Chapter [Sarga] 19

Introduction

Shuurpanakha narrates her woeful story to her brother Khara ncriminating Seetha in particular. She wants Khara to wage a war so that she could drink Seetha's blood. Khara in order to appease his sister sends fourteen demons to eliminate Rama.


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tam! twa pittam! va ivpam! zaei[t %i]tam!,
-ignIm! aex s<t> or> pCD ra]s>. 3191

1. tathaa= then; patitaam= she who fell [before Khara]; vi ruupaam= misshapen; shoNita ukSitaam= by blood, soaked; taam bhaginiim dR^iSTvaa= that, sister, on seeing; raakSasaH kharaH= demon, Khara; krodha sam taptaH= by anger, well, burnt; papracCha= asked.

On seeing her who fell before him in a misshapen and blood-soaked condition, demon Khara is all stewed up and asked her. [3-19-1]

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%i tavt! AaOyaih maehm! jih s<mm!,
VyKtm! AaOyaih ken Tvm! @vm! pa ivipta. 3192

2. uttiSTha= rise up; aakhyaahi taavat= tell, firstly; pramoham sambhramam jahi= fluster, flurry, put away; tvam kena evam ruupaa viruupitaa= you, by whom, this way, by form, disfigured; vyaktam aakhyaahi= clearly, tell.

"Rise up, first tell me clearly putting away your flurry and fluster, who disfigured your form in this way. [3-19-2]

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k> k:[ spRm! AsInm! AazI iv;m nagsm!,
tudit Ai-smapm! A<guil Ae[ lIlya. 3193

3. abhi sam aapannam= nearby, well, available - that has chanced in close proximity; aashii viSam= in fangs, with venom; an+aagasam= without, offence - inoffensive; asiinam= sitting - slouched down; kR^iSNa sarpam= black, cobra; kaH liilayaa anguli agreNa tudati= who, for sport, by finger, tip, poking.

"Who for sport is poking his fingertip at a venomously fanged black-cobra that has chanced in his close proximity but slouching down inoffensively. [3-19-3]

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kal pazm! smasJy k{Qe maehat! n jante,
y> Tvam! A* smasa* pItvan! iv;m! %mm!. 3194

4. yaH adya= who, now; tvaam samaasaadya= you, having reached - on harrowing you; uttamam viSam piitavaan = best [deadly,] poison, gulped; [kaH= who is he]; kaala paasham= Time's, noose; mohaat= foolishly; kaNThe samaasajya= around neck, bracing; na jaanate= not, [he is able to] know - heedless.

"Who on harrowing you is now heedless about his gulping a deadly poison, or about his foolish bracing the noose of Time around his own neck. [3-19-4]

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bl ivm s<pa kamga kam ip[I,
#mam! AvSwam! nIta Tvm! ken A<tk sma gta. 3195

5. bala vikrama sampannaa= boldness, braveness, gifted with; kaama gaa= whim, goer - a whimsical rover; kaama ruupiNii= by wish, guise changer; antaka samaa= Terminator, coequal; gataa= having gone; kena imaam avasthaam tvam niitaa= by whom, this kind of, plight, you are, lead into.

"You are gifted with boldness and braveness, a whimsical rover, a guise changer by your wish, a coequal of Terminator, but to whom you have gone and by whom you are led into this kind of plight. [3-19-5]

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dev gNxvR -Utanam! \;I[am! c mhaTmnam!,
kae Aym! @vm! mhavIyR> Tvam! ivpam! ckar h. 3196

6. deva gandharva bhuutaanaam R^iSiiNaam ca mahaatmanaam= among gods, celestials, other beings, sages, even, high-souled ones; kaH ayam evam mahaa viiryaH= who, is he, that kind of, highly intrepid individual; tvaam viruupaam cakaara ha= you, shapeless, rendered into, indeed.

"Who is that kind of highly intrepid warper, either from gods, or from celestials or from high-souled sages who indeed rendered you shapeless. [3-19-6]

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n ih pZyaim Ahm! laeke y> kyaRt! mm iviym!,
Amre;u sha]m! mhNm! pakzasnm!. 3197

7. loke yaH mama vipriyam kuryaat= in world, who, to me, displeasure, he who causes; such a one; amareSu sahasra akSam mahaendram paaka shaasanam= among divinities, thousand, eyed one, Indra, Paaka [demon] controller; aham na hi pashyaami= I, do not, indeed, see - find.

