Chapter [Sarga] 24

Introduction

Rama perceives good omens of victory, but to safeguard Seetha he sends her away with Lakshmana to take shelter in a mountain's cave till the war is over. Then he adopts a furious nature to annihilate demons. Gods and divinities watch from heavens as to how a war can occur between one against fourteen thousand demons.


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aashramam prati yaate tu khare khara paraakrame |
taan eva autpaatikaan raamaH saha bhraatraa dadarsha ha || 3-24-1

1. khara paraakrame khare= of fierce, valour, Khara; aashramam prati yaate tu= hermitage, towards, started, while; raamaH bhraatraa saha= Rama, brother, along with; autpaatikaan= auguries; taan eva = them, only [those that appeared to Khara]; dadarsha ha= seen, indeed.

While fiercely valorous Khara proceeded towards Rama's hermitage, Rama along with his brother Lakshmana has indeed seen the very same auguries which have earlier appeared to Khara. [3-24-1]

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taan utpaataan mahaaghoraan raamo dR^iSTvaa ati amarSaNa |
prajaanaam ahitaan dR^iSTvaa vaakyam lakSmaNam abraviit || 3-24-2

2. mahaa ghoraan taan utpaataan dR^iSTvaa = very, gruesome, them, at bad omens, on looking at; [roma harSaNaan= hair raising ones]; dR^iSTvaa prajaanaam a+ hitaan = on seeing - perceiving them, for people, to be un, propitious to Lakshmana,; ati amarSaNaH= in high, resent; raamaH lakSmaNam vaakyam abraviit= Rama, sentence, said to.

On looking at those very gruesomely bad omens, and perceiving them to be unpropitious to people, Rama spoke this sentence to Lakshmana. [3-24-2]

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imaan pashya mahaabaaho sarva bhuuta apahaariNaH |
samutthitaan mahaa utpaataan sa.mhartum sarva raakSasaan || 3-24-3

3. mahaabaahuH= oh, dextrous brother; sarva bhuuta apahaariNaH = all, beings, that can annihilate; sarva raakSasaan= all, demons; sam hartum= complete, to eliminate; samutthitaan= arisen; imaan mahaa utpaataan= these, great, indications; pashya= you see.

"Oh, dextrous Lakshmana, for the complete elimination of all the demons these great indications have arisen, as though betokening the annihilation of all beings. See them. [3-24-3]

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amii rudhira dhaaraaH tu visR^ija.nto khara svanaaH |
vyomni meghaa nivartante paruSaa gardabha aruNaaH || 3-24-4

4. rudhira dhaaraaH = blood, streams, but; vi sR^ijantaH= copiously showering; khara svanaaH= with braying, thunderous; paruSaa gardabha aruNaaH = stark, ass-like, in reddish-grey tint; amii meghaa tu = these, clouds, on their part; vyomni ni vartante= in skies, clouds, moving - hovering.

"On their part these clouds are hovering on the sky with stark reddish-grey tint, thunderously braying and copiously showering streams of blood. [3-24-4]

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sa dhuumaaH ca sharaaH sarve mama yuddha abhinanditaaH |
rukma pR^iSThaani caapaani viceSTante vicakshaNa || 3-24-5

5. yuddha abhi nanditaaH [mahaa yuddha abhinandinaH]= war, towards, ecstatic; sarve mama sharaaH = all, my, arrows; sa dhuumaaH ca = with, fumes, too - incensed to fuming; rukma pR^iSThaani caapaani= golden plated, at their backside, bows; vicakshaNa= telling apart; vi ceSTante [viveSTante]= verily, gesturing - incessantly spurring.

"All my arrows too are incensed to fuming in an ecstasy towards a war, and dorsally gold-plated bows of mine are incessantly spurring to hook up those arrows, telling apart the impeding conflict. [3-24-5]

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yaadR^ishaa iha kuujanti pakSiNo vana caariNaH |
agrato naH bhayam praaptam sa.mshayo jiivitasya ca || 3-24-6

6. iha= here; vana caariNaH pakSiNaH = forest, moving, birds; yaa dR^ishaaH= in which sort of [birds]; kuujanti = [that are] shrieking; by that; naH agrataH bhayam praaptam= for us, up ahead, danger, is coming on; jiivitasya samshayaH ca= of lives, uncertainty, too.

