the demon and Ravana, the demon, [that too, the eliminable demons,] 3] nymphet Hema and nymphal Seetha, [the causative factors for elimination,] and the actual eliminators Indra and Rama, is taken into consideration.
The eyes of Seetha are said to be blackish at their ends. This is not mascara or something like a makeup article. The eyelashes are longish like those of celestials, so as to give a blackish orb around her eyeball and because she is now ceaselessly shedding tears, these eyelashes are tear-wet and slanted edge-ward to give a blackish shade at the end of her eyes.
abravŸt ca daþagrŸva× piþ˜cŸ× ghora darþan˜× || 3-54-14
yath˜ na en˜m pum˜n strŸ v˜ sŸt˜m paþyati asammata× |
14b, 15a. dashagriivaH= Decahedron; ghora darshanaaH pishaaciiH= bogie, for sight, to bogeywomen; abraviit ca= spoke [instructed,] also; a + sammataH= not, permitted; pumaan strii vaa= male, female, either; enaam siitaam= at her, Seetha; yathaa na pashyati= as to how, not, sees; [tathaa bhaviSyatha= thus, you shall conduct - your watch and ward shall be.]
That Decahedron Ravana also instructed the bogey-sightly bogeywomen, "your watch and ward shall be in such a way that neither a female nor a male can see Seetha impermissibly." [3-54-14b, 15a]
mukt˜ maõi suvarõ˜ni vastr˜õi ˜bharaõ˜ni ca || 3-54-15
yat yat icchet tat eva asy˜ deyam mat cchandato yath˜ |
15b, 16a. muktaa maNi suvarNaani= pearls, jewels, gold; vastraaNi aabharaNaani ca= apparels, adornments, also; yat yat icChet= which, which, she wishes; tat eva= they all, thus; asyaaH= to her; mat cChandataH yathaa= to me, as per my whims, as with - as you give to me as per my wish; deyam= be given.
"Whatever she wishes to have, gold, jewels, pearls, apparels or adornments, they all be given to her as you would give me according to my whimsies. [3-54-15b, 16a]
y˜ ca vakÿyati vaidehŸm vacanam kiñcit apriyam || 3-54-16
ajñ˜n˜t yadi v˜ jñ˜n˜n na tasy˜ jŸvitam priyam |
16b, 17a. yaa ca= she who, also - whoever; a + j~naanaat= not, knowingly; yadi vaa= else, or; j~naanaat= knowingly; vaidehiim= to Vaidehi; kimcit= in the least; a +priyam= not, pleasant; vacanam vakSyati= words, if speaks; tasyaaH jiivitam na priyam= her, life, not, to be pleasant.
"Whosoever speaks unpleasant words to Vaidehi in the least, either unknowingly or knowingly, her life becomes unpleasant for herself." Thus Ravana ordered the chamber-demonesses. [3-54-16b, 17a]
tath˜ uktv˜ r˜kÿasŸ× t˜× tu r˜kÿasendra× prat˜pav˜n || 3-54-17
niÿkramya anta× pur˜t tasm˜t kim k®tyam iti cintayan |
dadarþa aÿ÷au mah˜vŸry˜n r˜kÿas˜n piþita aþan˜n || 3-54-18
17b, 18. prataapavaan= valorous one; raakSasa indraH= demon's, chief; taaH raakSasiiH= to those. to demonesses; tathaa uktvaa= thus, on speaking; tu= on his part; tasmaat antaH puraat niSkramya= from that, palace, chambers, on exiting; kim kR^ityam= what, to do [next]; iti cintayan= thus, thinking; mahaa viiryaan= highly, vigorous ones; pishita ashanaan= raw-flesh, feasters of; aSTau raakSasaan dadarsha= eight, demons, he saw - gave audience.