"Indeed, I do not find anyone who causes displeasure to me in this world, even among divinities including the thousand eyed Indra, the controller of demon Paaka. [3-19-7]

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A* Ahm! magR[E> a[an! AadaSye jIivta<tgE>,
sille ]Irm! AasKtm! ini:pbn! #v sars>. 3198

8. adya aham= now, I; salile aasaktam kSiiram= in water, mingled with, milk; niS piban saarasaH iva = drinking to dregs, swan, as with; jiivita antagaiH maargaNaiH= life, terminating, with arrows; praaNaan aadaasye= lives [of that miscreant,] take away.

"Now, I will take away the lives of that miscreant with my arrows that are terminators of lives, as a swan would drink milk to dregs even if it is mingled in water, duly separating milk from water. [3-19-8]

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inhtSy mya s<Oye zr s<k mmR[>,
s)enm! ixrm! kSy meidnI patum! #CDis. 3199

9. mayaa sankhye nihatasya= by me, in combat, he who is drop dead; shara samkR^itta marmaNaH= by arrows, totally cut-off, having crucial organs; kasya= whose; sa phenam rudhiram= with, froth, blood; medinii paatum icChasi= earth, to quaff, wishes to.

"Whose frothy blood is it that the earth wishes to quaff when I cut off his crucial organs by my arrows and drop him dead in a combat. [3-19-9]

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kSy prwa> kayat! ma<sm! %TkTy s<gta>,
a -]iy:yiNt inhtSy mya r[e. 31910

10. mayaa raNe hatasya= by me, in war, who is slain; kasya kaayaat= whose, from body; patra rathaaH sangataaH= winged, chariots [birds,] pressing round; pra hR^iSTaa= gladly; maamsam= flesh; ut kR^itya= up, lifting - rip to pieces; bhakSayiSyanti= wish to eat.

"Whose body is it from which birds pressing round gladly wish to wring flesh to pieces for eating when I slay him in war. [3-19-10]

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tm! n deva n g<xvaR n ipzaca n ra]sa>,
mya Apkm! kp[m! zKta> atum! #h Aahve. 31911

11. iha= now; aahave mayaa apakR^iSTam= in battle, by me, easily hauled [on ground]; tam kR^ipaNam= that, villain; traatum= to redeem; devaaH na shaktaaH= gods, not, capable; pishaacaa na= evil spirits, not; gandharvaa na= celestials, not; raakSasaaH na= demons, not.

"Now, when I haul him easily on the ground in a battle that villain will be unredeemable either by gods, celestials, evil spirits, or by demons. [3-19-11]

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%pl_y znE> s<}am! tm! me z<istum! AhRis,
yen Tvm! rivnIten vne ivMy inijRta. 31912

12. dur viniitena= by bad, mannered one [miscreant]; yena tvam= by whom [which,] you are; vikramya vane nir jitaa= on attacking, in forest, won out - worsted; tvam shanaiH sanj~naam upalabhya= you, slowly, sensitivity, on regaining; me shamsitum arhasi= to me, to tell, apt of you.

"It will be apt of you to gather your sensitivity slowly and tell me as to which miscreant attacked and worsted you in the forest." Thus Khara spoke to Shuurpanakha. [3-19-12]

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#it atur vc> uTva Sy c ivze;t>,
tt> zUpR[oa vaKym! sba:pm! #dm! AvIt!. 31913

13. bhraatuH= brother's; visheSataH kruddhasya= especially, of that one who is rancorous; iti vacaH shrutvaa= this kind of, words, on hearing; tataH shuurpaNakhaa= then, Shuurpanakha; sa baaSpam= with, tears; idam vaakyam abraviit= this, sentence, said.

On hearing this kind of words of her brother, especially who is rancorous, then Shuurpanakha spoke these words, tearfully. [3-19-13]

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t[aE p s<paE sukmaraE mhablaE,
pu{frIk ivzala]aE cIr k:[ Aijn A<braE. 31914
)l mUl AiznaE daNtaE tapsaE cair[aE,
puaE dzrwSy AaStam! atraE ram lmnaE. 31915

14, 15. taruNau ruupa sampannau= in adulthood, look, enriched [good-looking] sukuumaarau mahaabalau= gentle, great-mighty; puNDariika vishaala akSau= lotus like, broad, eyed; ciira kR^iSNa ajina ambarau= jute-cloths, deerskin, dressed in; phala muula ashinau= fruits, tubers, eaters [subsistent]; daantau taapasau= composed, sagacious; brahmacaariNau [dharma caariNau]= celibate [righteousness, followers of]; putrau dasharathasya= sons, of Dasharatha; raama lakshmanau= Rama, Lakshmana; bhraatarau = brothers; aastaam= are there.