"Judging by the kind of wild birds that are shrieking here, danger is up ahead and coming upon us, along with uncertainty of our lives. [3-24-6]

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sa.mprahaaraH tu sumahaan bhaviSyati na sa.mshayaH |
ayam aakhyaati me baahuH sphuramaaNo muhur muhuH || 3-24-7
sa.nnikarSe tu naH shuura jayam shatroH paraajayam |
suprabham ca prasannam ca tava vak.htram hi lakSyate || 3-24-8

7, 8. su mahaan sam+prahaaraH tu bhaviSyati = very, great - critical riotous, conflict, for its part, will occur; na samshayaH= no, doubt; shuura= oh, brave one; muhuH muhuH= again, again; sphuramaaNaH= throbbing; ayam me baahuH= this, my, arm; sannikarSe= in the vicinity; naH jayam = our, victory; shatroH paraajayam= for enemies, defeat; aakhyaati= telling; tava vaktram= your, face; su prabham ca prasannam ca= well, glowing, also, brightened, also; lakSyate hi = appearing, for sure.

"This right hand of mine is indicating by its repeated throbbing that a critical and riotous conflict is going to occur, no doubt, but oh brave one, our victory and defeat to the enemies are also in vicinity, and for sure, your face is also appearing brightish and aglow, which itself is a good omen. [3-24-8] [3-24-7, 8]

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udyataanaam hi yuddhaartham yeSaam bhavati lakSmaNaH |
niS.hprabham vadanam teSaam bhavati aayuH parikSayaH || 3-24-9

9. lakSmaNaH= Lakshmana; yuddha artham hi udyataanaam=for conflict, purpose of, indeed, who are poised for; yeSaam vadanam= whose, face; niS+prabham bhavati = without, lustre, it becomes; teSaam= their; aayuH pari kSayaH bhavati= longevity, completely, dwindle, it will be - death looms large on their longevity.

"If the faces of those that are poised for a conflict loose lustre, deem that the death is looming large on their longevity too. [3-24-9]

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rakshasaam nardataam ghoraH shruuyate ayam mahaadhvaniH |
aahataanaam ca bheriiNaam raakshasaiH kruura karmabhiH || 3-24-10

10. nardataam rakshasaam= uproar, of demons; raakshasaiH kruura karmabhiH = by demons, with fiendish, activities; aahataanaam bheriiNaam ca= drumming, war-drums, also; ghoraH= horrible - ear-splitting; ayam= this; mahaa dhvaniH= great - nasty, noise; shruuyate ca= is audible, also.

"This nasty noise which we hear pertains to the uproar of demons, and even to the drumming of war drums by the demons of fiendish activities, and this is ear-splitting. [3-24-10]

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anaagata vidhaanam tu kartavyam shubham icChataa |
aapadam sha.nkamaanena puruSeNa vipashcitaa || 3-24-11

11. aapadam shankamaanena= danger, misgiving; shubham icChataa= by well, wisher; vi pashcitaa= verily, analysing one - by talented one; puruSeNa= by a person; an+aagata vidhaanam= not, come yet - for imminent situation; kartavyam tu = procedure [preventive measures,] alone [be effectuated.]

"Preventive measures are to be effectuated for any imminent situation by any well-wishing person, or by a person with misgivings about a danger, or by a person of talent. [3-24-11]

The meaning can otherwise be rendered as: 'If any misgivings are caused by an imminent danger a well-wisher and intellectual person shall effectuate preventive measures...' but this becomes more self-centred and cannot become a maxim or axiom.

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tasmaat gR^ihiitvaa vaidehiim shara paaNiH dhanur dharaH |
guhaam aashraya shailasya durgaam paadapa sa.mkulaam || 3-24-12

12. tasmaat= therefore; vaidehiim gR^ihiitvaa = Vaidehi, on taking; shara paaNiH dhanur dharaH= arrows, [ready at] hand, bow, wielding; shailasya= of mountain; paadapa samkulaam= with trees, overgrown; durgaam guhaam aashraya = impassable, cave, take shelter.