On speaking to those demonesses thus that chief of demons exited from that palace chamber, and giving a thought to what is to be done in sequel, then he gave audience to eight highly vigorous demons, the feasters on raw-flesh. [3-54-17b, 18]
sa t˜n d®ÿ÷v˜ mah˜vŸryo vara d˜nena mohita× |
uv˜ca t˜n idam v˜kyam praþasya bala vŸryata× || 3-54-19
19. mahaa viiryaH= great-mighty [Ravana]; vara daanena mohitaH= boon, awarded, beguiled by [egocentric by the boon once accorded to him]; saH= he, Ravana; bala viiryataH= by [their] might, valour [of eight demons]; prashasya= praising them; taan= them; dR^iSTvaa= on seeing [on giving an audience]; taan idam vaakyam uvaaca= to them, this, sentence, spoke.
He who is egocentric by the boon awarded by Brahma for his invincibleness, that Ravana on giving an audience to those eight demons spoke this sentence to them praiseful of their might and valour. [3-54-19]
n˜n˜ praharaõ˜× kÿipram ito gacchata satvar˜× |
janasth˜nam hata sth˜nam bh¨ta p¨rvam khara ˜layam || 3-54-20
20. naanaa pra haraNaaH [gR^ihiitvaa ]= multiple, highly, assaultive weaponry [on taking]; sa tvaraaH= with, haste - speedily; itaH kSipram= from here, immediately; hata sthaanam= [demons] killed, place of [a deadpanned place of demons]; khara aalayam= Khara's, abode [placement]; bhuuta puurvam= which was, earlier; janasthaanam= to Janasthaana; gacChata= begone.
"You immediately take up multiple assaultive weaponry and begone from here to Janasthaana speedily, a place now deadpanned for demons, which earlier was the placement of Khara. [3-54-20]
tatra uÿyat˜m janasth˜ne þ¨nye nihata r˜kÿase |
pauruÿam balam ˜þritya tr˜sam uts®jya d¨rata× || 3-54-21
21. pauruSam balam aashritya= [your own] self-assurance, self-confidence, depending on; traasam duurataH utsR^ijya= fright, faraway, throwaway; nihata raakSase= killed, demons - where demons are killed; shuunye= fell void; tatra janasthaane= there, in Janasthaana; uSyataam= you stay.
"Throwaway your fright faraway and you stay in that Janasthaana which fell void as the demons are voided by someone called Rama, and there you shall stay self-assuredly and self-confidently. [3-54-21]
Then those eight demons may as, 'when these many leading warriors and commanders are there why we eight are picked and chosen?' for this Ravana is saying 'you eight are self-assured and self-confident and can to mete out any assault on our race...' and again they may hesitate as to 'why we should depend on our own personal strengths...' for that Ravana is saying 'a still mightier Dushana, still mightiest Khara are eliminated... thus you perk up your sprites, personally...'
bahu sainyam mah˜vŸryam janasth˜ne niveþitam |
sa d¨ÿaõa kharam yuddhe nihatam r˜ma s˜yakai× || 3-54-22
22. mahaaviiryam bahu sainyam= highly forceful, many, forces; janasthaane niveshitam= in Janasthaana, [though] deployed; raama saayakaiH= Rama, by [his] arrows; yuddhe nihatam= in combat, utterly destroyed; sa duuSaNa kharam= along with, Duushana, Khara.
"Though highly forceful forces are deployed in Janasthaana, Rama's arrows have utterly destroyed them, together with Khara and Duushana. [3-54-22]
Expecting another enquiry from them as, 'when such mighty, mightier, and mightiest demons are dead at the hand of a lonely Rama, do you wish us also die in the same way?' and to them Ravana is saying 'you are the next best in line of order of military, hence it is your turn to assume command, as committed soldiers, as I am at loggerheads with Rama...' Ravana follows such 'order of priorities' in warring scrupulously and we chance to meet them in Yuddha Kanda, canto of Great War.