"Those two are in adulthood, good-looking, gentle yet greatly mighty, eyes broad like lotuses, dressed in jute-cloths and deerskin, subsistent on fruits and tubers, composed, sagacious and celibate, and they are the sons of Dasharatha, namely Rama and Lakshmana. [3-19-14,15]

Here, when asked by Khara 'who mutilated you?' Shuurpanakha should have normally reported that, 'sons of some king Dasharatha namely Rama and Lakshmana did this' But not telling so she starts her narration with an odd appreciation of Rama's aspects. Some of them are as below:

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taruNau ruupa sampannau Though they scarred her on her nose and ears she did not loose her heart for them. This taruNau ruupa sampannau is in accordance with Rama's aspect which will be sadaiva priya darshanaH 'the same pleasant persona at any time' as in Bala Kanda at 1-1-16, as said by Sage Narada to Valmiki. This is the same situation with Hanuma when Seetha asks him to indicate some aspects of Rama so as to believe Hanuma. There Hanuma starts with raamaH kamala patra akshaH sarva sattva manoharaH - sundara 35-8. 'Rama is lotus-petal eyed one' Further people in sleep, intoxicated or infuriated conditions, will speak their heart supramatta kupitaanaam bhaava j~naanam dR^iSTaH So Shuurpanakha who is also in a sleep like daze, she came out with her soulful feelings about Rama.

This narration has threefold meaning. 1] Through the eyes of a lustful female; 2] To belittle Rama and Lakshmana's prowess only to extol Kara's pride; 3] To deride Khara's valour so that he gets incited to fight Rama and Lakshmana.

1] Through the eyes of a lustful female:

taruNau 'came of age.' kanyaam varayate ruupam Women's first criterion towards a man is age. But this wording is in dwivacana 'in duel number' so it belongs to both Rama and Lakshmana. Then the question comes 'is she leaning towards both of them?' Yes. She makes eyes at both. First she approached Rama, but he advised her to approach Lakshmana. Lakshmana in turn advises her to approach Rama, thus she got interest in both. This is as per anyonya sadR^ishau viirau 'those darers are similar to one another' Rama and Lakshmana may be different among themselves, but to the onlookers they appear as one reality. Further, she has hate-thinking for both of them also. She says that 'this situation occurred due to both of them' as at 3-19-18. How can she fall after both at a time? She can, with 'either-or-single-or-both' syndrome because she is a demoness, and unseen are such brothers with their glorious aspects, so far by her.

ruupa sampannau 'their aspects are ravishing' The syndrome is that angaat angaat sambhavasi 'offshoots derive parent's aspects.' So Manmatha, the Love-God derived all his aspects from Vishnu. Then it is imaginable how much more that Vishnu might be in his lovely aspect. So Rama is with niratishaya ruupa samR^iddhi 'sublime features, endowed with' that which can be borrowed even by Manmatha.

sukumaarau 'delicate' like flowers. Rama is said to equal a delicate flower. asiita puSpa samkaasham Rama's body itself is a flower that which can be cherished by all. Or su 'excellent' ku 'of earth' maarau 'Manmatha-s' 'two Manmatha-s on earth' Manmatha, is only one god of love and without any form or body parts, but these two are having excellent forms and are evident on earth before eyes as per the attribute of kandarpa iva muurtimaan 'he has a form like that of Love-god'

Then her bother Khara may ask 'then why we demons shall hanker after some flimsy, fragile, feeble creatures?' For that she says mahaa balau 'greatly vigorous.' They have un-depleting vigour of manhood, which is what required by an aged demoness.

puNDariika vishaala akshau 'white-lotus, broad, eyed' 'Their eyes are not like ours while our eyes are samrakta nayanaa ghoraa 'bloodshot eyes of terrible look'

Or, unlike tamo guNa udreka 'ever persisting with stolid constituent of nature' and unlike rajo guNodreka 'ever energetic with sprightly constituent of nature' but their eyes are sattva guNa sampanna 'serene with the pure constituent of nature' Though Rama says that he aatmaanaam maanuSyam manye 'in my soul I consider I am human' but as per shruti / scripture, yathaakapyaasam puNDariikam evam akshiNii 'though the outward aspect is hiding his real Being, his eyes are telling the truth of His supernal nature', hence Rama is other-worldly.