"Hence, wield your bow, keep arrows ready at hand, and taking Vaidehi with you seek shelter in a impassable cave of a mountain overgrown with trees. [3-24-12]

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pratikuulitum icChaami na hi vaakyam idam tvayaa |
shaapito mama paadaabhyaam gamyataam vatsa maa ciram || 3-24-13

13. idam vaakyam- this, word; tvayaa prati kuulitum= by you, to be gainsaid; na icChaami hi= not, I wish, indeed; vatsa= oh, boy; mama paadaabhyaam shaapitaH [asi= you are]= by my, pair of feet, you are sworn - have honour on my feet; gamyataam maa ciram = be gone, not, lately.

"I wish you to gainsay me for this word of mine, my boy, have honour on my feet and be gone not before long. [3-24-13]

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tvam hi shuuraH ca balavaan hanyaa etaan na sa.mshayaH |
svayam nihantum icChami sarvaan eva nishaacaraan || 3-24-14

14. tvam shuuraH ca= you, are a stalwart, also; balavaan= forceful one; etaan hanyaa hi= them [demons,] you can eliminate, for sure; na samshayaH= no, doubt; tu= but; sarvaan nishaacaraan eva= all of the, night-walkers demons, thus; svayam nihantum icChami= personally, to eliminate, I long to.

"You are a stalwart, a forceful one, and for sure you can eliminate them all, it is doubtless, but I long to eliminate all of the nightwalkers, personally" Rama said thus to Lakshmana. [3-24-14]

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evam uk{}taH tu raameNa lakSmaNaH saha siitayaa |
sharaan aadaaya caapam ca guhaam durgaam samaashrayat || 3-24-15

15. raameNa evam uktaH= by Rama, thus, one who is said; lakSmaNaH= Lakshmana; sharaan caapam ca= arrows, bow, also; aadaaya= on taking; saha siitayaa= along with, Seetha; durgaam guhaam samaashrayat= unreachable, in cave, took shelter.

When Rama said to him that way, Lakshmana picked up his bow and arrows, and together with Seetha he took shelter in an unreachable cave. [3-24-15]

This episode of sending away Seetha and Lakshmana has got three reasons in the complex of She-He-Me. 1] One is that this Seetha is to be sent away from that prospective battlefield, because Seetha is untrained for warfare like Rama's third mother Kaikeyi. Secondly, whenever Seetha is present we see no killings or slayings in Ramayana, because she, as Goddess Lakshmi, condones any sinner and accords salvation. As such, there may be a probability of not only hindering war, but there may be her blessing to every demon with a free passage to heaven, of which Rama becomes a helpless onlooker. 2] Second reason is that this Lakshmana is intolerant of any assault on his brother or sister-in-law and colloids head-on with the aggressors, which may lead Lakshmana up to Lanka to confront even Ravana. That being the snakily aggressive nature of Lakshmana, Rama bids him to go away before any happening, or any further dialogue is given to Lakshmana. 3] Third is that Rama is the first one to promise the sages and saints to eradicate demons for himself, for which Seetha nags him not to wage a causeless war. Therefore, if Rama is going to hide in any cave camouflaged by trees along with Seetha, and Lakshmana goes on warring, the very character of Rama is at stake. Thus, as promised to sages and saints Rama alone wanted to trigger off the elimination process of demons. That is why Rama breathes fresh air saying "good riddance" in next verse.

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tasmin praviSTe tu guhaam lakSmaNe saha siitayaa |
hanta niryuk{}tam iti uk{}tvaa raamaH kavacam aavishat || 3-24-16

16. tasmin lakSmaNe= that, Lakshmana; siitayaa saha guhaam praviSTe tu = Seetha, along with, in cave, on entering, but; raamaH= Rama; hanta= thank goodness; nir yuktam= minus, with them - good riddance, good idea; iti uktvaa= thus, saying [to himself]; kavacam aavishat= armour, shield, entered - donned.