tata× krodho mama ap¨rvo dhairyasya upari vardhate |
vairam ca sumahat j˜tam r˜mam prati sud˜ruõam || 3-54-23
23. tataH= thereby; mama= my; a + puurvaH= not, precedented; krodhaH= fury; dhairyasya upari vardhate= of [my] courage, [over and] above, escalating; raamam prati= Rama, towards; su mahat= verily, heightened [unhindered]; su daaruNam= utterly, unforgivable; vairam ca= animosity, also; jaatam= is evoked;
"Thereby an unprecedented fury is escalating over and above my courage, and an unhindered and unforgivable animosity towards that Rama is evoked in me. [3-54-23]
Then the eight commandant demons may say 'what if, let all of us wage a war and end him up...' for that Ravana is saying suggestively that 'my fury is hovering over my courage... thus fury alone is scaling up, while courage is scaling down... as I came to know that only one was warring against fourteen thousand demons and eliminated all... thus we cannot wage large scale war overtly when our courage is lessening... but we can covertly do some kind of harm... hence, you go there and undertake any kind of activity that will be harmful to that Rama... as I am uncourageous and uncomfortable, as of now...'
niry˜tayitum icch˜mi tat ca vairam aham ripo× |
na hi lapsy˜mi aham nidr˜m ahatv˜ saÕyuge ripum || 3-54-24
24. aham= I; ripoH= enemy's [who bears a grudge against me]; tat vairam= that, animosity; nir yaatayitum icChaami= to out, cast, I wish; sanyuge ripum a + hatvaa= in war, enemy, without, eliminating; aham nidraam na lapsyaami hi= I, sleep, not, getting, indeed.
"I wish to cast out my begrudging against my enemy who bears a grudge against me, and indeed, to me 'sleep' is not the word for it, until my enemy is undone in a war. [3-54-24]
By an enforced enmity one's own sleep vanishes as he will always be wakeful of his enemy, for he who has purchased enmity is a weakling and worthless to confront... vidura niiti: Maha Bharata, Udyoga parve: anena balavad virodhino nidr˜ na bhaviÿyati iti s¨citam | tath˜ ca udyoge vidura× - ayuktam balavat˜ durbalam hŸna s˜dhanam | h®ta svam k˜minam coram ˜viþanti pra j˜gar˜× || - dk
tam tu id˜nŸm aham hatv˜ khara d¨ÿaõa gh˜tinam |
r˜mam þarma upalapsy˜mi dhanam labdhv˜ iva nirdhana× || 3-54-25
25. aham idaaniim= I, now - I for myself; khara duuSaNa ghaatinam= Khara, Duushana, killer of; tam raamam hatvaa= him, Rama, on eliminating; [yadi= if I can kill him]; nir dhanaH= not, a rich one - pauper; dhanam labdhvaa iva= riches, on acquiring, as with; sharma upalapsyaami= peace [comfortableness,] I acquire.
"I for myself will be comfortable only on eliminating him who has eliminated Khara and Duushana as with a pauper acquiring riches. [3-54-25]
janasth˜ne vasadbhi× tu bhavadbhi× r˜mam ˜þrit˜ |
prav®tti× upanetavy˜ kim karoti iti tattvata× || 3-54-26
26. janasthaane vasadbhiH= in Janasthaana, while you remain; bhavadbhiH= by you; kim karoti iti= what, [he] does, thus; raamam aashritaa pravR^ittiH= of on Rama, dependant, deportment - how he deports himself; tattvataH upanetavyaa= accurately, be brought [to me.]
"While you remain in Janasthaana you have to accurately bring me the information about Rama's activities and deportment. [3-54-26]
apram˜d˜t ca gantavyam sarvai× eva niþ˜carai× |
kartavya× ca sad˜ yatno r˜ghavasya vadham prati || 3-54-27
27. nishaacaraiH sarvaiH eva= by night-walkers, by all [of you,] thus; a + pramaadaat gantavyam= not, heedlessly, you have to go [there]; raaghavasya vadham prati= Raghava's, killing, apropos; sadaa yatnaH kartavyaH ca= continually, [every] trial, is doable [conceivable,] also.