Or his white broad eyes are comparable with kshiira samudra Milky-ocean, his abode, with its unfathomable depths, so is his heart.

Or mahaa balau puNDariika vishaala akshau 'Great mighty and white broad eyed ones' who by their great might annihilate vice and if the evildoer submits himself, their white eyes alone give salvation with a broad-mind. sukumaarau puNDariika vishaala akshau 'Manmatha-like, white, broad eyed' if it be said that these two are Love-gods on earth, then it may be asked 'where are the arrows of that Love-god to these tw?'. But the arrows of these earthly Love-gods are only their eyes and glances. The lotus is but one among the five arrows of Manmatha. Even Seetha under her direly distressed situation in Lanka says that 'gods, celestials, great-souls et al are sanctified with the look of this lotus-petal eyed one' dhanyaa devaaH sa gandhavaaH siddhaaH ca paramarSyaH | mama pashyanti ye naadhama raamam raajiiva locanam || sundara 26-41. This verse takes its place in gayatri ramayaNa as its 14th verse out of total 27 verses.

Further they are excelling only by their nature but not by their dressings and outfits for they are just clad in ciira kR^ishNa ajina dharau 'jute-cloths, deerskin wearers of' Mahaakavi Kalidasa says in his abhij~naana shaakuntalam: says iyam [shakuntala] adhika manoj~naa valkalena api tanvii that, 'this Shakuntala is pleasant though clad in jute-cloths' kimavahi madhuraaNaam maNDananam na akR^itiinaam 'nothing can beautify beautiful people' etc. Though not adorned by any extra special ornamentation they by their nature are attractive, as discerned by sages at 3-1-13 of Aranya Kanda ruupa samhanam lakshmiim saukumaarya suveSatam as well by this Shuurpanakha or even by Ravana in part II of Yuddha Kanda, in 99th chapter 12th verse, who also extols these lotus eyes and the aspect of Rama on his first sight at Rama as padma patra vishaala aksham diirgha baahum arindamam

2] To belittle Rama and Lakshmana's prowess only to extol Kara's pride.

Should Khara ask in fear 'who is that great-mighty one who mutilated a sister of a great demon like me? Thereby my fear is growing about my own existence.' Then Shuurpanakha's reply is like this, in order to remove Khara's fear of Rama.

taruNau 'youngsters, boys' for his own father Dasharatha tells Vishvamitra that these are uuna Sodasha varshau; na yuddha yogyatam asya apashyaami in Bala Kanda. Shuurpanakha that way tells Khara 'these two Rama and Lakshmana are boyish you need not care them, brother Khara' Further yauvane viSayaisiNaam 'boys in young age bother more for enjoyment they are bothered to enjoy life and are not yet fit for a war, so you can war with them'

ruupa sampannau 'just by getups they are brilliant, but lack in courage to confront you' kanyaa kaamayet ruupam 'girls cherish charming ones' 'They fall after girls only with their charming aspects that are unworthy to withstand war, so you can war with them'

sukumaarau 'delicate or fragile, or flimsy,' because they are sons of some king, grown up in palace chambers, unlike us who grow in ravines, and they eat nonsensically delectable food, unlike us who happily eat raw-flesh. So, wherefrom they can tolerate your bloodshot glances, let alone your arrows'

mahaa.abalu =mahaa + a + balau 'very, without, strength; very weak' furthermore mahaa abalau; mahatii rakshaNiiyaa abalaa yayostu 'a lady, namely Seetha, is to be protected by them. She has become a string fastened around their necks. Then how do they, the sentinels of a woman, can fight you'

puNDariika vishalaa akshau 'paled, broadened, eyed' 'Their eyes paled and wide-open awaiting the results of their scarring my nose and ears, and their eyes popped up in daze, then what can they do to you'

Then Khara may ask, "it is good you have said that they are hapless etc., but they may now muster up some army and fight me back then what?' For this she says, ciira kR^ishNa ajina dharau 'wearers of jute-cloths and deerskin' And furthering her argument she says, 'how can they afford an army for they themselves have nothing special to wear That too one of those items, namely the jute-cloth, is begged from a tree that is sessile, and the other is begged from a deer, that is mobile They themselves are shuttling in between mobile and sessile how can they confront you.' Further, this god, say this Rama, has no other special work or duty, except shuttling between mobile or sessile beings or matter, begging their produce, and beg them to recognise him.