On Lakshmana's entering into cave along with Seetha, Rama said to himself, "thank goodness, it is a good-idea!" and thus saying he donned his shield. [3-24-16]

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sa tena agni nikaashena kavacena vibhuuSitaH |
babhuuva raamaH timire mahaan agnir iva utthitaH || 3-24-17

17. agni nikaashena= fire, in brilliance; tena kavacena vi bhuuSitaH= by that, armour, well, bedecked - which actually is a meaningless protection for Rama; saH raamaH= he, that Rama; timire utthitaH= in utter darkness, up-shot; vi+ dhuumaH= without, fumes; agniH iva = fire, as with; babhuuva= he became - shone forth.

Well bedecked in a shield that has fire-like brilliance that Rama shone forth like a fumeless conflagration up-shot in utter darkness. [3-24-17]

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sa caapam udyamya mahat sharaan aadaaya viiryavaan |
sa.mbabhuuva avasthitaH tatra jyaa svanaiH puurayan dishaH || 3-24-18

18. viiryavaan = valorous one; saH= he that Rama; mahat caapam udyamya = imposing bow, on raising up; sharaan aadaaya arrows, drawing up; jyaa svanaiH= bowstring, by sound of; dishaH puurayan = directions, while filling; tatra avasthitaH= there, he stood; sam babhuuva = he became - he firmed up.

On raising his imposing bow and drawing arrows, that valorous Rama firmed up and stood there, filling all the directions with the tinny sounds of bowstring. [3-24-18]

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tato devaaH sagandharvaaH siddhaaH ca saha caaraNaiH |
sameyuH ca mahaatmano yuddha darshana kaa.nkshayaa || 3-24-19

19. tataH= then; sa gandharvaaH devaaH= with, gandharva-s gods; mahaatmanaH siddhaaH ca caaraNaiH saha= great-souls, siddha-s, carana-s, along with; yuddha darshana kaankshayaa= war, to see, aspiring to; sam eyuH ca = together, came, also.

Gods with gandharva-s and great-souled siddha-s along with carana-s have then met one another and came there aspiring to see the war. [3-24-19]

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R^iSayaH ca mahaatmano loke brahmarSi sattamaaH |
sametya ca uuchuH sahitaaH te anyonyam puNya karmaNaH || 3-24-20

20. mahaatmanaH R^iSayaH ca = great-souls, sages, also; loke brahmarSi sattamaaH= those that are there in worlds, Brahma-sages, eminent ones; puNya karmaNaH= those with pious, exploits; sametya= came together; anyaH anyam= other, to other [one another]; sahitaaH= on meeting; uucuH= they talked.

The great-souled sages and those that are known in worlds as eminent Brahma-sages, on their coming together those beings of pious exploits spoke to one another, among themselves. [3-24-20]

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svasti go braahmaNaanaam ca lokaanaam ca iti sa.msthitaaH |
jayataam raaghavo yuddhe paulastyaan rajanii caraan || 3-24-21
cakra hasto yathaa yuddhe sarvaan asura pu.ngavaan |

21, 22a. go braahmaNebhyaH= for cows, Brahmans; ye lokaanaam sam sthitaaH= those, in worlds, well, abiding in; svasti astu= good, may betide; raaghavaH= Raghava [sankhye= in war]; rajanii caraan paulastyaan= [these] night walkers, belonging to Pulastya dynasty; jayataam= shall triumph over; cakra hastaH viSNuH= disc, handler, Vishnu; yuddhe sarvaan asura pungavaan= in war, all, demons, mighty ones; iti uucuH= thus, said.

"Let good betide cows, Brahmans and those people that are abiding in all the worlds. Raghava shall be victorious in the war over the clansmen of Sage Paulastya, the nightwalkers." Thus they talked among themselves. [3-24-21]

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evam uk{}tvaa punaH pra uuchuH aalokya ca parasparam || 3-24-22
caturdasha sahasraaNi rakSasaam bhiima karmaNaam |
ekaH ca raamo dharmaatmaa katham yuddham bhaviSyati || 3-24-23

22b, 23. evam uktvaa= thus, on saying; aalokya ca parasparam= on seeing, at each other; punaH pra uuchuH= again, they well, said; bhiima karmaNaam rakSasaam = of fiendish, deeds, demons [force is]; catur dasha sahasraaNi= four, ten, thousand [fourteen thousand]; dharmaatmaa raamaH ca ekaH= virtue-souled, Rama, also, one [only]; yuddham katham bhaviSyati= war, how, results in.