"Do not go heedlessly, you all night-walkers, for that Rama appears to be too dangerous, and on your going there heedfully, you have to continually try for the elimination of that Raghava. [3-54-27]
yuÿm˜kam tu balam jñ˜tam bahuþo raõa m¨rdhani |
ata× tu asmin janasth˜ne may˜ y¨yam niyojit˜× || 3-54-28
28. raNa muurdhani= in battle, fronts; bahusha= many times; yuSmaakam balam j~naatam= your, might, I know; ataH tu= by that reason, only; yuuyam= you all; asmin janasthaane= in that, Janasthaana; mayaa niyojitaaH= by me, commissioned.
"I am aware of your might in battle fronts for a number of times, as such I have commissioned you all in that Janasthaana." Thus Ravana spoke to those eight demons. [3-54-28]
tata× priyam v˜kyam upetya r˜kÿas˜
mah˜artham aÿ÷au abhiv˜dya r˜vaõam |
vih˜ya laðk˜m sahit˜× pratasthire
yato janasth˜nam alakÿya darþan˜× || 3-54-29
29. tataH= then; aSTau raakSasaa= eight, demons; priyam= amiable; mahaa artham= with important, purpose [or, words with allusions]; vaakyam upetya= words [of Ravana,] on picking up; raavaNam abhivaadya= Ravana, hailing; lankaam vihaaya= Lanka, departing from; sahitaaH= collectively; a + lakSya darshanaaH= not, perceivable, with appearances - unseen by anyone; janasthaanam yataH= Janasthaana, at where it is - in that direction; pratasthire= journeyed to.
Then on picking up those words amiable to all intents and purposes of Ravana, those eight demons departed from Lanka on hailing Ravana, and they collectively journeyed in the direction of Janasthaana with their imperceivable appearances. [3-54-29]
tata× tu sŸt˜m upalabhya r˜vaõa×
susamprah®ÿ÷a× parig®hya maithilŸm |
prasajya r˜meõa ca vairam uttamam
babh¨va moh˜t mudita× sa r˜kÿasa× || 3-54-30
30. tataH= then; raakSasaH saH raavaNaH= demon, he, that Ravana; siitaam upalabhya= Seetha, on gaining; maithiliim parigR^ihya= Maithili, holding sway over; su sam pra hR^iSTaH= well, truly, highly, gladdened; raameNa= with Rama; uttamam vairam= archly, animosity; pra sajya= well-wrought; mohaat= by hypocrisy; muditaH= amused; babhuuva= he became.
Ravana is then highly gladdened well and truly on gaining over Seetha, and even for holding sway over that Maithili, and equally for the well-wrought and archly animosity with Rama, whereby that demon Ravana is hypocritically amused. [3-54-30]
The wording in this verse mohaat mudiataH sa raakshasaH together with the word hR^iSTaH raavaNaH at verse 6, is discussed by commentators stating that he is self-conceitedly and hypocritically lost in his own hallucinations of possessing Seetha. Tilaka commentary says that bringing Seetha to Lanka is a villainous act but not with an iota of reverence to her, when elucidating verse 1 of next chapter where it contains: aatmaanam buddhi vaiklbyaat kR^ita kR^ityam amanyata... 'he believed in his own self that he achieved a great feat, as his brain gone astray foolishly...' But the poet also says proximately that he is amused in gaining an archenemy's animosity, i.e. that of Rama. It is therefore said that he is happy as his release from his accursed demon-hood is set to happen soon, as he achieved the abduction of Seetha, thus paved way for Rama to come to Lanka to release him from his accursed being. This is supported by the statement in verse that Ravana's words have some mahaa artham 'words with allusion, or secret message' to Rama perhaps, as at verse 29.
If Lanka is a body, it embodies pleasure seeking traits seated in manas 'pleasuring heart...' along with an 'ever witnessing soul...' called saakshi buuta aatma. Along with the release of captivated soul, called Seetha, this pleasure seeking manas 'heart' also gets released. And the releaser or the deliverer is Rama, and hence Ravana is happy.
iti v˜lmŸki r˜m˜yaõe ˜di k˜vye araõya k˜õýe catu× pañc˜þa× sarga×
Thus, this is the 54th chapter in Aranya Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.
© Dec, 2002, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : November 04]