3] To deride Khara's valour so that he can be incited to fight.

Her words also extol the capabilities of Rama and Lakshmana in warring and said to have addressed Khara this way in order to enhance his self-pride. tarunau; yauvane vijigiisuNaam 'youthful ones are interested in triumphs' 'Because they are the seekers of triumphs, they will definitely triumph over you, you better do not go there and get defeated'

ruupa sampannau; ruupyate anena; asaadhaaraNa niratishaya ruupa visheSatvaat 'with an unimaginable stance' They are known for their stance from their childhood in eliminating Tataka, Subaahu etc., gatvaa saumitri sahito naa vijitya ivartate 'on going with Lakshmana, he [Rama] does not return without conquering' yashasaH ca eka bhaajanam : Tara in Kishkindha, 14-20. 'for glory [Rama is] the only resort.' 'So many are said about them and hence they fight you out, better do not go'

If Khara asks, 'how can they fight me, such a mighty one?' For this she says, sukumaarau 'they are dextrous' 'with their dexterity they easily eliminate you'

mahaa balau 'greatly mighty' 'Rama is mightily by his shoulder-strength' and also by the use of mahat shabda his might is by his tenacity of mind and ideation to eliminate foes. Or mahaa balau 'greatly sturdy.' Though he wars for a long his vigour does not deplete for he uses two vidya-s: bala, atibala 'by the twin principles taught by Vishvamitra his strength does not deplete.

puNDariika vishaala akshau 'white-lotus, broad, eyed' His broad white-lotus like eyes does neither contract in anger nor expand in exclamation, as usually happen to anyone who sees an object of interest with unnecessary widening of eyes priiti visphaarita iikshaNam

Next if it be asked 'are they ready for a fight' for which she says 'they are already clad in ciira kR^ishNa ajina dharau 'jute-cloth, deerskin, clad in' They have tightened their girdle-cloths and are armoured in shield like deerskin. Further they also have arrows and knives with which I am scarred so better not to go there and get your throat slit like my nose and ears, for you are a shameless, incapable demon still sitting here as I go on narrating the incident like a story'

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gNxvR raj itmaE paiwRv VyNjn AiNvtaE,
devaE va danvaE manu;aE va taE n tkRiytum! %Tshe. 31916

16. gandharva raaja pratimau= gandharva [celestial,] kings, equalling; paarthiva vyanjana anvitau= kingly, aspects, having; tau= those two; devau vaa daanavau [- maanuSau -] vaa= gods, or, demons [ humans] or; tarkayitum na utsahe= to differentiate, not, I am disposed to.

"Having all the aspects of kings they equal the kings of gandharva celestials, and I am ill-disposed to differentiate whether they two are gods or demons. [3-19-16]

Some mms have this daanavau demons as maanuSau, humans. While Khara, sending his demons to eliminate the brothers, says that they are just humans as at verse 22 in this chapter itself. So Shuurpanakha evasively told a lie to his brother that she could not distinguish between their own race and that of others. Khara for his part believes that neither demons nor gods can hurt his race.

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t[I ps<pa svaRA-r[ -Ui;ta,
a t mya narI tyaer mXye sumXyma. 31917

17. tatra= there; tayoH madhye= them two, between; taruNii= ripely [beauty]; ruupa sampannaa= comeliness, rich in; sarva aabharaNa bhuuSitaa= a lot of, ornaments, decorated with; su madhyamaa= well-waisted one - curvaceous; naarii mayaa dR^iSTaa= lady, by me, is seen.

" I have seen a curvaceous lady between those two, a ripely beauty, rich in comeliness, adorned with lots of ornaments. [3-19-17]

She is baiting Khara with the beauty of Seetha. But this does not incite Khara like Ravana. She also plays the same card there with Ravana after the failure of this Khara and other brothers.

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ta_yam! %-a_yam! s<-Uy mdam! AixkTy tam!,
#mam! AvSwam! nIta Ahm! ywa Anawa stI twa. 31918

18. taam pramadaam adhikR^itya= that, lady, owing to; taabhyaam ubhaabhyaam= by them, the two; sambhuuya = together; aham= I am; a+naathaa satii yathaa= without, protector / husband, [insecure] female, as with; tathaa= likewise; imaam avasthaam niitaa= this sort of, situation, led into.