Thus speaking they also well-said again, looking at each other "the demons of fiendish deeds are fourteen thousand in number and this virtue-souled Rama is solitary... what would be the result of this war!" Thus the sages discussed among themselves. [3-24-22b, 23]

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iti raajarSayaH siddhaaH sa gaNaaH ca dvijarSabhaaH |
jaata kautuuhalaat tasthur vimaanasthaaH ca devataa || 3-24-24

24. raaja rSayaH= kingly-sages; sa gaNaaH siddhaaH= with, assemblages, siddha-s; dvija rSabhaaH= Brahmans, the eminent ones; vimaana sthaaH devataaH ca = on aircraft, staying, gods, also; jaata kautuuhalaat tasthuH= originated, inquisitiveness, tarried there.

Thus the assemblages of kingly-sages, siddha-s and the eminent Brahmans, along with gods that are staying in their aircrafts, tarried there in the firmament peering inquisitively at Rama. [3-24-24]

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aaviSTam tejasaa raamam sa.ngraama shirasi sthitam |
dR^iSTvaa sarvaaNi bhuutaani bhayaat vivyathire tadaa || 3-24-25

25. tadaa= then; sangraama shirasi sthitam= war's, head of [forefront,] standing up to; tejasaa aaviSTam raamam= by aura ]of invincibility,] immured, at Rama; dR^iSTvaa= on seeing; sarvaaNi bhuutaani= all, beings; bhayaat vivyathire [vi vyathire] = by dread, verily, in throes of.

Immured in an aura of invincibility Rama is standing up to the war in its vanguard, and then on seeing at him all beings went into the throes of dread. [3-24-25]

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ruupam apratimam tasya raamasya akliSTa karmaNaH |
babhuuva ruupam kruddhasya rudrasya iva mahaatmanaH || 3-24-26

26. a+ kliSTa karmaNaH= without, causing difficulties, lone with such deeds - Rama with unharmful deeds; tasya raamasya= that, Rama's; a+ pratimam ruupam= un, equalling [nonesuch,] aspect; kruddhasya= infuriated; mahaatmanaH= supreme-souled; rudrasya ruupam iva= Rudra's, aspect, as with; babhuuva = became.

That nonesuch aspect of Rama whose deeds are unharmful to any, has become the aspect of wrathful supreme-souled Rudra. [3-24-26]

The wrathful aspect of Rudra at the time of era ending has chanced on Rama to start the elimination of demonic clan and this is as observed by caaraNaa-s in firmament. caaraNaa-s are those divine beings that journey in heavens in their auspicious paths. Hanuma while jumping the ocean to Lanka treads the path of caaraNaa-s because their footpath is so auspicious. For this skaanda puraaNa has something to tell: rudra tejo vilasitam dv rma kalebaram | sakham cakra lam ca pinkam kheam eva ca | khavm ca ghanm amaru ba pa ankuam tath | cpam vajram khagam ca paraum trsa kraam | jaya riyam ca gangm ca dadu siddha cra | skndda pura According to Maheshvara Tiirtha.

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iti sa.mbhaaSyamaaNo tu deva ga.ndharva caaraNaiH |
tato ga.mbhiira nir.hhraadam ghora carma aayudha dhvajam ||3-24-27
aniikam yaatudhaanaanaam samantaat pratyadR^ishyata |
viira aalaapaan visR^ijataam anyonyam abhigacChataam || 3-24-28
caapaani vispharayataam jR^i.mbhataam ca api abhiikSNashaH |
vipraghuSTa svanaanaam ca du.ndubhiim ca api nighnataam || 3-24-29