"Owing to that woman I am led into this sort of situation, together by those two, as with an insecure female. [3-19-18]

The escapist words may be observed. She is not telling that she alone went to eat away Seetha, but she is holding Seetha responsible for all this and she is evasive to show any action of Seetha as the cause of trouble. She is simply twisting the episode towards her side.

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tSya> c An&ju v&aya> tyae> c htyaer Ahm!,
s)enm! patum! #CDaim ixrm! r[ mUxRin. 31919

19. aham raNa muurdhani= I, in the van, of war; an+R^iju+ vR^ittaayaaH= not, straight, behaving one's - guileful one's; tasyaaH ca= her [Seetha's]; hatayoH tayoH ca= killed, of those two [Rama , Lakshmana,] also; sa phenam rudhiram= with, froth, blood; paatum icChaami= to drink, I wish to.

"Staying in the van of war I wish to drink the frothy blood of that guileful Seetha along with that of those two, Rama and Lakshmana, when they are killed in war. [3-19-19]

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@; me wm> kam> kt> t Tvya -vet!,
tSya> tyae> c ixrm! ipbeym! Ahm! Aahve. 31920

20. eSa me prathamaH kaamaH= thus, my, prime, longing; tvayaa tatra kR^itaH bhavet= by you, in there [that matter,] be done, it shall be [fulfilled]; aham aahave tasyaaH= I, in war, of her [Seetha]; tayoH ca rudhiram pibeyam= two of theirs, also, blood, let me drink.

"I shall drink her blood and also that of those two in war, this being my prime longing let it be fulfilled by you." Thus wailed Shuurpanakha before her brother Khara. [3-19-20]

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#it tSyam! uva[ayam! ctur dz mhablan!,
Vyaiddez or> ae ra]san! A<tkaepman!. 31921

21. tasyaam iti bruvaaNaayaam= by her, like that, while saying; kharaH kruddhaH= Khara, vengefully; mahaa balaan antaka upamaan= great, mighty ones, Terminator, similar; catur dasha raakSasaan vyaadideshaH= four, ten, [fourteen,] demons, summoned.

While she is saying like that Khara vengefully summoned fourteen great mighty demons that are similar to the Terminator. [3-19-21]

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manu;aE z sMpaE cIr k:[ Aijn A<braE,
ivaE d{fkar{ym! "aerm! mdya sh. 31922

22. shastra sampannau= weapons, possessors of; ciira kR^iSNa ajina ambarau= jute-cloths, black, deerskin, clothed in; maanuSau= two humans; pramadayaa saha= young woman, along with; ghoram daNDaka araNyam praviSTau= ghastly, Dandaka, forest, got into.

"Wielding weapons and wearing jute-cloths and deerskin two humans have got into ghastly forest of Dandaka along with a woman of age." Thus Khara is ordering the fourteen demons. [3-19-22]

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taE hTva tam! c v&Ram! %pavitRtum! AhRw,
#ym! c ixrm! te;am! -ignI mm paSyit. 31923

23. tau= them two; dur vR^ittaam taam ca== with bad, conduct [treacherous,] her, also; hatvaa= on killing; upa aavartitum arhatha= nearby, turning back, you shall [you shall return]; mamaiyam bhaginii= my, this, sister; teSaam rudhiram paasyati= their, blood, she drinks.

"You shall return to me only on killing those two and also that treacherous woman, and their blood this sister of mine will drink. [3-19-23]

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mnaerwae Aym! #ae ASya -igNya mm ra]sa>,
zIm! s<p*tam! gTva taE mWy Sv tejsa. 31924

24. raakSasaaH= oh, demons; sva tejasaa= by own, vigour; tau shiighram pramathya= them two, quickly, on stamping out; asyaa mama bhaginyaa= her, my, sister's; ayam iSTaH manaH rathaH= that, fanciful, heart's, desire; gatvaa sam padyataam= having gone, le it be achieved.