27, 28, 29. iti sam bhaaSyamaaNaH tu= thus, while conversing, but; deva gandharva caaraNaiH= by gods, gandharva-s, carana-s; tataH= then; gambhiira nirhraadam= with boisterous, noise; ghora [varama] carma aayudha dhvajam= having grisly, [shields] skin [shields,] weaponry, war-flags; yaatudhaanaanaam aniikam samantaat= of demons, legions, all over; pratyadR^ishyata = are seen [by gods]; viira aalaapaan visR^ijataam= bravo, cries, spouting out; anyonyam abhigacChataam [abhigarjataam]= at each other, rushing [bawling]; caapaani vispharayataam= with bows, making brassy noise; abhiikSNashaH= too much for; jR^imbhataam ca api= jumping by leaps and bounds, also, even; dundubhiim ca api = drums, also, even; nighnataam= while drumming vi pra ghuSTa= with verily, loud, clamorous; svanaanaam ca= with noise, also [filled the area.]

While gods, gandharva-s, carana-s are conversing thus, then they have seen there the legions of the demons arriving from all over with boisterous noises, spouting cries of bravo, handling their grisly skins, shields, weaponry and war-flags, and onrushing at each other in disarray. With brassy twanging of bows, with the drumming of war drums, and even by their jumping, leaping and bouncing that area is filled with very loud and clamorous noise. [3-24-27, 28, 29]

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teSaam sutumulaH shabdaH puurayaamaasa tad vanam |
tena shabdena vitrastaaH shvaapadaa vana caariNaH || 3-24-30
dudruvuH yatra niHshabdam pR^iSThato na avalokayan |

30, 31a. teSaam su tumulaH shabdaH= their, highly, brutish, noise; tat vanam puurayaamaasa = that, forest, started to fill; tena shabdena vi trastaaH= by that, noise, verily, panicked; vana caariNaH= forest, ranging; shvaapadaa= brutes; yatra= where; niH shabdam= without, noise - silence is there; to there; pR^iSThataH na avalokayan= at back, not, looking; dudruvuH= dashed off.

When highly brutish cacophony of demons started to fill the forest, that jangling even panicked the brutes ranging in that forest, and those beasts dashed off to other places where silence prevailed, without looking back. [3-24-30, 31a]

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tat ca aniikam mahaavegam raamam samanuvartata || 3-24-31
ghR^ita naanaa praharaNam ga.mbhiiram saagaropamam |

31b, 32a. mahaa vegam= highly, speedy - temerarious; ghR^ita naanaa praharaNam = taking, many, assault weapons; gambhiiram saagara upamam = unfathomable - unnavigable [tumultuous,] ocean, in simile; tat aniikam= that, army; raamam= towards Rama; sam anu vartata [sam upa sarpata]= well, near to, steered.

And that foolhardy army of demons which in simile is like an unnavigable ocean steered towards Rama handling many assault weapons. [3-24-31b, 32a]

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raamo api caarayan cakSuH sarvato raNa paNDitaH || 3-24-32
dadarsha khara sainyam tat yuddha abhimukho gataH |

32b, 33a. raNa paNDitaH= war, expert - Rama; raamaH api= Rama, even; cakSuH sarvataH caarayan= eyes [sight,] all over, spreading - casting; yuddha abhi mukhaH gataH = war, towards, going - lunging at; tat khara sainyam dadarsha = that, Khara's, army, [Rama] has seen.

Casting his sight all-over even that war-expert Rama has seen that army of Khara lunging at a conflict. [3-24-32b, 33a]

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vitatya ca dhanur bhiimam tuuNyaaH ca uddhR^itya saayakaan || 3-24-33
krodham aahaarayat tiivram vadhaartham sarva rakSasaam |

33. bhiimam dhanuH vitatya ca = awesome, bow, on stretching, also; tuuNyaaH saayakaan uddhR^itya ca= from quiver, arrows, on whipped out; sarva rakSasaam vadhaartham= all, demons, to eliminate; tiivram krodham aahaarayat = extreme, wrath, he called forth - [adopted a mask.]