"Oh, demons, on going there swiftly stamp them out by you own vigour, thus let the fanciful hearty desire of my sister be achieved. [3-19-24]

On these 23, 24 verses Maheshvara Tiirtha says: iyam bhaginii 'this my sister' pramathya 'killing me' mama rudhiram paasyati 'my blood she drinks' teSaam [samiipam gatvaa] to them, you nearing' sva tejasaa shiighreNa 'by your own valour, quickly' tau to them Rama and Lakshmana; dur vR^ittaam Seetha of impossible, behaviour [to be followed by others]; hatvaa; hana himsaa gatyoH knowing her: because hana indicates 'knowing also; so you know that Seetha, meaning 'be absolved by her' apaavartitum arhatha 'return, you may' to heavens, as all these demons are celestials earlier to their curse.

Verse Locator

yu:maib> inhRtae va taE %-aE ataE r[e,
#ym! a muidta ixrm! yuix paSyit. 31925

25. yuSmaabiH= by you; tau ubhau bhraatau raNe= them, two, brothers, in war; nir hataH dR^iSTvaa= flatly, finished off, on seeing; iyam pra hR^iSTaa= she, well, gladdened; yudhi= in war; muditaa= amusingly; rudhiram paasyati= blood, will drink.

"On seeing your finishing those two brothers flatly in a war she this sister of mine will be gladdened, and then she drinks their blood in war, amusingly. [3-19-25]

This sister of mine would like to drink my blood. So you go to Rama and Lakshmana and then know that Seetha, who has an impossible behaviour. And be absolved by her for all of our sins. And then you may return. Not to Khara but their return is to heavens. The endnote may please be seen. Maheshvara Tiirtha.

Verse Locator

#it itsmaida ra]sa> te ctur dz,
t jGmu> tya saxRm! "na vateirta> ywa. 31926

26. iti= in this way; prati samaadiSTaa= ordered; te catur dasha raakSasaaH =they, four, ten - fourteen, demons; tayaa saardham= her [Shuurpanakha,] along with; vaata iiritaaH ghanaa yathaa= by gale, called [glided,] dark-clouds, as with; tatra jagmuH= there, went.

In this way when Khara ordered those fourteen demons, they have gone to Panchavati along with Shuurpanakha like black-clouds glided by gales. [3-19-26]

Verse Locator

ttStu te tm! smudgR tejsm!
twaip tI[ dra inzacra,
n zekr @nm! shsa midRtum!
vnipa dIvm! #v Aim! %iwtm!. 31927

27. tataH tathaa= then, thus; te nishaa caraa= those, nightwalkers; tiikshNa pradaraaH= with sharp, arrows; vana dvipaaH= forest, elephants; uthitam diiptvam agnim iva= uprisen, blazing, fire, like; samut arga tejasam= one who has uprisen, peaking, resplendence; tam enam= that, him Rama; sahasaa pra marditum= quickly, to completely, trounce; na shekuH= not, capable.

But then, though the nightwalker wielding sharp arrows have become ineffectual to trounce Rama like the wild elephants which will become ineffectual to overcome the blazingly uprising wildfire. [3-19-27]

This last verse is mismatching with the episode. This is not found in some publications of Gorakhpur versions but found in others and even in the Eastern recension. The import of this verse is that though the demons have gone to Rama but they could not assault him, which actually happens in next episode. However this verse is also included here as per the text of Chaukambha Vidyaa Bhavan, Ksashi, and according to Eastern recension.

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Curse of Khara and Duushana

Maheshvara Tiirtha notes that God Shiva cursed Khara and pardoned saying that he will be released from curse by Rama of Dasharatha. tasmdya krra rpea dehena harat amtam | viur darathir bhtv mokayiyati suvrata | In the sheSa dharma of Maha Bharata in the discourse between Bhiishma and Yudhistira it is said that sage Yajnavalkya has three sons. They are Chandrakanta, Mahaamedha and Vijaya. These three Brahmans became Khara, Duushana, and Trishira by the curse of Shiva. The first one Chandrakanta is Khara. And the disciples of the three Brahman scholars are fourteen and they also became Brahma-demons, who are now being sent. On listening Shuurpanakha Khara came to know that Vishnu arrived in the form of Rama and thus Khara wanted to get release from the curse by Rama, and hence firstly he sends the fourteen demon-disciples, and later he and his brother also follow the suit.

 

#it vaLmIik ramay[e Aaid kaVye Ar{y ka{fe @kaeniv<h> sgR

Thus, this is the 19th chapter in Aranya Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana, the First Epic poem of India.

Verse Locator for Book III : Aranya Kanda - The Forest Trek : Chapter 19

 

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Sarga 19 in English Prose

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2002, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : May 04]