Rama stretched his awesome bow to examine the taut of bowstring, and even whipped arrows out of quiver, and then adopted a mask of extreme wrath to eliminate all the demons. [3-24-33]

Rama has no built-in feature of ire or wrath. He has to whip it up at times to show divine fury as a mask. From the start Vishnu is changing get-ups and when Milky Ocean was churned, He became Mohini, and from then on his role-play is continuous in al the incarnations. As said in Bala Kanda 1-1-18: kaalaagni sadR^ishaH krodhe 'resembles like fierce fire in anger...' thus it is a resemblance, not an actuality, even that is unbearable for a glance. atha yuddha samudyata ytudhnnidhnya satvaram udagra kopam viasya pracaa anila dodhyamna jvlkalpa yugnta anala kalpasya sakala jana duprekyasya - - dharmktam Even now, on seeing Rama's unsightly aspect, should these demons fall prostrate before him, there would no loss to their lives. But Khara, as his name itself indicates that he has an asinine mentality, will not yield.

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duSprekSyashcaabhavat.hkruddhoyugaantaagnirivajvalan - yadvaa -
duS.hprekSyaH ca abhavat kruddho yugaanta agniH iva jvalan || 3-24-34
tam dR^iSTvaa tejasaa aaviSTam praavyathan vana devataaH |

34. kruddhaH= one who is enraged; that Rama; jvalan= while blazing; yuga anta agniH iva = era, ending, Fire, like, blazing; duS prekSyaH= un, sightly - frightful-looking; abhavat ca= he became, also; tejasaa aaviSTam= by conflagration, when pervaded; tam dR^iSTvaa = at him [Rama,] on seeing; vana devataaH= pastoral, deities; praa vyathan= very much, annoyed.

And when he is enraged and blazing he became frightful-looking like the blazing Fire at the end of era, and on seeing such a Rama when he is pervaded with conflagration like anger, the pastoral deities are very much annoyed. [3-24-34]

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tasya ruSTsya ruupam tu raamasya dadR^ishe tadaa |
dakshasya iva kratum hantum udyatasya pinaakinii || 3-24-35

35. tataH= then; ruSTsya tasya raamasya ruupam= exasperated, his, that Rama's, aspect; dakshasya kratum hantum= Daksha's, ritual, to destroy; udyatasya= embarked; pinaakinii iva= one who wields Pinaaka bow - namely Rudra, as with; dadR^ishe= appeared.

The all-pacific aspect of that Rama then in his exasperation appeared to be like that of the all-ruinous Rudra, the wielder of bow called Pinaki, namely peaceful Shiva when enraged, at the time of Rudra's embarking on to ruin the Vedic ritual of Daksha Prajaapati. [3-24-35]

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tat kaarmukaiH aabharaNaiH rathaiH ca
tat var.hmaabhiH ca agni samaana varNaiH |
babhuuva sainyam pishita ashaninaam
suurya udaye niilam iva abhra jaalam || 3-24-36

36. pishita ashaninaam tat sainyam = of raw-flesh, eaters, that, army; kaarmukaiH aabharaNaiH rathaiH ca= with bows, embellishments, chariots, also; agni samaana varNaiH= fire, equalling, in colour; tat [taiH] varmaabhiH ca= that, [with those,] armours, also; suurya udaye= of sun, at dawn time; niilam= blue-black; abhra jaalam [abhra bR^indam]= clouds, cluster of; iva= as with; babhuuva= became - varied.

That army of raw-flesh eaters with their bows, embellishments, and chariots, and also with their armours, all glittering with the dazzle of flaming fire, varied into a sky-blue coloured cluster of clouds on which the dazzling sunrays will be glittering at the dawning of the sun. [3-24-36]

The metaphor of cloud-clusters with the demons is to explain that the clouds will evaporate on the advent of fire-like sun at his dawn or rising of Rama to war. The night-walking demons have their powers increased in evening times and dwindled in morning. Thus their fire-like armours will cease to exist when the real Sun's fire [or fire of Rama's arrows] starts to flame, their bows cease to exits if the rainbow-giver comes in, and their flagging ensigns will cease with the ensigncy of raising sun in sky, and ill becomes of them, the evil-doers, after a short while.

 

iti vaalmiiki raamaayaNe aadi kaavye araNya kaaNDe catur vi.mshaH sargaH

Thus, this is the 24th chapter in Aranya Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.


Verse Locator for Book III : Aranya Kanda - The Forest Trek : Chapter 24

 

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Sarga 24 in English Prose

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2002, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : June 04]